New Directions in the Sociology of Chronic and Disabling Conditions

Assaults on the Lifeworld
Author: G. Scambler
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230297439
Category: Social Science
Page: 235
View: 2991

Continue Reading →

Bringing together disability theorists and medical sociologists for the first time in this cutting-edge collection, contributors examine chronic illness and disability, disability theory, doctor-patient encounters, lifeworld issues and the new genetics.

New Directions in Identity Theory and Research


Author: Richard T. Serpe
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190457538
Category: Identity (Psychology)
Page: 712
View: 3249

Continue Reading →

Over the past four decades - and most especially in recent years as issues of identity continue to play out across the public stage - identity theory has developed into one of the most fascinating and active research programs within the spheres of sociological social psychology. Having emerged out of a landmark 2014 national conference that sought to integrate various research programs and to honor the groundbreaking work of Dr. Peter J. Burke, New Directions in Identity Theory and Research brings together the pioneers, scholars, and researchers of identity theory as they present the important theoretical, methodological, and substantive work in identity theory today. Edited by Dr. Jan E. Stets and Dr. Richard T. Serpe, this volume asserts that researchers and scholars can no longer rely on using samples, measures, concepts, and mechanisms that limit the overall advancement of identity theory and research. Instead, as Stets and Serpe contend in their introductory chapter, "Researchers constantly must try out new ideas, test the ideas with more refined measures, use samples that are representative yet racially and ethnically diverse, and employ methods (perhaps mixed methods) that capture the different dimensions of the identity process." This book is the truest testament to this idea. In New Directions in Identity Theory and Research, Stets, Serpe, and contributing authors urge readers to think outside the box by providing the road map necessary to guide future work and thought in this emerging field.

Soziales Kapital als Erfolgsfaktor junger Unternehmen

Eine Analyse der Gestaltung und Entwicklungsdynamik der Netzwerke von Biotechnologie Start-Ups
Author: Indre Maurer
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 366311421X
Category: Social Science
Page: 222
View: 6480

Continue Reading →

Der langfristige Erfolg von Unternehmensgründungen hängt von ihrem Sozialen Kapital ab und damit von ihrer Fähigkeit, Netzwerkbeziehungen zu unterschiedlichen Partnern aufzubauen und zu pflegen. Dies gilt insbesondere in innovativen und durch hohes Investitionsrisiko gekennzeichneten Branchen wie der Biotechnologie. Auf der Basis von Fallstudien in sechs Biotechnologieunternehmen, die unter ähnlichen Rahmenbedingungen operieren, dabei jedoch unterschiedlich erfolgreich sind, werden Aussagen über die Erfolgswirksamkeit des Sozialen Kapitals, seiner Gestaltung und Entwicklungsdynamik abgeleitet.

Philosophy of Development

Reconstructing the Foundations of Human Development and Education
Author: A.W. van Haaften,Michiel Korthals,T.E. Wren
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401587825
Category: Education
Page: 296
View: 4244

Continue Reading →

Philosophy of development is a fascinating area of research at the intersection of philosophy, psychology, and education. This book is unique in that it combines a broad sketch of contemporary developmental theory with detailed discussions of its central issues, in order to construct a general framework for understanding and analyzing theories of individual and collective development in various domains ranging from cognitive and moral development to developments in art. Special attention is also given to the rich relations between conceptual development and education.

The Consultation in Phytotherapy E-Book

The Herbal Practitioner's Approach to the Patient
Author: Peter Conway
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 1455725277
Category: Medical
Page: 424
View: 4450

Continue Reading →

The Consultation in Phytotherapy considers the means by which the herbal practitioner can seek to appreciate the patient's predicament. Written for both herbal medicine students and practitioners, the book takes a radical approach, challenging readers to reflect on the nature, scope and methods of the consultation in herbal practice. The author asserts that the effective consultation represents a therapeutic act in and of itself, and proposes strategies for maximising and realising this therapeutic potential. The book provides both a complement to, and a critique of, mainstream texts on clinical diagnosis and case management. It contrasts the herbal consultation with that occurring in conventional medicine and offers rationales, arguments and tools aimed at developing an enhanced capacity to achieve profound results in the herbal clinical encounter. About the Author Peter Conway is a practising medical herbalist and has been involved in developing and teaching on several BSc and MSc courses in herbal medicine. He is the President of the College of Practitioners of Phytotherapy and a Director of the European Herbal and Traditional medicine Practitioners Association. Peter helped draft the National Professional Standards for Herbal Medicine and sat on the Department of Health Steering Group on the Statutory Regulation of Acupuncture and Herbal Medicine. Key features Provides a context for understanding and appreciating what is meant by "phytotherapy" Explores the notion of the therapeutic relationship in herbal practice and how this can practically be facilitated Considers all aspects pertaining to the aims and structure of the herbal consultation, including history taking, physical examination, investigation, concluding the consultation and providing ongoing care Examines and integrates a broad range of perspectives including those connected with: placebo and the meaning response; complexity and chaos theories; psychoneuroimmunology; evidence- and narrative-based medicine; and phenomenological and traditional medicine approaches.

The Sociology of Rural Life


Author: Samantha Hillyard
Publisher: Berg
ISBN: 1845201388
Category: Social Science
Page: 188
View: 2585

Continue Reading →

Foot and mouth disease and BSE have both had a devastating impact on rural society. Alongside these devastating developments, the rise of the organic food movement has helped to revitalize an already politicized rural population. From fox-hunting to farming, the vigour with which rural activities and living are defended overturns received notions of a sleepy and complacent countryside. Over the years "rural life" has been defined, redefined and eventually fallen out of fashion as a sociological concept--in contrast to urban studies, which has flourished. This much-needed reappraisal calls for its reinterpretation in light of the profound changes affecting the countryside. First providing an overview of rural sociology, Hillyard goes on to offer contemporary case studies that clearly demonstrate the need for a reinvigorated rural sociology. Tackling a range of contentious issues--from fox-hunting to organic farming--this book offers a new model for rural sociology and reassesses its role in contemporary society.

Sociology in Perspective


Author: Mark Kirby
Publisher: Heinemann
ISBN: 9780435331603
Category: Sociology
Page: 831
View: 9403

Continue Reading →

This text, specifically for AQA specifications, is designed to be easy and encouraging for students to use. The book contains updated material and activities together with a new chapter on study skills. It also indicates clearly where activities meet the new evidence requirements for key skills.

Introduction to Research - E-Book

Understanding and Applying Multiple Strategies
Author: Elizabeth DePoy,Laura N. Gitlin
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0323291074
Category: Medical
Page: 384
View: 1565

Continue Reading →

Bridge the gap between research and practice with DePoy and Gitlin's Introduction to Research: Understanding and Applying Multiple Strategies, 4th Edition. This completely updated, user-friendly text helps you better understand not only the research process, but also research designs and their applications to the real world of clinical practice. Covering multiple research strategies (including both qualitative and quantitative research), it gives you a balanced approach to various research traditions, addressing emerging key issues in today's health care environment. Offers a balanced approach to various research methods and multiple research strategies, including qualitative, quantitative, naturalistic and experimental-type, and more. Presents complex information in a clear, highly readable, and easy-to-understand manner. Keeps information relevant to today's health care environment with real-world "snapshots" and a final Stories from the Field chapter. Includes detailed discussions of qualitative and quantitative methodologies, a unique and balanced focus that makes this text more comprehensive than others in its field. Covers experimental-type, naturalistic, and mixed method design strategies, improving your ability to compare, contrast, and integrate different methods. Evolve online resources include statistics math tips to accompany Chapter 19, crossword puzzles, useful weblinks, and sample forms. Reflects recent changes in the field, including new material on preparing poster presentations, community and participatory research, translation issues, and advanced scale development, giving you the tools you need to devise successful research studies. Includes expanded evidence-based material and occupational therapy-specific information, discussing the methods used in each study.

Discipline-Based Education Research

Understanding and Improving Learning in Undergraduate Science and Engineering
Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Science Education,Committee on the Status, Contributions, and Future Directions of Discipline-Based Education Research
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309254140
Category: Education
Page: 282
View: 8718

Continue Reading →

The National Science Foundation funded a synthesis study on the status, contributions, and future direction of discipline-based education research (DBER) in physics, biological sciences, geosciences, and chemistry. DBER combines knowledge of teaching and learning with deep knowledge of discipline-specific science content. It describes the discipline-specific difficulties learners face and the specialized intellectual and instructional resources that can facilitate student understanding. Discipline-Based Education Research is based on a 30-month study built on two workshops held in 2008 to explore evidence on promising practices in undergraduate science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education. This book asks questions that are essential to advancing DBER and broadening its impact on undergraduate science teaching and learning. The book provides empirical research on undergraduate teaching and learning in the sciences, explores the extent to which this research currently influences undergraduate instruction, and identifies the intellectual and material resources required to further develop DBER. Discipline-Based Education Research provides guidance for future DBER research. In addition, the findings and recommendations of this report may invite, if not assist, post-secondary institutions to increase interest and research activity in DBER and improve its quality and usefulness across all natural science disciples, as well as guide instruction and assessment across natural science courses to improve student learning. The book brings greater focus to issues of student attrition in the natural sciences that are related to the quality of instruction. Discipline-Based Education Research will be of interest to educators, policy makers, researchers, scholars, decision makers in universities, government agencies, curriculum developers, research sponsors, and education advocacy groups.

Clinical Research in Complementary Therapies E-Book

Principles, Problems and Solutions
Author: George Thomas Lewith,Wayne B. Jonas,Harald Walach
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0702049166
Category: Medical
Page: 426
View: 9218

Continue Reading →

The use of complementary therapies is exploding, increasing the pressure to establish a rigorous science to support its practice. Clinical Research in Complementary Therapies: Principles, Problems and Solutions provides students with the tools they need to research complementary and integrative medicine (CIM) and so fill this gap. Essential for both undergraduate and postgraduate students, this second edition is significantly updated and enhanced. Part 1 deals with research strategies and methods, explaining the major types of clinical research in CIM and how these inter-relate. New chapters are included on whole systems research, qualitative research and questionnaire development. Not all therapies can be treated the same way nor channeled through the signal process of randomized controlled trials. Therefore, detailed description of mixed methods approaches including observational, qualitative, cost-benefit and comparative effectiveness research are described. Part 2 deals with specific complementary therapies and how they are invested by experts in each field. The book analyses the key questions asked and the controversies debated in complementary medicine research and offers clear and innovative guidance for answering these questions. FEATURES • Provides an overarching synthesis of methods in CIM and how they are to be used collectively including the role of comparative effectiveness research • Suggests both general and specific factors which need to be considered in assessing or planning complementary therapy research • Pinpoints aspects of research which are different in orthodox research and complementary therapy research • Reviews the types of research carried out in specific complementary therapies and analyses issues which arise • Includes information on measuring the economic cost and benefits of complementary medicine, clinical audit and the role of placebos use • Builds upon recent research results, looks at the lessons these provide for all complementary therapies and suggests key issues to address in future research. • Provides an overarching synthesis of methods in CIM and how they are to be used collectively including the role of comparative effectiveness research • Suggests both general and specific factors which need to be considered in assessing or planning complementary therapy research • Pinpoints aspects of research which are different in orthodox research and complementary therapy research • Reviews the types of research carried out in specific complementary therapies and analyses issues which arise • Includes information on measuring the economic cost and benefits of complementary medicine, clinical audit and the role of placebos use • Builds upon recent research results, looks at the lessons these provide for all complementary therapies and suggests key issues to address in future research.

Perspectives of Science in Central and Eastern Europe

Emerging Directions from the Past Ten Years
Author: Quirin Schiermeier,Judith Ockenden
Publisher: IOS Press
ISBN: 9781586031985
Category: Political Science
Page: 291
View: 2204

Continue Reading →

From 30 November to 1 December 2000, 140 scientists and science policy makers from west and east - among them many young scientists - gathered in Dresden to discuss the strengths and weaknesses of science in central and eastern Europe ten years after the end of communism. The proceedings of this meeting include lectures about cultures of knowledge in the east and west by two intellectuals: Andrei Plesu, Romanian Minister for Cultural Affairs, and Wolf Lepenies, Rector of the Institute for Advanced Study in Berlin.

Handbook of Sociology of Aging


Author: Richard A. Settersten, Jr.,Jacqueline L. Angel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441973740
Category: Family & Relationships
Page: 689
View: 4878

Continue Reading →

The Handbook of Sociology of Aging is the most comprehensive, engaging, and up-to-date treatment of developments within the field over the past 30 years. The volume represents an indispensable source of the freshest and highest standard scholarship for scholars, policy makers, and aging professionals alike. The Handbook of Sociology of Aging contains 45 far-reaching chapters, authored by nearly 80 of the most renowned experts, on the most pressing topics related to aging today. With its recurring attention to the social forces that shape human aging, and the social consequences and policy implications of it, the contents will be of interest to everyone who cares about what aging means for individuals, families, and societies. The chapters of the Handbook of Sociology of Aging illustrate the field’s extraordinary breadth and depth, which has never before been represented in a single volume. Its contributions address topics that range from foundational matters, such as classic and contemporary theories and methods, to topics of longstanding and emergent interest, such as social diversity and inequalities, social relationships, social institutions, economies and governments, social vulnerabilities, public health, and care arrangements. The volume closes with a set of personal essays by senior scholars who share their experiences and hopes for the field, and an essay by the editors that provides a roadmap for the decade ahead. The Handbook of Sociology of Aging showcases the very best that sociology has to offer the study of human aging.

Personality and Social Psychology at the Interface

New Directions for Interdisciplinary Research: A Special Issue of personality and Social Psychology Review
Author: Marilynn B. Brewer
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1135065330
Category: Psychology
Page: 112
View: 6011

Continue Reading →

This special issue provides a view of the past, present, and future of the field of personality and social psychology as an interdisciplinary endeavor. Collectively, the articles illustrate the vital contributions that can be made pursuing the reciprocal connections between personality/social psychology and psychobiology; developmental psychology; comparative psychology and evolutionary biology; clinical and health psychology; communication studies; organizational studies and systems theory; and cultural anthropology. The papers reflect the collective past and present of the field and set an agenda for a collective future.

Sexual Interactions and HIV Risk

New Conceptual Perspectives in European Research
Author: Mitchell Cohen,Gustavo Guizzardi,Dominique Hausser,Luc Van Campenhoudt
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1135745730
Category: Health & Fitness
Page: 272
View: 3285

Continue Reading →

How sexual risk is negotiated betwen partners is an area of considerable theoretical interest, with the dominant models of analysis focusing on individual decisions to engage in sexual behaviour and relying on "rational" decision-making. This work, based on the findings from work coordinated by the Centre d'Etudes Sociologiques in Brussels, offers a social critique of the theories and perspectives which have currently been brought to bear in the study of sexual risk behaviour and HIV. Leading European researchers offer a conceptual framework for analysis based on sexual interactions and their social context. The practical relevance of new perspectives on sexual behaviour in the context of HIV/AIDS prevention is also discussed.

Sociologists and Music

An Introduction to the Study of Music and Society
Author: Paul Honigsheim
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 9781412834711
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 360
View: 5277

Continue Reading →

An Introduction to the Study of Music & Society.

The Routledge Dictionary of Anthropologists


Author: Gérald Gaillard
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415228251
Category: Social Science
Page: 394
View: 9589

Continue Reading →

This detailed and comprehensive guide provides biographical information on the most influential and significant figures in world anthropology, from the birth of the discipline in the nineteenth century to the present day. Each of the fifteen chapters focuses on a national tradition or school of thought, outlining its central features and placing the anthropologists within their intellectual contexts. Fully indexed and cross-referenced, The Routledge Dictionary of Anthropologists will prove indispensable for students of anthropology.

Diderot’s Politics

A Study of the Evolution of Diderot’s Political Thought After the Encyclopédie
Author: Antony Strugnell
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401024472
Category: Philosophy
Page: 251
View: 7076

Continue Reading →

I t is only relatively recently that serious attempts have been made to rescue Diderot's political writings from obscurity and neglect, and ascribe to the ideas expressed therein their due place in the panoply of his intellectual and artistic achievements. This has been largely made possible by the transference of the Fonds Vandeul from Diderot's descendants to the Bibliotheque Nationale in 1954. This important collection of manuscripts and papers, to which scholars have previously had very inadequate access, contains the bulk of the political writings, most of which had either never been published, or were only obtainable in badly prepared or rare editions. In recent years, however, excellent critical editions of the most impor tant political texts have appeared; the Textes Politiques edited by Yves Benot, and the Oeuvres Politiques and the Memoires pour Catherine II edited by Paul Verniere are all notable contributions. Meanwhile Jacques Proust has written a major thesis on Diderot et l'Encyclopedie which con tains a detailed study of Diderot's political ideas during the years he de voted to the construction of that great intellectual monument. Most re cently Yves Benot has published a general work with an important study of Diderot's hostility to European colonial policies, Diderot, de l' atheisme a l'anticolonialisme. Furthermore, Diderot's contributions to the three editions of Raynal's Histoire des deux Indes have been identified with virtual certainty by Michele Duchet and Hans Wolpe, thereby opening up a further valuable source for his political ideas.

Social Studies of Science and Technology: Looking Back, Ahead


Author: B. Joerges,H. Nowotny
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402014826
Category: Philosophy
Page: 306
View: 2371

Continue Reading →

The sociology of the sciences yearbook : a personal retrospective / Richard Whitley -- Sciences, science studies and their publics : speculating on future relations / Ulrike Felt -- Is that politics? / Emilie Gomart and Maarten Hajer -- Science and the postmodern shift in contemporary democracies / Yaron Ezrahi -- History of social science : understanding modernity and rethinking social studies of science / Bjorn Wittrock -- The 'triple helix' and 'new production of knowledge' as socio-cognitive fields / Terry Shinn -- The conundrum of consciousness : changing landscapes of knowledge at the turn of the millennium / Sabine Maasen -- In a constitutional moment : science and social order at the millennium / Sheila Jasanoff -- Growth, differentiation, expansion and change of identity - the future of science / Peter Weingart -- Institutionalizing science & technology studies in the academy / Stephen Hilgartner -- Prolepsis : considerations for histories of science after 2000 / Michael Hagner and Hans-Jorg Rheinberger -- Joy in repetition makes the future disappear : a critical assessment of the present state of STS / Michael Guggenheim and Helga Nowotny -- Reflections on the millennium, calendars, and the Gregorian hegemony / Bernward Joerges.

Handbook of the Psychology of Science


Author: Gregory J. Feist, PhD,Michael E. Gorman, PhD
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 0826106242
Category: Psychology
Page: 544
View: 3299

Continue Reading →

"Highly recommended."--Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries This handbook is the definitive resource for scholars and students interested in how research and theory within each of the major domains of psychologyódevelopmental, cognitive, personality, and socialóhave been applied to understand the nature of scientific thought and behavior. Edited by two esteemed pioneers in the emerging discipline of the psychology of science, it is the first empirically based compendium of its time. The handbook provides a comprehensive examination of how scientific thinking is learned and evolves from infancy to adolescence and adulthood, and combines developmental and cognitive approaches to show the categorical similarities and differences in thinking between children, adolescents, adults, and scientists. Chapters highlight the breadth and depth of psychological perspectives in the studies of science, from creativity and genius, gender, and conflict and cooperation, to postmodernism and psychobiography. A section on applications offers findings and ideas that can be put to use by educators, policymakers, and science administrators. Contributors examine the importance of mental models in solving difficult technical problems, and the significance of leadership and organizational structure in successful innovation. The final section of the book is devoted to the future of this new field, focusing on how to continue to develop a healthy psychology of science. Key Features: Presents the only empirically based compendium of current knowledge about the psychology of scientific thought and behavior Edited by two pioneers in the discipline of psychology of science Describes how scientific thinking is learned and changes throughout the life span Addresses creativity and genius, gender, conflict and cooperation, postmodernism, and psychobiography Covers applications of the psychology of science that can be used by educators, policymakers, and science administrators