Natural Products Targeting Clinically Relevant Enzymes


Author: Paula B. Andrade,Patrícia Valentão,David M. Pereira
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527805915
Category: Medical
Page: 250
View: 3687

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The past decade has seen the reappearance of natural products as a valuable source of potent therapeutics. Here, experts on bioactive natural products cover the full spectrum of clinically relevant enzymes that are known to be targeted by natural products. Key enzymes include acetylcholine esterase, angiotensin-I-converting enzyme, cyclooxygenase, dihydrofolate reductase, phospholipase A2, respiratory complexes, and many more. By connecting the diversity of medicinal natural product sources with their potential clinical applications, this volume serves as a companion for the medicinal chemist looking for innovative small molecule compounds as well as for pharmacologist interested in the clinical effects and mode of action of herbal and traditional medicines.

Natural Products and Drug Discovery

An Integrated Approach
Author: Subhash C. Mandal,Vivekananda Mandal,Tetsuya Konishi
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0081021046
Category: Science
Page: 776
View: 4795

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Natural Products and Drug Discovery: An Integrated Approach provides an applied overview of the field, from traditional medicinal targets, to cutting-edge molecular techniques. Natural products have always been of key importance to drug discovery, but as modern techniques and technologies have allowed researchers to identify, isolate, extract and synthesize their active compounds in new ways, they are once again coming to the forefront of drug discovery. Combining the potential of traditional medicine with the refinement of modern chemical technology, the use of natural products as the basis for drugs can help in the development of more environmentally sound, economical, and effective drug discovery processes. Natural Products & Drug Discovery: An Integrated Approach reflects on the current changes in this field, giving context to the current shift and using supportive case studies to highlight the challenges and successes faced by researchers in integrating traditional medicinal sources with modern chemical technologies. It therefore acts as a useful reference to medicinal chemists, phytochemists, biochemists, pharma R&D professionals, and drug discovery students and researchers. Reviews the changing role of natural products in drug discovery, integrating traditional knowledge with modern molecular technologies Highlights the potential future role of natural products in preventative medicine Supported by real world case studies throughout

Cancer Drug Design and Discovery


Author: Stephen Neidle
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123972280
Category: Medical
Page: 640
View: 1361

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Cancer Drug Design and Discovery, Second Edition is an important reference on the underlying principles for the design and subsequent development of new anticancer small molecule agents. New chapters have been added to this edition on areas of particular interest and therapeutic promise, including cancer genomics and personalized medicine, DNA-targeted agents and more. This book includes several sections on the basic and applied science of cancer drug discovery and features those drugs that are now approved for human use and are in the marketplace, as well as those that are still under development. By highlighting some of the general principles involved in taking molecules through basic science to clinical development, this book offers a complete and authoritative reference on the design and discovery of anticancer drugs for translational scientists and clinicians involved in cancer research. Provides a clinical perspective on the development of new molecularly targeted anticancer agents with the latest and most promising chemotherapeutic approaches Offers a broad view of where the field is going, what tools drug discovery is using to produce new agents and how they are evaluated in the laboratory and clinic Features 6 new chapters devoted to advances in technology and successful anticancer therapies, such as cancer genomics and personalized medicine, DNA-targeted agents, B-Raf inhibitors and more Each chapter includes extensive references to the primary and review literature, as well as to relevant web-based sources

Lipid Nanocarriers for Drug Targeting


Author: Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 012813688X
Category: Science
Page: 674
View: 1026

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Lipid Nanocarriers for Drug Targeting presents recent advances in the area of lipid nanocarriers. The book focuses on cationic lipid nanocarriers, solid lipid nanocarriers, liposomes, thermosensitive vesicles, and cubosomes, with applications in phototherapy, cosmetic and others. As the first book related to lipid nanocarriers and their direct implication in pharmaceutical nanotechnology, this important reference resource is ideal for biomaterials scientists and those working in the medical and pharmaceutical industries that want to learn more on how lipids can be used to create more effective drug delivery systems. Highlights the most commonly used types of lipid nanocarriers and explains how they are applied in pharmacy Shows how lipid nanocarriers are used in different types of treatment, including oral medicine, skin repair and cancer treatment Assesses the pros and cons of using different lipid nanocarriers for different therapies

The Organic Chemistry of Drug Design and Drug Action


Author: Richard B. Silverman,Mark W. Holladay
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123820316
Category: Medical
Page: 536
View: 6726

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The Organic Chemistry of Drug Design and Drug Action, Third Edition, represents a unique approach to medicinal chemistry based on physical organic chemical principles and reaction mechanisms that rationalize drug action, which allows reader to extrapolate those core principles and mechanisms to many related classes of drug molecules. This new edition includes updates to all chapters, including new examples and references. It reflects significant changes in the process of drug design over the last decade and preserves the successful approach of the previous editions while including significant changes in format and coverage. This text is designed for undergraduate and graduate students in chemistry studying medicinal chemistry or pharmaceutical chemistry; research chemists and biochemists working in pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries. Updates to all chapters, including new examples and references Chapter 1 (Introduction): Completely rewritten and expanded as an overview of topics discussed in detail throughout the book Chapter 2 (Lead Discovery and Lead Modification): Sections on sources of compounds for screening including library collections, virtual screening, and computational methods, as well as hit-to-lead and scaffold hopping; expanded sections on sources of lead compounds, fragment-based lead discovery, and molecular graphics; and deemphasized solid-phase synthesis and combinatorial chemistry Chapter 3 (Receptors): Drug-receptor interactions, cation-π and halogen bonding; atropisomers; case history of the insomnia drug suvorexant Chapter 4 (Enzymes): Expanded sections on enzyme catalysis in drug discovery and enzyme synthesis Chapter 5 (Enzyme Inhibition and Inactivation): New case histories: for competitive inhibition, the epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor, erlotinib and Abelson kinase inhibitor, imatinib for transition state analogue inhibition, the purine nucleoside phosphorylase inhibitors, forodesine and DADMe-ImmH, as well as the mechanism of the multisubstrate analog inhibitor isoniazid for slow, tight-binding inhibition, the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor, saxagliptin Chapter 7 (Drug Resistance and Drug Synergism): This new chapter includes topics taken from two chapters in the previous edition, with many new examples Chapter 8 (Drug Metabolism): Discussions of toxicophores and reactive metabolites Chapter 9 (Prodrugs and Drug Delivery Systems): Discussion of antibody–drug conjugates

Microbial Glycobiology

Structures, Relevance and Applications
Author: Anthony P Moran
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080923246
Category: Science
Page: 1036
View: 9364

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This book presents in an easy-to-read format a summary of the important central aspects of microbial glycobiology, i.e. the study of carbohydrates as related to the biology of microorganisms. Microbial glycobiology represents a multidisciplinary and emerging area with implications for a range of basic and applied research fields, as well as having industrial, medical and biotechnological implications. Individual chapters provided by leading international scientists in the field yield insightful, concise and stimulating reviews Provides researchers with an overview and synthesis of the latest research Each chapter begins with a brief 200 word Summary/Abstract detailing the topic and focus of the chapter, as well as the concepts to be addressed Allows researchers to see at a glance what each chapter will cover Each chapter includes a Research Focus Box Identifies important problems that still need to be solved and areas that require further investigation

The Practice of Medicinal Chemistry


Author: Camille Georges Wermuth,David Aldous,Pierre Raboisson,Didier Rognan
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 012417213X
Category: Science
Page: 902
View: 636

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The Practice of Medicinal Chemistry, Fourth Edition provides a practical and comprehensive overview of the daily issues facing pharmaceutical researchers and chemists. In addition to its thorough treatment of basic medicinal chemistry principles, this updated edition has been revised to provide new and expanded coverage of the latest technologies and approaches in drug discovery. With topics like high content screening, scoring, docking, binding free energy calculations, polypharmacology, QSAR, chemical collections and databases, and much more, this book is the go-to reference for all academic and pharmaceutical researchers who need a complete understanding of medicinal chemistry and its application to drug discovery and development. Includes updated and expanded material on systems biology, chemogenomics, computer-aided drug design, and other important recent advances in the field Incorporates extensive color figures, case studies, and practical examples to help users gain a further understanding of key concepts Provides high-quality content in a comprehensive manner, including contributions from international chapter authors to illustrate the global nature of medicinal chemistry and drug development research An image bank is available for instructors at www.textbooks.elsevier.com

Medicinal Chemistry of Anticancer Drugs


Author: Carmen Avendano,J. Carlos Menendez
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444626670
Category: Science
Page: 768
View: 3891

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Medicinal Chemistry of Anticancer Drugs, Second Edition, provides an updated treatment from the point of view of medicinal chemistry and drug design, focusing on the mechanism of action of antitumor drugs from the molecular level, and on the relationship between chemical structure and chemical and biochemical reactivity of antitumor agents. Antitumor chemotherapy is a very active field of research, and a huge amount of information on the topic is generated every year. Cytotoxic chemotherapy is gradually being supplemented by a new generation of drugs that recognize specific targets on the surface or inside cancer cells, and resistance to antitumor drugs continues to be investigated. While these therapies are in their infancy, they hold promise of more effective therapies with fewer side effects. Although many books are available that deal with clinical aspects of cancer chemotherapy, this book provides a sorely needed update from the point of view of medicinal chemistry and drug design. Presents information in a clear and concise way using a large number of figures Historical background provides insights on how the process of drug discovery in the anticancer field has evolved Extensive references to primary literature

Clinical Immunology E-Book

Principles and Practice
Author: Robert R. Rich,Thomas A. Fleisher,William T. Shearer,Harry W. Schroeder Jr.,Anthony J. Frew,Cornelia M. Weyand
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0702070394
Category: Medical
Page: 1323
View: 6544

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Keep abreast of the latest advances in this complex field with the 5th Edition of Clinical Immunology: Principles and Practice. This substantially revised edition by Drs. Robert R. Rich, Thomas A. Fleisher, William T. Shearer, Harry W. Schroeder, Jr., Anthony J. Frew, and Cornelia M. Weyand, offers authoritative guidance from some of the most respected global leaders in immunology, helping you navigate today’s latest knowledge and evidence-based practices that result in improved patient care. This trusted resource features sweeping content updates, rewritten chapters, a highly clinical perspective, and an easy-to-use organization designed to enhance your diagnosis and management skills in daily practice. Includes new chapters on the Microbiota in Immunity and Inflammation, Immune Responses to Fungi, and Genetics and Genomics of Immune Response. Features extensive revisions to many chapters, including the Major Histocompatibility Complex, Multiple Sclerosis, Diabetes and Related Autoimmune Diseases, Biologic Modifiers of Inflammation and Tumor Immunotherapy. Covers hot topics such as the role of genetics and genomics in immune response and immunologic disease, atherosclerosis, recurrent fever syndromes, aging and deficiencies of innate immunity, the role of microbiota in normal immune system development and the pathogenesis of immunologic and inflammatory diseases, and novel therapeutics. Addresses notable advances in key areas such as the importance of the microbiota to normal immune system development and to the pathogenesis of immunologic and inflammatory diseases; relationships between the innate and adaptive immune systems; progress in rapid and cost-effective genomics; cell signaling pathways and the structure of cell-surface molecules; and many more. Summarizes promising research and development anticipated over the next 5-10 years with "On the Horizon" boxes and discussion of translational research.

Nanoarchitectonics for Smart Delivery and Drug Targeting


Author: Alina Maria Holban,Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 0323477224
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 970
View: 5803

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Nanoarchitectonics for Smart Delivery and Drug Targeting is one of the first books on the market to exclusively focus on the topic of nanoarchitectonics, a rapidly developing area of nanotechnology which allows scientists to arrange nanoscale structural units, typically a group of atoms or molecules, in an intended configuration. This book assesses novel applications of nanomaterials in the areas of smart delivery and drug targeting using nanoarchitectonics and discusses the advantages and disadvantages of each application. Provides a scholarly introduction to the uses of nanoarchitectonics in drug delivery and targeting Explores novel opportunities and ideas for developing and improving nanoscale drug delivery systems through the use of nanoarchitectonics, allowing scientists to see how this exciting new technology is used in practice Assesses the pros and cons of each application, allowing readers to assess when it is most appropriate to use nanoarchitectonics in drug delivery

Drug Targeting and Stimuli Sensitive Drug Delivery Systems


Author: Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 0128136901
Category: Science
Page: 836
View: 2813

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Drug Targeting and Stimuli Sensitive Drug Delivery Systems covers recent advances in the area of stimuli sensitive drug delivery systems, providing an up-to-date overview of the physical, chemical, biological and multistimuli-responsive nanosystems. In addition, the book presents an analysis of clinical status for different types of nanoplatforms. Written by an internationally diverse group of researchers, it is an important reference resource for both biomaterials scientists and those working in the pharmaceutical industry who are looking to help create more effective drug delivery systems. Shows how the use of nanomaterials can help target a drug to specific tissues and cells Explores the development of stimuli-responsive drug delivery systems Includes case studies to showcase how stimuli responsive nanosystems are used in a variety of therapies, including camptothecin delivery, diabetes and cancer therapy

Design of Hybrid Molecules for Drug Development


Author: Michael Decker
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0081011180
Category: Science
Page: 352
View: 5230

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Design of Hybrid Molecules for Drug Development reviews the principles, advantages, and limitations involved with designing these groundbreaking compounds. Beginning with an introduction to hybrid molecule design and background as to their need, the book goes on to explore a range of important hybrids, with hybrids containing natural products, molecules containing NO- and H2S-donors, dual-acting compounds acting as receptor ligands and enzyme inhibitors, and the design of photoresponsive drugs all discussed. Drawing on practical case studies, the hybridization of molecules for development as treatments for a number of key diseases is then outlined, including the design of hybrids for Alzheimer's, cancer, and malaria. With its cutting-edge reviews of breaking developments in this exciting field, the book offers a novel approach for all those working in the design, development, and administration of drugs for a range of debilitating disorders. Highlights an approach unimpaired by the limitations of the classical search for lead structures - one of the core problems in modern drug development processes, making the content of high relevance for both academic and non-academic drug development processes Pulls together research and design techniques in a novel way to give researchers the best possible platform from which to review the approaches and techniques applied Compares the advantages and disadvantages of these compounds Includes the very latest developments, such as photoactivatable and photo-responsive drugs

Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry


Author: N.A
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128003723
Category: Science
Page: 636
View: 8356

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Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry provides timely and critical reviews of important topics in medicinal chemistry with an emphasis on emerging topics in the biological sciences that are expected to provide the basis for entirely new future therapies. Reviews on hot topics of interest in small molecule drug discovery heavily pursued by industrial research organizations Provides preclinical information in the context of chemical structures Knowledgeable section editors who evaluate invited reviews for scientific rigor

Quinones and Quinone Enzymes


Author: N.A
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080497209
Category: Science
Page: 572
View: 7490

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Quinones are members of a class of aromatic compounds with two oxygen atoms bonded to the ring as carbonyl groups. This volume covers more clinical aspects of quinines, such as anticancer properties, as well as their role in nutrition and in age-related diseases. Mitochondrial Ubiquinone and Reductases Anticancer Quinones and Quinone Oxido-Reductases Quininone Reductases: Chemoprevention, Nutrition Quinones and Age-Related Diseases

Drug Design and Discovery in Alzheimer’s Disease


Author: Atta-ur-Rahman,Muhammad Iqbal Choudhary
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128039604
Category: Science
Page: 784
View: 5505

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Drug Design and Discovery in Alzheimer’s Disease includes expert reviews of recent developments in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and neurodegenerative disease research. Originally published by Bentham as Frontiers in Drug Design and Discovery, Volume 6and now distributed by Elsevier, this compilation of the sixteen articles, written by leading global researchers, focuses on key developments in the understanding of the disease at molecular levels, identification and validation of molecular targets, as well as innovative approaches towards drug discovery, development, and delivery. Beginning with an overview of AD pharmacotherapy and existing blockbuster drugs, the reviews cover the potential of both natural and synthetic small molecules; the role of cholinesterases in the on-set and progression of AD and their inhibition; the role of beta-site APP clearing enzyme-1 (BACE-1) in the production of ß-amyloid proteins, one of the key reasons of the progression of AD; and other targets identified for AD drug discovery. Edited and written by leading experts in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and other neurodegenerative disease drug development Describes existing drugs for AD and current molecular understanding of the condition Reviews recent advances in the field, including coverage of cholinesterases, BACE-1, and other drug development targets

Peptide and Protein Delivery


Author: Chris Van Der Walle
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780123849366
Category: Science
Page: 380
View: 574

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The growing area of peptide and protein therapeutics research is of paramount importance to medical application and advancement. A needed reference for entry level researchers and researchers working in interdisciplinary / collaborative projects, Peptide and Protein Delivery addresses the current and emerging routes for delivery of therapeutics. Covering cerebral delivery, pulmonary delivery, transdermal delivery, intestinal delivery, ocular delivery, parenteral delivery, and nasal delivery, this resource offers an overview of the main routes in therapeutics. Researchers across biochemistry, pharmaceutical, molecular biology, cell biology, immunology, chemistry and biotechnology fields will find this publication invaluable for peptide and protein laboratory research. Discusses the most recent data, ideas and concepts Presents case studies and an industrial perspective Details information from the molecular level to bioprocessing Thought provoking, for the novice to the specialist Timely, for today's biopharmaceuticals market

Developing Therapeutics for Alzheimer's Disease

Progress and Challenges
Author: Michael S. Wolfe
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128021640
Category: Medical
Page: 676
View: 1883

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Developing Therapeutics for Alzheimer's Disease: Progress and Challenges provides a thorough overview of the latest advances toward the development of therapeutics for Alzheimer’s disease, along with the major hurdles that still must be overcome and potential solutions to these problems. Despite the lack of progress toward developing therapeutics that can slow or stop the progression of this disease, important discoveries have been made and many promising approaches are advancing in preclinical studies and clinical trials. This book outlines the special challenges related to specific targets and approaches, while presenting a realistic, comprehensive and balanced view of drug discovery and development in this area. Written by international leaders in the field, the book assesses prospects for the emergence of effective agents and allows readers to better understand the challenges, failures, and future potential for research in Alzheimer’s disease. This book is a valuable resource to academic scientists carrying out translational research in Alzheimer’s disease, industrial scientists engaged in Alzheimer's drug discovery, executives in biopharmaceutical companies making strategic decisions regarding the direction of internal research and potential outside partnerships, and graduate-level students pursuing courses on Alzheimer's therapeutics. Provides a realistic but promising assessment of the potential of various therapeutic approaches to Alzheimer’s disease Focuses primarily on neuroprotective agents and cognitive enhancers, as well as approaches to targeting the amyloid B-peptide, tau and Apolipoprotein E Discusses alternative approaches, preclinical and clinical development issues, related biomarkers and diagnostics, and prevention and nonpharmacological approaches

Enzyme-mediated Resistance to Antibiotics

Mechanisms, Dissemination, and Prospects for Inhibition
Author: Robert A. Bonomo
Publisher: ASM Press
ISBN: 9781555813031
Category: Medical
Page: 357
View: 5005

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This book presents a state–of–the–art review of the mechanisms of resistance. The enzymes and enzyme systems detailed in this work include those involved in genetic reorganization, antibiotic modification and activation, antibiotic target modification, and antibiotic transport.

Biotechnology of Microbial Enzymes

Production, Biocatalysis and Industrial Applications
Author: Goutam Brahmachari
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128037466
Category: Medical
Page: 632
View: 6281

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Biotechnology of Microbial Enzymes: Production, Biocatalysis and Industrial Applications provides a complete survey of the latest innovations on microbial enzymes, highlighting biotechnological advances in their production and purification along with information on successful applications as biocatalysts in several chemical and industrial processes under mild and green conditions. Applications of microbial enzymes in food, feed, and pharmaceutical industries are given particular emphasis. The application of recombinant DNA technology within industrial fermentation and the production of enzymes over the last 20 years have produced a host of useful chemical and biochemical substances. The power of these technologies results in novel transformations, better enzymes, a wide variety of applications, and the unprecedented development of biocatalysts through the ongoing integration of molecular biology methodology, all of which is covered insightfully and in-depth within the book. Features research on microbial enzymes from basic science through application in multiple industry sectors for a comprehensive approach Includes information on metabolic pathway engineering, metagenomic screening, microbial genomes, extremophiles, rational design, directed evolution, and more Provides a holistic approach to the research of microbial enzymes

Applied Case Studies and Solutions in Molecular Docking-Based Drug Design


Author: Dastmalchi, Siavoush
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1522503633
Category: Medical
Page: 367
View: 5870

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As the pharmaceutical industry continues to advance, new techniques in drug design are emerging. In order to deliver optimum care to patients, the development of innovative pharmacological techniques has become a widely studied topic. Applied Case Studies and Solutions in Molecular Docking-Based Drug Design is a pivotal reference source for the latest scholarly research on the progress of pharmaceutical design and computational approaches in the field of molecular docking. Highlighting innovative research perspectives and real-world applications, this book is ideally designed for professionals, researchers, practitioners, and medical chemists actively involved in computational chemistry and pharmaceutical sciences.