Natural Disasters and Risk Communication

Implications of the Cascadia Subduction Zone Megaquake
Author: C. Vail Fletcher,Jennette Lovejoy
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 1498556124
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 278
View: 9984

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This book examines the impending Cascadia Subduction Zone earthquake and tsunami from a communications perspective, using similar experiences of natural disaster preparedness and outcomes as case studies. It is an interdisciplinary consideration of how communities communicate and make sense of natural disasters.

Risk and Uncertainty Assessment for Natural Hazards


Author: Jonathan Rougier,Steve Sparks,Lisa J. Hill,Robert Stephen John Sparks
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107006198
Category: Science
Page: 574
View: 5115

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A state-of-the-art overview of natural hazard risk assessment, for researchers and professionals in natural-hazard science, risk management and environmental science.

Natural Risk and Civil Protection


Author: T. Horlick-Jones,A. Amendola,R. Casale
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780419199700
Category: Architecture
Page: 554
View: 8578

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This book forms the Proceedings of the International Conference organised by the Commission of European Communities. The first part covers earthquakes, volcanoes, storms, floods, landslides and wildfires. The second part deals with key themes in civil protection: risk communication, planning, organisation and crisis management. A detailed Rapporteur-General's report is also included. Future developments regarding information sources and research and development conclude the book.

Hochwasserrisikomanagement

Theorie und Praxis
Author: Uwe Müller
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3834897299
Category: Science
Page: 440
View: 2353

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Dieses Buch leistet einen Beitrag zur Verbesserung der konzeptionellen Umsetzung der Hochwasservorbeugung und zur Effektivierung des praktischen Handelns im integrierten Hochwasserrisikomanagement. Dem Autor ist es ein Anliegen, auch den bisher noch nicht von Hochwasser betroffenen Akteuren anhand praktischer Beispiele vor Augen zu führen, dass sie bei vorausschauendem Handeln viele unnötige Hochwasserschäden verhindern können und gleichzeitig einen Beitrag zur Umsetzung der EG-Hochwasserrisikomanagementrichtlinie leisten.

Communicating Climate-Change and Natural Hazard Risk and Cultivating Resilience

Case Studies for a Multi-disciplinary Approach
Author: Jeanette L. Drake,Yekaterina Y. Kontar,John C. Eichelberger,T. Scott Rupp,Karen M. Taylor
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319201611
Category: Nature
Page: 311
View: 7288

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This edited volume emphasizes risk and crisis communication principles and practices within the up-to the minute context of new technologies, a new focus on resiliency, and global environmental change. It includes contributions from experts from around the globe whose research, advocacy, teaching, work, or service in the natural or social sciences deals with risk communication and/or management surrounding natural and technological disasters, with a particular focus on climate change-related phenomena. Resilience and good communication are intimately linked and with climate change precipitating more numerous and onerous weather-related catastrophes, a conversation on resilience is timely and necessary. The goal is robust communities that are able to withstand the shock of disaster. Communicating well under ordinary circumstances is challenging; communicating during a crisis is extraordinarily difficult. This book is dedicated to all those who have directly or indirectly suffered the effects of climate change end extreme events with the hope that the advance of knowledge, implementation of sound science and appropriate policies and use of effective communication will help in reducing their vulnerability while also improving resilience in the face of often devastating natural and technological disasters.

Introduction to Homeland Security

Principles of All-Hazards Risk Management
Author: Jane Bullock,George Haddow,Damon P. Coppola
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 9780080949529
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 616
View: 7715

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Bullock and Haddow have set the standard for homeland security textbooks, and they follow up their top-selling second edition with this substantially improved third edition. Professional practitioners value the decades of experience that the authors bring to their analysis, and their passionate argument for an all-hazards approach to enhancing America's safety is now presented still more cogently. Links to the most current online government information help to keep the text up-to-date in this rapidly developing field. The bedrock principles of preparing for, mitigating, managing, and recovering from a disaster remain the same through the years, and this revision emphasizes their value with new clarity and conviction. NEW TO THIS EDITION: * New chapter on the future of homeland security * Updates include developments since 2006, such as the shift from DHS to HHS of National Disaster Medical System * Slideshow of key moments in American homeland security, including 9/11 and Katrina

Natural Disaster Risk Management

Geosciences and Social Responsibility
Author: Ulrich Ranke
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319206753
Category: Nature
Page: 514
View: 3101

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This textbook provides a thorough introduction to natural disaster risk management. Many aspects of disaster risk management, such as those involved in earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, floods, avalanches and mudslides call for similar prevention and preparedness instruments, management concepts, and countermeasures. This textbook assumes the viewpoint of a regional disaster risk manager who is responsible for a certain area, and for making the lives of the people who live there safer, regardless of the type of natural disaster that may occur. The same holds true for boosting preparedness and awareness in the population at risk. The book includes numerous examples of hazard mitigation concepts and techniques, as well as ways of intensively involving the local population in prevention schemes at an early stage. Furthermore, it provides an in-depth examination of the function of risk communication, both as an instrument for disseminating official information and as a function of public media. In closing, a chapter on risk splitting offers insights into insurance-based models for risk financing. This comprehensive book is a must-read for all students, researchers and practitioners dealing with natural disaster risk management.

Disaster Recovery Planning for Communications and Critical Infrastructure


Author: Leo Anthony Wrobel,Sharon M. Wrobel
Publisher: Artech House
ISBN: 1596934697
Category: Business
Page: 325
View: 9617

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Addressing the vulnerabilities in today's critical infrastructure to natural disasters and terrorism, this practical book describes what you should be doing to protect your infrastructure before the unthinkable happens. You learn how to maintain command and control in any disaster, and how to predict the probability of those disasters. Written by two highly regarded experts in the field, this one-of-a-kind book shows you how to simplify risk assessments and emergency response procedures to disasters affecting our critical national and local infrastructure.

Natural Hazards Analysis

Reducing the Impact of Disasters
Author: John Pine
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420070408
Category: Nature
Page: 304
View: 3859

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Emphasizes Resilient Policies, Rather Than Rigid Philosophy Economic and environmental consequences of natural and man-made disasters have grown exponentially during the past few decades. Whether from hurricanes, chemical spills, terrorist incidents, or other catastrophes, the negative impacts can often be felt on a global scale. Natural Hazards Analysis: Reducing the Impacts of Disasters evaluates critical preparedness issues that emergency managers must face before, during, and after disasters of any kind. Using a cross-disciplinary approach, this book effectively demonstrates how to use the results of GIS tools, spatial analysis, and remote sensing to reduce adverse disaster outcomes and to foster social, economic, and environmental sustainability. Complete with clearly set objectives, key terms, discussion questions, satellite images and maps, and ancillary websites for further study, this authoritative guide covers every element of the hazard analysis process in a step-by-step format. Provides Framework for Understanding Hazard Consequences in Variety of Environments This handbook-style volume stresses the key roles problem solving, decision making, and risk communication serve as means of ensuring all hazard elements are accurately identified and appropriately addressed. It is filled with proven techniques for effective community planning and hazard mitigation and for ongoing restorative efforts in disaster-ridden areas. In one comprehensive source, this book contains all the information needed to analyze risks and establish successful disaster prevention and relief strategies prior to a disaster event. This resource provides ready-to-implement tools that will benefit for a wide audience, including: National, federal, and local emergency management teams Environmental planning professionals in the public and private sectors Recovery response entities including the Red Cross and Salvation Army Students enrolled in university emergency management programs

Effective Risk Communication

A Message-Centered Approach
Author: Timothy L. Sellnow,Robert R. Ulmer,Matthew W. Seeger,Robert Littlefield
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387797274
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 185
View: 8565

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Coordination of risk assessments and risk communication strategies requires information sharing and establishing networks of working relationships between groups and agencies. Establishing these relationships necessitates overcoming - stitutional, cultural, and political boundaries. Signi?cant barriers exist between r- ulatory agencies and industry groups. Traditionally, these groups have mistrusted one another, and cooperation and collaboration, including sharing information, c- respondingly has been limited. The adoption of radio frequency identi?cation te- nology for tracking livestock, for example, has been met with signi?cant resistance due in part to mistrust between regulatory agencies and producers (Veil, 2006). In the food industry, the need for coordination has been enhanced by industry in- gration and globalization of both markets and production. In the case of GM foods discussed earlier, disagreements between U. S. , European Union, and Canadian r- ulatory agencies fueled the debate over the safety of GM crops. Overcoming institutional and cultural barriers, and mistrust is necessary to create consistency in risk messages. Open communication and information sharing can help clarify where risk perceptions diverge and identify points of convergence. The outcome may not be universal agreement about risks, but convergence around the general parameters of risk. Summary These best practice strategies of risk communication are not designed to function as distinct steps or isolated approaches. Rather than being mutually exclusive, they serve to complement one another and create a coherent approach to confronting risk communication problems.

Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction

An Asian Perspective
Author: Rajib Shaw,Juan Pulhin,Joy Pereira
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 085724485X
Category: Political Science
Page: 496
View: 4861

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Arguably among the regions of the world most vulnerable to climate change, Asia has different mechanisms for Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) and Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) activities. This title provides 19 case studies, from 13 countries and regions in Asia, that highlight different aspects of CCA-DRR entry points.

Exploring Risk Communication


Author: J.M. Gutteling,O. Wiegman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401715238
Category: Social Science
Page: 213
View: 858

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Exploring Risk Communication presents a systematic planning approach to risk communication. Risk communication is seen by many as an important tool for managing technological, environmental, and natural risks. The book's goal is to improve risk communication processes in these areas between private and public risk communication sources and the public. The systematic planning approach focuses on research activities which are considered to be diagnostic tools providing insight into the public's reactions to risks and into the public's cognitive abilities to process risk information. These studies give us the necessary ingredients for an adequate risk communication from the audience side of the risk communication process. Evaluation studies are considered necessary to monitor the effectiveness of the communication. Exploring Risk Communication provides a review of current research in risk communication, focusing on perceived trust and credibility of risk communication sources, and arguments in risk messages, risk comparison, and framing of risk. Special attention is paid to the mass media context of risks and its impact on public perception. Finally, the potential of the new interactive media for risk communication is reviewed. The authors have performed several communication studies in the risk area, working from their social psychological background. This results in a monograph interesting to those working on risk communication issues on an academic level, but the systematic planning approach is also a useful frame of reference for risk communication practitioners, or for those who are just interested in the often complex risk communication issues.

Weather and Climate Risk Communication


Author: Bernard Motulsky,Jean Bernard Guindon,Flore Tanguay-Hébert
Publisher: PUQ
ISBN: 2760547582
Category: Education
Page: 284
View: 3484

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We are all exposed to meteorological and climate risks that impact our daily lives to some degree. The purpose of this book is to convey the role of communications in risk management. It deals with risk communication concepts, the actual practice of communications, communicating in a digital environment, and the overall repercussions.

Mitigation of Natural Hazards and Disasters

International Perspectives
Author: C. Emdad Haque
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 140204514X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 240
View: 6438

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Practitioners in natural hazards reduction and policy makers in climatic change and natural hazards management

Hazards Analysis

Reducing the Impact of Disasters, Second Edition
Author: John C. Pine
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482228920
Category: Science
Page: 338
View: 1669

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The impacts of natural and man-made disasters have increased exponentially over the past few decades. Moreover, with our global interconnectedness and the growing scale of disasters, today's catastrophic disasters can have regional, national, and even global economic consequences. Following in the tradition of the successful first edition, Hazards Analysis: Reducing the Impact of Disasters, Second Edition provides a structure and process for understanding the nature of natural and human-caused disasters. Stressing the role of hazard risk management for public, private, and nonprofit organizations, the author and expert contributors cover problem solving, risk analysis, and risk communications to ensure readers are in a position to identify key problems associated with hazards and the risks that they present. The book details a systematic process of hazards identification, vulnerability determination, and consequence assessment for the natural, built, and human environment. Using a cross-disciplinary approach, this book effectively demonstrates how to use the results of vulnerability assessment, spatial analysis, and community planning to reduce adverse disaster outcomes and foster social, economic, and environmental sustainability. Throughout, the book stresses that hazards analysis is not an isolated process but one that must engage the local community. Complete with clearly set objectives, key terms, discussion questions, satellite images and maps, and ancillary websites for further study, this authoritative guide covers every element of the hazard analysis process in a step-by-step format. Hazards Analysis presents time-proven strategies for building sustainable communities, identifying and prioritizing risks, and establishing successful disaster prevention and relief strategies prior to a disaster.

Communicating Risks to the Public

International Perspectives
Author: R.E Kasperson,P.J. Stallen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400919522
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 482
View: 1381

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Risk communication: the evolution of attempts Risk communication is at once a very new and a very old field of interest. Risk analysis, as Krimsky and Plough (1988:2) point out, dates back at least to the Babylonians in 3200 BC. Cultures have traditionally utilized a host of mecha nisms for anticipating, responding to, and communicating about hazards - as in food avoidance, taboos, stigma of persons and places, myths, migration, etc. Throughout history, trade between places has necessitated labelling of containers to indicate their contents. Seals at sites of the ninth century BC Harappan civilization of South Asia record the owner and/or contents of the containers (Hadden, 1986:3). The Pure Food and Drug Act, the first labelling law with national scope in the United States, was passed in 1906. Common law covering the workplace in a number of countries has traditionally required that employers notify workers about significant dangers that they encounter on the job, an obligation formally extended to chronic hazards in the OSHA's Hazard Communication regulation of 1983 in the United States. In this sense, risk communication is probably the oldest way of risk manage ment. However, it is only until recently that risk communication has attracted the attention of regulators as an explicit alternative to the by now more common and formal approaches of standard setting, insuring etc. (Baram, 1982).

Alerting America

Effective Risk Communication - Summary of a Forum, October 31, 2002
Author: Natural Disasters Roundtable,Division on Earth and Life Studies
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309558891
Category:
Page: 11
View: 790

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This is a summary of presentations and discussion from a forum on risk communication convened by the Natural Disasters Roundtable. Issues related to risk communication were discussed at the forum by speakers and participants from the scientific community, local and federal agencies, and media organizations. The need for more research and actions to further the nation’s risk communication capacity and make communities less vulnerable to natural, technological, and human-induced disasters was an overarching theme of the day. This summary is authored by Ruxandra Floroiu, formerly of the National Research Council and by Richard T. Sylves, University of Delaware.

Disaster Communications in a Changing Media World


Author: Kim S Haddow,George Haddow
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 9780080877846
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 240
View: 2914

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Communications is key to the success of disaster mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery. Accurate information disseminated to the general public, to elected officials and community leaders, and to the media reduces risk, saves lives and property, and speeds recovery. The ability to communicate is no longer an afterthought or a luxury; timely communication is now as important as logistics or the pre-deployment of materials. Planning and controlling the flow of information before, during and after a disaster will define your organization's credibility, trustworthiness, authority, and effectiveness. The emergence of new media like the internet, e-mail, blogs, text messaging, cell phone photos, and the increasing role played by "first informers"-- witnesses who now have the ability to transmit information immediately from the event--are redefining the roles of government and media. The government's historical role as gatekeeper is now an anachronism. Traditional media's role as the sole conduit of reliable and officially-sanctioned information has been eclipsed by the advent of new media. The tools and rules of communications are evolving and disaster communications must evolve to capitalize on these changes and exploit the opportunities they provide. Bloggers have the potential either to add to the chaos during a crisis, or to help convey accurate data and report on local conditions. Disaster communications must incorporate a way to manage their impact and if possible use them for the common good. Finally, even though the means to the end are evolving, the goals, the values, and the underlying principles of effective disaster communication-- the need for transparency, increased accessibility, trustworthiness and reliability, and to create partnerships with the media--have not changed and need to be embraced along with the practical ability to convey information effectively. * Applies the principles of emergency management to communications during a disaster * Covers terrorist incidents, accidents, and natural disasters like hurricanes and earthquakes * Shows how to use blogs, text messages, and cell phone cameras as well as government channels and traditional media to communicate during a crisis