Natural Disasters and Risk Communication

Implications of the Cascadia Subduction Zone Megaquake
Author: C. Vail Fletcher,Jennette Lovejoy
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 1498556124
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 278
View: 1453

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Natural Disasters and Risk Communication: Implications of the Cascadia Subduction Zone Megaquake asks and addresses how we communicate about natural disasters and what effect our communication has on natural disaster education, understanding, assessment of risk, preparation, and recovery. The chapters of this book present expertise, analyses, and perspectives that are designed to help us better comprehend and deal with the natural risks such as the Cascadia Subduction Zone. It seeks to move past primal, fear-induced physiological and emotional responses to crises with the understanding that if we accept that the disaster will occur, expect it, and learn how we can prepare, we can calm the collective panicked beats of our hearts as we wait for its first tremors.

Natural Disasters and Risk Communication

Implications of the Cascadia Subduction Zone Megaquake
Author: C. Vail Fletcher
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 9781498556118
Category:
Page: 278
View: 7104

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This book examines the impending Cascadia Subduction Zone earthquake and tsunami from a communications perspective, using similar experiences of natural disaster preparedness and outcomes as case studies. It is an interdisciplinary consideration of how communities communicate and make sense of natural disasters.

Communicating Climate-Change and Natural Hazard Risk and Cultivating Resilience

Case Studies for a Multi-disciplinary Approach
Author: Jeanette L. Drake,Yekaterina Y. Kontar,John C. Eichelberger,Scott T. Rupp,Karen M. Taylor
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319201611
Category: Nature
Page: 311
View: 3880

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This edited volume emphasizes risk and crisis communication principles and practices within the up-to the minute context of new technologies, a new focus on resiliency, and global environmental change. It includes contributions from experts from around the globe whose research, advocacy, teaching, work, or service in the natural or social sciences deals with risk communication and/or management surrounding natural and technological disasters, with a particular focus on climate change-related phenomena. Resilience and good communication are intimately linked and with climate change precipitating more numerous and onerous weather-related catastrophes, a conversation on resilience is timely and necessary. The goal is robust communities that are able to withstand the shock of disaster. Communicating well under ordinary circumstances is challenging; communicating during a crisis is extraordinarily difficult. This book is dedicated to all those who have directly or indirectly suffered the effects of climate change end extreme events with the hope that the advance of knowledge, implementation of sound science and appropriate policies and use of effective communication will help in reducing their vulnerability while also improving resilience in the face of often devastating natural and technological disasters.

Social Media Use In Crisis and Risk Communication

Emergencies, Concerns and Awareness
Author: Harald Hornmoen,Klas Backholm
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1787562697
Category: Social Science
Page: 328
View: 9491

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The ebook edition of this title is Open Access and is freely available to read online. Presenting research on social media use in crisis and risk cases: a terrorist attack, a natural disaster and an infectious disease of international concern, this book investigates how social media plays a crucial role in mitigating or preventing crises.

Natural Disaster Risk Management

Geosciences and Social Responsibility
Author: Ulrich Ranke
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319206753
Category: Nature
Page: 514
View: 5936

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This textbook provides a thorough introduction to natural disaster risk management. Many aspects of disaster risk management, such as those involved in earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, floods, avalanches and mudslides call for similar prevention and preparedness instruments, management concepts, and countermeasures. This textbook assumes the viewpoint of a regional disaster risk manager who is responsible for a certain area, and for making the lives of the people who live there safer, regardless of the type of natural disaster that may occur. The same holds true for boosting preparedness and awareness in the population at risk. The book includes numerous examples of hazard mitigation concepts and techniques, as well as ways of intensively involving the local population in prevention schemes at an early stage. Furthermore, it provides an in-depth examination of the function of risk communication, both as an instrument for disseminating official information and as a function of public media. In closing, a chapter on risk splitting offers insights into insurance-based models for risk financing. This comprehensive book is a must-read for all students, researchers and practitioners dealing with natural disaster risk management.

Public Health Risks of Disasters:

Communication, Infrastructure, and Preparedness -- Workshop Summary
Author: Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Disasters Roundtable,Institute of Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309095425
Category: Nature
Page: 88
View: 2355

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The National Research Council's Disasters Roundtable and the Institute of Medicine's Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine were established as mechanisms for bringing various stakeholders together to discuss timely issues in a neutral setting. The goal was not to resolve these issues, but to create an environment conducive to scientific debate. The members of the respective Roundtables comprise representatives from academia, industry, nongovernmental agencies, and government, whose perspectives range widely and represent the diverse viewpoints of researchers, federal officials, and public interest. This report is the summary of a workshop was convened by the two Roundtables as a contribution to the debate on the health risks of disasters and the related need to build capacity to deal with them. The meeting was strengthened by integrating perspectives from these two fields, so that the agenda represented information from both communities and provided an opportunity to look at some of the most pressing research and preparedness needs for health risks of disasters.

Risk and Uncertainty Assessment for Natural Hazards


Author: Jonathan Rougier,Steve Sparks,Lisa J. Hill,Robert Stephen John Sparks
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107006198
Category: Science
Page: 574
View: 8093

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A state-of-the-art overview of natural hazard risk assessment, for researchers and professionals in natural-hazard science, risk management and environmental science.

Urban Disasters and Resilience in Asia


Author: Rajib Shaw,Atta-ur-Rahman,Akhilesh Surjan,Gulsan Ara Parvin
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 0128023775
Category: Political Science
Page: 368
View: 6942

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Urban Disasters and Resilience in Asia presents the latest information on the intensity and frequency of disasters. Specifically, the fact that, in urban areas, more than 50% of the world's population is living on just 2% of the land surface, with most of these cities located in Asia and developing countries that have high vulnerability and intensification. The book offers an in-depth and multidisciplinary approach to reducing the impact of disasters by examining specific evidence from events in these areas that can be used to develop best practices and increase urban resilience worldwide. As urban resilience is largely a function of resilient and resourceful citizens, building cities which are more resilient internally and externally can lead to more productive economic returns. In an era of rapid urbanization and increasing disaster risks and vulnerabilities in Asian cities, Urban Disasters and Resilience in Asia is an invaluable tool for policy makers, researchers, and practitioners working in both public and private sectors. Explores a broad range of aspects of disaster and urban resiliency, including environmental, economic, architectural, and engineering factors Bridges the gap between urban resilience and rural areas and community building Provides evidence-based data that can lead to improved disaster resiliency in urban Asia Focuses on Asian cities, some of the most densely populated areas on the planet, where disasters are particularly devastating

Risk and Health Communication in an Evolving Media Environment


Author: H Dan O'Hair
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1351687115
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 352
View: 3992

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Broadcast media has a particular fascination with stories that involve risk and health crisis events-disease outbreaks, terrorist acts, and natural disasters-contexts where risk and health communication play a critical role. An evolving media landscape introduces both challenges and opportunities for using communication to manage extreme events and hazardous contexts. Risk and Health Communication in an Evolving Media Environment addresses issues of risk and health communication with a collection of chapters that reflect state-of-the-art discussion by top scholars in the field. The authors in this volume develop unique and insightful perspectives by employing the best available research on topics such as brand awareness in healthcare communication, occupational safety, climate change communication, local broadcasts of weather emergencies, terrorism, and the Ebola outbreak, among many other areas. It features analysis of new and traditional media that connects disasters, crises, risks, and public policy issues into a coherent fabric. This book bridges a substantial, but sometimes disconnected body of literature, and by doing so asks how contexts related to risk and health communication are best approached, how researchers balance scientific findings with cultural issues, and how scholars study an increasingly media-savvy society with traditional research methods.

Disaster Communications in a Changing Media World


Author: Kim S Haddow,George Haddow
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 9780080877846
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 240
View: 966

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Communications is key to the success of disaster mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery. Accurate information disseminated to the general public, to elected officials and community leaders, and to the media reduces risk, saves lives and property, and speeds recovery. The ability to communicate is no longer an afterthought or a luxury; timely communication is now as important as logistics or the pre-deployment of materials. Planning and controlling the flow of information before, during and after a disaster will define your organization's credibility, trustworthiness, authority, and effectiveness. The emergence of new media like the internet, e-mail, blogs, text messaging, cell phone photos, and the increasing role played by "first informers"-- witnesses who now have the ability to transmit information immediately from the event--are redefining the roles of government and media. The government's historical role as gatekeeper is now an anachronism. Traditional media's role as the sole conduit of reliable and officially-sanctioned information has been eclipsed by the advent of new media. The tools and rules of communications are evolving and disaster communications must evolve to capitalize on these changes and exploit the opportunities they provide. Bloggers have the potential either to add to the chaos during a crisis, or to help convey accurate data and report on local conditions. Disaster communications must incorporate a way to manage their impact and if possible use them for the common good. Finally, even though the means to the end are evolving, the goals, the values, and the underlying principles of effective disaster communication-- the need for transparency, increased accessibility, trustworthiness and reliability, and to create partnerships with the media--have not changed and need to be embraced along with the practical ability to convey information effectively. * Applies the principles of emergency management to communications during a disaster * Covers terrorist incidents, accidents, and natural disasters like hurricanes and earthquakes * Shows how to use blogs, text messages, and cell phone cameras as well as government channels and traditional media to communicate during a crisis

Textbook of Disaster Psychiatry


Author: Robert J. Ursano,Carol S. Fullerton,Lars Weisaeth,Beverley Raphael
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107138493
Category: Medical
Page: 364
View: 7806

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This book presents a decade of advances in the psychological, biological and social responses to disasters, helping medics and leaders prepare and react.

Risk and Conflicts

Local Responses to Natural Disasters
Author: Andreas Neef,Rajib Shaw
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1781908214
Category: Social Science
Page: 304
View: 693

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This book analyzes the role of local responses to natural disasters and conflict. Key issues such as the relationship between local and external knowledge in addressing disasters, the relevance of institutional and policy frameworks for community-based disaster response and the role of social capital and collective action are also addressed.

Natural Disasters and Risk Communication

Implications of the Cascadia Subduction Zone Megaquake
Author: C. Vail Fletcher,Jennette Lovejoy
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 1498556124
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 278
View: 9610

Continue Reading →

Natural Disasters and Risk Communication: Implications of the Cascadia Subduction Zone Megaquake asks and addresses how we communicate about natural disasters and what effect our communication has on natural disaster education, understanding, assessment of risk, preparation, and recovery. The chapters of this book present expertise, analyses, and perspectives that are designed to help us better comprehend and deal with the natural risks such as the Cascadia Subduction Zone. It seeks to move past primal, fear-induced physiological and emotional responses to crises with the understanding that if we accept that the disaster will occur, expect it, and learn how we can prepare, we can calm the collective panicked beats of our hearts as we wait for its first tremors.

Natural Risk and Civil Protection


Author: T. Horlick-Jones,A. Amendola,R. Casale
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780419199700
Category: Architecture
Page: 554
View: 6822

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This book forms the Proceedings of the International Conference organised by the Commission of European Communities. The first part covers earthquakes, volcanoes, storms, floods, landslides and wildfires. The second part deals with key themes in civil protection: risk communication, planning, organisation and crisis management. A detailed Rapporteur-General's report is also included. Future developments regarding information sources and research and development conclude the book.

Disaster Recovery Planning for Communications and Critical Infrastructure


Author: Leo Anthony Wrobel,Sharon M. Wrobel
Publisher: Artech House
ISBN: 1596934697
Category: Business
Page: 325
View: 6343

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Addressing the vulnerabilities in today's critical infrastructure to natural disasters and terrorism, this practical book describes what you should be doing to protect your infrastructure before the unthinkable happens. You learn how to maintain command and control in any disaster, and how to predict the probability of those disasters. Written by two highly regarded experts in the field, this one-of-a-kind book shows you how to simplify risk assessments and emergency response procedures to disasters affecting our critical national and local infrastructure.

The Federal Response to Hurricane Katrina

Lessons Learned, February 2006
Author: President of the United States, Assistant to the President for Homeland Security and Counterterrorism
Publisher: Government Printing Office
ISBN: 9780160756009
Category: History
Page: 223
View: 570

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Reviews the lessons learned from the federal government's response to Hurricane Katrina, from the Army Corps of Engineers and the levees, to Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and other agencies responding before, during and after the disaster along the Gulf Coast. Identifies and establishes a roadmap for doing better in the future. Lays the groundwork for transforming how this Nation - from every level of government to the private sector to individual citizens and communities - pursues a real and lasting vision of emergency preparedness.

Improving Risk Communication


Author: National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Risk Perception and Communication
Publisher: National Academies
ISBN: N.A
Category: Electronic books
Page: 332
View: 9970

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Hazards of modern life surround us and so, too, does communication about the risks of those hazards. News reports describe such hazards as pollutants in the air and in drinking water, pesticide residues in food, threats from radiation and toxic chemicals, and AIDS. Government and industry also send out messages about hazards and their risks, sometimes directly to the populace but more often through intermediaries, such as the print and broadcast media. Risk messages are difficult to formulate in ways that are accurate, clear, and not misleading. This report addresses these and other problems confronting risk communication.

Hazards, Risks, and Disasters in Society


Author: Andrew E. Collins,Jones Samantha,Bernard Manyena,Janaka Jayawickrama
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0123964741
Category: Nature
Page: 424
View: 4671

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Hazards, Risks, and Disasters in Society provides analyses of environmentally related catastrophes within society in historical, political and economic contexts. Personal and corporate culture mediates how people may become more vulnerable or resilient to hazard exposure. Societies that strengthen themselves, or are strengthened, mitigate decline and resultant further exposure to what are largely human induced risks of environmental, social and economic degradation. This book outlines why it is important to explore in more depth the relationships between environmental hazards, risk and disasters in society. It presents challenges presented by mainstream and non-mainstream approaches to the human side of disaster studies. By hazard categories this book includes critical processes and outcomes that significantly disrupt human wellbeing over brief or long time-frames. Whilst hazards, risks and disasters impact society, individuals, groups, institutions and organisations offset the effects by becoming strong, healthy, resilient, caring and creative. Innovations can arise from social organisation in times of crisis. This volume includes much of use to practitioners and policy makers needing to address both prevention and response activities. Notably, as people better engage prevalent hazards and risks they exercise a process that has become known as disaster risk reduction (DRR). In a context of climatic risks this is also indicative of climate change adaptation (CCA). Ultimately it represents the quest for development of sustainable environmental and societal futures. Throughout the book cases studies are derived from the world of hazards risks and disasters in society. Includes sections on prevention of and response to hazards, risks and disasters Provides case studies of prominent societal challenges of hazards, risks and disasters Innovative approaches to dealing with disaster drawing from multiple disciplines and sectors

Planning for Community-based Disaster Resilience Worldwide

Learning from Case Studies in Six Continents
Author: Adenrele Awotona
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317080149
Category: Science
Page: 470
View: 9072

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We are witnessing an ever-increasing level and intensity of disasters from Ecuador to Ethiopia and beyond, devastating millions of ordinary lives and causing long-term misery for vulnerable populations. Bringing together 26 case studies from six continents, this volume provides a unique resource that discusses, in considerable depth, the multifaceted matrix of natural and human-made disasters. It examines their bearing on the loss of human and productive capital; the conduct of national policies and the setting of national development priorities; and on the nature of international aid and bilateral assistance strategies and programs of donor countries. In order to ensure the efficacy and appropriateness of their support for disaster survivors, international agencies, humanitarian and disaster relief organizations, scholars, non-governmental organizations, and members of the global emergency management community need to have insight into best practices and lessons learned from various disasters across national and cultural boundaries. The evidence obtained from the numerous case studies in this volume serves to build a worldwide community that is better informed about the cultural and traditional contexts of such disasters and better enabled to prepare for, respond to, and finally rebuild sustainable communities after disasters in different environments. The main themes of the case studies include: • the need for community planning and emergency management to unite in order to achieve the mutual aim of creating a sustainable disaster-resilient community, coupled with the necessity to enact and implement appropriate laws, policies, and development regulations for disaster risk reduction; • the need to develop a clear set of urban planning and urban design principles for improving the built environment’s capacities for disaster risk management through the integration of disaster risk reduction education into the curricula of colleges and universities; • the need to engage the whole community to build inclusive governance structures as prerequisites for addressing climate change vulnerability and fostering resilience and sustainability. Furthermore, the case studies explore the need to link the existence and value of scientific knowledge accumulated in various countries with decision-making in disaster risk management; and the relevance and transferability from one cultural context to another of the lessons learned in building institutional frameworks for whole community partnerships.