Morphogenesis


Author: P.T. Saunders
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080934056
Category: Computers
Page: 131
View: 1259

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The collected works of Turing, including a substantial amount of unpublished material, will comprise four volumes: Mechanical Intelligence, Pure Mathematics, Morphogenesis and Mathematical Logic. Alan Mathison Turing (1912-1954) was a brilliant man who made major contributions in several areas of science. Today his name is mentioned frequently in philosophical discussions about the nature of Artificial Intelligence. Actually, he was a pioneer researcher in computer architecture and software engineering; his work in pure mathematics and mathematical logic extended considerably further and his last work, on morphogenesis in plants, is also acknowledged as being of the greatest originality and of permanent importance. He was one of the leading figures in Twentieth-century science, a fact which would have been known to the general public sooner but for the British Official Secrets Act, which prevented discussion of his wartime work. What is maybe surprising about these papers is that although they were written decades ago, they address major issues which concern researchers today.

The Turing Guide


Author: Jack Copeland,Jonathan Bowen,Mark Sprevak,Robin Wilson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191065005
Category: Science
Page: 400
View: 2876

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Alan Turing has long proved a subject of fascination, but following the centenary of his birth in 2012, the code-breaker, computer pioneer, mathematician (and much more) has become even more celebrated with much media coverage, and several meetings, conferences and books raising public awareness of Turing's life and work. This volume will bring together contributions from some of the leading experts on Alan Turing to create a comprehensive guide to Turing that will serve as a useful resource for researchers in the area as well as the increasingly interested general reader. The book will cover aspects of Turing's life and the wide range of his intellectual activities, including mathematics, code-breaking, computer science, logic, artificial intelligence and mathematical biology, as well as his subsequent influence.

Parsing the Turing Test

Philosophical and Methodological Issues in the Quest for the Thinking Computer
Author: Robert Epstein,Gary Roberts,Grace Beber
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402096240
Category: Computers
Page: 517
View: 5382

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An exhaustive work that represents a landmark exploration of both the philosophical and methodological issues surrounding the search for true artificial intelligence. Distinguished psychologists, computer scientists, philosophers, and programmers from around the world debate weighty issues such as whether a self-conscious computer would create an internet ‘world mind’. This hugely important volume explores nothing less than the future of the human race itself.

On Scientific Representations

From Kant to a New Philosophy of Science
Author: G. Boniolo
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230206573
Category: Science
Page: 251
View: 4000

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Scientific concepts, laws, theories and models are representations but are uniquely different. This book explores each within an original, philosophical framework rooted in the Kantian tradition. Through a revisionist historical approach, it shows how this tradition helps us rethink contemporary issues in epistemology and the philosophy of science.

Making Sense of Life


Author: Evelyn Fox KELLER
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674007468
Category: Science
Page: 388
View: 6235

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What do biologists want? What kind of explanation do biologists aim? How will we know when we have "made sense" of life? Explanations in the biological sciences are provisional and partial, judged by criteria as heterogenous as their subject matter. This text accounts for this diversity.

Morphogenesis


Author: Alan Mathison Turing
Publisher: North Holland
ISBN: N.A
Category: Computers
Page: 131
View: 2442

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The Essential Turing


Author: Alan Mathison Turing
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198250797
Category: Computers
Page: 613
View: 403

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Lectures, scientific papers, top secret wartime material, correspondence, and broadcasts are introduced and set in context by Jack Copeland, Director of the Turing Archive for the History of Computing."--Jacket.

The Coiled Spring

How Life Begins
Author: Ethan Bier
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Medical
Page: 252
View: 6447

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A concise, readable account of the principles underlying embryonic and appendage development in animals and plants, illustrated with colorful artwork and interviews with prominent investigators. Highly recommended for use in undergraduate and graduate courses.

Alan Turing: His Work and Impact


Author: S. Barry Cooper,J. van Leeuwen
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0123870127
Category: Mathematics
Page: 944
View: 8417

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In this 2013 winner of the prestigious R.R. Hawkins Award from the Association of American Publishers, as well as the 2013 PROSE Awards for Mathematics and Best in Physical Sciences & Mathematics, also from the AAP, readers will find many of the most significant contributions from the four-volume set of the Collected Works of A. M. Turing. These contributions, together with commentaries from current experts in a wide spectrum of fields and backgrounds, provide insight on the significance and contemporary impact of Alan Turing's work. Offering a more modern perspective than anything currently available, Alan Turing: His Work and Impact gives wide coverage of the many ways in which Turing's scientific endeavors have impacted current research and understanding of the world. His pivotal writings on subjects including computing, artificial intelligence, cryptography, morphogenesis, and more display continued relevance and insight into today's scientific and technological landscape. This collection provides a great service to researchers, but is also an approachable entry point for readers with limited training in the science, but an urge to learn more about the details of Turing's work. 2013 winner of the prestigious R.R. Hawkins Award from the Association of American Publishers, as well as the 2013 PROSE Awards for Mathematics and Best in Physical Sciences & Mathematics, also from the AAP Named a 2013 Notable Computer Book in Computing Milieux by Computing Reviews Affordable, key collection of the most significant papers by A.M. Turing Commentary explaining the significance of each seminal paper by preeminent leaders in the field Additional resources available online

Morphogenesis and Pattern Formation in Biological Systems

Experiments and Models
Author: Toshio Sekimura,S. Noji,N. Ueno,Philip Maini
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 4431659587
Category: Mathematics
Page: 398
View: 9032

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A central goal of biology is to decode the mechanisms that underlie the processes of morphogenesis and pattern formation. Concerned with the analysis of those phenomena, this book integrates experimental and theoretical aspects of biology for the construction and investigation of models of complex processes. It offers an interdisciplinary approach to the pattern formation problems and provides a scope of forthcoming integrated biology including experiments and theories.

Essays on Life Itself


Author: Robert Rosen
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231105118
Category: Science
Page: 361
View: 3526

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French rule in Syria and Lebanon coincided with the rise of colonial resistance around the world and with profound social trauma after World War I. In this tightly argued study, Elizabeth Thompson shows how Syrians and Lebanese mobilized, like other colonized peoples, to claim the terms of citizenship enjoyed in the European metropole. The negotiations between the French and citizens of the Mandate set the terms of politics for decades after Syria and Lebanon achieved independence in 1946. Colonial Citizens highlights gender as a central battlefield upon which the relative rights and obligations of states and citizens were established. The participants in this struggle included not only elite nationalists and French rulers, but also new mass movements of women, workers, youth, and Islamic populists. The author examines the "gendered battles" fought over France's paternalistic policies in health, education, labor, and the press. Two important and enduring political structures issued from these conflicts: * First, a colonial welfare state emerged by World War II that recognized social rights of citizens to health, education, and labor protection. * Second, tacit gender pacts were forged first by the French and then reaffirmed by the nationalist rulers of the independent states. These gender pacts represented a compromise among male political rivals, who agreed to exclude and marginalize female citizens in public life. This study provides a major contribution to the social construction of gender in nationalist and postcolonial discourse. Returning workers, low-ranking religious figures, and most of all, women to the narrative history of the region--figures usually omitted--Colonial Citizens enhances our understanding of the interwar period in the Middle East, providing needed context for a better understanding of statebuilding, nationalism, Islam, and gender since World War II.

Tekhnema


Author: Université américaine de Paris
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Philosophy and science
Page: N.A
View: 8522

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The Extended Phenotype

The Long Reach of the Gene
Author: Richard Dawkins
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198788916
Category:
Page: 496
View: 396

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In The Selfish Gene, Richard Dawkins crystallized the gene's eye view of evolution developed by W.D. Hamilton and others. The book provoked widespread and heated debate. Written in part as a response, The Extended Phenotype gave a deeper clarification of the central concept of the gene as theunit of selection; but it did much more besides. In it, Dawkins extended the gene's eye view to argue that the genes that sit within an organism have an influence that reaches out beyond the visible traits in that body - the phenotype - to the wider environment, which can include other individuals.So, for instance, the genes of the beaver drive it to gather twigs to produce the substantial physical structure of a dam; and the genes of the cuckoo chick produce effects that manipulate the behaviour of the host bird, making it nurture the intruder as one of its own. This notion of the extendedphenotype has proved to be highly influential in the way we understand evolution and the natural world. It represents a key scientific contribution to evolutionary biology, and it continues to play an important role in research in the life sciences.The Extended Phenotype is a conceptually deep book that forms important reading for biologists and students. But Dawkins' clear exposition is accessible to all who are prepared to put in a little effort.Oxford Landmark Science books are 'must-read' classics of modern science writing which have crystallized big ideas, and shaped the way we think.

Encyclopedia of Computer Science


Author: Edwin D. Reilly,Anthony Ralston,David Hemmendinger
Publisher: Grove's Dictionaries
ISBN: N.A
Category: Computers
Page: 2034
View: 550

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Covers hardware, software, computer theory, artificial intelligence, desktop publishing, and the computer industry.

Turing's Legacy

A History of Computing at the National Physical Laboratory 1945-1995
Author: David M. Yates
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: ACE (Computer)
Page: 347
View: 4055

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During the second half of the twentieth century, the use of computers has transformed working life in the developed world. The National Physical Laboratory (NPL) is one of the cradles of this revolution. This book outlines its contribution to modern computing history, covering the vital role played by Alan Turing, the Pilot ACE and ACE computers developed from his plans, and the fertile marriage of computers and communications in the 1960s.