The Profile of Political Leaders

Archetypes of Ascendancy
Author: Jaap van Ginneken
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319294768
Category: Political Science
Page: 167
View: 7826

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By analysing a wide range of empirical research into leadership, this book provides a composite portrait of frequent characteristics, such as personality and demeanour, that influence both the success and popularity of political leaders. Through the lenses of mass psychology and collective behaviour sociology, the author offers fascinating observations on political leadership which reveal a coherent pattern. In our choice of and support for leaders, we still seem to be guided by unconscious or instinctive preferences. Evolutionary psychologists have labelled this ‘CALP’ for ‘Cognitive Ancestral Leadership Prototype’. Length, symmetry, face form, voice pitch, eye blinking and more turn out to play a role – even today - alongside personality and style. Each chapter of the book offers a case study to illustrate these observations, including Barack Obama, Ronald Reagan, Nicolas Sarkozy, and Boris Johnson. This book is accessibly written to appeal to students of politics, psychology and sociology, as well as the wider interested reader.

Mood

Interdisciplinary Perspectives, New Theories
Author: Birgit Breidenbach,Thomas Docherty
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429535112
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 220
View: 5233

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Mood is a phenomenon whose study is inherently interdisciplinary. While it has remained resistant to theorisation, it nonetheless has a substantial influence on art, politics and society. Since its practical omnipresence in every-day life renders it one of the most significant aspects of affect studies, it has garnered an increasing amount of critical attention in a number of disciplines across the humanities, sciences and social sciences in the past two decades. Mood: Aesthetics, Psychology, Philosophy provides a comprehensive theoretical and empirical exploration of the phenomenon of mood from an interdisciplinary angle. Building on cutting-edge research in this emerging field and bringing together established and new voices, it bridges the existing disciplinary gap in the study of mood and further consolidates this phenomenon as a crucial concept in disciplinary and interdisciplinary study. By combining perspectives and concepts from the literary studies, philosophy, musicology, the social sciences, artistic practice and psychology, the volume does the complexity and richness of mood-related phenomena justice and benefits from the latent connections and synergies in different disciplinary approaches to the study of mood.

C. Wright Mills and the Criminological Imagination

Prospects for Creative Inquiry
Author: Jon Frauley
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317170229
Category: Social Science
Page: 298
View: 7058

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In spite of its widespread use within criminology, the term ’criminological imagination’, as derived from C. Wright Mills’ classic The Sociological Imagination, has yet to be fully developed and clarified as an analytic concept capable of guiding theorizing or empirical enquiry. This volume, with a preface by Elliot Currie, engages with and reflects on this concept, exploring C. Wright Mills’ work for criminological enquiry. Bringing together the latest work of leading scholars in the fields of criminology and sociology from around the world, C. Wright Mills and the Criminological Imagination investigates the emergence and lineage of a criminological concept indebted to Mills’ thought, adapting and applying it to a specifically criminological context. With attention to theoretical concerns and, as well as the application of the criminological imagination in concrete empirical research, this volume sheds new light on the methodological and analytical aspects of the criminological imagination as a multifaceted concept and explores the possibilities that it offers for the emergence of an imaginative criminological practice. As such, it will appeal to scholars across the social sciences with interests in sociology and social theory, criminology, criminal justice studies, law and research methods.

Capturing, Analyzing, and Managing Word-of-Mouth in the Digital Marketplace


Author: Rathore, Sumangla
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1466694505
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 309
View: 2160

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With the growth of information technology—and the Internet in particular—many new communication channels and platforms have emerged. These platforms are focused on being not only user friendly, but also highly interactive, providing many unique ways to create and distribute content. Capturing, Analyzing, and Managing Word-of-Mouth in the Digital Marketplace explores the way these new channels and platforms affect our everyday interactions, particularly as they relate to meaning, growth, and recent trends, practices, issues, and challenges surrounding the world of modern marketing. Featuring a special emphasis on social media, blogging, viral marketing, and other forms of e-communication, this timely reference source is essential for students, researchers, academics, and marketing practitioners.

Encyclopedia of Social Deviance


Author: Craig J. Forsyth,Heith Copes
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1483364690
Category: Social Science
Page: 864
View: 8696

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Social deviance does not involve just criminal behavior—it’s any behavior that violates a cultural norm, and that can involve something as minor as consistently and deliberately wearing lively mismatched socks. Moreover, whether a crime, a sin, or simply unique taste, what’s considered deviant at one time and place can change, as when extensive tattooing and "body art" evolved from a sideshow carnival spectacle to a nearly universal rite of passage within U.S. culture. Drawing contributions from across the social and behavioral sciences, including sociology, anthropology, criminology, politics, psychology, and religion, the Encyclopedia of Social Deviance introduces students to this lively field of rule-making and rebellion that strikes at the core of what it means to be an individual living in a social world. Key Features: More than 300 articles are organized A-to-Z in two volumes available in both electronic and print formats. Articles, authored by key figures in the field, conclude with cross-reference links and further readings. Although organized A-to-Z, a thematic “Reader’s Guide” groups related articles by broad areas (e.g., Concepts; Theories; Research Methodologies; Individual Deviance; Organizational Deviance; etc.) as one handy search feature on the e-Reference platform, which also includes a comprehensive index of search terms.

Oxford Textbook of Suicidology and Suicide Prevention


Author: Danuta Wasserman,Camilla Wasserman
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: N.A
Category: Medical
Page: 902
View: 652

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The Oxford Texbook of Suicidology is the most comprehensive textbook on suicidology and suicide prevention that has ever been published. It is written by world-leading specialists and describes all aspects of suicidal behaviour and suicide prevention, including psychological, cultural, biological, and sociological factors.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit


Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 364110498X
Category: History
Page: 528
View: 5618

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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Intentionalität

eine Abhandlung zur Philosophie des Geistes
Author: John R. Searle
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783518285565
Category: Intentionality
Page: 352
View: 3793

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Sozialpsychologie


Author: Robin M. Akert,Timothy D. Wilson
Publisher: Pearson Deutschland GmbH
ISBN: 9783827372765
Category: Social psychology
Page: 723
View: 8951

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Psychologie des Massen


Author: Gustave Le Bon
Publisher: FV Éditions
ISBN: N.A
Category: Psychology
Page: 170
View: 2497

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"Das Überraschendste an einer psychologischen Masse ist: welcher Art auch die einzelnen sein mögen, die sie bilden, wie ähnlich oder unähnlich ihre Lebensweise, Beschäftigungen, ihr Charakter oder ihre Intelligenz ist, durch den bloßen Umstand ihrer Umformung zu Masse besitzen sie eine Art Gemeinschaftsseele, vermöge deren sie in ganz andrer Weise fühlen, denken und handeln, als jedes von ihnen für sich fühlen, denken und handeln würde. Es gibt gewisse Ideen und Gefühle, die nur bei den zu Massen verbundenen einzelnen auftreten oder sich in Handlungen umsetzen." G. Le Bon

Anatomie des Sozialen - Prinzipien der analytischen Soziologie


Author: Peter Hedström
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783531153971
Category: Social Science
Page: 226
View: 5531

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Einer der weltweit führenden Soziologen, Peter Hedström, zeichnet die Grundlagen einer analytischen Soziologie nach. Er argumentiert für eine erklärende Soziologie, die Theorie und Empirie miteinander verbindet.

Das egoistische Gen

Mit einem Vorwort von Wolfgang Wickler
Author: Richard Dawkins
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642553915
Category: Science
Page: 489
View: 790

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p”Ein auch heute noch bedeutsamer Klassiker“ Daily Express Sind wir Marionetten unserer Gene? Nach Richard Dawkins ́ vor über 30 Jahren entworfener und heute noch immer provozierender These steuern und dirigieren unsere von Generation zu Generation weitergegebenen Gene uns, um sich selbst zu erhalten. Alle biologischen Organismen dienen somit vor allem dem Überleben und der Unsterblichkeit der Erbanlagen und sind letztlich nur die "Einweg-Behälter" der "egoistischen" Gene. Sind wir Menschen also unserem Gen-Schicksal hilflos ausgeliefert? Dawkins bestreitet dies und macht uns Hoffnung: Seiner Meinung nach sind wir nämlich die einzige Spezies mit der Chance, gegen ihr genetisches Schicksal anzukämpfen.