Mine Water

Hydrology, Pollution, Remediation
Author: Paul L. Younger,S.A. Banwart,Robert S. Hedin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401006105
Category: Science
Page: 442
View: 1360

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Nowhere is the conflict between economic progress and environmental quality more apparent than in the mineral extraction industries. The latter half of the 20th century saw major advances in the reclamation technologies. However, mine water pollution problems have not been addressed. In many cases, polluted mine water long outlives the life of the mining operation. As the true cost of long-term water treatment responsibilities has become apparent, interest has grown in the technologies that would decrease the production of contaminated water and make its treatment less costly. This is the first book to address the mine water issue head-on. The authors explain the complexities of mine water pollution by reviewing the hydrogeological context of its formation, and provide an up-to-date presentation of prevention and treatment technologies. The book will be a valuable reference for all professionals who encounter polluted mine water on a regular or occasional basis.

Soil Remediation and Rehabilitation

Treatment of Contaminated and Disturbed Land
Author: Helmut Meuser
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400757514
Category: Nature
Page: 408
View: 3384

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This book provides a comprehensive overview of remediation and rehabilitation techniques and strategies for contaminated and anthropogenically disturbed land. Rehabilitation approaches in the urban environment, such as brownfield redevelopment and urban mining, are discussed. In relation to contaminated land, techniques for soil containment and decontamination of soil, soil vapour and groundwater are comprehensively and systematically presented. Complicated treatment techniques are schematically depicted and can be readily understood. Agricultural, silvicultural and environmentally sustainable rehabilitation strategies for reclaiming disturbed land/terrain in former mining or natural-resource extraction areas, such as open-cast mines, quarries, harvested peatlands, and subsided mining terrain (sinkholes), are introduced. This book will be a useful tool for students, researchers, private consultants and public authorities engaged in the treatment of contaminated or disturbed land.

Fundamentals of Hydrology


Author: Tim Davie
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 0415399866
Category: Science
Page: 200
View: 3701

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In order to manage the world's increasingly scarce water resources we must have a sound understanding of how water moves around the planet and what influences water quality. Fundamentals of Hydrology provides an engaging and comprehensive introduction to this subject and provides real-life examples of water resource management in a changing world. The second edition of this popular book brings the text up-to-date with additional case studies and diagrams and a greater synthesis of water quality with physical hydrology. The chapters on runoff and evaporation have been updated and the final chapter on hydrology in a changing world has more material on water resource management strategies. Additionally the chapter on streamflow analysis now includes a more in-depth section on modelling runoff. The book begins with a comprehensive coverage of precipitation, evaporation, water stored in the ground and as snow and ice, and runoff. These physical hydrological processes show with respect to the fundamental knowledge about the process, its measurement and estimation and how it ties in with water quality. Following this is a section on analyzing streamflow data, including using computer models and combining hydrology and ecology for in-stream flow assessment. A chapter on water quality shows how to measure and estimate it in a variable environment and finishes with a section on pollution treatment. The final chapter brings the text together to discuss water resource management andreal-life issues that are faced by hydrologists in a constantly changing world. Fundamentals of Hydrology is a lively and accessible introduction to the study of hydrology at university level. This new edition continues to provide an understanding of hydrological processes, knowledge of the techniques used to assess water resources and an up-to-date overview of water resource management in a changing world. Throughout the text, wide-ranging examples and case studies are used to clearly explain ideas and methods. Short chapter summaries, essay questions, guides to further reading and a glossary are also included.

Acid Mine Drainage, Rock Drainage, and Acid Sulfate Soils

Causes, Assessment, Prediction, Prevention, and Remediation
Author: James A. Jacobs,Jay H. Lehr,Stephen M. Testa
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118749243
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 504
View: 2004

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Provides the tools needed to analyze and solve acid drainage problems Featuring contributions from leading experts in science and engineering, this book explores the complex biogeochemistry of acid mine drainage, rock drainage, and acid sulfate soils. It describes how to predict, prevent, and remediate the environmental impact of acid drainage and the oxidation of sulfides, offering the latest sampling and analytical methods. Moreover, readers will discover new approaches for recovering valuable resources from acid mine drainage, including bioleaching. Acid Mine Drainage, Rock Drainage, and Acid Sulfate Soils reviews the most current findings in the field, offering new insights into the underlying causes as well as new tools to minimize the harm of acid drainage: Part I: Causes of Acid Mine Drainage, Rock Drainage and Sulfate Soils focuses on the biogeochemistry of acid drainage in different environments. Part II: Assessment of Acid Mine Drainage, Rock Drainage and Sulfate Soils covers stream characterization, aquatic and biological sampling, evaluation of aquatic resources, and some unusual aspects of sulfide oxidation. Part III: Prediction and Prevention of Acid Drainage discusses acid-base accounting, kinetic testing, block modeling, petrology, and mineralogy studies. It also explains relevant policy and regulations. Part IV: Remediation of Acid Drainage, Rock Drainage and Sulfate Soils examines both passive and active cleanup methods to remediate acid drainage. Case studies from a variety of geologic settings highlight various approaches to analyzing and solving acid drainage problems. Replete with helpful appendices and an extensive list of web resources, Acid Mine Drainage, Rock Drainage, and Acid Sulfate Soils is recommended for mining engineers and scientists, regulatory officials, environmental scientists, land developers, and students.

The Science of Environmental Pollution, Third Edition


Author: Frank R. Spellman
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351849247
Category: Nature
Page: 443
View: 8284

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This new edition of The Science of Environmental Pollution presents common-sense approaches and practical examples based on scientific principles, models, and observations, but keeps the text lively and understandable for scientists and non-scientists alike. It addresses the important questions regarding environmental pollution: What is it? What is its impact? What are the causes and how can we mitigate them? But more than this, it stimulates new ways to think about the issues and their possible solutions. This third edition has been updated throughout, and contains new information on endocrine disruptors in drinking water, contaminated sediments in surface waters, hydraulic fracturing wastewater, and more. Also, it will include new case studies, examples, and study questions. Environmental issues continue to attract attention at all levels. Some sources say that pollution is the direct cause of climate change; others deny that the possibility even exists. This text sorts through the hyperbole, providing concepts and guidelines that not only aid in understanding the issues, but equip readers with the scientific rationale required to make informed decisions.

Advances and Trends in Engineering Sciences and Technologies

Proceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Sciences and Technologies, 27-29 May 2015, Tatranská Štrba, High Tatras Mountains - Slovak Republic
Author: Mohamad Al Ali,Peter Platko
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315644649
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 450
View: 5758

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The International Conference on Engineering Sciences and Technologies (ESaT 2015), organized under the auspices of the Faculty of Civil Engineering, Technical University in Košice – Slovak Republic was held May 27–29, 2015 in the High Tatras, Slovak Republic. Facilitating discussions on novel and fundamental advances in the fields of Engineering Sciences and Technologies for scientists, researchers and professionals from around the world. The Conference focused on a wide spectrum of topics and areas of Civil engineering sciences: Materials and technologies Survey, mapping and planning Buildings and structures Roads, bridges and geotechnics Reliability and durability of structures Mechanics and dynamics Water supply and drainage Heating, ventilation and air condition Environmental engineering Construction technology and management Computer simulation and modeling

Ecology of Industrial Pollution


Author: Lesley C. Batty,Kevin B. Hallberg
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139486160
Category: Nature
Page: N.A
View: 1723

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Written for researchers and practitioners in environmental pollution, management and ecology, this interdisciplinary account explores the ecological issues associated with industrial pollution to provide a complete picture of this important environmental problem from cause to effect to solution. Bringing together diverse viewpoints from academia and environmental agencies and regulators, the contributors cover such topics as biological resources of mining areas, biomonitoring of freshwater and marine ecosystems and risk assessment of contaminated land in order to explore important questions such as: What are the effects of pollutants on functional ecology and ecosystems? Do current monitoring techniques accurately signal the extent of industrial pollution? Does existing policy provide a coherent and practicable approach? Case studies from throughout the world illustrate major themes and provide valuable insights into the positive and negative effects of industrial pollution, the provision of appropriate monitoring schemes and the design of remediation and restoration strategies.

Uranium - Past and Future Challenges

Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Uranium Mining and Hydrogeology
Author: Broder J. Merkel,Alireza Arab
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319110594
Category: Science
Page: 870
View: 2205

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This book is the collection of papers from the latest International Uranium Mining and Hydrogeology Conference (UMH VII) held in September 2014, in Freiberg, Germany. It is divided to five sessions: Uranium Mining, Uranium and Phosphates, Clean-up technologies for water and soil. Uranium and daughter nuclides and basic research and modeling. Each session covers a wide range of related topic and provides readers with up to date research and solutions on those matters.

Mining and Its Environmental Impact


Author: Royal Society of Chemistry (Great Britain)
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 9780854042005
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 164
View: 4368

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This first Issue in the series contains nine articles written by experts from the mining industry, regulatory authorities, and academia, and incorporates the latest research.

An Introduction to Mine Hydrogeology


Author: Pradipta Kumar Deb
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3319029886
Category: Science
Page: 54
View: 8093

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An Introduction to Mine Hydrogeology briefly describes the subject of hydrogeology so that this knowledge can be integrated into mine development planning. It emphasizes not only the hydrochemical but also the physical impacts of the hydrogeological environment on the mine and its surroundings. Further, it discusses the methodologies used in mine hydrogeological studies, showcased by selected studies on Indian mines.

Understanding Environmental Pollution


Author: Marquita K. Hill
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139486403
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 1562

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The third edition of this well-received textbook delivers a concise overview of global and individual environmental pollution for undergraduate courses, presenting students with the tools to assess environmental issues. With more than thirty percent new material, Hill assesses pollution from an international perspective, including air and water pollution, global warming, energy, solid and hazardous waste, and pollution at home. Both the sources and impacts of pollution are addressed, as well as governmental, corporate, and personal responsibility for pollution, and pollution prevention is emphasized throughout. Non-technical language encourages greater understanding of these often complex issues, and thought-provoking 'Delving Deeper' exercises are included, increasing engagement with the text and enabling students to apply what they have learned. A new chapter on the chemistry basics of pollution links to sections on toxicology and risk assessment, helping students understand concerns over chemicals and their regulation. An essential review of environmental pollution for environmental science students.

Bio-Geotechnologies for Mine Site Rehabilitation


Author: M.N.V. Prasad,Paulo Jorge de Campos Favas,Subodh Kumar Maiti
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128129875
Category: Science
Page: 730
View: 3872

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Bio-Geotechnologies for Mine Site Rehabilitation deals with the biological, physical, chemical, and engineering approaches necessary for the reclamation of mine waste. As mining has negative effects on natural resources and deteriorates the quality of the surrounding environment, this book provides coverage across different types of mining industries, which are currently creating industrial deserts overloaded with technogenic waste. The book offers cost-effective strategies and approaches for contaminated sites, along with remediation and rehabilitation methods for contaminated soils and waste dumps. It is an essential resource for students and academics, but is also ideal for applied professionals in environmental geology, mineral geologists, biotechnologists and policymakers. Deals with global and holistic approaches of abandoned mine land rehabilitation Includes mine waste rehabilitation case studies from around the world Covers integrated technologies, such as bioremediation of metalliferous soil Provide strategies for sustainable ecosystems on mine spoil dumps Offers novel methods for the remediation of acid mine drainage

Environmental Contaminants

Using natural archives to track sources and long-term trends of pollution
Author: Jules M. Blais,Michael R. Rosen,John P. Smol
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 940179541X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 509
View: 1956

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The human footprint on the global environment now touches every corner of the world. This book explores the myriad ways that environmental archives can be used to study the distribution and long-term trajectories of chemical contaminants. The volume first focuses on reviews that examine the integrity of the historic record, including factors related to hydrology, post-depositional diffusion, and mixing processes. This is followed by a series of chapters dealing with the diverse archives and methodologies available for long-term studies of environmental pollution, such as the use of sediments, ice cores, sclerochronology, and museum specimens.

Assessment, Restoration and Reclamation of Mining Influenced Soils


Author: Jaume Bech,Claudio Bini,Mariya A Pashkevich
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128097299
Category: Science
Page: 520
View: 3661

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Assessment, Restoration and Reclamation of Mining Influenced Soils covers processes operating in the environment as a result of mining activity, including the whole spectra of negative effects of anthropopressure and the environment, from changes in soil chemistry, changes in soil physical properties, geomechanical disturbances, and mine water discharges. Mining activity and its waste are an environmental concern. Knowledge of the fate of potentially harmful elements and their effect on plants and the food chain, and ultimately on human health, is still being understood. Therefore, there is a need for better knowledge on the origin, distribution, and management of mine waste on a global level. This book provides information on hazard assessment and remediation of the disturbed environment, including stabilization of contaminated soils and phytoremediation, and will help scientists and public authorities formulate answers to the daily challenges related to the restoration of contaminated land. Provides a thorough overview of the processes operating on mining-devastated areas, as well as origin, distribution, and deactivation of harmful elements Includes outcomes and recommendations of the Global Mining Initiative that are widely regarded as the code of conduct in the minerals industry Contains global case studies that elucidate various aspects of assessment and restoration of mine-contaminated land

Water Pollution Control

A Guide to the Use of Water Quality Management Principles
Author: Richard Helmer,Ivanildo Hespanhol
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780419229100
Category: Science
Page: 520
View: 3913

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This is a handbook for policy makers and environmental managers in water authorities and engineering companies engaged in water quality programmes, especially in developing countries. It is also suitable for use as a textbook or as training material for water quality management courses. It is a companion volume to Water Quality Assessment and Water Quality Monitoring.

Water Management at Abandoned Flooded Underground Mines

Fundamentals, Tracer Tests, Modelling, Water Treatment
Author: Christian Wolkersdorfer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540773313
Category: Science
Page: 465
View: 8154

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This book addresses the processes related to mine abandonment from a hydrogeological perspective and provides a comprehensive presentation of water management and innovative tracer techniques for flooded mines. After an introduction to the relevant hydrogeochemical processes the book gives detailed information about mine closure procedures. The book also includes case studies and hints, and some new methodologies for conducting tracer tests in flooded mines.

Geochemistry, Groundwater and Pollution


Author: C.A.J. Appelo,Dieke Postma
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439833544
Category: Science
Page: 668
View: 4357

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Building on the success of its 1993 predecessor, this second edition of Geochemistry, Groundwater and Pollution has been thoroughly re-written, updated and extended to provide a complete and authoritative account of modern hydrogeochemistry. Offering a quantitative approach to the study of groundwater quality and the interaction of water, minerals, gases, pollutants and microbes, this book shows how physical and chemical theory can be applied to explain observed water qualities and variations over space and time. Integral to the presentation, geochemical modelling using PHREEQC code is demonstrated, with step-by-step instructions for calculating and simulating field and laboratory data. Numerous figures and tables illustrate the theory, while worked examples including calculations and theoretical explanations assist the reader in gaining a deeper understanding of the concepts involved. A crucial read for students of hydrogeology, geochemistry and civil engineering, professionals in the water sciences will also find inspiration in the practical examples and modeling templates.

Environmental Geochemistry

Site Characterization, Data Analysis and Case Histories
Author: Benedetto DeVivo,Harvey Belkin,Annamaria Lima
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 044464007X
Category: Science
Page: 644
View: 1167

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Environmental Geochemistry: Site Characterization, Data Analysis and Case Histories, Second Edition, reviews the role of geochemistry in the environment and details state-of-the-art applications of these principles in the field, specifically in pollution and remediation situations. Chapters cover both philosophy and procedures, as well as applications, in an array of issues in environmental geochemistry including health problems related to environment pollution, waste disposal and data base management. This updated edition also includes illustrations of specific case histories of site characterization and remediation of brownfield sites. Covers numerous global case studies allowing readers to see principles in action Explores the environmental impacts on soils, water and air in terms of both inorganic and organic geochemistry Written by a well-respected author team, with over 100 years of experience combined Includes updated content on: urban geochemical mapping, chemical speciation, characterizing a brownsfield site and the relationship between heavy metal distributions and cancer mortality

Aquaculture, 3rd Edition

An Introductory Text
Author: Robert R Stickney
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 1786390094
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 351
View: 2080

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Providing a broad and readable overview of the subject, this updated third edition of Aquaculture: An Introductory Text covers issues associated with sustainable aquaculture development, culture systems, hatchery methods, nutrition and feeding of aquaculture species, reproductive strategies, harvesting and many other topics. While its main focus is on the culture of fish, molluscs and crustaceans for food, the book also covers other forms of aquaculture, such as the production of seaweeds, recreational fish and ornamental species, and live foods such as algae and rotifers that are used to feed larval shrimp and marine fish. Aquaculture remains one of the most rapidly growing agricultural disciplines and this book remains an essential resource for all students of aquaculture and related disciplines.