Migrant Politics and Mobilisation

Exclusion, Engagements, Incorporation
Author: Davide Pero,John Solomos
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317986520
Category: Social Science
Page: 149
View: 5467

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In recent years immigration and the integration of migrants and minorities have become politicised in public and policy debates in Britain, the rest of Europe and the United States. In such debates, migrants are commonly treated as objects of politics and spoken in terms of management, national interest, control and contention. This treatment has characterised not only policy makers and politicians but also many academics. Existing scholarly research on migrants as subjects of politics is limited and largely carried out through detached and structural approaches. These approaches have focused on the institutional environments in which mobilisations develop. They have, however, overlooked migrants’ conditions, experiences, subjectivities and practices as well as the focus of their engagement. This volume contributes to the study of migrants’ mobilisation through theoretically informed original empirical papers focusing on current forms and aspects of migrants and minorities practices of citizenship in an engaged and people-centred manner. In particular, the book addresses issues of change both in the forms assumed by migrants’ and minorities political engagements and in the transformations these engagements produce as well as exclusion-inclusion dynamics that migrants experience with regard to the political process and more generally. This book was previously published as a special issue of Ethnic and Racial Studies.

Religion as a Political Resource

Migrants from Sub-Saharan Africa in Berlin and Paris
Author: Miriam Schader
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3658167882
Category: Social Science
Page: 247
View: 8812

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Miriam Schader shows that migrants can use religion as a resource for political involvement in their (new) country of residence – but under certain circumstances only. The author analyses the role religious networks and symbols play for the politicization and participation of Muslim and Christian migrants from sub-Saharan Africa in Berlin and Paris. Against the widely held belief that Islam is a ’political religion’ in itself, this study demonstrates that Christian migrants draw on their religion for political action more easily than their Muslim counterparts. It also highlights that it is not religion in general which helps migrants get politically active, but particular forms of religious organisations and particular theological elements.

Migrants and Health

Political and Institutional Responses to Cultural Diversity in Health Systems
Author: Assoc Prof Oliver Schmidtke,Dr Christiane Falge,Professor Carlo Ruzza
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409476863
Category: Social Science
Page: 220
View: 3212

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Integrating newcomers and minorities into the social fabric of receiving countries has become one of the crucial challenges of contemporary Western societies. This volume seeks to understand patterns of changing institutional practices and public policies where the challenges of including cultural diversity into the social fabric are most pronounced: namely the health care system. In recent years, pro-migrant organizations and anti-racist activists have repeatedly voiced and politicized demands to improve migrants' access to the health-care system giving rise to a lively debate about migrants' access to health-care and responsiveness of institutions to their needs. In a nutshell the book achieves the following: - Provides a conceptual framework to link patterns of political advocacy/mobilization and processes of migrants' socio-political inclusion - Integrates the (multi-disciplinary) literature on political mobilization and accommodating cultural diversity in an innovative fashion - Presents a comparative study on accommodating diversity in the health care system from a comparative transatlantic perspective - Generates insight into best practices in the health care system that will be of interest to scholars as well as practitioners in the field. The analysis of health care provision offers an opportunity to test new public policy strategies and the policy consequences of the now widespread aspiration to include citizens more fully in designing and implementing them.

Civil Society and Governance in Europe

From National to International Linkages
Author: William A. Maloney,Jan W. Van Deth
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1848442874
Category: Political Science
Page: 288
View: 1606

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The research presented in this book based on new primary data demonstrates that in terms of civil society actors adapting to the European political space the Europeanization process has an uneven development. This innovative book integrates top-down approaches for the study of relationships within the developing EU-multilevel system (i.e., the consequences of Europeanization for civil society at the local level) and bottom-up approaches (i.e., the consequences of civil society for the process of European integration and democracy in the EU). The contributors argue that exploration of these recursive linkages requires a rethinking of the relationships between (local, national, and trans-national) civil society on the one hand, and multi-level governance on the other. In analyzing the opportunities for civil society associations to contribute to European integration and decision-making from various perspectives, the following findings are presented, amongst others: engagement with and confidence in the EU (compared to national institutions) is relatively weak among associational members party elites play a key gatekeeper role in the European space the EU and interest groups have had limited success in stimulating the development of citizen engagement, civil society and social capital in various countries. In the rapidly expanding field of research on democratic decision-making in Europe, this book will be welcomed by academics and scholars alike at postgraduate levels and above. Experts working in the field of European decision-making (such as lawyers and lobbyists) who are looking for conclusions based on high-quality empirical research will also find much in this book to engage them.

Methodologies on the Move

The Transnational Turn in Empirical Migration Research
Author: Anna Amelina,Thomas Faist,Devrimsel D. Nergiz
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317850424
Category: Social Science
Page: 144
View: 3149

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This volume establishes a new agenda for approaches to migration research and the corresponding methodologies. A wide range of international contributors focus on the question of how to overcome the so-called 'methodological nationalism' within empirical studies on migration. They address two main challenges: how to contextualize the empirical research field; and how to deal with national and ethnic categorizations within the empirical studies. Methodologies on the Move outlines, first of all, a new epistemological basis for migration research, which is pinpointing the relational concept of space. Second, building on the multi-sited method of ethnography, it provides detailed insights into novel qualitative and quantitative research designs. Third, it presents innovative data collection methods on geographic and virtual mobility, and on cross-border social practices. This volume transcends the early criticisms of 'methodological nationalism' in migration research and suggests both general methodological lines as well as helpful tools for empirical analysis. This book was originally published as a special issue of Ethnic and Racial Studies.

Theorising Integration and Assimilation

Author: Jens Schneider,Maurice Crul
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317979273
Category: Social Science
Page: 144
View: 9120

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Theorising Integration and Assimilation discusses the current theories of integration and assimilation, particularly those focused on the native-born children of immigrants, the second generation. Using empirical research to challenge many of the dominant perspectives on the assimilation of immigrants and their children in the western world in political and media discourse, the book covers a wide range of topics including: transatlantic perspectives and a focus on the lessons to be mutually learnt from American and European approaches to integration and assimilation rich empirical data on the assimilation/integration of second generations in various contexts a new theoretical approach to integration processes in urban settings on both sides of the Atlantic This volume brings together leading scholars in Migration and Integration Studies to provide a summary of the central theories in this area. It will be an important introduction for scholars, researchers and students of Migration, Integration, and Ethnic Studies. This book was originally published as a special issue of Ethnic and Racial Studies.

Migration and Citizenship

Legal Status, Rights and Political Participation
Author: Rainer Bauböck
Publisher: Leiden University Press
ISBN: 9789053568880
Category: Social Science
Page: 129
View: 583

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Citizenship is frequently invoked both as an instrument and goal of immigrant integration. Yet, in migration contexts, citizenship also marks a distinction between members and outsiders based on their different relations to particular states. A migration perspective highlights the boundaries of citizenship and political control over entry and exit as well as the fact that foreign residents remain in most countries deprived of core rights of political participation. This book summarizes current theories and empirical research on the legal status and political participation of migrants in European democracies.

Transforming America: Perspectives on U.S. Immigration [3 volumes]

Perspectives on U.S. Immigration
Author: Michael C. LeMay
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 0313396442
Category: Social Science
Page: 807
View: 3367

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Utilizing multiple perspectives of related academic disciplines, this three-volume set of contributed essays enables readers to understand the complexity of immigration to the United States and grasp how our history of immigration has made this nation what it is today.

Getting Into Local Power

The Politics of Ethnic Minorities in British and French Cities
Author: Romain Garbaye
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444355546
Category: Political Science
Page: 288
View: 2090

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This book presents a comparison of the patterns of ethnic minority politics in British and French city politics. A comparison of the participation of ethnic minorities in British and French cities Includes direct comparisons of particular cities Birmingham, Lille and Roubaix Shows how ethnic and cultural diversity translates into political conflict in different political systems Considers styles of political mobilisation of ethnic minorities in the context of urban political systems, as well as the strategies used by party leaders and to manage ethnic diversity in political competition Analyses how ethnic and cultural diversity in urban societies translates into conflictual politics Enhances our understanding of local politics and of the evolution of political representation in industrialised democracies

Handbook of the Economics of International Migration

Author: Barry Chiswick,Paul Miller
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 044463388X
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 1702
View: 6509

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The economic literature on international migration interests policymakers as well as academics throughout the social sciences. These volumes, the first of a new subseries in the Handbooks in Economics, describe and analyze scholarship created since the inception of serious attention began in the late 1970s. This literature appears in the general economics journals, in various field journals in economics (especially, but not exclusively, those covering labor market and human resource issues), in interdisciplinary immigration journals, and in papers by economists published in journals associated with history, sociology, political science, demography, and linguistics, among others. Covers a range of topics from labor market outcomes and fiscal consequences to the effects of international migration on the level and distribution of income – and everything in between. Encompasses a wide range of topics related to migration and is multidisciplinary in some aspects, which is crucial on the topic of migration Appeals to a large community of scholars interested in this topic and for whom no overviews or summaries exist

Europeisation of Political Rights

Voter Advice Application and Migrant Mobilisation in 2011 UK Elections
Author: Agata Dziewulska
Publisher: Agata Dziewulska
ISBN: 9788389547149
Category: Elections
Page: 157
View: 4323

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Citizenship, Migrant Activism and the Politics of Movement

Author: Peter Nyers,Kim Rygiel
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136448403
Category: Political Science
Page: 200
View: 4593

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Migration is an inescapable issue in the public debates and political agendas of Western countries, with refugees and migrants increasingly viewed through the lens of security. This book analyses recent shifts in governing global mobility from the perspective of the politics of citizenship, utilising an interdisciplinary approach that employs politics, sociology, anthropology, and history. Featuring an international group of leading and emerging researchers working on the intersection of migrant politics and citizenship studies, this book investigates how restrictions on mobility are not only generating new forms of inequality and social exclusion, but also new forms of political activism and citizenship identities. The chapters present and discuss the perspectives, experiences, knowledge and voices of migrants and migrant rights activists in order to better understand the specific strategies, tactics, and knowledge that politicized non-citizen migrant groups produce in their encounters with border controls and security technologies. The book focuses the debate of migration, security, and mobility rights onto grassroots politics and social movements, making an important intervention into the fields of migration studies and critical citizenship studies. Citizenship, Migrant Activism and the Politics of Movement will be of interest to students and scholars of migration and security politics, globalisation and citizenship studies.

Xenophobia and Islamophobia in Europe

Author: Raymond Taras
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748654895
Category: Social Science
Page: 192
View: 6130

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This cross-national analysis of Islamophobia looks at these questions in an innovative, even-handed way, steering clear of politically-correct cliches and stereotypes. It cautions that Islamophobia is a serious threat to European values and norms, and mus

Migrant Mobilization and Securitization in the US and Europe

How Does It Feel to Be a Threat?
Author: Ariane Chebel d'Appollonia
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 1137388064
Category: Political Science
Page: 208
View: 4726

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This book analyzes the diverse ways that immigrants and minorities on both sides of the Atlantic have perceived and reacted to the restrictive immigration and integration policies implemented since 9/11, which have framed immigration and ethno-religious diversity as security issues and targeted immigrants and minorities who allegedly pose a threat to their host societies. Ariane Chebel d'Appollonia examines the complex relationship between immigrants' resentment at being discriminated against and the varying participatory forms that immigrants and minorities adopt in response. The book categorizes and analyzess distinct reactions among targeted groups (including passivity, retreatism or separatism, activism, and radicalization) as reactive or proactive forms of mobilization. Synthesizing findings from political science, sociology, and social psychology, this book offers insights that will be relevent to academic and policy communities alike.

New Border and Citizenship Politics

Author: H. Schwenken,S. Russ,Sabine Ruß-Sattar
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137326638
Category: Political Science
Page: 273
View: 7943

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This collection examines the intersections and dynamics of bordering processes and citizenship politics in the Global North and Australia. By taking the political agency of migrants into account, it approaches the subject of borders as a genuine political and socially constructed phenomenon and transcends a state-centered perspective.

Migration and activism in Europe since 1945

Author: Wendy Ann Pojmann
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 9780230605480
Category: History
Page: 274
View: 8891

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The political and social activism of immigrants to Europe since 1945 takes the spotlight in this volume. Each of the twelve chapters draws on fresh research from international scholars who cover such conflict-ridden themes as autonomous migrant organizing and transnational activism. From Afro-Asian student protests and the sans-papiers movement to the labor unions, political parties, and feminist groups, the chapters offer a riveting look at a variety of migrant experiences in Europe. They also provide compelling material for a welcome comparison of the impact of migration on European countries as diverse as Germany, France, Belgium, Sweden, Spain, and Italy.

Migrant Capital

Networks, Identities and Strategies
Author: Alessio D'Angelo
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137348801
Category: Social Science
Page: 288
View: 7551

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Migrant Capital covers a broad range of case studies and, by bringing together leading and emerging researchers, presents state-of-the-art empirical, theoretical and methodological perspectives on migration, networks, social and cultural capital, exploring the ways in which these bodies of literature can inform and strengthen each other.

Imagining ‘the Turk’

Author: Božidar Jezernik
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443817880
Category: History
Page: 201
View: 9100

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A human being is a symbolic creature and, to the same extent, an active inventor of otherness. Europe and Turkey, The West and the Balkans, are infinitely exploitable symbols. Any symbol, inherently polysemic and socially construed, is continuously contested and negotiated. The image of ‘the Turk’ as a ruthless plunderer is still vivid in European collective memory. Although it occasionally still verges on ethnic mythology, it clearly belongs to a past where, along with the plague and famine, this name used to be mentioned in prayers more frequently than that of God itself. In the past, the name ‘Turk’ implied the negative of the European self-image. ‘The Turk,’ assuming the role of the ‘defining other,’ was considered as everything a European was not (primitive, barbarian, savage vs. civilised). As such, this concept was one of the constitutive elements of European (Western) cultural identity. The aim of this book is nothing less than a better understanding of the European past related to the Ottomans. An intellectual traveller who takes his Orient Express at Victoria, however, will have to get off somewhere half-way and spend some time in the part of Europe set between the Alps and the Adriatic before ending his journey in Istanbul.

Immigration and Welfare

Challenging the Borders of the Welfare State
Author: Michael Bommes,Andrew Geddes
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134593708
Category: Political Science
Page: 304
View: 7512

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Immigration and Welfare avoids simplistic and unhelpful notions of the 'threat' of immigration to analyse the effects of immigration on national welfare states in an integrating Europe. It explores new migration challenges, such as asylum seekers and Europe's increasingly restrictive immigration policies, and looks at the implications of such debates for immigrant and immigrant-origin communities across Europe.