The Study of Sociology


Author: Herbert Spencer
Publisher: Literary Licensing, LLC
ISBN: 9781497831285
Category:
Page: 424
View: 7973

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This Is A New Release Of The Original 1896 Edition.

Conjectures and Refutations

The Growth of Scientific Knowledge
Author: Karl Popper
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135971307
Category: Philosophy
Page: 608
View: 926

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Conjectures and Refutations is one of Karl Popper's most wide-ranging and popular works, notable not only for its acute insight into the way scientific knowledge grows, but also for applying those insights to politics and to history. It provides one of the clearest and most accessible statements of the fundamental idea that guided his work: not only our knowledge, but our aims and our standards, grow through an unending process of trial and error.

Coming of Age in Samoa

A Psychological Study of Primitive Youth for Western Civilisation
Author: Margaret Mead
Publisher: HarperCollins
ISBN: 0062566091
Category: Family & Relationships
Page: 256
View: 9088

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Rarely do science and literature come together in the same book. When they do -- as in Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species, for example -- they become classics, quoted and studied by scholars and the general public alike. Margaret Mead accomplished this remarkable feat not once but several times, beginning with Coming of Age in Samoa. It details her historic journey to American Samoa, taken where she was just twenty-three, where she did her first fieldwork. Here, for the first time, she presented to the public the idea that the individual experience of developmental stages could be shaped by cultural demands and expectations. Adolescence, she wrote, might be more or less stormy, and sexual development more or less problematic in different cultures. The "civilized" world, she taught us had much to learn from the "primitive." Now this groundbreaking, beautifully written work as been reissued for the centennial of her birth, featuring introductions by Mary Pipher and by Mead's daughter, Mary Catherine Bateson.

Sapiens

A Brief History of Humankind
Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Publisher: Signal
ISBN: 9780771038518
Category:
Page: 464
View: 8187

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Destined to become a modern classic in the vein of Guns, Germs, and Steel, Sapiens is a lively, groundbreaking history of humankind told from a unique perspective. 100,000 years ago, at least six species of human inhabited the earth. Today there is just one. Us. Homo Sapiens. How did our species succeed in the battle for dominance? Why did our foraging ancestors come together to create cities and kingdoms? How did we come to believe in gods, nations, and human rights; to trust money, books, and laws; and to be enslaved by bureaucracy, timetables, and consumerism? And what will our world be like in the millennia to come? In Sapiens, Dr. Yuval Noah Harari spans the whole of human history, from the very first humans to walk the earth to the radical -- and sometimes devastating -- breakthroughs of the Cognitive, Agricultural, and Scientific Revolutions. Drawing on insights from biology, anthropology, palaeontology, and economics, he explores how the currents of history have shaped our human societies, the animals and plants around us, and even our personalities. Have we become happier as history has unfolded? Can we ever free our behaviour from the heritage of our ancestors? And what, if anything, can we do to influence the course of the centuries to come? Bold, wide-ranging and provocative, Sapiens challenges everything we thought we knew about being human: our thoughts, our actions, our power...and our future.

The Selfish Gene


Author: Richard Dawkins
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780192860927
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 352
View: 4239

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An ethologist shows man to be a gene machine whose world is one of savage competition and deceit

Handbook of Quantitative Science and Technology Research

The Use of Publication and Patent Statistics in Studies of S&T Systems
Author: Henk F. Moed,Wolfgang Glänzel,Ulrich Schmoch
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402027550
Category: Computers
Page: 800
View: 3849

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This handbook offers a state-of-the-art overview of quantitative science and technology research. It focuses on the development and application of indicators derived from data on scientific or scholarly publications and patents. It comprises 34 chapters written by leading specialists in the various sub-domains. These chapters deal with theoretical and methodological issues, illustrate applications, and highlight their policy context and relevance. Authors present a survey of the research topics they address, and show their most recent achievements. The 34 chapters are arranged into 5 parts: Disciplinary Approaches; General Methodology; The Science System; The Technology System; and The Science–Technology Interface. The Editor’s Introduction provides a further specification of the handbook’s scope and of the main topics addressed in its chapters. This handbook aims at four distinct groups of readers: – practitioners in the field of science and technology studies; – research students in this field; – scientists, scholars and technicians who are interested in a systematic, thorough analysis of their activities; – policy makers and administrators who wish to be informed about the potentialities and limitations of the various approaches and about their results.

Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology, Third Edition


Author: Khosrow-Pour, Mehdi
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1466658894
Category: Computers
Page: 10384
View: 2907

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"This 10-volume compilation of authoritative, research-based articles contributed by thousands of researchers and experts from all over the world emphasized modern issues and the presentation of potential opportunities, prospective solutions, and future directions in the field of information science and technology"--Provided by publisher.

Mixed Methods Research for Nursing and the Health Sciences


Author: Sharon Andrew,Elizabeth J. Halcomb
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444316508
Category: Medical
Page: 248
View: 1790

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Mixed methods research combines quantitative and qualitative research methods in a single study. The use of mixed methods research is increasingly popular in nursing and health sciences research. This growth in popularity has been driven by the increasing complexity of research problems relating to human health and wellbeing. Mixed Method Research for Nursing and the Health Sciences is an accessible, practical guide to the design, conduct and reporting of mixed method research in nursing or the health sciences. Each chapter stands alone, describing the various steps of the research process, but contains links to other chapters. Within the text, ‘real-life’ examples from the published literature, doctoral theses and the unpublished work of the authors, illustrate the concepts being discussed. Places mixed methods research within its contemporary context Includes international contributions from UK, Australia, NZ and USA Provides an accessible introduction to theoretical and philosophical underpinnings Demystifies strategies for analysing mixed methods data Examines strategies for publishing mixed methods research Includes learning objectives and exemplars in each chapter Final chapters provide ‘real-life’ examples of applied research About the Authors: Sharon Andrew is Head of Program (Postgraduate) and Elizabeth J. Halcomb is Senior Lecturer, School of Nursing & Midwifery, University of Western Sydney. Also of Interest: The Research Process in Nursing (Fifth Edition) Edited by Kate Gerrish and Anne Lacey 978-14051-3013-4 Research Handbook for Healthcare Professionals Mary Hickson 978-14051-7737-5 Real World Research: A Resource for Social Scientists and Practitioner-Researchers Second edition Colin Robson 978-0631-21305-5 Reviewing Research Evidence for Nursing Practice: Systematic Reviews Edited by Christine Webb and Brenda Roe 978-14051-4423-0

Frame Analysis

An Essay on the Organization of Experience
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780930350918
Category: Experience
Page: 586
View: 9972

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Flow and the Foundations of Positive Psychology

The Collected Works of Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi
Author: Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9401790884
Category: Psychology
Page: 298
View: 5650

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The second volume in the collected works of Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi covers about thirty years of Csikszentmihalyi‘s work on three main and interconnected areas of study: attention, flow and positive psychology. Describing attention as psychic energy and in the footsteps of William James, Csikszentmihalyi explores the allocation of attention, the when and where and the amount of attention humans pay to tasks and the role of attention in creating ‘experiences’, or ordered patterns of information. Taking into account information processing theories and attempts at quantifying people’s investment, the chapters deal with such topics as time budgets and the development and use of the Experience Sampling Method of collecting data on attention in everyday life. Following the chapters on attention and reflecting Csikszentmihalyi’s branching out into sociology and anthropology, there are chapters on the topic of adult play and leisure and connected to that, on flow, a concept formulated and developed by Csikszentmihalyi. Flow has become a popular concept in business and management around the world and research on the concept continues to flourish. Finally, this volume contains articles that stem from Csikszentmihalyi’s connection with Martin Seligman; they deal with concepts and theories, as well as with the development and short history, of the field and the “movement” of positive psychology.

A Philosophical History of German Sociology


Author: Frédéric Vandenberghe
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134027133
Category: Philosophy
Page: 352
View: 6994

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A Philosophical History of German Sociology presents a systematic reconstruction of critical theory, from the founding fathers of sociology (Marx, Simmel, Weber) via Lukács to the Frankfurt School (Horkheimer, Adorno, Habermas). Through an in depth analysis of the theories of alienation, rationalisation and reification, it investigates the metatheoretical presuppositions of a critical theory of the present that not only highlights the reality of domination, but is also able to highlight the possibilities of emancipation. Although not written as a textbook, its clear and cogent introduction to some of the main theories of sociology make this book a valuable resource for undergraduates and postgraduates alike. The following in-depth investigation of theories of alienation and reification offer essential material for any critique of the dehumanizing tendencies of today’s global world. Recently translated into English from the original French for the first time, this text showcases Vandenberghe's mastery of the German, French and English schools of sociology study. The result is an important and challenging text that is essential reading for sociology students of all levels. Frédéric Vandenberghe is a Sociology professor and researcher at Iuperj (Instituto Universitário de Pesquisas do Rio de Janeiro), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. His writings on a broad range of sociological topics have been published as books and articles around the world.

Hybrid Media Events

The Charlie Hebdo Attacks and the Global Circulation of Terrorist Violence
Author: Johanna Sumiala,Katja Valaskivi,Minttu Tikka,Jukka Huhtamäki
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1787148521
Category: Social Science
Page: 176
View: 3448

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What are hybrid media events? And how do these events shape our lives in the present digital age? This book addresses these questions by explaining how terrorist violence makes global events. The empirical analyses are based on the case of Charlie Hebdo attacks in 2015 and the global circulation of solidarities and anger connected with the attacks.

The Civil Sphere


Author: Jeffrey C. Alexander
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0195162501
Category: Social Science
Page: 793
View: 6796

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How do real individuals live together in real societies in the real world?Jeffrey Alexander's masterful work, The Civil Sphere, addresses this central paradox of modern life. Feelings for others--the solidarity that is ignored or underplayed by theories of power or self-interest--are at the heart of this novel inquiry into the meeting place between normative theories of what we think we should do and empirical studies of who we actually are. A grand and sweeping statement, The Civil Sphere is a major contribution to our thinking about the real but ideal world in which we all reside.

Durkheim and the Internet

On Sociolinguistics and the Sociological Imagination
Author: Jan Blommaert
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1350055204
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 136
View: 2832

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Sociolinguistic evidence is an undervalued resource for social theory. In this book, Jan Blommaert uses contemporary sociolinguistic insights to develop a new sociological imagination, exploring how we construct and operate in online spaces, and what the implications of this are for offline social practice. Taking Émile Durkheim's concept of the 'social fact' (social behaviours that we all undertake under the influence of the society we live in) as the point of departure, he first demonstrates how the facts of language and social interaction can be used as conclusive refutations of individualistic theories of society such as 'Rational Choice'. Next, he engages with theorizing the post-Durkheimian social world in which we currently live. This new social world operates 'offline' as well as 'online' and is characterized by 'vernacular globalization', Arjun Appadurai's term to summarise the ways that larger processes of modernity are locally performed through new electronic media. Blommaert extrapolates from this rich concept to consider how our communication practices might offer a template for thinking about how we operate socially. Above all, he explores the relationship between sociolinguistics and social practice In Durkheim and the Internet, Blommaert proposes new theories of social norms, social action, identity, social groups, integration, social structure and power, all of them animated by a deep understanding of language and social interaction. In drawing on Durkheim and other classical sociologists including Simmel and Goffman, this book is relevant to students and researchers working in sociolinguistics as well as offering a wealth of new insights to scholars in the fields of digital and online communications, social media, sociology, and digital anthropology.

The R Book


Author: Michael J. Crawley
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118448960
Category: Mathematics
Page: 1080
View: 3636

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Hugely successful and popular text presenting an extensive and comprehensive guide for all R users The R language is recognized as one of the most powerful and flexible statistical software packages, enabling users to apply many statistical techniques that would be impossible without such software to help implement such large data sets. R has become an essential tool for understanding and carrying out research. This edition: Features full colour text and extensive graphics throughout. Introduces a clear structure with numbered section headings to help readers locate information more efficiently. Looks at the evolution of R over the past five years. Features a new chapter on Bayesian Analysis and Meta-Analysis. Presents a fully revised and updated bibliography and reference section. Is supported by an accompanying website allowing examples from the text to be run by the user. Praise for the first edition: ‘…if you are an R user or wannabe R user, this text is the one that should be on your shelf. The breadth of topics covered is unsurpassed when it comes to texts on data analysis in R.’ (The American Statistician, August 2008) ‘The High-level software language of R is setting standards in quantitative analysis. And now anybody can get to grips with it thanks to The R Book…’ (Professional Pensions, July 2007)

Cultural Chaos

Journalism and Power in a Globalised World
Author: Brian McNair
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113430188X
Category: Performing Arts
Page: 272
View: 1037

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With examples drawn from media coverage of the War on Terror, the 2003 invasion of Iraq, Hurricane Katrina and the London underground bombings, Cultural Chaos explores the changing relationship between journalism and power in an increasingly globalised news culture. In this new text, Brian McNair examines the processes of cultural, geographic and political dissolution in the post-Cold War era and the rapid evolution of information and communication technologies. He investigates the impact of these trends on domestic and international journalism and on political processes in democratic and authoritarian societies across the world. Written in a lively and accessible style, Cultural Chaos provides students with an overview of the evolution of the sociology of journalism, a critical review of current thinking within media studies and an argument for a revision and renewal of the paradigms that have dominated the field since the early twentieth century. Separate chapters are devoted to new developments such as the rise of the blogosphere and satellite television news and their impact on journalism more generally. Cultural Chaos will be essential reading for all those interested in the emerging globalised news culture of the twenty-first century.

Diffusion of Innovations, 5th Edition


Author: Everett M. Rogers
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 0743258231
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 576
View: 1347

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Now in its fifth edition, Diffusion of Innovations is a classic work on the spread of new ideas. In this renowned book, Everett M. Rogers, professor and chair of the Department of Communication & Journalism at the University of New Mexico, explains how new ideas spread via communication channels over time. Such innovations are initially perceived as uncertain and even risky. To overcome this uncertainty, most people seek out others like themselves who have already adopted the new idea. Thus the diffusion process consists of a few individuals who first adopt an innovation, then spread the word among their circle of acquaintances—a process which typically takes months or years. But there are exceptions: use of the Internet in the 1990s, for example, may have spread more rapidly than any other innovation in the history of humankind. Furthermore, the Internet is changing the very nature of diffusion by decreasing the importance of physical distance between people. The fifth edition addresses the spread of the Internet, and how it has transformed the way human beings communicate and adopt new ideas.

Paying the Price

College Costs, Financial Aid, and the Betrayal of the American Dream
Author: Sara Goldrick-Rab
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022640434X
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 373
View: 9220

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One of the most sustained and vigorous public debates today is about the value and, crucially, the price of college. But an unspoken, outdated assumption underlies all sides of this debate: if a young person works hard enough, they'll be able to get a college degree and be on the path to a good life. That's simply not true anymore, says Sara Goldrick-Rab. Quite simply, college is far too expensive for many people today, and the confusing mix of federal, state, institutional, and private financial aid leaves countless students without the resources they need to pay for it. Drawing on a study of 3,000 young adults who entered public colleges and universities in Wisconsin in 2008 with the support of federal aid and Pell Grants, Goldrick-Rab reveals the devastating effect of these shortfalls. She believes America can fix this problem. In the final section of the book, Goldrick-Rab offers a range of possible solutions.

Art Worlds


Author: Howard Saul Becker
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520052185
Category: Art
Page: 392
View: 6935

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Argues that art works are not the creation of isolated individuals but result from cooperation between different artists, suppliers of materials, art distributors, critics, and audiences, who together make up the art world.

The Cultural Study of Music

A Critical Introduction
Author: Martin Clayton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136754326
Category: Music
Page: 376
View: 4090

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First Published in 2003. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.