Creating the Semantic Web with RDF

Professional Developer's Guide
Author: Johan Hjelm
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 9780471402596
Category: Computers
Page: 304
View: 5908

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The first state-of-the-art guide for Web developers who need to enable totally new services using metadata This book offers for the first time complete guidance for Web and content developers who use Resource Description Framework (RDF) to create Web services, both wired and wireless, for metadata, or data that is maintained by an application. Written by the W3C Fellow charged with making the W3C XML standard work with other open standards, the book clearly demonstrates how RDF and metadata can greatly improve a user's Web experience through richer, better-tailored content. The author explains RDF theory and practice and how it compares to XML and HTML in layman terms and provides source code for several important tools. He includes descriptions of real services, both for the desktop computer and the handheld wireless device, and hands-on examples illustrating how metadata is used to tailor services for users. Explanations of how RDF ties in with intelligent agents are also provided.

Linked Data

Evolving the Web Into a Global Data Space
Author: Tom Heath,Christian Bizer
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
ISBN: 1608454304
Category: Computers
Page: 122
View: 544

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The World Wide Web has enabled the creation of a global information space comprising linked documents. As the Web becomes ever more enmeshed with our daily lives, there is a growing desire for direct access to raw data not currently available on the Web or bound up in hypertext documents. Linked Data provides a publishing paradigm in which not only documents, but also data, can be a first class citizen of the Web, thereby enabling the extension of the Web with a global data space based on open standards - the Web of Data. In this Synthesis lecture we provide readers with a detailed technical introduction to Linked Data. We begin by outlining the basic principles of Linked Data, including coverage of relevant aspects of Web architecture. The remainder of the text is based around two main themes - the publication and consumption of Linked Data. Drawing on a practical Linked Data scenario, we provide guidance and best practices on: architectural approaches to publishing Linked Data; choosing URIs and vocabularies to identify and describe resources; deciding what data to return in a description of a resource on the Web; methods and frameworks for automated linking of data sets; and testing and debugging approaches for Linked Data deployments. We give an overview of existing Linked Data applications and then examine the architectures that are used to consume Linked Data from the Web, alongside existing tools and frameworks that enable these. Readers can expect to gain a rich technical understanding of Linked Data fundamentals, as the basis for application development, research or further study. Table of Contents: List of Figures / Introduction / Principles of Linked Data / The Web of Data / Linked Data Design Considerations / Recipes for Publishing Linked Data / Consuming Linked Data / Summary and Outlook

Every Page is Page One


Author: Mark Baker
Publisher: XML Press
ISBN: 1492001929
Category: Computers
Page: 290
View: 8636

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The Web changes how people use content; not just content on the Web, but all content. If your content is not easy to find and immediately helpful, readers will move on almost at once. We are all children of the Web, and we come to any information system, including product documentation, looking for the search box and expecting every search to work like Google. There is no first, last, previous, next, up, or back anymore. Every Page is Page One. In this ground-breaking book, Mark Baker looks beyond the usual advice on writing for the Web, and beyond the idea of topic-based writing merely as an aid to efficiency and reuse, to explore how readers really use information in the age of the Web and to lay out an approach to planning, creating, managing, and organizing topic-based documentation that really works for the reader.

A Kind of Wild Justice

Revenge in Shakespeare's Comedies
Author: Linda Anderson
Publisher: University of Delaware Press
ISBN: 9780874133196
Category: Drama
Page: 195
View: 6297

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This study demonstrates not only that the devices of revenge are structurally useful in comedy, but also that there is a consistent conception of revenge as an ethical social instrument in the comedies of Shakespeare.

Essentials of Language Documentation


Author: Jost Gippert,Nikolaus P. Himmelmann,Ulrike Mosel
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110197731
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 434
View: 8838

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Language documentation is a rapidly emerging new field in linguistics which is concerned with the methods, tools and theoretical underpinnings for compiling a representative and lasting multipurpose record of a natural language. This volume presents in-depth introductions to major aspects of language documentation, including overviews on fieldwork ethics and data processing, guidelines for the basic annotation of digitally-stored multimedia corpora and a discussion on how to build and maintain a language archive. It combines theoretical and practical considerations and makes specific suggestions for the most common problems encountered in language documentation. Key features textbook introduction to Language Documentation considers all common problems

Search Patterns

Design for Discovery
Author: Peter Morville,Jeffery Callender
Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
ISBN: 9781449383060
Category: Computers
Page: 192
View: 5052

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What people are saying about Search Patterns "Search Patterns is a delight to read -- very thoughtful and thought provoking. It's the most comprehensive survey of designing effective search experiences I've seen." --Irene Au, Director of User Experience, Google "I love this book! Thanks to Peter and Jeffery, I now know that search (yes, boring old yucky who cares search) is one of the coolest ways around of looking at the world." --Dan Roam, author, The Back of the Napkin (Portfolio Hardcover) "Search Patterns is a playful guide to the practical concerns of search interface design. It contains a bonanza of screenshots and illustrations that capture the best of today's design practices and presents a fresh perspective on the broader role of search and discovery." --Marti Hearst, Professor, UC Berkeley and author, Search User Interfaces (Cambridge University Press) "It's not often I come across a book that asks profound questions about a fundamental human activity, and then proceeds to answer those questions with practical observations and suggestions. Search Patterns is an expedition into the heart of the web and human cognition, and for me it was a delightful journey that delivered scores of insights." --Dave Gray, Founder and Chairman, XPLANE "Search is swiftly transforming everything we know, yet people don't understand how mavens design search: by stacking breadcrumbs, scenting widgets, and keeping eyeballs on the engine. I urge you to put your eyeballs on this unique and important book." --Bruce Sterling, Writer, Futurist, and Co-Founder, The Electronic Frontier Foundation "As one who searches a lot (and often ends up frustrated), Search Patterns is a revelation." --Nigel Holmes, Designer, Theorist, and Principal, Explanation Graphics "Search Patterns is a fabulous must-have book! Inside, you'll learn the whys and wheres of practically every modern search design trick and technique." --Jared Spool, CEO and Founder, User Interface Engineering Search is among the most disruptive innovations of our time. It influences what we buy and where we go. It shapes how we learn and what we believe. In this provocative and inspiring book, you'll explore design patterns that apply across the categories of web, ecommerce, enterprise, desktop, mobile, social, and real-time search and discovery. Filled with colorful illustrations and examples, Search Patterns brings modern information retrieval to life, covering such diverse topics as relevance, faceted navigation, multi-touch, personalization, visualization, multi-sensory search, and augmented reality. By drawing on their own experience-as well as best practices and evidence-based research-the authors not only offer a practical guide to help you build effective search applications, they also challenge you to imagine the future of discovery. You'll find Search Patterns intriguing and invaluable, whether you're a web practitioner, mobile designer, search entrepreneur, or just interested in the topic. Discover a pattern language for search that embraces user psychology and behavior, information architecture, interaction design, and emerging technology Boost enterprise efficiency and e-commerce sales Enable mobile users to achieve goals, complete tasks, and find what they need Drive design innovation for search interfaces and applications

SAS Viya

The R Perspective
Author: Yue Qi,Kevin D. Smith,Xiangxiang Meng
Publisher: SAS Institute
ISBN: 1635267013
Category: Computers
Page: 196
View: 9427

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Learn how to access analytics from SAS Cloud Analytic Services (CAS) using R and the SAS Viya platform. SAS Viya : The R Perspective is a general-purpose introduction to using R with the SAS Viya platform. SAS Viya is a high-performance, fault-tolerant analytics architecture that can be deployed on both public and private cloud infrastructures. This book introduces an entirely new way of using SAS statistics from R, taking users step-by-step from installation and fundamentals to data exploration and modeling. SAS Viya is made up of multiple components. The central piece of this ecosystem is SAS Cloud Analytic Services (CAS). CAS is the cloud-based server that all clients communicate with to run analytical methods. While SAS Viya can be used by various SAS applications, it also enables you to access analytic methods from SAS, R, Python, Lua, and Java, as well as through a REST interface using HTTP or HTTPS. The R client is used to drive the CAS component directly using commands and actions that are familiar to R programmers. Key features of this book include: Connecting to CAS from R Loading, managing, and exploring CAS Data from R Executing CAS actions and processing the results Handling CAS action errors Modeling continuous and categorical data This book is intended for R users who want to access SAS analytics as well as SAS users who are interested in trying R. Familiarity with R would be helpful before using this book although knowledge of CAS is not required. However, you will need to have a CAS server set up and running to execute the examples in this book.

Intelligent Content: A Primer


Author: Ann Rockley,Charles Cooper,Scott Abel
Publisher: XML Press
ISBN: 1457191334
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 147
View: 3902

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Today, everything is marketing. All of the content we produce affects the customer experience. Therefore, all content is marketing and all content producers are marketers. Intelligent Content: A Primer introduces intelligent content: how it works, the benefits, the objectives, the challenges, and how to get started. Anyone who wants to understand intelligent content will get a clear introduction along with case studies and all the reference information you could ask for to make the case for intelligent content with your management. Intelligent Content: A Primer is written by three leaders in content strategy and content marketing. Ann Rockley is widely recognized as the mother of content strategy. Charles Cooper, co-author with Ann Rockley of Managing Enterprise Content, has been been involved in creating and testing digital content for more than 20 years. And Scott Abel, known as The Content Wrangler, is an internationally recognized global content strategist. Together, they have created the definitive introduction to intelligent content.

Programming Clojure


Author: Alex Miller,Stuart Halloway,Aaron Bedra
Publisher: Pragmatic Bookshelf
ISBN: 1680505726
Category: Computers
Page: 304
View: 1977

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Drowning in unnecessary complexity, unmanaged state, and tangles of spaghetti code? In the best tradition of Lisp, Clojure gets out of your way so you can focus on expressing simple solutions to hard problems. Clojure cuts through complexity by providing a set of composable tools--immutable data, functions, macros, and the interactive REPL. Written by members of the Clojure core team, this book is the essential, definitive guide to Clojure. This new edition includes information on all the newest features of Clojure, such as transducers and specs. Clojure joins the flexibility and agility of Lisp with the reach, stability, and performance of Java. Combine Clojure's tools for maximum effectiveness as you work with immutable data, functional programming, and safe concurrency to write programs that solve real-world problems. Start by reading and understanding Clojure syntax and see how Clojure is evaluated. From there, find out about the sequence abstraction, which combines immutable collections with functional programming to create truly reusable data transformation code. Clojure is a functional language; learn how to write programs in a functional style, and when and how to use recursion to your advantage. Discover Clojure's unique approach to state and identity, techniques for polymorphism and open systems using multimethods and protocols, and how to leverage Clojure's metaprogramming capabilities via macros. Finally, put all the pieces together in a real program. New to this edition is coverage of Clojure's spec library, one of the most interesting new features of Clojure for describing both data and functions. You can use Clojure spec to validate data, destructure data, explain invalid data, and generate large numbers of tests to verify the correctness of your code. With this book, you'll learn how to think in Clojure, and how to take advantage of its combined strengths to build powerful programs quickly. What You Need: Java 6 or higher Clojure 1.9

Information Architecture for the World Wide Web

Designing Large-Scale Web Sites
Author: Peter Morville,Louis Rosenfeld
Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
ISBN: 9780596553807
Category: Computers
Page: 528
View: 1521

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The post-Ajaxian Web 2.0 world of wikis, folksonomies, and mashups makes well-planned information architecture even more essential. How do you present large volumes of information to people who need to find what they're looking for quickly? This classic primer shows information architects, designers, and web site developers how to build large-scale and maintainable web sites that are appealing and easy to navigate. The new edition is thoroughly updated to address emerging technologies -- with recent examples, new scenarios, and information on best practices -- while maintaining its focus on fundamentals. With topics that range from aesthetics to mechanics, Information Architecture for the World Wide Web explains how to create interfaces that users can understand right away. Inside, you'll find: An overview of information architecture for both newcomers and experienced practitioners The fundamental components of an architecture, illustrating the interconnected nature of these systems. Updated, with updates for tagging, folksonomies, social classification, and guided navigation Tools, techniques, and methods that take you from research to strategy and design to implementation. This edition discusses blueprints, wireframes and the role of diagrams in the design phase A series of short essays that provide practical tips and philosophical advice for those who work on information architecture The business context of practicing and promoting information architecture, including recent lessons on how to handle enterprise architecture Case studies on the evolution of two large and very different information architectures, illustrating best practices along the way How do you document the rich interfaces of web applications? How do you design for multiple platforms and mobile devices? With emphasis on goals and approaches over tactics or technologies, this enormously popular book gives you knowledge about information architecture with a framework that allows you to learn new approaches -- and unlearn outmoded ones.

New Horizons for a Data-Driven Economy

A Roadmap for Usage and Exploitation of Big Data in Europe
Author: José María Cavanillas,Edward Curry,Wolfgang Wahlster
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319215698
Category: Computers
Page: 303
View: 3705

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In this book readers will find technological discussions on the existing and emerging technologies across the different stages of the big data value chain. They will learn about legal aspects of big data, the social impact, and about education needs and requirements. And they will discover the business perspective and how big data technology can be exploited to deliver value within different sectors of the economy. The book is structured in four parts: Part I “The Big Data Opportunity” explores the value potential of big data with a particular focus on the European context. It also describes the legal, business and social dimensions that need to be addressed, and briefly introduces the European Commission’s BIG project. Part II “The Big Data Value Chain” details the complete big data lifecycle from a technical point of view, ranging from data acquisition, analysis, curation and storage, to data usage and exploitation. Next, Part III “Usage and Exploitation of Big Data” illustrates the value creation possibilities of big data applications in various sectors, including industry, healthcare, finance, energy, media and public services. Finally, Part IV “A Roadmap for Big Data Research” identifies and prioritizes the cross-sectorial requirements for big data research, and outlines the most urgent and challenging technological, economic, political and societal issues for big data in Europe. This compendium summarizes more than two years of work performed by a leading group of major European research centers and industries in the context of the BIG project. It brings together research findings, forecasts and estimates related to this challenging technological context that is becoming the major axis of the new digitally transformed business environment.

Acronyms and Synonyms in Medical Imaging


Author: David Allison,Dr Nicola Strickland
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781899066100
Category: Medical
Page: 177
View: 7254

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With over 3,200 entries this fast and easy to use reference provides a guide to the common abbreviations and technical jargon used in medical imaging. Cross referenced entries, over 100 illustrations, and comprehensive search facilities make this book an essential system for all medical personnel.

I Heart Logs

Event Data, Stream Processing, and Data Integration
Author: Jay Kreps
Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
ISBN: 1491909331
Category: Computers
Page: 60
View: 8494

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Why a book about logs? That’s easy: the humble log is an abstraction that lies at the heart of many systems, from NoSQL databases to cryptocurrencies. Even though most engineers don’t think much about them, this short book shows you why logs are worthy of your attention. Based on his popular blog posts, LinkedIn principal engineer Jay Kreps shows you how logs work in distributed systems, and then delivers practical applications of these concepts in a variety of common uses—data integration, enterprise architecture, real-time stream processing, data system design, and abstract computing models. Go ahead and take the plunge with logs; you’re going love them. Learn how logs are used for programmatic access in databases and distributed systems Discover solutions to the huge data integration problem when more data of more varieties meet more systems Understand why logs are at the heart of real-time stream processing Learn the role of a log in the internals of online data systems Explore how Jay Kreps applies these ideas to his own work on data infrastructure systems at LinkedIn

Designing Connected Content

Plan and Model Digital Products for Today and Tomorrow
Author: Carrie Hane,Mike Atherton
Publisher: New Riders
ISBN: 0134764048
Category: Computers
Page: 240
View: 4421

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With digital content published across more channels than ever before, how can you make yours easy to find, use, and share? Is your content ready for the next wave of content platforms and devices? In Designing Connected Content, Mike Atherton and Carrie Hane share an end-to-end process for building a structured content framework. They show you how to research and model your subject area based on a shared understanding of the important concepts, and how to plan and design interfaces for mobile, desktop, voice, and beyond. You will learn to reuse and remix your valuable content assets to meet the needs of today and the opportunities of tomorrow. Discover a design method that starts with content, not pixels. Master the interplay of content strategy, content design, and content management as you bring your product team closer together and encourage them to think content first. Learn how to Model your content and its underlying subject domain Design digital products that scale without getting messy Bring a cross-functional team together to create content that can be efficiently managed and effectively delivered Create a framework for tackling content overload, a multitude of devices, constantly changing design trends, and siloed content creation

High Performance Images

Shrink, Load, and Deliver Images for Speed
Author: Colin Bendell,Tim Kadlec,Yoav Weiss,Guy Podjarny,Nick Doyle,Mike McCall
Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
ISBN: 149192666X
Category: Computers
Page: 354
View: 9702

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High-quality images have an amazing power of attraction. Just add some stunning photos and graphics to your website or app and watch your user engagement and conversion numbers climb. It can be tricky, but with this practical guide, you’ll master the many facets of delivering high performance images on the internet—without adversely affecting site performance. You’ll learn the nuts and bolts of color theory, image formats, storage and management, operations delivery, browser and application behavior, the responsive web, and many other topics. Ideal for developers, this book also provides useful tips, tricks, and practical theory for processing and displaying powerful images that won’t slow down your online product. Explore digital image theory and the different formats available Dive into JPEGs, SVG and vector images, lossless compression, and other formats Use techniques for downloading and rendering images in a browser, and for loading images on mobile devices and cellular networks Examine specific rendering techniques, such as lazy loading, image processing, image consolidation, and responsive images Take responsive images to the next level by using content negotiation between browser and server with the Client Hints HTTP standard Learn how to operationalize your image workflow Contributors include Colin Bendell, Tim Kadlec, Yoav Weiss, Guy Podjarny, Nick Doyle, and Mike McCall from Akamai Technologies.

Introducing RDA

A Guide to the Basics
Author: Chris Oliver
Publisher: American Library Association
ISBN: 083893594X
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 117
View: 3183

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Practical advice for catalogers and library administrators on how to make the transition from the Anglo-American cataloging rules (AACR) to Resource description and access (RDA).

The Fourth Paradigm

Data-intensive Scientific Discovery
Author: Stewart Tansley,Kristin Michele Tolle
Publisher: Microsoft Press
ISBN: N.A
Category: Computers
Page: 252
View: 5060

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Foreword. A transformed scientific method. Earth and environment. Health and wellbeing. Scientific infrastructure. Scholarly communication.

Data Information Literacy

Librarians, Data, and the Education of a New Generation of Researchers
Author: Jake Carlson,Lisa R. Johnston
Publisher: Purdue University Press
ISBN: 1557536961
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 271
View: 7457

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Data information literacy is introduced as a new area of opportunity for librarians seeking to educate the next generation of scholars about best practices when working with research data in a way that is sustainable over the long term.

Developing Linguistic Corpora

A Guide to Good Practice
Author: Martin Wynne
Publisher: Oxbow Books Limited
ISBN: 9781842172056
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 87
View: 480

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A linguistic corpus is a collection of texts which have been selected and brought together so that language can be studied on the computer. Today, corpus linguistics offers some of the most powerful new procedures for the analysis of language, and the impact of this dynamic and expanding sub-discipline is making itself felt in many areas of language study. In this volume, a selection of leading experts in various key areas of corpus construction offer advice in a readable and largely non-technical style to help the reader to ensure that their corpus is well designed and fit for the intended purpose. This guide is aimed at those who are at some stage of building a linguistic corpus. Little or no knowledge of corpus linguistics or computational procedures is assumed, although it is hoped that more advanced users will find the guidelines here useful. It is also aimed at those who are not building a corpus, but who need to know something about the issues involved in the design of corpora in order to choose between available resources and to help draw conclusions from their studies.