Mencius


Author: Mencius,Irene Bloom,Philip J. Ivanhoe
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231122055
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 178
View: 9730

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Known throughout East Asia as Mengzi, or "Master Meng," Mencius (391-308 B.C.E.) was a Chinese philosopher of the late Zhou dynasty, an instrumental figure in the spread of the Confucian tradition, and a brilliant illuminator of its ideas. Mencius was active during the Warring States Period (403-221 B.C.E.), in which competing powers sought to control the declining Zhou empire. Like Confucius, Mencius journeyed to one feudal court after another, searching for a proper lord who could put his teachings into practice. Only a leader who possessed the moral qualities of a true king could unify China, Mencius believed, and in his defense of Zhou rule and Confucian philosophy, he developed an innovative and highly nuanced approach to understanding politics, self-cultivation, and human nature, profoundly influencing the course of Confucian thought and East Asian culture. Mencius is a record of the philosopher's conversations with warring lords, disciples, and adversaries of the Way, as well as a collection of pronouncements on government, human nature, and a variety of other philosophical and political subjects. Mencius is largely concerned with the motivations of human actors and their capacity for mutual respect. He builds on the Confucian idea of ren, or humaneness, and places it alongside the complementary principle of yi, or rightness, advancing a complex notion of what is right for certain individuals as they perform distinct roles in specific situations. Consequently, Mencius's impact was felt not only in the thought of the intellectual and social elite but also in the value and belief systems of all Chinese people.

Mencius

Contexts and Interpretations
Author: Alan Kam-leung Chan
Publisher: University of Hawaii Press
ISBN: 9780824823771
Category: Philosophy
Page: 328
View: 6828

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For two thousand years the Mencius was revered as one of the foundational texts of the Confucian canon, which formed the basis of traditional Chinese education. Today it commands considerable attention in current debates on Asian values raging in classrooms and boardrooms in both East Asia and the West. This volume, which represents the work of fifteen respected scholars of early Chinese thought and culture, is an especially timely effort to bring the Mencius under fresh scrutiny. Making use of recently excavated manuscripts, the contributors approach the Mencius from novel perspectives, challenge established interpretations, and confront anew issues that continue to attract and divide students of this classic text. The famous Mencian doctrine of the goodness of human nature forms one main focus. Questions of context and interpretation bring into sharp relief key hermeneutical issues that surround the text: Does the Mencius present a coherent and systematically developed ethical teaching? Or should it be read as a composite work, comprising different layers of material that reflect different emphases and conflicting doctrines? Traversing contested territories and exploring new

Mencius


Author: Mencius,D.C. Lau
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 014044971X
Category: Philosophy
Page: 246
View: 4658

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Discusses Confucius's theories of yi, or righteousness, and jen, or goodness, explaining that individuals can attain harmony with the universe by acting with morality, benevolence, and justice.

Mengzi

With Selections from Traditional Commentaries
Author: Mencius
Publisher: Hackett Publishing Company Incorporated
ISBN: N.A
Category: Religion
Page: 207
View: 5048

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Bryan Van Norden's new translation of the Mengzi (Mencius) is accurate, philosophically nuanced, and fluent. Accompanied by selected passages from the classic commentary of Zhu Xi -- one of the most influential and insightful interpreters of Confucianism -- this edition provides readers with a parallel to the Chinese practice of reading a classic text alongside traditional commentaries. Also included are an Introduction that situates Mengzi and Zhu Xi in their intellectual and social contexts; a glossary of names, places and important terms; a selected bibliography; and an index.

The Works of Mencius


Author: James Legge
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486263754
Category: Philosophy
Page: 608
View: 1457

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Full Chinese text, English translation on same page; editor's, Chinese commentators' annotations; dictionary of Chinese characters at rear. The Second Master in the Confucian tradition, in finest edition.

Mencius and Masculinities

Dynamics of Power, Morality, and Maternal Thinking
Author: Joanne D. Birdwhistell
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 0791480380
Category: Philosophy
Page: 168
View: 7851

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Looks at the Confucian classic Mencius from a feminist perspective and uncovers the “maternal thinking” within the work.

Mencius and Aquinas

Theories of Virtue and Conceptions of Courage
Author: Lee H. Yearley
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780791404317
Category: Philosophy
Page: 280
View: 5895

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Mencius on Becoming Human

Franz Rosenzweig's The Star of Redemption
Author: James Behuniak
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780791462294
Category: History
Page: 186
View: 6954

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A new interpretation of the Confucian classic, the Mencius, based on both traditional sources and newly discovered documents.

Mencius and Early Chinese Thought


Author: Kwong-loi Shun
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: 9780804740173
Category: Philosophy
Page: 295
View: 3677

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Throughout much of Chinese history, Mencius (372-289 B.C.) was considered the greatest Confucian thinker after Confucius himself. This study begins a reassessment of Mencius by examining his ethical thinking (how one should live) in relation to that of other early Chinese thinkers.

Mind of Mencius Or Political Economy Founded Upon Moral Philosophy, 1882


Author: N.A
Publisher: Kessinger Publishing
ISBN: 9780766177178
Category: Philosophy
Page: 312
View: 1748

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1882. Found in this volume is a systematic digest of the doctrines of the Chinese philosopher, Mencius. The original text is classified and translated, with notes and explanations. In his researches into human nature, Mencius will be found to have anticipated many of the results of modern psychological study. The appeal made by both Mencius and Confucius, in support of their alleged divine mission, to the conformity of their doctrines with the essentials of the human mind as discovered by observation, rather than to any external credentials. Partial Contents: detailed analysis of the system of Mencius; elements of moral science; concerning properties; virtues and corresponding duties; practical exhibition of moral science; in the individual character; ethio social relations; result aimed at in moral development; the organization of the state.

Mencius on the Mind

Experiments in Multiple Definition
Author: I. A. Richards
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136791132
Category: Social Science
Page: 192
View: 5667

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Long out of print, I. A. Richards's extraordinary 1932 foray into Chinese philosophy is worth reviving for its detached interpretation of the Chinese classics.

The Book of Mencius and Its Reception in China and Beyond


Author: Junjie Huang,Gregor Paul,Heiner Roetz
Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag
ISBN: 9783447056694
Category: Philosophy
Page: 239
View: 2332

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The Mencius, attributed to the philosopher Mengzi (Lat. Mencius, ca. 370-290 BC), the "second Sage" of the Confucian school after its founder, is one of the most prominent of all Chinese classics, with a great impact on the historical development of Confucianism. Today, it serves as one of the determinants for positioning Confucianism in the modern world, and it is the most discussed Chinese philosophical text in the context of the search for universally valid ethical norms and democracy. The essays collected in this volume by scholars from Taiwan, Japan and Germany focus on various aspect of the reception of the work in East Asia from the Song-Dynasty to the present day. They call into mind the signifance of a thinker who according to Albert Schweitzer is "the most modern one of all thinkers of antiquity."

Mencius

A New Translation Arranged and Annotated For The General Reader
Author: N.A
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 144263829X
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 215
View: 1719

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Most educated Westerners are familiar with the thinkers and prophets who inform the Western spirit. But they are less familiar with the thinkers who have shaped the major oriental civilizations. The heirs of these ancient civilizations are now once again in the ascendant. We must understand the ways and thoughts that condition their conduct. The Works of Mencius provides an admirable insight into one of the streams of thought of the Chinese. Indeed, the perceptive reader might well find that some ideas he though were new and alien in the new China have familiar echoes in Mencius. This new translation, especially arranged and annotated with the general reader in mind, has been made in the light of recent philological research. It aims at rendering an Archaic Chinese original in a modern and unadorned prose, and is intended for the general reader who is otherwise unfamiliar with Chinese authors and desires to understand what Mencius is about without encumbering the text with footnotes and technical apparatus which the specialist quite properly demands. While the text has been translated in its entirety its parts have been rearranged in a sequence which it is hoped will make them easier for the Western reader.

The Essential Mengzi

Selected Passages with Traditional Commentary
Author: Mengzi,Bryan W. Van Norden
Publisher: Hackett Publishing
ISBN: 0872209857
Category: History
Page: 200
View: 5372

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This abridged edition of Bryan Van Norden's translation of the Mengzi (Mencius) provides the most frequently studied portions of the work along with relevant passages from the classic commentary of Zhu Xi -- one of the most influential and insightful interpreters of Confucianism. A glossary and bibliography are also included.

The Chinese Classics


Author: Confucius,Mencius,Ssǔ shu,Wu king,Shu Ching,Shih Ching,Tso-ch'iu Ming
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: N.A
View: 690

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Mencian Hermeneutics

A History of Interpretations in China
Author: Junjie Huang
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 9781412828499
Category: Philosophy
Page: 317
View: 5557

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Considered second only to Confucius in the history of Chinese thought, Mencius (371?-289 b.c.), was a moral philosopher whose arguments, while pragmatically rooted in the political and social conditions of his time, go beyond particular situations to probe their origins and speculate on their larger implications. His writings constitute a living tradition in China and the world at large. Sinological studies of Mencius have long emphasized philological and archaeological research, situating the texts mainly in Chinese history. Critical appraisal of the texts lends itself to Western traditions of interpretation. In Mencian Hermeneutics, Chun-chieh Huang utilizes both approaches to offer a historical and universal understanding of Mencius. Huang builds from the premise that Mencius' thinking and all Chinese thought are sociopolitical in tone and humanistic and metaphysical in nature and range. The strength of Mencius' thought lies in the organic mutuality of these factors. His arguments are shaped by the politics, literature, and economics of his age. At the same time, the concrete programs he proposed and his sharp criticisms of alternative policies are rooted in the metaphysical soil of man and the world, human solidarity and cosmic symbiosis, and human nature within the natural world. The book is divided into two parts. Part 1 analyzes the concrete as opposed to the theoretical character of Mencius' thought. Huang demonstrates the organic unity of his intellectual system with its concepts of linkage between innermost to outermost, self to social, rightness vs. profit, and his political ideal of populist government through familial empathy. Part 2 deals with the long historical odyssey of Mencius' work in China's interpretive tradition, an exegetical process similar in its origins to Western hermeneutics. In comparing and analyzing these approaches to Mencius, Huang seeks to show that Chinese hermeneutics is more than an activity of intellectual curiosity about the ancient world, but is instead a means to sociopolitical action, an application in society of the fruits of personal cultivation. Mencian Hermeneutics will be of interest to Chinese area specialists, sociologists, literary scholars, and philosophers. Chun-chieh Huang is a professor of history and chairman of the Commission of General Education at National Taiwan University in Taipei. He is the author of five books on Confucianism and five books on Taiwan.

Mencius


Author: David Hinton
Publisher: Counterpoint
ISBN: 161902683X
Category: Philosophy
Page: 320
View: 9525

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This ancient text records the teachings of Mencius (4th c. B.C.E.), the second originary sage in the Confucian tradition which has shaped Chinese civilization for over two thousand years. In a culture that makes no distinction between those realms we call the heart and the mind, Mencius was the great thinker of the heart, and it was he who added the profound inner dimensions to the Confucian vision. Given his emphasis on the heart, it isn't surprising that his philosophical method is very literary in nature: story and anecdote full of human drama and poetic turns of thought. Indeed, the text is considered a paragon of literary eloquence and style. Mencius' strikingly contemporary empiricism represented a complete secularization of the spiritualist concepts of governance that had dominated China for over a millenia. He invested the humanist Confucian vision with its inner dimensions by recognizing that the individual is an integral part of a self-generating and harmonious cosmos. He saw all the spiritual depths of that cosmology inside us, and this led to a mystical faith in the inherent nobility of human beings. In his chaotic and war-ravaged times, he was therefore passionate in his defense of the people. Indeed, he advocated a virtual democracy in which a government's legitimacy depended upon the assent of the people. Such is the enduring magic of the Mencian heart— full of compassionate and practical concern for the human condition, and yet so empty that it contains the ten thousand transformations of the entire cosmos.