Mathematics of Games and Gambling


Author: Edward W. Packel
Publisher: MAA
ISBN: 9780883856468
Category: Mathematics
Page: 175
View: 9176

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The new edition of a favourite, featuring fresh material such as betting in sport and bluffing in poker.

The Geometry of Numbers


Author: C. D. Olds,Anneli Lax,Giuliana Davidoff,Giuliana P. Davidoff
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780883856437
Category: Mathematics
Page: 174
View: 4233

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A self-contained introduction to the geometry of numbers.

Uses of Infinity


Author: Leo Zippin
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 9780486411781
Category: Science
Page: 151
View: 3807

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This intriguing, accessible work leads readers to an excellent grasp of the fundamental notions of infinity used in the calculus and in virtually all other mathematical disciplines. Each chapter's teachings are supplemented by challenging problems, with solutions at the end of the book. 83 text figures. 1962 edition.

Taking Chances

Winning with Probability
Author: John Haigh
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198526636
Category: Games
Page: 373
View: 3509

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"What are the odds against winning the Lotto, The Weakest Link, or Who Wants to be a Millionaire? The answer lies in the science of probability, yet many of us are unaware of how this science works. Every day, people make judgements on a wide variety of situations where chance plays a role, including buying insurance, betting on horse-racing, following medical advice - even carrying an umbrella. In Taking Chances, John Haigh guides the reader round common pitfalls, demonstrates how to make better-informed decisions, and shows where the odds can be unexpectedly in your favour. This new edition has been fully updated, and includes information on top television shows, plus a new chapter on Probability for Lawyers."--BOOK JACKET.

Probability Guide to Gambling

The Mathematics of Dice, Slots, Roulette, Baccarat, Blackjack, Poker, Lottery and Sport Bets
Author: Catalin Barboianu
Publisher: INFAROM Publishing
ISBN: 9738752035
Category: Games
Page: 316
View: 3261

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Over the past two decades, gamblers have begun taking mathematics into account more seriously than ever before. While probability theory is the only rigorous theory modeling the uncertainty, even though in idealized conditions, numerical probabilities are viewed not only as mere mathematical information, but also as a decision-making criterion, especially in gambling. This book presents the mathematics underlying the major games of chance and provides a precise account of the odds associated with all gaming events. It begins by explaining in simple terms the meaning of the concept of probability for the layman and goes on to become an enlightening journey through the mathematics of chance, randomness and risk. It then continues with the basics of discrete probability (definitions, properties, theorems and calculus formulas), combinatorics and counting arguments for those interested in the supporting mathematics. These mathematic sections may be skipped by readers who do not have a minimal background in mathematics; these readers can skip directly to the Guide to Numerical Results to pick the odds and recommendations they need for the desired gaming situation. Doing so is possible due to the organization of that chapter, in which the results are listed at the end of each section, mostly in the form of tables. The chapter titled The Mathematics of Games of Chance presents these games not only as a good application field for probability theory, but also in terms of human actions where probability-based strategies can be tried to achieve favorable results. Through suggestive examples, the reader can see what are the experiments, events and probability fields in games of chance and how probability calculus works there. The main portion of this work is a collection of probability results for each type of game. Each game s section is packed with formulas and tables. Each section also contains a description of the game, a classification of the gaming events and the applicable probability calculations. The primary goal of this work is to allow the reader to quickly find the odds for a specific gaming situation, in order to improve his or her betting/gaming decisions. Every type of gaming event is tabulated in a logical, consistent and comprehensive manner. The complete methodology and complete or partial calculations are shown to teach players how to calculate probability for any situation, for every stage of the game for any game. Here, readers can find the real odds, returned by precise mathematical formulas and not by partial simulations that most software uses. Collections of odds are presented, as well as strategic recommendations based on those odds, where necessary, for each type of gaming situation. The book contains much new and original material that has not been published previously and provides great coverage of probabilities for the following games of chance: Dice, Slots, Roulette, Baccarat, Blackjack, Texas Hold em Poker, Lottery and Sport Bets. Most of games of chance are predisposed to probability-based decisions. This is why the approach is not an exclusively statistical one (like many other titles published on this subject), but analytical: every gaming event is taken as an individual applied probability problem to solve. A special chapter defines the probability-based strategy and mathematically shows why such strategy is theoretically optimal."

When Life is Linear

From Computer Graphics to Bracketology
Author: Tim Chartier
Publisher: The Mathematical Association of America
ISBN: 0883856492
Category: Computers
Page: 136
View: 8163

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From simulating complex phenomenon on supercomputers to storing the coordinates needed in modern 3D printing, data is a huge and growing part of our world. A major tool to manipulate and study this data is linear algebra. When Life is Linear introduces concepts of matrix algebra with an emphasis on application, particularly in the fields of computer graphics and data mining. Readers will learn to make an image transparent, compress an image and rotate a 3D wireframe model. In data mining, readers will use linear algebra to read zip codes on envelopes and encrypt sensitive information. Chartier details methods behind web search, utilized by such companies as Google, and algorithms for sports ranking which have been applied to creating brackets for March Madness and predict outcomes in FIFA World Cup soccer. The book can serve as its own resource or to supplement a course on linear algebra.

What's Luck Got to Do with It?

The History, Mathematics, and Psychology of the Gambler's Illusion
Author: Joseph Mazur
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400834457
Category: Mathematics
Page: 296
View: 750

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Why do so many gamblers risk it all when they know the odds of winning are against them? Why do they believe dice are "hot" in a winning streak? Why do we expect heads on a coin toss after several flips have turned up tails? What's Luck Got to Do with It? takes a lively and eye-opening look at the mathematics, history, and psychology of gambling to reveal the most widely held misconceptions about luck. It exposes the hazards of feeling lucky, and uses the mathematics of predictable outcomes to show when our chances of winning are actually good. Mathematician Joseph Mazur traces the history of gambling from the earliest known archaeological evidence of dice playing among Neolithic peoples to the first systematic mathematical studies of games of chance during the Renaissance, from government-administered lotteries to the glittering seductions of grand casinos, and on to the global economic crisis brought on by financiers' trillion-dollar bets. Using plenty of engaging anecdotes, Mazur explains the mathematics behind gambling--including the laws of probability, statistics, betting against expectations, and the law of large numbers--and describes the psychological and emotional factors that entice people to put their faith in winning that ever-elusive jackpot despite its mathematical improbability. As entertaining as it is informative, What's Luck Got to Do with It? demonstrates the pervasive nature of our belief in luck and the deceptive psychology of winning and losing. Some images inside the book are unavailable due to digital copyright restrictions.

Mathematics in Games, Sports, and Gambling

The Games People Play, Second Edition
Author: Ronald J. Gould
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498719538
Category: Mathematics
Page: 354
View: 754

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Mathematics in Games, Sports, and Gambling: The Games People Play, Second Edition demonstrates how discrete probability, statistics, and elementary discrete mathematics are used in games, sports, and gambling situations. With emphasis on mathematical thinking and problem solving, the text draws on numerous examples, questions, and problems to explain the application of mathematical theory to various real-life games. This updated edition of a widely adopted textbook considers a number of popular games and diversions that are mathematically based or can be studied from a mathematical perspective. Requiring only high school algebra, the book is suitable for use as a textbook in seminars, general education courses, or as a supplement in introductory probability courses. New in this Edition: Many new exercises, including basic skills exercises More answers in the back of the book Expanded summary exercises, including writing exercises More detailed examples, especially in the early chapters An expansion of the discrete adjustment technique for binomial approximation problems New sections on chessboard puzzles that encourage students to develop graph theory ideas New review material on relations and functions Exercises are included in each section to help students understand the various concepts. The text covers permutations in the two-deck matching game so derangements can be counted. It introduces graphs to find matches when looking at extensions of the five-card trick and studies lexicographic orderings and ideas of encoding for card tricks. The text also explores linear and weighted equations in the section on the NFL passer rating formula and presents graphing to show how data can be compared or displayed. For each topic, the author includes exercises based on real games and actual sports data.

Exercises in (Mathematical) Style


Author: John McCleary
Publisher: The Mathematical Association of America
ISBN: 0883856522
Category: Mathematics
Page: 290
View: 5001

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Hover over the image to zoom. Click the image for a popup.Email a Friend About This ItemLogin to Submit a Review inShare John McCleary In Exercises in (Mathematical) Style, the author investigates the world of that familiar set of numbers, the binomial coefficients. While the reader learns some of the properties, relations, and generalizations of the numbers of Pascal's triangle, each story explores a different mode of discourse - from arguing algebraically, combinatorially, geometrically, or by induction, contradiction, or recursion to discovering mathematical facts in poems, music, letters, and various styles of stories. The author follows the example of Raymond Queneau's Exercises in Style, giving the reader 99 stories in various styles. The ubiquitous nature of binomial coefficients leads the tour through combinatorics, number theory, algebra, analysis, and even topology. The book celebrates the joy of writing and the joy of mathematics, found by engaging the rich properties of this simple set of numbers.

The Mathematics of Games

An Introduction to Probability
Author: David G. Taylor
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482235455
Category: Mathematics
Page: 426
View: 8377

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The Mathematics of Games: An Introduction to Probability takes an inquiry-based approach to teaching the standard material for an introductory probability course. It also discusses different games and ideas that relate to the law of large numbers, as well as some more mathematical topics not typically found in similar books. Written in an accessible, student-friendly style, the book uses questions about various games (not just casino games) to motivate the mathematics. The author explains the examples in detail and offers ample exercises for students to practice their skills. Both "mini-excursions" appearing at the end of each chapter and the appendices delve further into interesting topics, including the St. Petersburg paradox, binomial and normal distributions, Fibonacci numbers, and the traveling salesman problem. By exploring games of chance, this text gives students a greater understanding of probability. It helps them develop the intuition necessary to make better, more informed decisions in strategic situations involving risk. It also prepares them to study the world of statistics.

The Mathematics of Games


Author: John D. Beasley
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 048615162X
Category: Mathematics
Page: 176
View: 7207

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Lucid, instructive, and full of surprises, this book examines how simple mathematical analysis can throw unexpected light on games of every type, from poker to golf to the Rubik's cube. 1989 edition.

Game Theory and Strategy


Author: Philip D. Straffin
Publisher: MAA
ISBN: 9780883856376
Category: Mathematics
Page: 244
View: 8061

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This book pays careful attention to applications of game theory in a wide variety of disciplines. The applications are treated in considerable depth. The book assumes only high school algebra, yet gently builds to mathematical thinking of some sophistication. Game Theory and Strategy might serve as an introduction to both axiomatic mathematical thinking and the fundamental process of mathematical modelling. It gives insight into both the nature of pure mathematics, and the way in which mathematics can be applied to real problems.

Learn from the Masters


Author: Frank Swetz,John Fauvel,Bengt Johansson,Victor Katz,Otto Bekken
Publisher: MAA
ISBN: 9780883857038
Category: Mathematics
Page: 303
View: 2674

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How to use history to teach mathematics; for high school and college teachers.

The Riemann Hypothesis


Author: Roland van der Veen,Jan van de Craats
Publisher: The Mathematical Association of America
ISBN: 0883856506
Category: Mathematics
Page: 154
View: 6616

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This book introduces interested readers to one of the most famous and difficult open problems in mathematics: the Riemann Hypothesis. Finding a proof will not only make you famous, but also earns you a one million dollar prize. The book originated from an online internet course at the University of Amsterdam for mathematically talented secondary school students. Its aim was to bring them into contact with challenging university level mathematics and show them why the Riemann Hypothesis is such an important problem in mathematics. After taking this course, many participants decided to study in mathematics at university.

The Mathematics of Slots

Configurations, Combinations, Probabilities
Author: Catalin Barboianu
Publisher: INFAROM Publishing
ISBN: 9731991409
Category: Mathematics
Page: 366
View: 3153

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Portal Through Mathematics

Journey to Advanced Mathematics
Author: Oleg Ivanov
Publisher: The Mathematical Association of America
ISBN: 0883856514
Category: Mathematics
Page: N.A
View: 8676

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A Portal Through Mathematics is a collection of puzzles and problems mostly on topics relating to secondary mathematics. The problems and topics are fresh and interesting and frequently surprising. One example: the puzzle that asks how much length must be added to a belt around the Earth's equator to raise it one foot has probably achieved old chestnut status. Ivanov, after explaining the surprising answer to this question, goes a step further and asks, if you grabbed that too long belt at some point and raised it as high as possible, how high would that be? The answer to that is more surprising than the classic puzzle's answer. The book is organized into 29 themes, each a topic from algebra, geometry or calculus and each launched from an opening puzzle or problem. There are excursions into number theory, solid geometry, physics and combinatorics. Always there is an emphasis on surprise and delight. And every theme begins at a level approachable with minimal background requirements. With well over 250 puzzles and problems, there is something here sure to appeal to everyone. A Portal Through Mathematics will be useful for prospective secondary teachers of mathematics and may be used (as a supplementary resource) in university courses in algebra, geometry, calculus, and discrete mathematics. It can also be used for professional development for teachers looking for inspiration. However, the intended audience is much broader. Every fan of mathematics will find enjoyment in it.

Invitation to Number Theory: Second Edition


Author: Oystein Ore
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0883856530
Category: Number theory
Page: 134
View: 5090

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Number theory is the branch of mathematics concerned with the counting numbers, 1, 2, 3, … and their multiples and factors. Of particular importance are odd and even numbers, squares and cubes, and prime numbers. But in spite of their simplicity, you will meet a multitude of topics in this book: magic squares, cryptarithms, finding the day of the week for a given date, constructing regular polygons, pythagorean triples, and many more. In this revised edition, John Watkins and Robin Wilson have updated the text to bring it in line with contemporary developments. They have added new material on Fermat's Last Theorem, the role of computers in number theory, and the use of number theory in cryptography, and have made numerous minor changes in the presentation and layout of the text and the exercises.