Mapping and Modeling Weather and Climate with GIS


Author: Lori Armstrong,Kevin Butler,John Settelmaier,Tiffany Vance,Olga Wilhelmi
Publisher: ESRI Press
ISBN: 9781589483767
Category: Nature
Page: 319
View: 786

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Latest research by more than three dozen atmospheric science experts on GIS and weather and climate studies.

Managing Weather and Climate Risks in Agriculture


Author: Mannava VK Sivakumar,Raymond P. Motha
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540727460
Category: Science
Page: 504
View: 544

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Based on an International Workshop held in New Delhi, India, this work should be of interest to all organizations and agencies interested in improved risk management in agriculture. In many parts of the world, weather and climate are one of the biggest production risks and uncertainty factors impacting on agricultural systems performance and management. Both structural and non-structural measures can be used to reduce the impacts of the variability (including extremes) of climate resources on crop production.

GIS for Environmental Applications

A practical approach
Author: Xuan Zhu
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134094434
Category: Science
Page: 472
View: 7383

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GIS for Environmental Applications provides a practical introduction to the principles, methods, techniques and tools in GIS for spatial data management, analysis, modelling and visualisation, and their applications in environmental problem solving and decision making. It covers the fundamental concepts, principles and techniques in spatial data, spatial data management, spatial analysis and modelling, spatial visualisation, spatial interpolation, spatial statistics, and remote sensing data analysis, as well as demonstrates the typical environmental applications of GIS, including terrain analysis, hydrological modelling, land use analysis and modelling, ecological modelling, and ecosystem service valuation. Case studies are used in the text to contextualise these subjects in the real world, examples and detailed tutorials are provided in each chapter to show how the GIS techniques and tools introduced in the chapter can be implemented using ESRI ArcGIS (a popular GIS software system for environmental applications) and other third party extensions to ArcGIS to address. The emphasis is placed on how to apply or implement the concepts and techniques of GIS through illustrative examples with step-by-step instructions and numerous annotated screen shots. The features include: Over 350 figures and tables illustrating how to apply or implement the concepts and techniques of GIS Learning objectives along with the end-of-chapter review questions Authoritative references at the end of each chapter GIS data files for all examples as well as PowerPoint presentations for each chapter downloadable from the companion website. GIS for Environmental Applications weaves theory and practice together, assimilates the most current GIS knowledge and tools relevant to environmental research, management and planning, and provides step-by-step tutorials with practical applications. This volume will be an indispensable resource for any students taking a module on GIS for the environment.

Handbook of Engineering Hydrology

Modeling, Climate Change, and Variability
Author: Saeid Eslamian
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466552476
Category: Science
Page: 646
View: 2412

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While most books examine only the classical aspects of hydrology, this three-volume set covers multiple aspects of hydrology. It examines new approaches, addresses growing concerns about hydrological and ecological connectivity, and considers the worldwide impact of climate change. It also provides updated material on hydrological science and engineering, discussing recent developments as well as classic approaches. Published in three books, Fundamentals and Applications; Modeling, Climate Change, and Variability; and Environmental Hydrology and Water Management, the entire set consists of 87 chapters, and contains 29 chapters in each book. The chapters in this book contain information on: Climate change and hydrological hazards, hydrological modeling, and urban water systems, as well as climate change impacts on hydrology and water resources, climate change uncertainty, vulnerability, and adaption Rainfall estimation and changes, hydrological changes of mangrove ecosystems, impact of the development of vegetation on flow conditions and flood hazards, urbanization impacts on runoff regime, and discretization in urban watersheds Artificial neural network-based modeling of hydrologic processes, flow and sediment transport modeling in rivers, hybrid hydrological modeling, hydrologic modeling: stochastic processes, and time series analysis of hydrologic data Dam risk and uncertainty, drought indices for drought risk assessment in a changing climate, hydrologic prediction and uncertainty quantification, uncertainty and risk of the PMP and PMF Geostatistics applications in hydrology, GIS applications in a changing climate, GIS-based upland erosion mapping, regional flood frequency analysis, regionalization of hydrological extreme events, remote sensing data and information for hydrological monitoring and modeling Application of copulas in hydrology, bankfull frequency of rivers, statistical parameters used for assessing hydrological regime, significance of statistical tests and persistence in hydrologic processes Students, practitioners, policy makers, consultants and researchers can benefit from the use of this text.

GIS and Environmental Modeling

Progress and Research Issues
Author: Michael F. Goodchild,Louis T. Steyaert,Bradley O. Parks
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470236772
Category: Science
Page: 504
View: 5831

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GIS and Environmental Modeling: Progress and Research Issues Michael F. Goodchild, Louis T. Steyaert, Bradley O. Parks, Carol Johnston, David Maidment, Michael Crane, and Sandi Glendinning, Editors With growing pressure on natural resources and landscapes there is an increasing need to predict the consequences of any changes to the environment. Modelling plays an important role in this by helping our understanding of the environment and by forecasting likely impacts. In recent years moves have been made to link models to Geographical Information Systems to provide a means of analysing changes over an area as well as over time. GIS and Environmental Modeling explores the progress made to date in integrating these two software systems. Approaches to the subject are made from theoretical, technical as well as data stand points. The existing capabilities of current systems are described along with important issues of data availability, accuracy and error. Various case studies illustrate this and highlight the common concepts and issues that exist between researchers in different environmental fields. The future needs and prospects for integrating GIS and environmental models are also explored with developments in both data handling and modelling discussed. The book brings together the knowledge and experience of over 100 researchers from academic, commercial and government backgrounds who work in a wide range of disciplines. The themes followed in the text provide a fund of knowledge and guidance for those involved in environmental modelling and GIS. The book is easily accessible for readers with a basic GIS knowledge and the ideas and results of the research are clearly illustrated with both colour and black and white graphics.

Climate Change and Groundwater


Author: Walter Dragoni,Balbir S. Sukhija
Publisher: Geological Society of London
ISBN: 9781862392359
Category: Science
Page: 186
View: 9404

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There is a general consensus that for the next few decades at least, the Earth will continue its warming. This will inevitably bring about serious environmental problems. For human society, the most severe will be those related to alterations of the hydrological cycle, which is already heavily influenced by human activities. Climate change will directly affect groundwater recharge, groundwater quality and the freshwater-seawater interface. The variations of groundwater storage inevitably entail a variety of geomorphological and engineering effects. In the areas where water resources are likely to diminish, groundwater will be one of the main solutions to prevent drought. In spite of its paramount importance, the issue of 'Climate Change and Groundwater' has been neglected. This volume presents some of the current understanding of the topic.

Malaria and Land Use

A Spatial and Temporal Risk Analysis in Southern Sri Lanka
Author: Eveline Klinkenberg,Wim van der Hoek,Felix P. Amerasinghe,Gayathri Jayasinghe,Lal Mutuwatte,Dissanayake M. Gunawardena
Publisher: IWMI
ISBN: 9290905115
Category: Land use
Page: 54
View: 8094

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The transmission of malaria in Sri Lanka is unstable; its incidence greatly fluctuates from year to year and exhibits important variations within a year. Identification of the underlying risk factors of malaria is important to target the limited resources for the most-effective control of the disease. This report presents the first results of a project on malaria risk mapping to investigate whether this tool could be utilized to forecast malaria epidemics. It documents the key malaria risk factors for the Uda Walawe region of Sri Lanka, where monthly malaria incidence data were available over a 10-year period. In the study, data on aggregate malaria-incidence rates, land-use and water-use patterns, socioeconomic features and malaria-control interventions were collected and analyzed in a geographical information system. Malaria cases were mapped at the smallest administrative level and relative risks for different variables were calculated employing multivariate analyses. The findings of the study call for malaria-control strategies that are readily adapted to different ecological and epidemiological settings.

Graphische Semiologie

Diagramme, Netze, Karten
Author: Jacques Bertin
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783111749792
Category: Cartography
Page: 430
View: 2617

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Graphische Semiologie: Diagramme, Netze, Karten.

Distributed Hydrologic Modeling Using GIS


Author: Baxter E. Vieux
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401597103
Category: Science
Page: 296
View: 6450

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During ten years serving with the USDA Soil Conservation Service (SCS), now known as the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), I became amazed at how millions of dollars in contract monies were spent based on simplistic hydrologic models. As project engineer in western Kansas, I was responsible for building flood control dams (authorized under Public Law 566) in the Wet Walnut River watershed. This watershed is within the Arkansas-Red River basin, as is the Illinois River basin referred to extensively in this book. After building nearly 18 of these structures, I became Assistant State Engineer in Michigan and, for a short time, State Engineer for NRCS. Again, we based our entire design and construction program on simplified relationships variously referred to as the SCS method. I recall announcing that I was going to pursue a doctoral degree and develop a new hydrologic model. One of my agency's chief engineers remarked, "Oh no, not another model!" Since then, I hope that I have not built just another model but have significantly advanced the state of hydrologic modeling for both researchers and practitioners. Using distributed hydrologic techniques described in this book, I also hope one day to forecast the response of the dams I built.

Modelling Interactions Between Vector-Borne Diseases and Environment Using GIS


Author: Hassan M. Khormi,Lalit Kumar
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498760368
Category: Mathematics
Page: 262
View: 8359

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Master GIS Applications on Modelling and Mapping the Risks of Diseases Infections transmitted by mosquitoes, ticks, triatomine bugs, sandflies, and black flies cause significant rates of death and disease, especially in developing countries. Why are certain places more susceptible to vector-borne diseases? Modelling Interactions Between Vector-Borne Diseases and Environment Using GIS reveals how using geographic information systems (GISs) can provide a greater understanding of how vector-borne diseases are spread and explores the use of geographical techniques in vector-borne disease monitoring, management, and control. This text provides readers with a better understanding of the vector-borne disease problem and its impact on public health. Introduces New Spatial Approaches Based on Location and Environment The book exposes readers to information on how to identify vector hotspots, determine when and where they can occur, and eliminate vector breeding sites. Utilizing simple illustrations based on real data, as well as the authors’ more than 20 years of experience in the field, this text combines key spatial analysis techniques available in modern GIS with real-world applications. It offers step-by-step instruction on developing vector-borne disease risk models at different spatial and temporal scales and helps practitioners formulate disease causation hypotheses and identify areas at risk. In addition, it addresses medical geography, GIS, spatial analysis, and modelling, and covers other factors related to the spread of vector-borne diseases. This book: Gives an overview of common vector-borne diseases, GIS-based mapping and modelling, impacts of climate change on vector distributions, and availability and importance of accurate epidemiologically relevant spatial data Describes modelling and simulating the prevalence of vector-borne diseases around the world Summarizes some key spatial techniques and how they can be used to aid in the analysis of geographical and attributed data Defines the concept of establishing and characterizing spatial data systems, including their quality, errors, references, and issues of scale, and building such a system from often quite separate, disparate sources Shows how to develop weather-based predictive modelling, which can be used to predict the weekly trend of vector abundance Provides a GIS case study for modelling the future potential distribution of vector-borne disease based on different climatic change scenarios Modelling Interactions Between Vector-Borne Diseases and Environment Using GIS combines spatial analysis techniques available in modern GIS, together with real-world applications to provide you with a better understanding of ways to map, model, prevent, and control vector-borne diseases.

Plant Phenology as a Biomonitor for Climate Change in Germany

A Modelling and Mapping Approach
Author: Gunther Schmidt,Simon Schönrock,Winfried Schröder
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319090909
Category: Science
Page: 64
View: 7400

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The investigations refer to the development of plant phenology since the 1960s in Germany. Spatiotemporal trends were assessed by means of regression kriging. It could be shown that there already is a distinct shift of phenological onset towards the beginning of the year of up to two weeks. In future, a shift of up to one month was calculated till 2080. Moreover, a prolongation of the vegetation period of up to three weeks was found. The findings are relevant for the development of mitigation measures to prevent from environmental, agricultural and economic issues due to climate change.

Phenological Research

Methods for Environmental and Climate Change Analysis
Author: Irene L. Hudson,Marie R. Keatley
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789048133352
Category: Science
Page: 521
View: 2461

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As climate change continues to dominate the international environmental agenda, phenology – the study of the timing of recurring biological events – has received increasing research attention, leading to an emerging consensus that phenology can be viewed as an ‘early warning system’ for climate change impact. A multidisciplinary science involving many branches of ecology, geography and remote sensing, phenology to date has lacked a coherent methodological text. This new synthesis, including contributions from many of the world’s leading phenologists, therefore fills a critical gap in the current biological literature. Providing critiques of current methods, as well as detailing novel and emerging methodologies, the book, with its extensive suite of references, provides readers with an understanding of both the theoretical basis and the potential applications required to adopt and adapt new analytical and design methods. An invaluable source book for researchers and students in ecology and climate change science, the book also provides a useful reference for practitioners in a range of sectors, including human health, fisheries, forestry, agriculture and natural resource management.

ArcGIS 10.5

Das deutschsprachige Handbuch für ArcGIS Desktop Basic und Standard inklusive Einstieg in ArcGIS Online
Author: Klaus Brand,Peter Kaiser,Albert Strauß,Matthias Benedek
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783879076369
Category:
Page: 917
View: 2840

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Das BilderBuch -

des nützlichen und unnützen Wissens
Author: David McCandless
Publisher: Albrecht Knaus Verlag
ISBN: 3641091993
Category: Political Science
Page: 256
View: 3052

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Sehen und verstehen – was Sie in diesem Buch entdecken, wird Ihnen nicht mehr aus dem Kopf gehen. Noch nie war Wissen so schön anzusehen. Noch nie waren Zusammenhänge so leicht zu durchschauen. Das Visualisierungsgenie David McCand less erschafft aus Zahlen, Daten und Fakten einzigartige und unvergessliche Grafiken und Bilder, die unsere Synapsen zum Schwingen bringen. In welchem Land werden die meisten Bücher gelesen? Welcher Bart passt zu welchem Gesicht? Welche Musikstile beeinflussen sich wie? Welche Moralvorstellungen verbinden sich mit welcher Religion? Was verbraucht mehr Kalorien: Blümchensex oder Lesen? Welche alternativen Heilmethoden haben welche wissenschaftliche Evidenz? David McCandless ist einer der angesagtesten Informationsdesigner und gehört zu einer neuen Generation von Journalisten. Er setzt spannende Fakten ebenso überzeugend ins Bild wie komplizierte Zusammenhänge. Mithilfe von Farben und Formen macht er Wissen sichtbar. So entsteht aus über einhundert originellen Bildern ein Kaleidoskop aus nützlichem und unnützem Wissen, das einfach Spaß macht. Hoher Spaßfaktor! Ein »Lesegenuss« voller Anregungen und Überraschungen, bestens als Geschenk geeignet.

Essentials of Environmental Public Health Science

A Handbook for Field Professionals
Author: Naima Bradley,Henrietta Harrison,Greg Hodgson,Robie Kamanyire,Andrew Kibble,Virginia Murray
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191505404
Category: Medical
Page: 224
View: 1131

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Environmental public health is an interdisciplinary approach to the study of the direct and indirect impact of exposure to environmental hazards on the public's health and wellbeing. Assessing and addressing the risks of chemical, ionising and non-ionising radiation, and noise hazards requires a sound knowledge of toxicology, environmental epidemiology, environmental science, health risk assessment, and public health principles. Essentials of Environmental Science for Public Health provides practical guidance on the technical aspects of environmental and public health investigations. Written by leaders in the field, the authors provide practical, expert advice on a range of topics from key concepts and framework for investigation to contaminated land and waste management. Case studies are used to aid learning and understand of the topics discussed. Produced by Health Protection England, Essentials of Environmental Science for Public Health offers a comprehensive and structured approach to understanding environmental public health issues and will be essential reading for all students and professionals in environmental public health.

Soil-vegetation-atmosphere Transfer Schemes and Large-scale Hydrological Models

Proceedings of an International Symposium (Symposium S5) Held During the Sixth Scientific Assembly of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences (IAHS) at Maastricht, The Netherlands, from 18 to 27 July 2001
Author: A. J. Dolman
Publisher: International Assn of Hydrological Sciences
ISBN: 9781901502619
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 372
View: 6102

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GIS World


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Geographic information systems
Page: N.A
View: 8084

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