Man and Society in an Age of Reconstruction

Studies in Modern Social Structure
Author: Karl Mannheim
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780415136747
Category: Social Science
Page: 469
View: 2817

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First published in 1980. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company."

Toward a Science of Man in Society

A Positive Approach to the Integration of Social Knowledge
Author: K.W. Kapp
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401036608
Category: History
Page: 244
View: 1482

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THIS study is concerned with the search for a new unity of social knowledge and social inquiry. As such it is addressed to all those who see in the present compartmentalization and special ization of the social sciences the reason for the bewildering pro liferation of subject matters, the preoccupation with trivia and the failure to make the maximum use of our knowledge for human welfare. More specifically, I am addressing this book to those who are dealing with "interdisciplinary" problems such as the study of foreign areas, the analysis of sociocultural change, economic development of "backward" economies and the planning and teaching of "integrated" courses in the social sciences. The book suggests an answer to the question, How can our specialized knowledge about man and society be unified? As such the study reflects the conviction that all scientific knowledge, in order to make the greatest possible contribution to human welfare, must become comprehensive in character. In fact, such knowledge differs from popular and common-sense understanding precisely by the fact that it is systematically formulated and held together in terms of a few unifying conceptual frameworks. Indeed, all scientific understanding is, above all, an effort to simplify by unifying what has long appeared as unrelated and disparate. Those who believe that compartmentalization and specialization are the royal road to success in the social sciences may find this an irritating book.

Pause for Transition

An Analysis of the Relation of Man Mind and Society
Author: Bart Landheer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401193657
Category: Philosophy
Page: 284
View: 7483

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The idea of the present study is basically a simple one. It attempts to reconcile the concept of social evolution with that of the structural unity of Man, an idea that is becoming increasingly dominant in the exact as well as in the social sciences. The idea of structure as it emerges from the social field is applied to the human mind as the ultimate cause of society. While pragmatism interpreted the mind as reacting as a whole, the concept of structure places the relation of Man versus his Environment in a different light, and attempts to determine the possible limits of social development. These problems are analyzed in a number of introductory chapters while the basic approach is illustrated by an analysis of some aspects of the growth of Western civilization. Some fictitious "case-studies" have been added in order to leave room for an imaginative interpretation which sometimes can bring out points which are more difficult to explain in "objective" language.

"Complicity with Evil"

The United Nations in the Age of Modern Genocide
Author: Adam LeBor
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300111712
Category: History
Page: 326
View: 6992

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A seasoned foreign correspondent shows how the United Nations values its own neutrality and interests above its founding mission of protecting humanity, with predictably tragic consequences.

My Age of Anxiety


Author: Scott Stossel
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 1409022676
Category: Psychology
Page: 416
View: 9684

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THE NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER and SHORTLISTED FOR THE WELLCOME BOOK PRIZE 2015 As recently as thirty-five years ago, anxiety did not exist as a diagnostic category. Today, it is the most common form of officially classified mental illness. Scott Stossel gracefully guides us across the terrain of an affliction that is pervasive yet too often misunderstood. Drawing on his own long-standing battle with anxiety, Stossel presents an astonishing history, at once intimate and authoritative, of the efforts to understand the condition from medical, cultural, philosophical and experiential perspectives. He ranges from the earliest medical reports of Galen and Hippocrates, through later observations by Robert Burton and Søren Kierkegaard, to the investigations by great nineteenth-century scientists, such as Charles Darwin, William James and Sigmund Freud, as they began to explore its sources and causes, to the latest research by neuroscientists and geneticists. Stossel reports on famous individuals who struggled with anxiety, as well as the afflicted generations of his own family. His portrait of anxiety reveals not only the emotion’s myriad manifestations and the anguish it produces, but also the countless psychotherapies, medications and other (often outlandish) treatments that have been developed to counteract it. Stossel vividly depicts anxiety’s human toll – its crippling impact, its devastating power to paralyse – while at the same time exploring how those who suffer from it find ways to manage and control it. My Age of Anxiety is learned and empathetic, humorous and inspirational, offering the reader great insight into the biological, cultural and environmental factors that contribute to the affliction.

Gender and Power

Society, the Person and Sexual Politics
Author: Raewyn W. Connell
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0745665276
Category: Social Science
Page: 352
View: 6981

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This book is an important introductory textbook on sexual politics and an original contribution to the reformulation of social and political theory. In a discussion of, among other issues, psychoanalysis, Marxism and feminist theories, the structure of gender relations, and working class feminism, Connell has produced a major work of synthesis and scholarship which will be of unique value to students and professionals in sociology, politics, women's studies and to anyone interested in the field of sexual politics. Visit www.raewynconnell.net

Army, Industry and Labour in Germany, 1914-1918


Author: Gerald Feldman
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1472577981
Category: History
Page: 586
View: 1643

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This innovative study by one of the leading specialists in the field examines the social and economic role of the German army in the nation's internal affairs during the First World War. This was the area in which the influence of the army was most direct and profound. Germany's wartime economic mobilisation was both planned and directed by the army, and as a consequence of this largely unanticipated responsibility, the army was compelled to cope with the great social conflicts of Imperial Germany. In the process of confronting the groups representing army and labour, the army paved the way for the establishment of collective bargaining in Germany and also created the foundations for the postwar inflation.

Der Weg zur Knechtschaft


Author: Friedrich August von Hayek
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161479281
Category: Social Science
Page: 256
View: 1433

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Dieses Buch, wahrend des zweiten Weltkriegs entstanden und 1944 zunachst auf Englisch erschienen, war ein Alarmruf, der sich an diejenigen richtete, welche die Freiheit schatzen und diese durch sozialistische Stromungen und nationalsozialistische Bestrebungen gefahrdet sahen.Mit scharfer Logik, in klarer Sprache und stellenweise mit schneidender Ironie fuhrt Friedrich A. von Hayek einen Beweis, dem sich ehrlicherweise niemand entziehen kann: den Beweis, dass Sozialismus und politische Freiheit miteinander unvereinbar sind und dass dies sowohl fur den deutschen Nationalsozialismus wie fur den russischen Sozialismus und jede Form des Kollektivismus gilt. Den Verlust der politischen Freiheit, den "Weg zur Knechtschaft" sieht er nicht als deutsches Schicksal, sondern als Folge des Kollektivismus, der seiner Meinung nach auch andere Staaten von innen heraus bedroht.Die neue Ausgabe dokumentiert erstmals auch Hayeks Stellung zu diesem, seinem politischsten Buch, indem sie seine Ausserungen dazu - teilweise erstmals auf Deutsch - abdruckt.

Indian Social Problems (Vol-1)

Social Disorganization and Reconstruction
Author: G.R. Madan
Publisher: Allied Publishers
ISBN: 8184244533
Category: India
Page: 608
View: 628

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This work is a comprehensive study of the social problems facing India at present. It is the first study of its kind and provides a coordinated picture of social problems confronted by India particularly after Independence. The revised editions now divided into five volumes. Volume One presents an analysis of the causes of Social and Personal Disorganization and deals with the problems of crime and juvenile delinquency, major social vices, maladjustment in institutions resulting in poverty and unemployment, population explosion, undernutrition, mass illiteracy, students’ indiscipline, moral degeneration, misuse of leisure, corruption, family disintegration and community conflicts in the form of casteism, provincialism, lingualism and communalism.

The Politics of Truth

Selected Writings of C. Wright Mills
Author: John H. Summers
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199887799
Category: Social Science
Page: 320
View: 5896

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C. Wright Mills was a radical public intellectual, a tough-talking, motorcycle-riding anarchist from Texas who taught sociology at Columbia University. Mills's three most influential books--The Power Elite, White Collar, and The Sociological Imagination--were originally published by OUP and are considered classics. The first collection of his writings to be published since 1963, The Politics of Truth contains 23 out-of-print and hard-to-find writings which show his growth from academic sociologist to an intellectual maestro in command of a mature style, a dissenter who sought to inspire the public to oppose the drift toward permanent war. Given the political deceptions of recent years, Mills's truth-telling is more relevant than ever. Seminal papers including "Letter to the New Left" appear alongside lesser known meditations such as "Are We Losing Our Sense of Belonging?" John Summers provides fresh insights in his introduction, which gives an overview of Mills's life and career. Summers has also written annotations that establish each piece's context and has drawn up a comprehensive bibliography of Mills's published and unpublished writings.

The Crosswinds of Freedom

1932–1988
Author: James MacGregor Burns
Publisher: Open Road Media
ISBN: 1453245200
Category: History
Page: 870
View: 2269

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A Pulitzer Prize winner’s “immensely readable” history of the United States from FDR’s election to the final days of the Cold War (Publishers Weekly). The Crosswinds of Freedom is an articulate and incisive examination of the United States during its rise to become the world’s sole superpower. Here is a young democracy transformed by the Great Depression, the Second World War, the Cold War, the rapid pace of technological change, and the distinct visions of nine presidents. Spanning fifty-six years and touching on many corners of the nation’s complex cultural tapestry, Burns’s work is a remarkable look at the forces that gave rise to the “American Century.”

Kulturelle Reformation


Author: Bernhard Jussen,Craig Koslofsky
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 9783525354605
Category: History
Page: 386
View: 3763

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Acculturation and Occupation: A Study of the 1956 Hungarian Refugees in the United States


Author: S. Alexander Weinstock
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9401565635
Category: Social Science
Page: 127
View: 9404

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The plans for this study were formulated between I956 and I958. For some time then, I had been interested in the processes of personal and social accommodation and in the factors that were responsible for resistance to change. While a graduate student at Columbia University at that time, I was also affiliated with a multidisciplinary research group at Cornell University Medical Colleges studying the reactions of people of various cultural and social backgrounds to situations of stress. The Hungarian refugees were one of the groups being studied. I thus decided to undertake a study of the process of acculturation, the Hungarian refugees providing an ideal population. I did not expect to encounter any serious difficulties. Needless to say, the work was beset with every sort of diWculty, financial, conceptual, etc., that usually accompanies research projects. It is only now, more than a decade later, that I am able to present my findings in their final form. I am pleased to have this opportunity to express my in debtedness to the many people who made this study possible. I have been fortunate in having teachers, colleagues, and friends, often all in the same person, who helped me in the formulation of the problem, offered encouragement along every step, and taught me the very skills I was to use.

Europe

A Heritage, a Challenge, a Promise
Author: J. Berting
Publisher: Eburon Uitgeverij B.V.
ISBN: 9059721209
Category: Social Science
Page: 233
View: 9271

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Modern Europe is a patchwork quilt in which a diverse array of national cultures have been pieced into one community. In Europe: A Heritage, a Challenge, a Promise, Jan Berting reckons with a continent at a turning point in its history, arguing that Europe must balance its urge to modernize with a respect for its shared legacy. As Europe struggles with the tension between its past and its future, Berting pinpoints challenges to modernization and proposes intriguing solutions. He addresses topics as varied as the rise of Islam, political liberalism, and individual freedoms in this comprehensive volume sure to interest all those invested in the future of Europe.

Uprooting and Development

Dilemmas of Coping with Modernization
Author: George V. Coelho
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1468437941
Category: Medical
Page: 538
View: 6543

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Uprooting has to do with one of the fundamental properties of human life-the need to change-and with the personal and societal mecha nisms for dealing with that need. As with the more general problems of change, uprooting can be a time of human disaster and desolation, or a time of adaptation and growth into new capacities. The special quality of uprooting is that the need to change is faced at a time of separation from accustomed social, cultural, and environ mental support systems. It is this separation from familiar supports that either renders the uprooted vulnerable to the destructive conse quences of change, or creates freedoms for their evolution into new and constructive patterns of life. Whether the outcomes will be destruc tive or constructive will be determined by the forces at work: the nature and power of the uprooting forces versus the personal and societal capacities for coping with them. Uprooting events are so widespread as to be compared with the major rites of life, but with the difference that dislocation is involved. Uprooting reaches from self-imposed movements such as rural-to urban migration, running away, and traveling abroad for schooling, to natural and man-made disasters such as earthquakes, political oppres sion, and war. The impacts vary from the need to adapt to. a new culture for an interim period of study to the desolating consequences of the total loss of family, friends, home, and country.

Sport and Political Ideology


Author: John M. Hoberman
Publisher: University of Texas Press
ISBN: 0292768877
Category: Sports & Recreation
Page: 328
View: 2600

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Across the modern political spectrum, left-wing and right-wing political theorists have invested sport with ideological significance. That significance, however, varies distinctively and characteristically with the ideology—a phenomenon John Hoberman terms "ideological differentiation." Taking this phenomenon as its point of departure, this provocative work interprets the major sport ideologies of the twentieth century as distinct expressions of political doctrine. Hoberman argues that a political ideology's interpretation of sport is shaped in part by the value it assigns to work and play as modes of experience; the political anthropologies of right and left can be distinguished by examining their resistance to—or affinity for—sportive imagery of their leaders and of the state itself; there exists a fascist temperament that shows an affinity to athleticism and the sphere of the body that is not shared by the left. Tracing modern sport ideology back to its premodern antecedents, Hoberman examines the interpretations of sport that have been promulgated by European political intellectuals, such as cultural conservatives and contemporary neo-Marxists, and by the official ideologists of Nazi Germany, the Soviet Union, the German Democratic Republic, and China before and after Mao. As a form of mass theater, sport can advertise any ideology. But the deeper relationship between sport and political ideology has never before been explored wth such vigor. Presenting the first general theory of sport and political ideology to appear in any language, Hoberman's groundbreaking work is a unique and invaluable contribution to the intellectual and political history of sport in the twentieth century.

The Other Side of Criminology

An Inversion of the Concept of Crime
Author: Gerardus Petrus Hoefnagels
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401744955
Category: Social Science
Page: 181
View: 7224

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Didactically, a textbook of criminology should start at the beginning. The learning process, also an emotional process, begins in criminology with the concepts, views, emotions, attitudes and ideas we have regarding crime and criminals. Exploration of these underlying factors is one of the aims of the present book. We can free our thinking only by being aware of the significance of our own feelings and thoughts about a phenomenon like crime. 'That is the basic problem confronting us. In scien tific thinking implicit postulates as to the sensus communis, unless recognized and 1 neutralized, grow into idols.' The fight against crime is one example of such an idol. Crimes and criminals exist only by virtue of reactions to certain forms of be havior. For this reason this book will begin by examining the reactions of society to crime. Criminology is primarily a science of others than offenders. In this sense I invert criminology. The history of criminology is not so much a history of offenders, 2 as a history of the reactions of those in power.