Making Sense of Criminology


Author: Keith Soothill,Moira Peelo,Claire Taylor
Publisher: Polity
ISBN: 9780745628752
Category: Social Science
Page: 208
View: 432

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Making Sense of Criminology is a clear, concise introduction for all students new to the subject. As well as introducing ideas about crime and criminals, it is intended to help students make sense of criminology as a study or discipline. The authors present criminology as a debate about assessing and evaluating information connected with crime. The book explores the key issues, philosophies and debates in criminology, making use of a variety of writers and texts to illuminate recurring themes and tensions in the field. Students are encouraged to become aware of what constitutes data in criminology and to recognize the uses of theory in evaluating criminological problems. In a ground plan of the subject, the history of criminology is set alongside current information about the justice system and awareness of current trends in research. This provides an excellent base on which new students can build their study.

Comparative Criminal Justice

Making Sense of Difference
Author: David Nelken
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 144624833X
Category: Social Science
Page: 136
View: 3861

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David Nelken is the 2013 laureate of the Association for Law and Society International Prize The increasingly important topic of comparative criminal justice is examined from an original and insightful perspective by David Nelken, one of the top scholars in the field. The author looks at why we should study crime and criminal justice in a comparative and international context, and the difficulties we encounter when we do. Drawing on experience of teaching and research in a variety of countries, the author offers multiple illustrations of striking differences in the roles of criminal justice actors and ways of handling crime problems. The book includes in-depth discussions of such key issues as how we can learn from other jurisdictions, compare 'like with like', and balance explanation with understanding – for example, in making sense of national differences in prison rates. Careful attention is given to the question of how far globalisation challenges traditional ways of comparing units. The book also offers a number of helpful tips on methodology, showing why method and substance cannot and should not be separated when it comes to understanding other people's systems of justice. Students and academics in criminology and criminal justice will find this book an invaluable resource. Compact Criminology is an exciting series that invigorates and challenges the international field of criminology. Books in the series are short, authoritative, innovative assessments of emerging issues in criminology and criminal justice – offering critical, accessible introductions to important topics. They take a global rather than a narrowly national approach. Eminently readable and first-rate in quality, each book is written by a leading specialist. Compact Criminology provides a new type of tool for teaching, learning and research, one that is flexible and light on its feet. The series addresses fundamental needs in the growing and increasingly differentiated field of criminology.

Making Sense of Moral Panics

A Framework for Research
Author: Sarah Wright Monod
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319618210
Category: Social Science
Page: 201
View: 6970

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This book offers a comprehensive framework for the study of moral panics. It provides an up-to-date overview of the history and development of the concept of panic, and discusses the key criticisms and debates that have stemmed from its use over the last four decades. While investigating the critical connections between crime reporting and panic development, Wright Monod also highlights the overall importance of social context, and social theory, for understanding episodes of moral panic. Two case studies – one on murdering teens, and the other on gangs and guns – are explored to demonstrate the efficacy of the framework, and five research phases for panic study are extensively analysed. Drawing on the nature of sensationalist media coverage, and considering the impact of new media ecosystems in panic development, this innovative study considers the shape of the field of moral panic scholarship today and, crucially, the directions in which its study is heading. This is an informed and original book which will appeal to scholars of risk, deviance, and criminal justice.

Making Sense of Evil

An Interdisciplinary Approach
Author: Melissa Dearey
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 113730880X
Category: Social Science
Page: 255
View: 3457

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When it comes to crime, everyone seems to take evil seriously as an explanatory concept - except criminologists. This book asks why, and why not, through exploring a variety of interdisciplinary approaches to evil from the perspectives of theology, philosophy, literary and cultural studies, and the social sciences.

Cultural Criminology and the Carnival of Crime


Author: Mike Presdee
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134554575
Category: Law
Page: 192
View: 6314

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Cultural Criminology and the Carnival of Crime attempts to make sense of the current increase in violence, cruelty, hate and humiliation, which has come to permeate daily life. The text argues that an overly organised economic world has provoked a widespread desire for extreme, oppositional forms of popular and personal pleasure. This desire has resulted in a cathartic 'second life' of illicit pleasures often deemed criminal by those in power. Amongst the exciting issues Mike Presdee addresses are: * joyriding * street crime * antisocial behaviour in private via the internet * hate, hurt and humiliation in popular culture * the popularisation and criminalisation of sadomasochism and dance music cultures.

Seductions Of Crime

Moral And Sensual Attractions In Doing Evil
Author: Jack Katz
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 9780465076161
Category: Social Science
Page: 376
View: 7121

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In this startling look at evil behavior, a UCLA sociologist tries to get inside the criminal psyche to understand what it means or feels, signifies, sounds, tastes, or looks like to do any particular crime.

Data Visualization and Statistical Literacy for Open and Big Data


Author: Prodromou, Theodosia
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1522525130
Category: Computers
Page: 365
View: 8187

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Data visualization has emerged as a serious scholarly topic, and a wide range of tools have recently been developed at an accelerated pace to aid in this research area. Examining different ways of analyzing big data can result in increased efficiency for many corporations and organizations. Data Visualization and Statistical Literacy for Open and Big Data highlights methodological developments in the way that data analytics is both learned and taught. Featuring extensive coverage on emerging relevant topics such as data complexity, statistics education, and curriculum development, this publication is geared toward teachers, academicians, students, engineers, professionals, and researchers that are interested in expanding their knowledge of data examination and analysis.

Narrative Criminology

Understanding Stories of Crime
Author: Lois Presser,Sveinung Sandberg
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 1479823414
Category: Social Science
Page: 336
View: 9221

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Stories are much more than a means of communication—stories help us shape our identities, make sense of the world, and mobilize others to action. In Narrative Criminology, prominent scholars from across the academy and around the world examine stories that animate offending. From an examination of how criminals understand certain types of crime to be less moral than others, to how violent offenders and drug users each come to understand or resist their identity as ‘criminals’, to how cultural narratives motivate genocidal action, the case studies in this book cover a wide array of crimes and justice systems throughout the world. The contributors uncover the narratives at the center of their essays through qualitative interviews, ethnographic fieldwork, and written archives, and they scrutinize narrative structure and meaning by analyzing genres, plots, metaphors, and other components of storytelling. In doing so, they reveal the cognitive, ideological, and institutional mechanisms by which narratives promote harmful action. Finally, they consider how offenders’ narratives are linked to and emerge from those of conventional society or specific subcultures. Each chapter reveals important insights and elements for the development of a framework of narrative criminology as an important approach for understanding crime and criminal justice. An unprecedented and landmark collection, Narrative Criminology opens the door for an exciting new field of study on the role of stories in motivating and legitimizing harm.

The SAGE Handbook of Criminological Theory


Author: Eugene McLaughlin,Tim Newburn
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1412920388
Category: Social Science
Page: 532
View: 3185

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An indispensable international resource, The SAGE Handbook of Criminological Theory provides readers with a clear overview of criminological theory, enabling them to reflect critically upon the traditional, emergent and desirable theoretical positions of the discipline.This handbook is essential for libraries and scholars of all levels studying the rapidly developing, interdisciplinary field of criminology.

Making Sense of Sentencing


Author: Julian V. Roberts,David P. Cole
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 9780802076441
Category: Law
Page: 381
View: 8436

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On 3 September 1996, Bill C-41 was proclaimed in force, initiating one significant step in the reform of sentencing and parole in Canada. This is the first book that, in addition to providing an overview of the law, effectively presents a sociological analysis of the legal reforms and their ramifications in this controversial area. The commissioned essays in this collection cover such crucial issues as options and alternatives in sentencing, patterns revealed by recent statistics, sentencing of minority groups, Bill C-41 and its effects, conditional sentencing, and the structure and relationship between parole and sentencing are clearly presented. An introduction, editorial comments beginning each chapter, and a concluding chapter draw the essays together resulting in a timely, comprehensive and extremely readable work on this critical topic. Broad in scope and perspective, this major new socio-legal study of the law of sentencing will be illuminating to students, members of the legal profession, and the general reader.

Cultural Criminology

Theories of Crime
Author: Keith Hayward
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351570404
Category: Social Science
Page: 604
View: 8599

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Cultural criminology has now emerged as a distinct theoretical perspective, and as a notable intellectual alternative to certain aspects of contemporary criminology. Cultural criminology attempts to theorize the interplay of cultural processes, media practices, and crime; the emotional and embodied dimensions of crime and victimization; the particular characteristics of crime within late modern/late capitalist culture; and the role of criminology itself in constructing the reality of crime. In this sense cultural criminology not only offers innovative theoretical models for making sense of crime, criminality, and crime control, but presents as well a critical theory of criminology as a field of study. This collection is designed to highlight each of these dimensions of cultural criminology - its theoretical foundations, its current theoretical trajectories, and its broader theoretical critiques-by presenting the best of cultural criminological work from the United States, Europe, Australia, and elsewhere.

The Legacy of Marxism

Contemporary Challenges, Conflicts, and Developments
Author: Matthew Johnson
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 144114482X
Category: Political Science
Page: 208
View: 8013

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Marx's influence is evident in a range of often incompatible and contradictory political movements and intellectual approaches. With a number of those movements now discredited by the experience of 'really existing socialism', and the academic left gravitating towards approaches which eschew 'authoritarian', 'essentialist' and 'ethnocentric' elements of orthodox Marxism, the relevance of Marx has been called into question. Featuring chapters by Norman Geras, Joseph Femia, Alan Johnson, Paul Bowman, Ronaldo Munck, Lawrence Wilde, Mark Cowling, Chengyi Peng, Terrell Carver, Oliver Harrison and Stuart Sim, this book is an attempt to examine means by which the left can make real, substantive and positive contributions to contemporary debate. The collection examines such topics as: the meaning of Marxism and pluralism within the left; Marxism's scientific credentials; Â?iÂ?ek, revolution, democracy and cultural studies; the politics of development; the relationship between Marxism and global capitalism; the global justice debate and Marx's rejection of moral discourse; the analysis of crime and criminal justice; Chinese society and constitutional diversity, and the relationship between Marxism and post-Marxism.

Youth and Crime


Author: John Muncie
Publisher: SAGE Publications Ltd
ISBN: 1446246876
Category: Social Science
Page: 488
View: 2655

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'In Youth and Crime, John Muncie accomplishes the extraordinarily difficult feat of covering a huge territory, introducing his subject matter in an accessible form, and yet offering original analysis and insight. This is a wonderfully accomplished textbook which leaves its rivals standing. The Third Edition is everything we have come to expect of its predecessors but with the added bonus that it is completely up to date and has new material on youth victimology and comparative youth justice. An absolute must for all students and teachers in the areas of youth, crime and justice' - Professor Tim Newburn, London School of Economics and Political Science 'Youth and Crime is, without question, the key text in its field. Its breadth of coverage and depth of analysis are truly remarkable. Muncie constantly pushes the boundaries and, by including a substantial volume of new material, his Third Edition effectively sets the agenda and defines the future direction for youth justice studies. It is a "must-have" book' - Professor Barry Goldson, University of Liverpool 'With his unique and authoritative voice, Muncie draws together a wide range of new political developments and cutting-edge criminological and sociological theory and research to expand his original object of inquiry in this brilliant new edition' - Jo Phoenix, Reader, Durham University The Third Edition of this definitive, bestselling text offers the most comprehensive and authoritative overview of youth and crime available. Youth crime and justice are constantly in the news and the subject of ongoing legislative action. This new edition keeps the reader up to date on a wide range of contemporary debates and covers all the essentials required in studying the topic of youth and crime at undergraduate and postgraduate level. Two new chapters on youth victimology and comparative and international youth justice have been added to provide critical analysis of issues such as institutional abuse, child trafficking, international children's rights and transnational policy transfer. The book also includes new material on: " antisocial behaviour orders (ASBOs) " gangs " gun and knife crime " early intervention initiatives " the respect agenda " restorative justice " child imprisonment. The book offers numerous tools to enhance the learning process, including chapter outlines, summary boxes, key terms, study questions, further reading lists, a glossary and guidance on Web resources.

The Routledge Handbook of Chinese Criminology


Author: Liqun Cao,Ivan Y. Sun,Bill Hebenton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135021465
Category: Social Science
Page: 356
View: 4517

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As the world’s second largest economy, China has made great progress in developing criminology. The Routledge Handbook of Chinese Criminology aims to be a key reference point to summarize the large body of literature in both Chinese and English about various aspects of crime and its control in China for international scholars with an interest in the development of criminological research on and in the Greater China region, and for everyone with a broad interest in international criminology. The editors of the handbook have selected authoritative contributors recognized for their research and scholarship on China, Hong Kong Macao, and Taiwan. This handbook consists of five sections: An account of the development of criminology as an academic discipline in modern China, as well as some of the unique theories, strategies, or philosophies of crime control that have emerged, An analysis of the criminal justice system in China, including the police, the courts, corrections, juvenile justice and the death penalty, An exploration of the issues and problems in conducting research in China, Reflections on the nature of crime and criminality in China, including drugs, prostitution, human trafficking, corruption, floating population, domestic violence, and white-collar crime, An account of crime and criminal justice in Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Macao. The book presents a coherent and comprehensive collection of essays on current research and theory in criminology, crime and justice in China and Greater China, and the Editors’ Introduction and Conclusion provide further contextualisation of the Handbook’s key themes.

Criminal

The Truth About Why People Do Bad Things
Author: Tom Gash
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0241960444
Category: Social Science
Page: 352
View: 9498

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The way we see and understand crime falls into two types of story that, in essence, have been told and retold many times throughout human history - in fiction, as in fact. Criminality is either a selfish choice, an aberration; or a forced choice, the product of social factors. These two stories continue to dominate both our views of and responses to crime. And, says Tom Gash, they are completely wrong. In seeking to dispel the myths that surround and inform our views of crime, Criminal argues that our obsession with 'big arguments' about crime's causes can lead us to mistake individual cases as proof of universal rules. How, he asks, can we suspend our knee-jerk reactions, and begin to understand crime for what it is: as a risk that can be managed and reduced.

The Other Side of Criminology

An Inversion of the Concept of Crime
Author: Gerardus Petrus Hoefnagels
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401744955
Category: Social Science
Page: 181
View: 6874

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Didactically, a textbook of criminology should start at the beginning. The learning process, also an emotional process, begins in criminology with the concepts, views, emotions, attitudes and ideas we have regarding crime and criminals. Exploration of these underlying factors is one of the aims of the present book. We can free our thinking only by being aware of the significance of our own feelings and thoughts about a phenomenon like crime. 'That is the basic problem confronting us. In scien tific thinking implicit postulates as to the sensus communis, unless recognized and 1 neutralized, grow into idols.' The fight against crime is one example of such an idol. Crimes and criminals exist only by virtue of reactions to certain forms of be havior. For this reason this book will begin by examining the reactions of society to crime. Criminology is primarily a science of others than offenders. In this sense I invert criminology. The history of criminology is not so much a history of offenders, 2 as a history of the reactions of those in power.

Criminology

Theory and context
Author: John Tierney,Maggie O’Neill
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317903145
Category: Social Science
Page: 450
View: 8051

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Criminology: theory and context, third edition, expands upon the ideas presented in previous editions, while introducing new material on critical theory, feminism, masculinities, cultural criminology and postmodernism. The text has been thoroughly updated throughout to reflect key perspectives in contemporary criminological theory. Relevant updates include discussions on New Labour’s criminal justice and penal policies in its third term in office, and the latest developments in criminal justice and the politics of law and order in the UK and US. This edition revisits societal and cultural influences that have shaped the discipline and invites the reader to re-examine the phenomena of crime and deviance. Criminology: theory and context, third edition, is presented in a logical structure and adopts an accessible framework. The text is essential reading for students of criminology, criminological theory and criminal justice and will also be of key interest to those studying sociology, law and the wider social sciences.

Masculinities and Crime

Critique and Reconceptualization of Theory
Author: James W. Messerschmidt
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780847678693
Category: Social Science
Page: 236
View: 6093

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Challenging the common masculinist character of criminological research, James W. Messerschmidt develops an elaborate scrutiny of the gender roles that, along with class and race, influence the occurrence and types of crimes in our society.

Evolutionary Criminology

Towards a Comprehensive Explanation of Crime
Author: Russil Durrant,Tony Ward
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123984939
Category: Social Science
Page: 348
View: 4678

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In our attempts to understand crime, researchers typically focus on proximate factors such as the psychology of offenders, their developmental history, and the social structure in which they are embedded. While these factors are important, they don't tell the whole story. Evolutionary Criminology: Towards a Comprehensive Explanation of Crime explores how evolutionary biology adds to our understanding of why crime is committed, by whom, and our response to norm violations. This understanding is important both for a better understanding of what precipitates crime and to guide approaches for effectively managing criminal behavior. This book is divided into three parts. Part I reviews evolutionary biology concepts important for understanding human behavior, including crime. Part II focuses on theoretical approaches to explaining crime, including the evolution of cooperation, and the evolutionary history and function of violent crime, drug use, property offending, and white collar crime. The developmental origins of criminal behavior are described to account for the increase in offending during adolescence and early adulthood as well as to explain why some offenders are more likely to desist than others. Proximal causes of crime are examined, as well as cultural and structural processes influencing crime. Part III considers human motivation to punish norm violators and what this means for the development of a criminal justice system. This section also considers how an evolutionary approach contributes to our understanding of crime prevention and reduction. The section closes with an evolutionary approach to understanding offender rehabilitation and reintegration. Reviews how evolutionary findings improve our understanding of crime and punishment Examines motivations to offend, and to punish norm violators Articulates evolutionary explanations for adolescent crime increase Identifies how this knowledge can aid in crime prevention and reduction, and in offender rehabilitation

The Blackwell Companion to Criminology


Author: Colin Sumner
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470998954
Category: Social Science
Page: 544
View: 8078

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The Blackwell Companion to Criminology provides a contemporary and global resource to scholarship in both classical and topical areas of criminology. Written accessibly, and with its international perspective and first-rate scholarship, this is truly the first global handbook of criminology. Editors and contributors are international experts in criminology, offering a comparative perspective on theories and systems Contains full discussion of key debates and theories, the implications of new topics, studies and ideas, and contemporary developments Coverage includes: class, gender, and race, criminal justice, juvenile delinquency, punishment, mass media, international crimes, and social control