Nonlinear Integer Programming


Author: Duan Li,Xiaoling Sun
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387329951
Category: Mathematics
Page: 438
View: 8231

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A combination of both Integer Programming and Nonlinear Optimization, this is a powerful book that surveys the field and provides a state-of-the-art treatment of Nonlinear Integer Programming. It is the first book available on the subject. The book aims to bring the theoretical foundation and solution methods for nonlinear integer programming to students and researchers in optimization, operations research, and computer science.

Linear Programming

Foundations and Extensions
Author: Robert J Vanderbei
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475756623
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 450
View: 2373

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This book provides an introduction to optimization. It details constrained optimization, beginning with a substantial treatment of linear programming and proceeding to convex analysis, network flows, integer programming, quadratic programming, and convex optimization. Coverage underscores the purpose of optimization: to solve practical problems on a computer. C programs that implement the major algorithms and JAVA tools are available online.

Nonlinear Multiobjective Optimization


Author: Kaisa Miettinen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461555639
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 298
View: 8040

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Problems with multiple objectives and criteria are generally known as multiple criteria optimization or multiple criteria decision-making (MCDM) problems. So far, these types of problems have typically been modelled and solved by means of linear programming. However, many real-life phenomena are of a nonlinear nature, which is why we need tools for nonlinear programming capable of handling several conflicting or incommensurable objectives. In this case, methods of traditional single objective optimization and linear programming are not enough; we need new ways of thinking, new concepts, and new methods - nonlinear multiobjective optimization. Nonlinear Multiobjective Optimization provides an extensive, up-to-date, self-contained and consistent survey, review of the literature and of the state of the art on nonlinear (deterministic) multiobjective optimization, its methods, its theory and its background. The amount of literature on multiobjective optimization is immense. The treatment in this book is based on approximately 1500 publications in English printed mainly after the year 1980. Problems related to real-life applications often contain irregularities and nonsmoothnesses. The treatment of nondifferentiable multiobjective optimization in the literature is rather rare. For this reason, this book contains material about the possibilities, background, theory and methods of nondifferentiable multiobjective optimization as well. This book is intended for both researchers and students in the areas of (applied) mathematics, engineering, economics, operations research and management science; it is meant for both professionals and practitioners in many different fields of application. The intention has been to provide a consistent summary that may help in selecting an appropriate method for the problem to be solved. It is hoped the extensive bibliography will be of value to researchers.

Linear and Nonlinear Optimization


Author: Richard W. Cottle,Mukund N. Thapa
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1493970550
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 614
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​This textbook on Linear and Nonlinear Optimization is intended for graduate and advanced undergraduate students in operations research and related fields. It is both literate and mathematically strong, yet requires no prior course in optimization. As suggested by its title, the book is divided into two parts covering in their individual chapters LP Models and Applications; Linear Equations and Inequalities; The Simplex Algorithm; Simplex Algorithm Continued; Duality and the Dual Simplex Algorithm; Postoptimality Analyses; Computational Considerations; Nonlinear (NLP) Models and Applications; Unconstrained Optimization; Descent Methods; Optimality Conditions; Problems with Linear Constraints; Problems with Nonlinear Constraints; Interior-Point Methods; and an Appendix covering Mathematical Concepts. Each chapter ends with a set of exercises. The book is based on lecture notes the authors have used in numerous optimization courses the authors have taught at Stanford University. It emphasizes modeling and numerical algorithms for optimization with continuous (not integer) variables. The discussion presents the underlying theory without always focusing on formal mathematical proofs (which can be found in cited references). Another feature of this book is its inclusion of cultural and historical matters, most often appearing among the footnotes. "This book is a real gem. The authors do a masterful job of rigorously presenting all of the relevant theory clearly and concisely while managing to avoid unnecessary tedious mathematical details. This is an ideal book for teaching a one or two semester masters-level course in optimization – it broadly covers linear and nonlinear programming effectively balancing modeling, algorithmic theory, computation, implementation, illuminating historical facts, and numerous interesting examples and exercises. Due to the clarity of the exposition, this book also serves as a valuable reference for self-study." Professor Ilan Adler, IEOR Department, UC Berkeley "A carefully crafted introduction to the main elements and applications of mathematical optimization. This volume presents the essential concepts of linear and nonlinear programming in an accessible format filled with anecdotes, examples, and exercises that bring the topic to life. The authors plumb their decades of experience in optimization to provide an enriching layer of historical context. Suitable for advanced undergraduates and masters students in management science, operations research, and related fields." Michael P. Friedlander, IBM Professor of Computer Science, Professor of Mathematics, University of British Columbia

Linear and Nonlinear Programming


Author: David G. Luenberger,Yinyu Ye
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387745033
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 546
View: 3349

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This third edition of the classic textbook in Optimization has been fully revised and updated. It comprehensively covers modern theoretical insights in this crucial computing area, and will be required reading for analysts and operations researchers in a variety of fields. The book connects the purely analytical character of an optimization problem, and the behavior of algorithms used to solve it. Now, the third edition has been completely updated with recent Optimization Methods. The book also has a new co-author, Yinyu Ye of California’s Stanford University, who has written lots of extra material including some on Interior Point Methods.

Linear Programming and Generalizations

A Problem-based Introduction with Spreadsheets
Author: Eric V. Denardo
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441964915
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 673
View: 5023

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This book on constrained optimization is novel in that it fuses these themes: • use examples to introduce general ideas; • engage the student in spreadsheet computation; • survey the uses of constrained optimization;. • investigate game theory and nonlinear optimization, • link the subject to economic reasoning, and • present the requisite mathematics. Blending these themes makes constrained optimization more accessible and more valuable. It stimulates the student’s interest, quickens the learning process, reveals connections to several academic and professional fields, and deepens the student’s grasp of the relevant mathematics. The book is designed for use in courses that focus on the applications of constrained optimization, in courses that emphasize the theory, and in courses that link the subject to economics.

Logic and Integer Programming


Author: H. Paul Williams
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387922806
Category: Computers
Page: 200
View: 6454

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Paul Williams, a leading authority on modeling in integer programming, has written a concise, readable introduction to the science and art of using modeling in logic for integer programming. Written for graduate and postgraduate students, as well as academics and practitioners, the book is divided into four chapters that all avoid the typical format of definitions, theorems and proofs and instead introduce concepts and results within the text through examples. References are given at the end of each chapter to the more mathematical papers and texts on the subject, and exercises are included to reinforce and expand on the material in the chapter. Methods of solving with both logic and IP are given and their connections are described. Applications in diverse fields are discussed, and Williams shows how IP models can be expressed as satisfiability problems and solved as such.

Integrated Methods for Optimization


Author: John N. Hooker
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 146141900X
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 642
View: 8567

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The first edition of Integrated Methods for Optimization was published in January 2007. Because the book covers a rapidly developing field, the time is right for a second edition. The book provides a unified treatment of optimization methods. It brings ideas from mathematical programming (MP), constraint programming (CP), and global optimization (GO)into a single volume. There is no reason these must be learned as separate fields, as they normally are, and there are three reasons they should be studied together. (1) There is much in common among them intellectually, and to a large degree they can be understood as special cases of a single underlying solution technology. (2) A growing literature reports how they can be profitably integrated to formulate and solve a wide range of problems. (3) Several software packages now incorporate techniques from two or more of these fields. The book provides a unique resource for graduate students and practitioners who want a well-rounded background in optimization methods within a single course of study. Engineering students are a particularly large potential audience, because engineering optimization problems often benefit from a combined approach—particularly where design, scheduling, or logistics are involved. The text is also of value to those studying operations research, because their educational programs rarely cover CP, and to those studying computer science and artificial intelligence (AI), because their curric ula typically omit MP and GO. The text is also useful for practitioners in any of these areas who want to learn about another, because it provides a more concise and accessible treatment than other texts. The book can cover so wide a range of material because it focuses on ideas that arerelevant to the methods used in general-purpose optimization and constraint solvers. The book focuses on ideas behind the methods that have proved useful in general-purpose optimization and constraint solvers, as well as integrated solvers of the present and foreseeable future. The second edition updates results in this area and includes several major new topics: Background material in linear, nonlinear, and dynamic programming. Network flow theory, due to its importance in filtering algorithms. A chapter on generalized duality theory that more explicitly develops a unifying primal-dual algorithmic structure for optimization methods. An extensive survey of search methods from both MP and AI, using the primal-dual framework as an organizing principle. Coverage of several additional global constraints used in CP solvers. The book continues to focus on exact as opposed to heuristic methods. It is possible to bring heuristic methods into the unifying scheme described in the book, and the new edition will retain the brief discussion of how this might be done.

Feasibility and Infeasibility in Optimization:

Algorithms and Computational Methods
Author: John W. Chinneck
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387749322
Category: Mathematics
Page: 274
View: 3310

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Written by a world leader in the field and aimed at researchers in applied and engineering sciences, this brilliant text has as its main goal imparting an understanding of the methods so that practitioners can make immediate use of existing algorithms and software, and so that researchers can extend the state of the art and find new applications. It includes algorithms on seeking feasibility and analyzing infeasibility, as well as describing new and surprising applications.

Handbook on Modelling for Discrete Optimization


Author: Gautam M. Appa,Leonidas S. Pitsoulis,H. Paul Williams
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387329420
Category: Mathematics
Page: 434
View: 8564

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This book aims to demonstrate and detail the pervasive nature of Discrete Optimization. The handbook couples the difficult, critical-thinking aspects of mathematical modeling with the hot area of discrete optimization. It is done with an academic treatment outlining the state-of-the-art for researchers across the domains of the Computer Science, Math Programming, Applied Mathematics, Engineering, and Operations Research. The book utilizes the tools of mathematical modeling, optimization, and integer programming to solve a broad range of modern problems.

Practical Goal Programming


Author: Dylan Jones,Mehrdad Tamiz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441957719
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 170
View: 3803

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Practical Goal Programming is intended to allow academics and practitioners to be able to build effective goal programming models, to detail the current state of the art, and to lay the foundation for its future development and continued application to new and varied fields. Suitable as both a text and reference, its nine chapters first provide a brief history, fundamental definitions, and underlying philosophies, and then detail the goal programming variants and define them algebraically. Chapter 3 details the step-by-step formulation of the basic goal programming model, and Chapter 4 explores more advanced modeling issues and highlights some recently proposed extensions. Chapter 5 then details the solution methodologies of goal programming, concentrating on computerized solution by the Excel Solver and LINGO packages for each of the three main variants, and includes a discussion of the viability of the use of specialized goal programming packages. Chapter 6 discusses the linkages between Pareto Efficiency and goal programming. Chapters 3 to 6 are supported by a set of ten exercises, and an Excel spreadsheet giving the basic solution of each example is available at an accompanying website. Chapter 7 details the current state of the art in terms of the integration of goal programming with other techniques, and the text concludes with two case studies which were chosen to demonstrate the application of goal programming in practice and to illustrate the principles developed in Chapters 1 to 7. Chapter 8 details an application in healthcare, and Chapter 9 describes applications in portfolio selection.

Understanding and Using Linear Programming


Author: Jiri Matousek,Bernd Gärtner
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540307176
Category: Mathematics
Page: 226
View: 6749

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The book is an introductory textbook mainly for students of computer science and mathematics. Our guiding phrase is "what every theoretical computer scientist should know about linear programming". A major focus is on applications of linear programming, both in practice and in theory. The book is concise, but at the same time, the main results are covered with complete proofs and in sufficient detail, ready for presentation in class. The book does not require more prerequisites than basic linear algebra, which is summarized in an appendix. One of its main goals is to help the reader to see linear programming "behind the scenes".

Advances in Sensitivity Analysis and Parametric Programming


Author: Tomas Gal,H.J. Greenberg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461561035
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 581
View: 8702

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The standard view of Operations Research/Management Science (OR/MS) dichotomizes the field into deterministic and probabilistic (nondeterministic, stochastic) subfields. This division can be seen by reading the contents page of just about any OR/MS textbook. The mathematical models that help to define OR/MS are usually presented in terms of one subfield or the other. This separation comes about somewhat artificially: academic courses are conveniently subdivided with respect to prerequisites; an initial overview of OR/MS can be presented without requiring knowledge of probability and statistics; text books are conveniently divided into two related semester courses, with deterministic models coming first; academics tend to specialize in one subfield or the other; and practitioners also tend to be expert in a single subfield. But, no matter who is involved in an OR/MS modeling situation (deterministic or probabilistic - academic or practitioner), it is clear that a proper and correct treatment of any problem situation is accomplished only when the analysis cuts across this dichotomy.

Optimization Models


Author: Giuseppe C. Calafiore,Laurent El Ghaoui
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107050871
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 660
View: 3376

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This accessible textbook demonstrates how to recognize, simplify, model and solve optimization problems - and apply these principles to new projects.

Linear and Nonlinear Programming with Maple

An Interactive, Applications-Based Approach
Author: Paul E. Fishback
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420090659
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 413
View: 7552

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Helps Students Understand Mathematical Programming Principles and Solve Real-World Applications Supplies enough mathematical rigor yet accessible enough for undergraduates Integrating a hands-on learning approach, a strong linear algebra focus, MapleTM software, and real-world applications, Linear and Nonlinear Programming with MapleTM: An Interactive, Applications-Based Approach introduces undergraduate students to the mathematical concepts and principles underlying linear and nonlinear programming. This text fills the gap between management science books lacking mathematical detail and rigor and graduate-level books on mathematical programming. Essential linear algebra tools Throughout the text, topics from a first linear algebra course, such as the invertible matrix theorem, linear independence, transpose properties, and eigenvalues, play a prominent role in the discussion. The book emphasizes partitioned matrices and uses them to describe the simplex algorithm in terms of matrix multiplication. This perspective leads to streamlined approaches for constructing the revised simplex method, developing duality theory, and approaching the process of sensitivity analysis. The book also discusses some intermediate linear algebra topics, including the spectral theorem and matrix norms. Maple enhances conceptual understanding and helps tackle problems Assuming no prior experience with Maple, the author provides a sufficient amount of instruction for students unfamiliar with the software. He also includes a summary of Maple commands as well as Maple worksheets in the text and online. By using Maple’s symbolic computing components, numeric capabilities, graphical versatility, and intuitive programming structures, students will acquire a deep conceptual understanding of major mathematical programming principles, along with the ability to solve moderately sized real-world applications. Hands-on activities that engage students Throughout the book, student understanding is evaluated through "waypoints" that involve basic computations or short questions. Some problems require paper-and-pencil calculations; others involve more lengthy calculations better suited for performing with Maple. Many sections contain exercises that are conceptual in nature and/or involve writing proofs. In addition, six substantial projects in one of the appendices enable students to solve challenging real-world problems.

Optimization Methods in Finance


Author: Gérard Cornuéjols,Javier Peña,Reha Tütüncü
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107056748
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 347
View: 4384

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Full treatment, from model formulation to computational implementation, of optimization techniques that solve central problems in finance.

Stochastic Linear Programming

Models, Theory, and Computation
Author: Peter Kall,János Mayer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441977298
Category: Mathematics
Page: 426
View: 6878

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This new edition of Stochastic Linear Programming: Models, Theory and Computation has been brought completely up to date, either dealing with or at least referring to new material on models and methods, including DEA with stochastic outputs modeled via constraints on special risk functions (generalizing chance constraints, ICC’s and CVaR constraints), material on Sharpe-ratio, and Asset Liability Management models involving CVaR in a multi-stage setup. To facilitate use as a text, exercises are included throughout the book, and web access is provided to a student version of the authors’ SLP-IOR software. Additionally, the authors have updated the Guide to Available Software, and they have included newer algorithms and modeling systems for SLP. The book is thus suitable as a text for advanced courses in stochastic optimization, and as a reference to the field. From Reviews of the First Edition: "The book presents a comprehensive study of stochastic linear optimization problems and their applications. ... The presentation includes geometric interpretation, linear programming duality, and the simplex method in its primal and dual forms. ... The authors have made an effort to collect ... the most useful recent ideas and algorithms in this area. ... A guide to the existing software is included as well." (Darinka Dentcheva, Mathematical Reviews, Issue 2006 c) "This is a graduate text in optimisation whose main emphasis is in stochastic programming. The book is clearly written. ... This is a good book for providing mathematicians, economists and engineers with an almost complete start up information for working in the field. I heartily welcome its publication. ... It is evident that this book will constitute an obligatory reference source for the specialists of the field." (Carlos Narciso Bouza Herrera, Zentralblatt MATH, Vol. 1104 (6), 2007)

The Mathematics of Nonlinear Programming


Author: Anthony L. Peressini,Francis E. Sullivan,J.J. Jr. Uhl
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0387966145
Category: Mathematics
Page: 276
View: 2209

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Nonlinear programming provides an excellent opportunity to explore an interesting variety of pure and solidly applicable mathematics, numerical analysis, and computing. This text develops some of the ideas and techniques involved in the optimization methods using calculus, leading to the study of convexity. This is followed by material on basic numerical methods, least squares, the Karush-Kuhn-Tucker theorem, penalty functions, and Lagrange multipliers. The authors have aimed their presentation at the student who has a working knowledge of matrix algebra and advanced calculus, but has had no previous exposure to optimization.

Linear and Integer Programming Made Easy


Author: T. C. Hu,Andrew B. Kahng
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319240013
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 143
View: 1097

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This textbook provides concise coverage of the basics of linear and integer programming which, with megatrends toward optimization, machine learning, big data, etc., are becoming fundamental toolkits for data and information science and technology. The authors’ approach is accessible to students from almost all fields of engineering, including operations research, statistics, machine learning, control system design, scheduling, formal verification and computer vision. The presentations enables the basis for numerous approaches to solving hard combinatorial optimization problems through randomization and approximation. Readers will learn to cast various problems that may arise in their research as optimization problems, understand the cases where the optimization problem will be linear, choose appropriate solution methods and interpret results appropriately.