Lectures on the Forces of Matter

And Their Relations to Each Other
Author: Michael Faraday
Publisher: The Floating Press
ISBN: 1775413578
Category: Literary Collections
Page: 127
View: 8098

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Self-taught chemist and scientist Michael Faraday was one of the most prolific and prescient researchers to emerge from England in the nineteenth century. In this captivating collection of talks and lectures, Faraday sets forth some of his most influential theories, findings, and conjectures.

The Forces of Matter


Author: Michael Faraday
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780486474823
Category: Science
Page: 88
View: 830

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These lectures by a famous inventor offer an easy-to-understand introduction to the interactions of the universe's physical forces. Michael Faraday delighted in introducing young minds to scientific inquiry, and he geared these talks to audiences of high school age and older. His topics include gravitation, cohesion, chemical affinity, heat, magnetism, and electricity. 1993 edition.

Christmas at the Royal Institution

An Anthology of Lectures
Author: Frank A. J. L. James
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9812771107
Category: Chemistry
Page: 400
View: 6014

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Since the mid-1820s, a series of lectures has been delivered each year over the Christmas period in the world-famous Faraday Lecture Theatre at The Royal Institution of Great Britain by prominent scientists, addressed specifically to an audience of children. Initially made accessible in book form, the lectures have been nationally televised throughout the UK and distributed worldwide since the 1960s, making them accessible to an even larger audience. The importance of these lectures in promoting science to a broad audience is perhaps best gauged by the fact that an image of one of Faraday''s lectures appeared on the Bank of England u20 note in the 1990s. This anthology brings together, for the first time, a carefully chosen selection of 11 lectures from the 1860s to the 1990s. The selection includes lectures by Michael Faraday, arguably the most important and influential 19th-century physicist, and Lawrence Bragg, the youngest ever winner of the Nobel Prize. Through this work, readers will come to grips with the changing nature of popular science lectures over the past 140 years. Sample Chapter(s). Introduction (7,804 KB). Chapter 1: The Correlation of the Physical Forces (957 KB). Chapter 2: Carbon or Charcoal-Coal Gas-Respiration and Its Analogy to the Burning of a Candle-Conclusion (345 KB). Chapter 3: The Forms of Water in Clouds and Rivers, Ice and Glaciers (422 KB). Chapter 4: Lessons in Electricity (781 KB). Contents: The Correlation of the Physical Forces (M Faraday); Carbon or Charcoal OCo Coal Gas OCo Respiration and Its Analogy to the Burning of a Candle OCo Conclusion (M Faraday); The Forms of Water in Clouds and Rivers, Ice and Glaciers (J Tyndall); Lessons in Electricity (J Tyndall); Stars (R S Ball); RAntgen Light (S P Thompson); The Great Extinct Reptiles OCo Dinosaurs from the Oolites OCo The Pariasaurus and Inostransevia from the Trias of North Russia and South Africa OCo Marine Reptiles (E R Lankester); The Atoms of Which Things Are Made (W H Bragg); Our Electrical Supply (W L Bragg); Objects and Pictures (R L Gregory); Gallery of Monsters (I Stewart). Readership: Scientists with an interest in communicating science; historians with an interest in the development of science communication; general public interested in science."

On the Various Forces of Nature and Their Relations to Each Other; a Course of Lectures Delivered Before a Juvenile Audience at the Royal Institution


Author: Michael Faraday
Publisher: Theclassics.Us
ISBN: 9781230733432
Category:
Page: 46
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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1894 edition. Excerpt: ...the electricity from going away to the earth. If, therefore, I were to stand on this stool, and receive the electricity through this conductor, I could give it to anything that I touched. The Lecturer stood upon the insulating stool, and placed himself in connection with the conductor of the machine. Now, I am electrified--I can feel my hair rising up as the paper tassel did just now. Let us see whether I can succeed in lighting gas by touching the jet with my finger. The Lecturer brought his finger near a jet from which gas was issuing, when, after one or two attempts, the spark which came from his finger to the jet set fire to the gas. You now see how it is that this power of electricity can be transferred from the matter in which it is generated, and conducted along wires and other bodies, and thus be made to serve new purposes utterly unattainable by the powers we have spoken of on previous days; and you will not now be at a loss to bring this power of electricity into comparison with those which we have previously examined; and tomorrow we shall be able to go further into the consideration of these transferable powers. r LECTURE VI. THE CORRELATION OF THE PHYSICAL FORCES. TTTE have frequently seen, during the course " of these lectures, that one of those powers or forces of matter, of which I have written the names on that board, has produced results which are due to the action of some other force. Thus, you have seen the force of electricity acting in other ways than in attracting: you have also seen it combine matters together, or disunite them, by means of its action on the chemical force; and in this case, therefore, you have an instance in which these two powers are related. But we have other and deeper relations than...

A Course of Lectures on Natural Philosophy


Author: Denis Weaire,Patrick Kelly,David Attis
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781898706175
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 448
View: 2131

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The publication of Isaac Newton's Principia in 1689 marked an epoch in the history of science. Newton's work came to be seen as a new paradigm for science-not only the solution to the problem of planetary motion, but also a theory of mechanics and, perhaps more importantly, a new method for approaching a wide range of scientific problems. However, as scholars created what came to be known as Newtonianism, they faced the problem of presenting it to students. Newton's own book was rather forbidding, and as an astronomical text, it lacked a discussion of many other important aspects of experimental philosophy. Richard Helsham (1682-1738) faced this problem in his course of lectures at Trinity College in Dublin in the early decades of the eighteenth century. As a youth, Helsham had been a contemporary of George Berkeley at Kilkenny College and shared his interest in the new science. Helsham then became a medical doctor. Jonathan Swift described him in affectionate terms several times in his writings, calling him "the most eminent physician in this city and kingdom." Helsham saw Newton's method as the key to progress in all areas of science. Having lectured on natural philosophy since the opening of the medical laboratory at Trinity College in 1711, he was appointed professor of natural and experimental philosophy in 1724 and in 1733 added the position of professor of physick (medicine). Helsham's lectures on natural philosophy were so well received that they were published just after his death. With its intuitive explanations and its coverage of all the major topics of physic, A Course of Lectures on Natural Philosophy was reprinted at least seven times from 1739 to 1818 and was used as a standard work in the course at Trinity College in Dublin up until 1850. One of the very first textbooks on Newtonian physics, the book provides a remarkable window into the early development of Newtonian physics in a very readable contemporary form. An appealing aspect of A Course of Lectures on Natural Philosophy is its familiarity to modern students of physics. Treated in much the same way as a modern introductory course in physics, 23 lectures cover topics such as gravitation, central forces, the composition of motion, collision, simple machines, friction, motion down an inclined plane, projectile motion, hydrostatics, pneumatics, sound, and light. The emphasis is on conveying the ideas and describing the experimental evidence while keeping mathematics to a minimum by concentrating only on simple geometry and algebra. With eleven plates of illustrations, the book contains four appendices that investigate problems, including non-elastic collisions, motion through a resisting medium, and the motion of water through pipes. This edition includes a preface by the editors, setting the book in the context of the Newtonian revolution in physics and the history of Trinity College.

An Examination of Sir William Hamilton's Philosophy


Author: John Stuart Mill
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1442655909
Category: Philosophy
Page: 734
View: 2419

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An Examination of Sir William Hamilton's Philosophy, first published in 1865, with a second edition in the same year, and third and fourth editions in 1867 and 1872, has long been out of print. The Examination was, for his contemporaries, a most significant and popular work, presenting an extended treatment of some matters central to empiricism that found little space in Mill's Logic, the best known being his treatment of matter and mind from a psychological viewpoint. Appearing just before his successful parliamentary candidature, the Examination, with its deliberate and explicit onslaught on the intuitionists who were, in Mill's view, allied with anti-progressive political and religious forces, brought his beliefs into the public arena in a new way. Some of those who supported him politically found themselves viciously attacked because they had associated themselves with one who assailed settled religious beliefs. Other religionists who rejected many of Mill's attitudes strong expressed their admiration of the Examination because of its exposure to what they, with him, saw as dangerous theological and moral positions. Alan Ryan's analytical and historial introduction dwells on the most significant philosophical elements in the work, placing them in perspective and showing their relations to other aspects of Mill's thought. The textual introduction, by John M. Robson, examines the treatise in context of Mill's life in the 1860s, outlines its composition, and discusses, among other matters, the importance of the extensive revisions Mill made, mostly in response to critics. These revisions appear in full in the textual apparatus. Also provided are a bibliographical index, which gives a guide to the literature on the subject, and a collation of Mill's quotations, an analytical index, and appendices giving the reading of manuscript fragments and listing textual emendations.

The Feynman Lectures on Physics

Mainly Electromagnetism and Matter
Author: Richard Phillips Feynman,Robert B. Leighton,Matthew Sands
Publisher: Basic Books
ISBN: 0465024947
Category: Science
Page: 592
View: 2681

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"The whole thing was basically an experiment,” Richard Feynman said late in his career, looking back on the origins of his lectures. The experiment turned out to be hugely successful, spawning publications that have remained definitive and introductory to physics for decades. Ranging from the basic principles of Newtonian physics through such formidable theories as general relativity and quantum mechanics, Feynman's lectures stand as a monument of clear exposition and deep insight. Timeless and collectible, the lectures are essential reading, not just for students of physics but for anyone seeking an introduction to the field from the inimitable Feynman.

Lectures on the Theory of the Nucleus


Author: A. G. Sitenko,V. K. Tartakovskii
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483295419
Category: Science
Page: 316
View: 7872

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Provides an advanced and up-to-date account of the theory of nuclear structure and discusses in considerable detail both the superfluid and collective models of the nucleus, in addition to earlier complementary models and theories. The book also examines other important topics such as the rotational and vibrational spectra of nuclei which have not previously been treated in such depth. To summarize, it covers a large amount of theoretical ground in one volume and attempts to fill a serious gap in the literature. Many problems are included

The Chemical History of a Candle


Author: Michael Faraday
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 9780486425429
Category: Science
Page: 223
View: 4769

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One of the greatest experimental scientists of all time, Michael Faraday (1791–1867) developed the first electric motor, electric generator, and dynamo — essentially creating the science of electrochemistry. This book, the result of six lectures he delivered to young students at London’s Royal Institution, concerns another form of energy — candlelight. Faraday titled the lectures "The Chemical History of a Candle," choosing the subject because, as he explained, "There is not a law under which any part of this universe is governed which does not come into play and is not touched upon [during the time a candle burns]." That statement is the foundation for a book that describes, with great clarity, the components, function and weight of the atmosphere; the function of a candle wick; capillary attraction; the carbon content in oxygen and living bodies; the production of carbon dioxide from coal gas and sugar; the properties of carbonic acid; respiration and its analogy to the burning of a candle; and much more. There is also a chapter comprising Faraday's "Lecture on Platinum." A useful classroom teaching tool, this classic text will also appeal to a wide audience interested in scientific inquiry.

Lectures on the Principles of Political Obligation


Author: Thomas Hill Green
Publisher: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.
ISBN: 1584776145
Category: Law
Page: 252
View: 5000

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Reprint of the first edition. Roscoe Pound recommended this book in The Study of American Law for its discussion of legal rights, powers, liberties, privileges and liabilities (38). Green [1836-1882], Professor of Moral Philosophy at Oxford University, was one of the most influential philosophers of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Lectures on the Principles of Political Obligations is his most important work. Its object is to demonstrate, on the basis of his general moral philosophy, the ethical position of the state, in particular the extent to which moral authority is justifiable and obedience to law morally obligatory. Extracted from Volume II of The Works of Thomas Hill Green (1885), it went on to become a standard textbook on political theory in Great Britain and the United States. A durable work, it is still cited today.