What Disaster Response Management Can Learn from Chaos Theory

Conference Proceedings
Author: Gus A. Koehler
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 9780788144998
Category:
Page: 223
View: 7732

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Contents: what disaster response management can learn from chaos theory; disaster in aisle 13 revisited; nonlinear analysis of disaster response data; disaster responder's perception of time; fractals & path dependent processes: a theoretical approach for characterizing emergency medical responses to major disasters; self-organization in disaster response: global strategies to support local action; & chaos theory & disaster response management: lessons for managing periods of extreme instability. Bibliography.

Accident And Design

Contemporary Debates On Risk Management
Author: C. Hood,D. K. C. Jones
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135362610
Category: Science
Page: 272
View: 8043

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An examination of different theoretical, methodological and practical approaches towards the management of risk. Seven dimensions of the debate are identified, and the case for each position is put forward, the whole discussion being set in context and perspective. This volume attempts to identify and juxtapose the contested doctrines and underlying assumptions in the field of risk management.

Zero Tolerance Policing


Author: Roger Hopkins Burke
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Crime prevention
Page: 111
View: 2175

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Suitable for those with an interest in the police, crime prevention, community safety and order maintenance, this text provides an understanding of the many issues involved in zero tolerance policing. Subjects under discussion include: initiatives in both the UK and US, problem-oriented policing, community reaction, and more.

The First 72 Hours

A Community Approach to Disaster Preparedness
Author: Margaret O'Leary
Publisher: iUniverse
ISBN: 0595310842
Category: Social Science
Page: 584
View: 7211

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The First 72 Hours is the seminal anthology of the perspectives of public and private sector leaders who came together after September 11, 2001 to design more disaster-resilient communities. Under the umbrella of the Suburban Emergency Management Project, these leaders learned from national experts and one another that all disasters are intensely local at first and that most communities are "on their own" immediately following disaster impact-often for as long as 72 hours. This new awareness mandated updating strategies to improve disaster preparedness, particularly in light of the threat of terrorism. A wide gamut of perspectives are laid out in the book, including those of doctors and hospitals, city managers, police officers, firefighters, paramedics, American Red Cross volunteers, hospital accreditors, the media, business managers, utility companies, emergency managers, public health officials, academics, and elected public officials. In their own words, these individuals convey the importance of learning how to map the myriad organizations involved in local disaster preparedness and response; analyzing, refining and rehearsing local disaster roles; and getting to know individual personalities when in specific roles. The First 72 Hours is an essential resource for professionals and private citizens alike who want to know what kinds of questions must be asked and answered to better prepare their communities to survive future disaster. "There's a special providence in the fall of a sparrow. If it be now, 'tis not to come; if it be not to come, it will be now; if it be not now, yet it will come: the readiness is all."-Hamlet, act 5, scene 2

Systems Approach to Management of Disasters

Methods and Applications
Author: Slobodan P. Simonovic
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118097786
Category: Political Science
Page: 344
View: 4884

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The main goal of this text is to introduce the systems approach todisasters management community as an alternative approach that canprovide support for interdisciplinary activities involved in themanagement of disasters. The systems approach draws on thefields of operations research and economics to create skills insolving complex management problems. The text is organized into four parts. Part I provides anintroductory discussion of disaster management including anoverview of the main terms used. Part II is devoted to theintroduction of systems theory, mathematical formalization andclassification of methods. The material presented in this sectionshould be of practical relevance during the process of selecting anappropriate tool for the solution of a problem. Part III istechnical in nature, providing a simulation approach and a detaileddescription of system dynamics simulation. This section details twoareas of application: flood evacuation simulation, and disasterrisk assessment. Part IV ends with a chapter covering steps toimprove disaster management. Finally parts of the book can be usedas a tool for specialized short courses for practitioners. Forexample a course on 'System analysis for emergency managementoptimization' could be based on Chapters 3, 4 and parts of Chapter6. Included in the book is a CD with three computer programs VensimPLE, LINPRO, and COMPRO. Vensim PLE (Personal Learning Edition) isstate-of-the-art simulation software used for the implementation ofsystem dynamics simulation. The other two programs are: LINPRO, alinear programming optimization tool; and COMPRO, for theimplementation of the multi-objective analysis tool of compromiseprogramming.

Disaster and Development


Author: Andrew E. Collins
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134091524
Category: Science
Page: 304
View: 1792

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Development to a large extent determines the way in which hazards impact on people. Meanwhile the occurrence of disasters alters the scope of development. Whilst a notion of the association of disaster and development is as old as development studies itself, recent decades have produced an intensifying demand for a fuller understanding. Evidence of disaster and development progressing together has attracted increased institutional attention. This includes recognition, through global accords, of a need for disaster reduction in achieving Millennium Development Goals, and of sustainable development as central to disaster reduction. However, varied interpretations of this linkage, and accessible options for future human wellbeing, remain unconsolidated for most of humanity. This engaging and accessible text illuminates the complexity of the relationship between disaster and development. It opens with an assessment of the scope of contemporary disaster and development studies, highlighting the rationale for looking at the two issues as part of the same topic. The second and third chapters detail development perspectives of disaster, and the influence of disaster on development. The fourth chapter exemplifies how human health is both a cause and consequence of disaster and development and the following chapter illustrates some of the learning and planning processes in disaster and development oriented practice. Early warning, risk management, mitigation, response and recovery actions provide the focus for the fifth and sixth chapters. The final chapter indicates some of the likely future contribution and challenges of combined disaster and development approaches. With an emphasis on putting people at the centre of disaster and development, the book avoids confronting readers with ‘no hope’ representations, instead highlighting disaster reduction opportunities. This book is an essential introduction for students from multiple disciplines, whose subject area may variously engage with contemporary crises, and for many other people interested in finding about what is really meant by disaster reduction. They include students and practitioners of development, environment, sociology, economics, public health, anthropology, and emergency planning amongst others. It provides an entry point to a critical, yet diverse topic, backed up by student-friendly features, such as boxed case studies from the geographical areas of America to Africa and parts of Europe to parts of the East, summaries, discussion questions, suggested further reading and web site information.

Business Continuity Planning

A Project Management Approach
Author: Ralph L. Kliem,Gregg D. Richie
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482251795
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 402
View: 740

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If a major event such as a terrorist attack, 7.2 earthquake, tsunami, or hacker attack were to disrupt business operations, would your organization be prepared to respond to the financial, political, and social impacts? In order for your company to be resilient, it must be ready to respond and recover quickly from the impact of such events. Business continuity is the discipline that can help your organization become truly resilient. Business Continuity Planning: A Project Management Approach explains how to deploy project management, risk management, business continuity, and business preparedness methods in a manner that will ensure organizational resiliency. With an emphasis on building business preparedness plans, it covers the fundamental principles of project management, risk management, business continuity, and business preparedness. Upon reading this book, you will learn how to apply project management to institute business continuity governance and to build and maintain business preparedness plans. You will also learn what’s required to conduct an effective business impact analysis. Detailing a proven plan for achieving business continuity and business preparedness, the book includes numerous diagrams, checklists, and tools to help you determine exactly what you must do to prepare for a serious event. It also explains how to test your continuity plans and evaluate preparedness processes to ensure your organization will be truly prepared to withstand or recover from the next emergency, disaster, or catastrophic event to affect your organization.

Environmental Health in Emergencies and Disasters

A Practical Guide
Author: Benjamin Wisner,John Adams
Publisher: World Health Organization
ISBN: 9241545410
Category: Medical
Page: 252
View: 2987

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Distills what is known about environmental health during an emergency or disaster. Draws on results from the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction, and on experience with sustainable development between the two Earth Summits. The volume is intended for practitioners, as well as for policy makers and researchers, and thus covers both general and technical aspects of environmental health.

Business Ethics: A Stakeholder and Issues Management Approach


Author: Joseph Weiss
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 0324589735
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 552
View: 8182

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Ethical decisions do not take place in a vacuum, and many people, faced with their own interests and standards, need reliable guidelines to address the moral implications of business decisions. With a unique, highly practical approach to teaching business ethics, this text focuses on the relationships among various stakeholders, including individuals, groups, corporations, and even nations. The new fifth edition includes the latest research, current cases, and practical examples to help students examine the role of ethics in today's business world, from the boardroom to the classroom. Updates also include the addition of new, real-world ethical dilemmas presenting actual encounters by managers and students; an easy, step-by-step guide to implement a stakeholder analysis; tips to help students apply ethical principles in their personal and professional lives; and comprehensive coverage of employee workplace issues and highly relevant topics such as risk management, preferential hiring, corporate legitimacy, and moral accountability. The text also explores today's increasingly interconnected global business environment with coverage of multinational corporations and important issues such as the digital divide, bribery, corruption, human rights, and the environment. This text gives students the practical tools they need to handle complex moral dilemmas in the workplace and the world. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Learning from Megadisasters

Lessons from the Great East Japan Earthquake
Author: Federica Ranghieri,Mikio Ishiwatari
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 1464801533
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 388
View: 1023

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The Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE) was the first disaster ever recorded that included an earthquake, a tsunami, a nuclear power plant accident, a power supply failure, and a large-scale disruption of supply chains. This volume is part of a larger knowledge-sharing project sponsored by the World Bank and the government of Japan that collects and analyses information, data, and evaluations performed by academic and research institutions, nongovernmental organisations, government agencies, and the private sector - all with the objective of sharing Japan's knowledge on disaster risk management (DRM) and postdisaster reconstruction with countries vulnerable to disasters so they can mainstream DRM in their development policies and planning. Other countries can protect themselves from major disasters by adopting - and adapting as necessary - some of the measures taken by Japan, and by understanding the strengths and weaknesses of Japan's response to the GEJE.

Learning and Calamities

Practices, Interpretations, Patterns
Author: Heike Egner,Marén Schorch,Martin Voss
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134475810
Category: Social Science
Page: 314
View: 6213

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It is widely assumed that humanity should be able to learn from calamities (e.g., emergencies, disasters, catastrophes) and that the affected individuals, groups, and enterprises, as well as the concerned (disaster-) management organizations and institutions for prevention and mitigation, will be able to be better prepared or more efficient next time. Furthermore, it is often assumed that the results of these learning processes are preserved as "knowledge" in the collective memory of a society, and that patterns of practices were adopted on this base. Within history, there is more evidence for the opposite: Analyzing past calamities reveals that there is hardly any learning and, if so, that it rarely lasts more than one or two generations. This book explores whether learning in the context of calamities happens at all, and if learning takes place, under which conditions it can be achieved and what would be required to ensure that learned cognitive and practical knowledge will endure on a societal level. The contributions of this book include various fields of scientific research: history, sociology, geography, psychoanalysis, psychiatry, development studies and political studies, as well as disaster research and disaster risk reduction research.

IT Disaster Response

Lessons Learned in the Field
Author: Greg D. Moore
Publisher: Apress
ISBN: 1484221842
Category: Computers
Page: 140
View: 8923

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Learn how to develop solutions to handle disasters both large and small. Real-world scenarios illustrate the importance of disaster response (DR) planning. IT Disaster Response takes a different approach to IT disaster response plans. Rather than focusing on details such as what hardware you should buy or what software you need to have in place, the book focuses on the management of a disaster and various management and communication tools you can use before and during a disaster. This book examines disasters in general—a compilation of lessons the author learned over the course of years working in IT, reviewing plane crashes, and his experiences as a cave rescuer and cave rescue instructor. Although at first it may seem that none of these are really related, the truth is they all have elements in common. In each case, the unexpected has happened. Just as not all plane crashes are deadly, not all IT mishaps have terrible consequences. With the proper training and approach, many problems can either be avoided in the first place or better handled if they do arise. The book contains practical guidance on: How to think about a disaster both before it happens and while it’s happening How to apply management skills used in other fields during disasters How to get everyone on board when it comes to planning for and handling disasters How to better deal with smaller, more manageable—and more frequently occurring—disasters What you’ll learn Discover the difference between a DR solution and a DR plan Define a disaster — it’s not always of the scale of a fire burning down the building. See when to actually implement your DR plan Who This Book Is For IT professionals in charge of developing their company’s disaster recovery plan who also need to raise issues to the required C-level people to make sure they have a viable plan.

Essentials in Emergency Management

Including the All-hazards Approach
Author: Brian Gallant
Publisher: Government Institutes
ISBN: 9780865876323
Category: Social Science
Page: 170
View: 7273

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This book examines the Incident Command System (ICS), the new presidential directive dealing with the National Incident Management Systems, and the new emergency management concept called the all-hazards approach - the idea that a community's emergency plan follows the same philosophies and actions no matter what the emergency situation - used by most communities, the states, and the federal government. This handbook also discusses how to manage volunteers and deal with pets in disaster situations and looks at what the rest of the world is doing with respect to emergency management.

Development and Disaster Management

A Study of the Northeastern States of India
Author: Amita Singh,Milap Punia,Nivedita P. Haran,Thiyam Bharat Singh
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811084858
Category: Political Science
Page: 425
View: 6503

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This book highlights the relationship between disasters and development through a socio-cultural study of human geography and governance institutions. It studies the cause, context and consequences of disasters in one of the most fragile Himalayan regions in India. The book establishes the fact that disaster management is built within the framework of good governance, without which it has no meaning. For lack of effective and responsive governance, development has lagged behind and even though the frequency of disasters has been increasing, little is being done to redesign developmental frameworks to prevent ensuing losses. Besides, the near absence of governmental support during recurrent disasters, communities have cumulatively become reservoirs of innovations to cope up with disasters. The resilience plans need not follow implanted models but may be cost effective only if they apply a bottom up approach. Just as the region is culturally diverse so are the challenges encountered by local communities in terms of generating resilience to every disaster. Despite more than a decade of the Disaster Management Act (DMA) of 2005, most of the states in this northeastern fringe of India continue to wait for its implementation beyond mere structures and offices. The book suggests that urgent action is required in accordance with the DMA 2005 towards inter-agency coordination, proactive participation of local governance, mobilization of Community based Organizations (CBOs) and curriculum based training in every academic and technical institution. Governments of these northeastern states of India should establish accountability of State Disaster Management Authorities and inspire them to participate proactively with communities for an effective resilience building in the region.

Post-Disaster Reconstruction of the Built Environment

Rebuilding for Resilience
Author: Dilanthi Amaratunga,Richard Haigh
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444344927
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 336
View: 9675

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Disasters threaten all parts of the world and they appear to be increasing in frequency, scale and intensity. Despite huge improvements in the emergency response, permanent reconstruction is often uncoordinated, inefficiently managed and slow to begin. International agencies are geared to an efficient response in terms of humanitarian relief, but they are not well versed in the requirements of long-term reconstruction, which is often constrained by lack of planning and poorly coordinated management. The construction industry is typically engaged in a range of critical activities after a disaster, including provision of temporary shelter in the immediate aftermath and restoration of permanent shelter and public infrastructure once the immediate humanitarian needs have been attended to. Post-Disaster Reconstruction of the Built Environment identifies the challenges that face the industry and highlights best practice to enable the construction industry to address those problems which make an effective response to these unexpected events difficult. Written by an international team of experts, this book will help researchers and advanced students of construction understand the problems faced by communities and the construction industry when faced with a natural or man-made disaster, and identify the planning and management processes required by the industry to mount an effective response.

Disaster Management: Enabling Resilience


Author: Anthony Masys
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331908819X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 338
View: 3103

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The present work will discuss relevant theoretical frameworks and applications pertaining to enabling resilience within the risk, crisis and disaster management domain. The contributions to this book focus on resilience thinking along 4 broad themes: Urban Domain; Cyber Domain; Organizational/Social domain; and Socio-ecological domain. This book would serve as a valuable reference for courses on risk, crisis and disaster management, international development, social innovation and resilience. This will be of particular interest to those working in the risk, crisis and disaster management domain as it will provide valuable insights into enabling resilience. This book will be well positioned to inform disaster management professionals, policy makers and academics on strategies and perspectives regarding disaster resilience.

The Governance of Climate Change Adaptation in Developing Countries: The Case of National Disaster Management in Bangladesh and Pakistan in Comparative Perspective


Author: Tina Peissker
Publisher: Anchor Academic Publishing (aap_verlag)
ISBN: 3954890496
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 112
View: 2334

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The prospect of the adverse effects that global climate change will have on human societies, opened up a discourse about the way adaptation should be managed. In order to finance adaptation measures in the most severe affected countries, the parties of the Kyoto Protocol established the Adaptation Fund in 2007. In view of the limited resources that are available for adaptation, scales for the prioritization of countries that are based on their suspected vulnerability, have been developed in literature. But so far, indicators of vulnerability reflect only the general indicators of human development, and therefore, fail to capture the complex structures of vulnerability. In order to capture the mentioned complexity in a more satisfactory way, this book highlights the theory of collective learning. The collective learning approach assumes that vulnerability can be significantly decreased when governance systems adapt to external changes through collective learning processes. This study connects to this notion, and therefore, it assesses the influence of collective learning processes on the vulnerability of the Bangladeshi and Pakistani society towards flood hazards. This determinant of vulnerability is used to capture the matter's complexity.