Accident And Design

Contemporary Debates On Risk Management
Author: C. Hood,D. K. C. Jones
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135362610
Category: Science
Page: 272
View: 2257

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An examination of different theoretical, methodological and practical approaches towards the management of risk. Seven dimensions of the debate are identified, and the case for each position is put forward, the whole discussion being set in context and perspective. This volume attempts to identify and juxtapose the contested doctrines and underlying assumptions in the field of risk management.

Zero Tolerance Policing


Author: Roger Hopkins Burke
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Crime prevention
Page: 111
View: 7905

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Suitable for those with an interest in the police, crime prevention, community safety and order maintenance, this text provides an understanding of the many issues involved in zero tolerance policing. Subjects under discussion include: initiatives in both the UK and US, problem-oriented policing, community reaction, and more.

What Disaster Response Management Can Learn from Chaos Theory

Conference Proceedings
Author: Gus A. Koehler
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 9780788144998
Category:
Page: 223
View: 3363

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Contents: what disaster response management can learn from chaos theory; disaster in aisle 13 revisited; nonlinear analysis of disaster response data; disaster responder's perception of time; fractals & path dependent processes: a theoretical approach for characterizing emergency medical responses to major disasters; self-organization in disaster response: global strategies to support local action; & chaos theory & disaster response management: lessons for managing periods of extreme instability. Bibliography.

Systems Approach to Management of Disasters

Methods and Applications
Author: Slobodan P. Simonovic
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118097786
Category: Political Science
Page: 344
View: 5573

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The main goal of this text is to introduce the systems approach todisasters management community as an alternative approach that canprovide support for interdisciplinary activities involved in themanagement of disasters. The systems approach draws on thefields of operations research and economics to create skills insolving complex management problems. The text is organized into four parts. Part I provides anintroductory discussion of disaster management including anoverview of the main terms used. Part II is devoted to theintroduction of systems theory, mathematical formalization andclassification of methods. The material presented in this sectionshould be of practical relevance during the process of selecting anappropriate tool for the solution of a problem. Part III istechnical in nature, providing a simulation approach and a detaileddescription of system dynamics simulation. This section details twoareas of application: flood evacuation simulation, and disasterrisk assessment. Part IV ends with a chapter covering steps toimprove disaster management. Finally parts of the book can be usedas a tool for specialized short courses for practitioners. Forexample a course on 'System analysis for emergency managementoptimization' could be based on Chapters 3, 4 and parts of Chapter6. Included in the book is a CD with three computer programs VensimPLE, LINPRO, and COMPRO. Vensim PLE (Personal Learning Edition) isstate-of-the-art simulation software used for the implementation ofsystem dynamics simulation. The other two programs are: LINPRO, alinear programming optimization tool; and COMPRO, for theimplementation of the multi-objective analysis tool of compromiseprogramming.

Learning from Disasters


Author: Brian Toft,Simon Reynolds
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1349279021
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 145
View: 2947

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This compelling book offers an important insight into the way organizations implement policies and procedures to prevent future disasters occurring. The third edition includes an introductory chapter which demonstrates on a theoretical and practical level a number of reasons why individuals and groups of people fail to learn from disasters in the first place. Based on thorough research, Learning from Disasters is essential reading for all those involved in risk management, disaster planning and security and safety management.

The First 72 Hours

A Community Approach to Disaster Preparedness
Author: Margaret O'Leary
Publisher: iUniverse
ISBN: 0595310842
Category: Social Science
Page: 584
View: 1523

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The First 72 Hours is the seminal anthology of the perspectives of public and private sector leaders who came together after September 11, 2001 to design more disaster-resilient communities. Under the umbrella of the Suburban Emergency Management Project, these leaders learned from national experts and one another that all disasters are intensely local at first and that most communities are "on their own" immediately following disaster impact-often for as long as 72 hours. This new awareness mandated updating strategies to improve disaster preparedness, particularly in light of the threat of terrorism. A wide gamut of perspectives are laid out in the book, including those of doctors and hospitals, city managers, police officers, firefighters, paramedics, American Red Cross volunteers, hospital accreditors, the media, business managers, utility companies, emergency managers, public health officials, academics, and elected public officials. In their own words, these individuals convey the importance of learning how to map the myriad organizations involved in local disaster preparedness and response; analyzing, refining and rehearsing local disaster roles; and getting to know individual personalities when in specific roles. The First 72 Hours is an essential resource for professionals and private citizens alike who want to know what kinds of questions must be asked and answered to better prepare their communities to survive future disaster. "There's a special providence in the fall of a sparrow. If it be now, 'tis not to come; if it be not to come, it will be now; if it be not now, yet it will come: the readiness is all."-Hamlet, act 5, scene 2

Ecosystems, Livelihoods and Disasters

An Integrated Approach to Disaster Risk Management
Author: Karen Sudmeier-Rieux,Hillary M. Masundire,Ali Husain Rizvi
Publisher: IUCN
ISBN: 9782831709284
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 57
View: 5060

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Vulnerability to natural disasters continues to increase, severely compromising the achievement of poverty alleviation goals in many developing countries. A more effective approach is needed to reduce the impacts of these disasters. This publication proposes an approach that integrates ecosystem management, development planning and risk reduction strategies to reduce disaster impacts and improve both livelihoods and biodiversity outcomes.

Business Ethics: A Stakeholder and Issues Management Approach


Author: Joseph Weiss
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 0324589735
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 552
View: 7408

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Ethical decisions do not take place in a vacuum, and many people, faced with their own interests and standards, need reliable guidelines to address the moral implications of business decisions. With a unique, highly practical approach to teaching business ethics, this text focuses on the relationships among various stakeholders, including individuals, groups, corporations, and even nations. The new fifth edition includes the latest research, current cases, and practical examples to help students examine the role of ethics in today's business world, from the boardroom to the classroom. Updates also include the addition of new, real-world ethical dilemmas presenting actual encounters by managers and students; an easy, step-by-step guide to implement a stakeholder analysis; tips to help students apply ethical principles in their personal and professional lives; and comprehensive coverage of employee workplace issues and highly relevant topics such as risk management, preferential hiring, corporate legitimacy, and moral accountability. The text also explores today's increasingly interconnected global business environment with coverage of multinational corporations and important issues such as the digital divide, bribery, corruption, human rights, and the environment. This text gives students the practical tools they need to handle complex moral dilemmas in the workplace and the world. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Environmental Health in Emergencies and Disasters

A Practical Guide
Author: Benjamin Wisner,John Adams
Publisher: World Health Organization
ISBN: 9241545410
Category: Medical
Page: 252
View: 5842

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Distills what is known about environmental health during an emergency or disaster. Draws on results from the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction, and on experience with sustainable development between the two Earth Summits. The volume is intended for practitioners, as well as for policy makers and researchers, and thus covers both general and technical aspects of environmental health.

Disaster Management

Medical Preparedness, Response and Homeland Security
Author: Rajesh Arora,Preeti Arora
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 1845939298
Category: Medical
Page: 680
View: 3332

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Disaster management is an increasingly important subject, as effective management of both natural and manmade disasters is essential to save lives and minimize casualties. This book discusses the best practice for vital elements of disaster medicine in both developed and developing countries, including planning and preparedness of hospitals, emergency medical services, communication and IT tools for medical disaster response and psychosocial issues. It also covers the use of state-of the-art training tools, with a full section on post-disaster relief, rehabilitation and recovery.

Post-Disaster Reconstruction of the Built Environment

Rebuilding for Resilience
Author: Dilanthi Amaratunga,Richard Haigh
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444344927
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 336
View: 5860

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Disasters threaten all parts of the world and they appear to be increasing in frequency, scale and intensity. Despite huge improvements in the emergency response, permanent reconstruction is often uncoordinated, inefficiently managed and slow to begin. International agencies are geared to an efficient response in terms of humanitarian relief, but they are not well versed in the requirements of long-term reconstruction, which is often constrained by lack of planning and poorly coordinated management. The construction industry is typically engaged in a range of critical activities after a disaster, including provision of temporary shelter in the immediate aftermath and restoration of permanent shelter and public infrastructure once the immediate humanitarian needs have been attended to. Post-Disaster Reconstruction of the Built Environment identifies the challenges that face the industry and highlights best practice to enable the construction industry to address those problems which make an effective response to these unexpected events difficult. Written by an international team of experts, this book will help researchers and advanced students of construction understand the problems faced by communities and the construction industry when faced with a natural or man-made disaster, and identify the planning and management processes required by the industry to mount an effective response.

Disaster and Development


Author: Andrew E. Collins
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134091524
Category: Science
Page: 304
View: 1387

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Development to a large extent determines the way in which hazards impact on people. Meanwhile the occurrence of disasters alters the scope of development. Whilst a notion of the association of disaster and development is as old as development studies itself, recent decades have produced an intensifying demand for a fuller understanding. Evidence of disaster and development progressing together has attracted increased institutional attention. This includes recognition, through global accords, of a need for disaster reduction in achieving Millennium Development Goals, and of sustainable development as central to disaster reduction. However, varied interpretations of this linkage, and accessible options for future human wellbeing, remain unconsolidated for most of humanity. This engaging and accessible text illuminates the complexity of the relationship between disaster and development. It opens with an assessment of the scope of contemporary disaster and development studies, highlighting the rationale for looking at the two issues as part of the same topic. The second and third chapters detail development perspectives of disaster, and the influence of disaster on development. The fourth chapter exemplifies how human health is both a cause and consequence of disaster and development and the following chapter illustrates some of the learning and planning processes in disaster and development oriented practice. Early warning, risk management, mitigation, response and recovery actions provide the focus for the fifth and sixth chapters. The final chapter indicates some of the likely future contribution and challenges of combined disaster and development approaches. With an emphasis on putting people at the centre of disaster and development, the book avoids confronting readers with ‘no hope’ representations, instead highlighting disaster reduction opportunities. This book is an essential introduction for students from multiple disciplines, whose subject area may variously engage with contemporary crises, and for many other people interested in finding about what is really meant by disaster reduction. They include students and practitioners of development, environment, sociology, economics, public health, anthropology, and emergency planning amongst others. It provides an entry point to a critical, yet diverse topic, backed up by student-friendly features, such as boxed case studies from the geographical areas of America to Africa and parts of Europe to parts of the East, summaries, discussion questions, suggested further reading and web site information.

The Governance of Climate Change Adaptation in Developing Countries: The Case of National Disaster Management in Bangladesh and Pakistan in Comparative Perspective


Author: Tina Peissker
Publisher: Anchor Academic Publishing (aap_verlag)
ISBN: 3954890496
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 112
View: 7944

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The prospect of the adverse effects that global climate change will have on human societies, opened up a discourse about the way adaptation should be managed. In order to finance adaptation measures in the most severe affected countries, the parties of the Kyoto Protocol established the Adaptation Fund in 2007. In view of the limited resources that are available for adaptation, scales for the prioritization of countries that are based on their suspected vulnerability, have been developed in literature. But so far, indicators of vulnerability reflect only the general indicators of human development, and therefore, fail to capture the complex structures of vulnerability. In order to capture the mentioned complexity in a more satisfactory way, this book highlights the theory of collective learning. The collective learning approach assumes that vulnerability can be significantly decreased when governance systems adapt to external changes through collective learning processes. This study connects to this notion, and therefore, it assesses the influence of collective learning processes on the vulnerability of the Bangladeshi and Pakistani society towards flood hazards. This determinant of vulnerability is used to capture the matter's complexity.

A Global Approach to Public Interest Disclosure

What Can We Learn from Existing Whistleblowing Legislation and Research?
Author: David B. Lewis
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1849806977
Category: Political Science
Page: 173
View: 2571

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In this book, David Lewis brings together leading international experts to address the state of whistleblowing law and policy in America, Europe, Australia and South Africa. As well as outlining recent changes to whistleblowing laws and reporting major whistleblower studies, the contributors mount convincing criticisms of current laws and suggest some significant reforms. This book will provoke new thinking among those who view whistleblowing as an important practice, as well as those who are sceptical about its value in organizational life. Rodney Smith, The University of Sydney, Australia This timely and important book assesses the impact of legislation on public interest disclosures internationally, as well as setting an agenda for future research on whistleblowing. Combining both theoretical and practical methods, this unique book offers a detailed examination of some of the key statutory provisions in the UK and explores the way courts have interpreted them. The expert contributors compare the UK model with the different approaches taken in Australia, the US as well as the rest of Europe, and focus on the lessons that can be learned from the current practice of whistleblowing. They evaluate the contents and application of confidential reporting/whistleblowing procedures, and draw upon significant empirical research. This book will be of great interest to academics, postgraduate students, practitioners and policymakers in the fields of employment law, human resource management, business ethics and corporate governance.

Rethinking the Education Mess: A Systems Approach to Education Reform


Author: I. Mitroff,L. Hill,C. Alpaslan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137386045
Category: Education
Page: 172
View: 7680

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Using a form of systems thinking, this book analyzes K-12 education as a complex, "messy" system that must be tackled as a whole and provides a series of heuristics to help those involved in the education mess to improve the system as a whole.

Crisis Management in the Tourism Industry

Beating the Odds?
Author: Christof Pforr,Peter Hosie
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 9780754673804
Category: Science
Page: 249
View: 1754

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By discussing, analyzing and synthesizing the literature on crisis management, the authors question how business can become more proactive in preparing and dealing with crises, both natural and people-made, in the tourism industry.

Hydrometeorological Hazards

Interfacing Science and Policy
Author: Philippe Quevauviller
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111862954X
Category: Science
Page: 352
View: 3190

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Recent hydrometeorological extreme events have highlighted the increased exposure and vulnerability of societies and the need to strengthen the knowledge-base of related policies. Current research is focused on improving forecasting, prediction and early warning capabilities in order to improve the assessment of vulnerability and risks linked to extreme climatic events. Hydrometeorological Hazards: Interfacing science and policy is the first volume of a series which will gather scientific and policy-related knowledge related to climate-related extreme events. Invited authors are internationally recognized experts in their respective fields. This volume reflects the most recent advances in science and policy within this field and takes a multidisciplinary approach. The book provides the reader with a state-of-the art account on flash floods, droughts, storms, and a comprehensive discussion focused on the cost of natural hazards, resilience and adaptation. This book will be an invaluable reference for advanced undergraduates taking courses with a focus on natural hazards including climate-related extreme events. The book will also be of interest to postgraduates, researchers and policy makers in this field looking for an overview of the subject.

Disaster Management: Enabling Resilience


Author: Anthony Masys
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331908819X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 338
View: 5813

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The present work will discuss relevant theoretical frameworks and applications pertaining to enabling resilience within the risk, crisis and disaster management domain. The contributions to this book focus on resilience thinking along 4 broad themes: Urban Domain; Cyber Domain; Organizational/Social domain; and Socio-ecological domain. This book would serve as a valuable reference for courses on risk, crisis and disaster management, international development, social innovation and resilience. This will be of particular interest to those working in the risk, crisis and disaster management domain as it will provide valuable insights into enabling resilience. This book will be well positioned to inform disaster management professionals, policy makers and academics on strategies and perspectives regarding disaster resilience.