Key Thinkers in Linguistics and the Philosophy of Language


Author: Siobhan Chapman,Christopher Routledge
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195187670
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 282
View: 8546

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This book is a unique and accessible reference guide to the work of eighty key figures who have played an important rol in the development of ideas about language from antiquity t the twenty-first century. The entries are extensively cross referenced, allowing readers to trace influences, developments, and debates both in contemporary thinking and across time. Each entry concludes with suggestions for further reading of primary texts and secondary sources, encouraging readers to find out more about the particular key thinker and the impact of his or her ideas.

Key Ideas in Linguistics and the Philosophy of Language


Author: Siobhan Chapman
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748631429
Category: Philosophy
Page: 272
View: 1670

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This book offers introductory entries on 80 ideas that have shaped the study of language up to the present day. Entries are written by experts in the fields of linguistics and the philosophy of language to reflect the full range of approaches and modes of thought. Each entry includes a brief description of the idea, an account of its development, and its impact on the field of language study. The book is written in an accessible style with clear descriptions of technical terms, guides to further reading, and extensive cross-referencing between entries. A useful additional feature of this book is that it is cross-referenced throughout with Key Thinkers in Linguistics and the Philosophy of Language (Edinburgh, 2005), revealing significant connections and continuities in the two related disciplines. Ideas covered range from Sense Data, Artificial Intelligence, and Logic, through Generative Semantics, Cognitivism, and Conversation Analysis, to Political Correctness, Deconstruction, and Corpora.

Philosophy for Linguists

An Introduction
Author: Siobhan Chapman,Lecturer in English Language School of English Siobhan Chapman
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415206587
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 192
View: 6802

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Philosophy for Linguists provides students with a clear, concise introduction to the main topics of the philosophy of language. Each chapter includes an accessible introduction, concise notes, and numerous examples and quotations.

The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Language


Author: Gillian Russell
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415993105
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 924
View: 8685

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Philosophy of language examines the nature of meaning, the relationship of language to reality, and the ways in which we use, learn, and understand language. This volume provides a comprehensive and up-to-date survey of the field, charting key ideas and movements, and addressing contemporary research.

Teaching and Researching: Speaking


Author: Rebecca Hughes
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317862759
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 248
View: 1134

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Speaking is a dynamic, interpersonal process and one that strongly influences how we are perceived by others in a range of formal and everyday contexts. Despite this, speaking is often researched and taught as if it is simply writing delivered in a different mode. In Teaching and Researching Speaking, Rebecca Hughes suggests that we have less understanding than we might of important meaning-making aspects of speech such as prosody, gaze, affect, and the ways speakers collaborate and negotiate with one another in interaction. This thoroughly revised and updated second edition looks to the future of the field, offering: A new chapter on assessment, discussing 'high stakes' oral language testing contexts such as immigration New material considering access to spoken data via the worldwide web and new technologies that allow neurolinguistic insights formerly hidden from view Summaries and case studies to help the reader understand how to approach researching speaking and encourages practitioners to question the models of speaking that they are using in their classrooms. Reviewing materials and assessment practices in the light of current knowledge about spoken language, and highlighting areas for new work and collaboration between researchers and practitioners, this book will be a valuable resource for anyone involved in language teaching.

Thinking About Language

Theories of English
Author: Siobhan Chapman
Publisher: Palgrave
ISBN: 0230210031
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 184
View: 9218

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Thinking About Language considers the ideas and theories underpinning language study. It encourages students to begin thinking about ways of seeing language and introduces past debates and current disputes on the way that human language works. The book offers a balance between theory and application and provides an interesting and accessible introduction to the history of linguistic theory, the variety of different theoretical approaches to language study and to the current state of the subject.

Philosophy of Meaning, Knowledge and Value in the Twentieth Century

Routledge History of Philosophy
Author: John Canfield
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134935730
Category: Philosophy
Page: 504
View: 6907

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Volume 10 of the Routledge History of Philosophy presents a historical survey of the central topics in twentieth century Anglo-American philosophy. It chronicles what has been termed the 'linguistic turn' in analytic philosophy and traces the influence the study of language has had on the main problems of philosophy. Each chapter contains an extensive bibliography of the major writings in the field. All the essays present their large and complex topics in a clear and well organised way. At the end, the reader finds a helpful Chronology of the major political, scientific and philosophical events in the Twentieth Century and an extensive Glossary of technical terms.

Language and Mind


Author: Noam Chomsky
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521858199
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 190
View: 4750

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Presents a collection of essays on language and mind. This book brings the author's influential approach into the twenty-first century. The chapters 1-6 present his early work on the nature and acquisition of language as a genetically-endowed, biological system, the rules and principles of which we acquire an internalized knowledge.

Key Ideas in Sociology


Author: Martin Slattery
Publisher: Nelson Thornes
ISBN: 9780748765652
Category: Social Science
Page: 295
View: 7550

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Key Ideas in Sociology provides a tour d'horizon of the great sociological thinkers of the last two centuries -- their lives, their main ideas, and their influence on further thinking and practice in sociology. Fifty key thinkers in sociology are represented, both to give a sense of history to the development of the discipline and to exemplify the range of issues that have been covered. Each essay concludes with an annotated Suggested Readings list, and a General Bibliography is also provided.

Introduction to Research Methods in Psychology


Author: Dennis Howitt,Duncan Cramer
Publisher: Pearson Education
ISBN: 9780131399846
Category: Psychology
Page: 354
View: 4711

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Introduction to Research Methods in Psychology This text is accessible, practical and authoritative. It meets the needs of students doing research at all levels for the first time. The key theoretical and conceptual issues are discussed in detail alongside the practicalities of doing research. There are major chapters on searching the literature, ethics, and developing ideas for research projects. Quantitative and qualitative research are covered and the appropriate use of both explained. It is a complete and attractive book written to help psychology students throughout their course. Introduction to Research Methods in Psychology can be used to alone or to complement the authors' Introduction to Statistics in Psychology and Introduction to SPSS in Psychology also published by Prentice Hall. Key Features - Meets the needs of all students, a book that is well organised, well written, comprehensive and relevant- Explains the purpose and benefits of all types of research design- Sets research in the context of the general study of psychology- Discusses at length neglected topics such as the literature search and the process of originating ideas for research- Looks at writing research reports as a major aspect of planning and carrying out research- Includes expert guidance on both quantitative and qualitative research Dennis Howitt and Duncan Cramer are both Readers in Psychology at Loughborough University

The Nature of Suffering and the Goals of Medicine


Author: Eric J. Cassell
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199748006
Category: Psychology
Page: 336
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This is a revised and expanded edtion of a classic in palliative medicine, originally published in 1991. With three added chapters and a new preface summarizing our progress in the area of pain management, this is a must-hve for those in palliative medicine and hospice care. The obligation of physicians to relieve human suffering stretches back into antiquity. But what exactly, is suffering? One patient with metastic cancer of the stomach, from which he knew he would shortly die, said he was not suffering. Another, someone who had been operated on for a mior problem--in little pain and not seemingly distressed--said that even coming into the hospital had been a source of pain and not suffering. With such varied responses to the problem of suffering, inevitable questions arise. Is it the doctor's responsibility to treat the disease or the patient? And what is the relationship between suffering and the goals of medicine? According to Dr. Eric Cassell, these are crucial questions, but unfortunately, have remained only queries void of adequate solutions. It is time for the sick person, Cassell believes, to be not merely an important concern for physicians but the central focus of medicine. With this in mind, Cassell argues for an understanding of what changes should be made in order to successfully treat the sick while alleviating suffering, and how to actually go about making these changes with the methods and training techniques firmly rooted in the doctor's relationship with the patient. Dr. Cassell offers an incisive critique of the approach of modern medicine. Drawing on a number of evocative patient narratives, he writes that the goal of medicine must be to treat an individual's suffering, and not just the disease. In addition, Cassell's thoughtful and incisive argument will appeal to psychologists and psychiatrists interested in the nature of pain and suffering.

Foundations of Pragmatics


Author: Wolfram Bublitz,Neal R. Norrick
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110214253
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 710
View: 1528

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Opening the 9-volume-series Handbooks of Pragmatics, this handbook provides a comprehensive overview of the foundations of pragmatics. It covers the central theories as well as concepts and topics characteristic of mainstream pragmatics, i.e. the most widespread approach to the ways and means of using language in authentic social contexts. The articles provide both state of the art reviews and critical evaluations of research in pragmatics. Topics are thus not only considered within their scholarly context but are also critically evaluated from current perspectives.

Noam Chomsky and Language Descriptions


Author: John Ole Askedal,Ian G. Roberts,Tomonori Matsushita
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027210691
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 223
View: 8926

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For sale in all countries except Japan. For customers in Japan: please contact Yushodo Co.The general aim of the Senshu University Project "The Development of the Anglo-Saxon Language and Linguistic Universals" is investigation of structural characteristics common to the Germanic languages, such as English, German and Norwegian, and of works on and in the tradition of Generative Grammar founded by Noam Chomsky in the 1950s. The central idea of Generative Grammar, that the nature of natural-language syntax can be captured by a finite set of rules which are able to produce an infinite set of well-formed structures has been highly evaluated and influential even in related fields such as biolinguistics, philosophy, psychology and computer science." Noam Chomsky and Language Descriptions" is a collection of articles that focus on the earliest but essential linguistic theory proposed by Noam Chomsky and articles that discuss specific topics pertaining to the study Germanic languages, in particular English and German. It is divided into two parts: Part 1. Genesis of Generative Grammar; and Part 2. Current Issues in Language Descriptions. The present book will be of general interest to linguists who seek to understand the original idea of Generative Grammar and nature of the Germanic languages.

Philosophy of Language and Linguistics

The Legacy of Frege, Russell, and Wittgenstein
Author: Piotr Stalmaszczyk
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110342758
Category: Philosophy
Page: 304
View: 6454

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The present volume investigates the legacy of Gottlob Frege, Bertrand Russell and Ludwig Wittgenstein in contemporary philosophy of language and linguistics. These philosophers inspired both the development of analytic philosophy and various philosophical approaches to the study of language. They have influenced technical discussions on truth, proper names, definite descriptions, propositions and predication, sense and reference, truth, and philosophical and linguistic inquiries into the relations between language, mind and the world. The studies gathered in this volume discuss most of these issues and aim to show that the results of this research are still of utmost importance, and that the three philosophers have significantly contributed to the linguistic turn in philosophy and the philosophical turn in the study of language. The volume includes contributions by: Joachim Adler (Zurich), Maria Cerezo (Murcia), Pawel Grabarczyk (Lodz), Arkadiusz Gutt (Lublin), Tom Hughes (Durham), Gabriele Mras (Vienna), Carl Humphries (Cracow), Gary Kemp (Glasgow), Siu-Fan Lee (Hong Kong), Jaroslav Peregrin (Prague), Ulrich Reichard (Durham), Piotr Stalmaszczyk (Lodz), Piotr Szalek (Lublin), Mieszko Talasiewicz (Warsaw).

Language, Culture, and Society

Key Topics in Linguistic Anthropology
Author: Christine Jourdan,Kevin Tuite
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139452517
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: N.A
View: 4028

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Language, our primary tool of thought and perception, is at the heart of who we are as individuals. Languages are constantly changing, sometimes into entirely new varieties of speech, leading to subtle differences in how we present ourselves to others. This revealing account brings together eleven leading specialists from the fields of linguistics, anthropology, philosophy and psychology, to explore the fascinating relationship between language, culture, and social interaction. A range of major questions are discussed: How does language influence our perception of the world? How do new languages emerge? How do children learn to use language appropriately? What factors determine language choice in bi- and multilingual communities? How far does language contribute to the formation of our personalities? And finally, in what ways does language make us human? Language, Culture and Society will be essential reading for all those interested in language and its crucial role in our social lives.

Bertrand Russell, Language and Linguistic Theory


Author: Keith Green
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1441197494
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 192
View: 1443

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Although there has been a significant revival in interest in Bertrand Russell's work in recent years, most professional philosophers would still argue that Russell was not interested in language. Here, in the first full-length study of Russell's work on language throughout his long career, Keith Green shows that this is in fact not the case. In examining Russell's work, particularly from 1900 to 1950, Green exposes a repeated emphasis on, and turn to, linguistic considerations. Green considers how 'linguistics' and 'philosophy' were struggling in the twentieth century to define themselves and to create appropriate contemporary disciplines. They had much in common during certain periods, yet seemed to continue in almost total ignorance of one another. This negative relation has been noted in the past by Roy Harris, whose work provides some of the inspiration for the present book. Taking those two aspects, Green's aim here is to provide the first full-length consideration of Russell's varied work in language, and to read it in the context of developing contemporary (i.e. with Russell's work) linguistic theory. The main aims of this important new book, in focusing exclusively on Russell's work on language throughout his career, are to place Russell within the changing contexts of contemporary linguistic thought; to read Russell's language-theories against the grain of his own linguistic practice; to assess the relationship between linguistic and philosophical thought during Russell's career, and to reassess his place in the history of linguistic thought in the twentieth century. As such, this fascinating study will make a vital contribution to Russell studies and to the study of the relationship between philosophy and linguistics.

Texts, Ideas, and the Classics

Scholarship, Theory, and Classical Literature
Author: S. J. Harrison
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780199247462
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 330
View: 4430

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This collection of essays by leading scholars argues that, in the contemporary context of the study and interpretation of classical literature at universities, traditional classical scholarship and modern theoretical ideas need to work with each other in the common task of the interpretation of texts, in order to ensure the survival and relevance of the study of classical literature in the twenty-first century.

The Oxford Handbook of Continental Philosophy


Author: Brian Leiter,Michael Rosen
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199234097
Category: Philosophy
Page: 812
View: 9371

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This is a guide to the major themes of the continental European tradition in philosophy in the 19th and 20th centuries. The contributors provide a thematic treatment of continental philosophy, treating its subject matter philosophically and not simply as a series of museum pieces from the history of ideas.

The Logic of Mind


Author: R.J. Nelson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400925956
Category: Philosophy
Page: 394
View: 4564

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This book presents a mechanist philosophy of mind. I hold that the human mind is a system of computational or recursive rules that are embodied in the nervous system; that the material presence of these rules accounts for perception, conception, speech, belief, desire, intentional acts, and other forms of intelligence. In this edition I have retained the whole of the fIrst edition except for discussion of issues which no longer are relevant in philosophy of mind and cognitive psychology. Earlier reference to disputes of the 1960's and 70's between hard-line empiricists and neorationalists over the psychological status of grammars and language acquisition, for instance, has simply been dropped. In place of such material I have entered some timely or new topics and a few changes. There are brief references to the question of computer versus distributed processing (connectionist) theories. Many of these questions dissolve if one distinguishes as I now do in Chapter II between free and embodied algorithms. I have also added to my comments on artifIcal in telligence some reflections. on Searle's Chinese Translator. The irreducibility of machine functionalist psychology in my version or any other has been exaggerated. Input, output, and state entities are token identical to physical or biological things of some sort, while a machine system as a collection of recursive rules is type identical to representatives of equivalence classes. This nuld technicality emerges in Chapter XI. It entails that so-called "anomalous monism" is right in one sense and wrong in another.