Key Thinkers in Linguistics and the Philosophy of Language


Author: Siobhan Chapman,Christopher Routledge
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195187670
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 282
View: 3827

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This book is a unique and accessible reference guide to the work of eighty key figures who have played an important rol in the development of ideas about language from antiquity t the twenty-first century. The entries are extensively cross referenced, allowing readers to trace influences, developments, and debates both in contemporary thinking and across time. Each entry concludes with suggestions for further reading of primary texts and secondary sources, encouraging readers to find out more about the particular key thinker and the impact of his or her ideas.

Key Ideas in Linguistics and the Philosophy of Language


Author: Siobhan Chapman
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748631429
Category: Philosophy
Page: 272
View: 2668

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This book offers introductory entries on 80 ideas that have shaped the study of language up to the present day. Entries are written by experts in the fields of linguistics and the philosophy of language to reflect the full range of approaches and modes of thought. Each entry includes a brief description of the idea, an account of its development, and its impact on the field of language study. The book is written in an accessible style with clear descriptions of technical terms, guides to further reading, and extensive cross-referencing between entries. A useful additional feature of this book is that it is cross-referenced throughout with Key Thinkers in Linguistics and the Philosophy of Language (Edinburgh, 2005), revealing significant connections and continuities in the two related disciplines. Ideas covered range from Sense Data, Artificial Intelligence, and Logic, through Generative Semantics, Cognitivism, and Conversation Analysis, to Political Correctness, Deconstruction, and Corpora.

The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Language


Author: Gillian Russell
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415993105
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 924
View: 1248

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Philosophy of language examines the nature of meaning, the relationship of language to reality, and the ways in which we use, learn, and understand language. This volume provides a comprehensive and up-to-date survey of the field, charting key ideas and movements, and addressing contemporary research.

Concise Encyclopedia of Philosophy of Language, Peter V. Lamarque, 1992

Concise Encyclopedia of Philosophy of Language,
Author: Elsevier Science, Ltd
Publisher: Bukupedia
ISBN: N.A
Category: Education
Page: 620
View: 5907

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CONCISE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF PHILOSOPHY OF LANGUAGE Edited by PETER V. LAMARQUE University of Hull Consulting Editor R. E. ASHER University of Edinburgh PERGAMON UK Elsevier Science Ltd, The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford OX5 1GB, UK USA Elsevier Science Inc, 655 Avenue of die Americas, New York, NY 10010, USA JAPAN Elsevier Science Japan, 9-15 Higashi-Azabu 1-chome, Minato-ku, Tokyo 106, Japan Copyright O 1997 Elsevier Science Ltd All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in any retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means: electronic, electrostatic, magnetic tape, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without permission in writing from the publishers. Library of Congress Cataloging ia P*blicatio* Data Concise encyclopedia of philosophy of language / edited by Peter V. Lamarque ; consulting editor, R. E. Asher. p. cm. ISBN 0-08-042991-2 (hardcover) 1. Language and languages—Philosophy— Encyclopedias. I. Lamarque, Peter. II. Asher, R. E. P106.C5946 1997 401—

Language and Mind


Author: Noam Chomsky
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521858199
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 190
View: 9578

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Presents a collection of essays on language and mind. This book brings the author's influential approach into the twenty-first century. The chapters 1-6 present his early work on the nature and acquisition of language as a genetically-endowed, biological system, the rules and principles of which we acquire an internalized knowledge.

Was für Lebewesen sind wir?


Author: Noam Chomsky
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518748289
Category: Philosophy
Page: 248
View: 8500

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Noam Chomsky gilt als der Begründer der modernen Linguistik und als einer der Gründerväter der Kognitionswissenschaften. Zugleich ist er einer der meistgelesenen politischen Denker der Welt. Dieses Buch ist die philosophische Summe seines Lebens: Erstmals führt er alle seine großen Themen zusammen und begibt sich auf die Suche nach dem Wesen des Menschen. Chomsky nimmt seinen Ausgang bei der Sprache. Diese ist für ihn ein angeborener Mechanismus, der ein keineswegs zwingendes Muster aufweist und unser Denken bestimmt. Wir alle denken gemäß diesem Muster – und daher können wir auch nur das wissen, was die menschliche Sprache zu denken erlaubt. Einige Geheimisse der Natur könnten uns deshalb für immer verborgen bleiben. Zugleich eröffnet die Sprache aber eine kreative Freiheit; uns ist ein Freiheitsinstinkt gegeben, der uns gegen Herrschaft aufbegehren und eine freie Entfaltung suchen lässt. In der libertären Tradition von Wilhelm von Humboldt, John Stuart Mill und Rudolf Rocker zeichnet uns Chomsky als anarchische Lebewesen, die nach einer Assoziation freier Menschen streben.

Language, Culture, and Society

Key Topics in Linguistic Anthropology
Author: Christine Jourdan,Kevin Tuite
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139452517
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: N.A
View: 1763

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Language, our primary tool of thought and perception, is at the heart of who we are as individuals. Languages are constantly changing, sometimes into entirely new varieties of speech, leading to subtle differences in how we present ourselves to others. This revealing account brings together eleven leading specialists from the fields of linguistics, anthropology, philosophy and psychology, to explore the fascinating relationship between language, culture, and social interaction. A range of major questions are discussed: How does language influence our perception of the world? How do new languages emerge? How do children learn to use language appropriately? What factors determine language choice in bi- and multilingual communities? How far does language contribute to the formation of our personalities? And finally, in what ways does language make us human? Language, Culture and Society will be essential reading for all those interested in language and its crucial role in our social lives.

Teaching and Researching: Speaking


Author: Rebecca Hughes
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317862759
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 248
View: 5607

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Speaking is a dynamic, interpersonal process and one that strongly influences how we are perceived by others in a range of formal and everyday contexts. Despite this, speaking is often researched and taught as if it is simply writing delivered in a different mode. In Teaching and Researching Speaking, Rebecca Hughes suggests that we have less understanding than we might of important meaning-making aspects of speech such as prosody, gaze, affect, and the ways speakers collaborate and negotiate with one another in interaction. This thoroughly revised and updated second edition looks to the future of the field, offering: A new chapter on assessment, discussing 'high stakes' oral language testing contexts such as immigration New material considering access to spoken data via the worldwide web and new technologies that allow neurolinguistic insights formerly hidden from view Summaries and case studies to help the reader understand how to approach researching speaking and encourages practitioners to question the models of speaking that they are using in their classrooms. Reviewing materials and assessment practices in the light of current knowledge about spoken language, and highlighting areas for new work and collaboration between researchers and practitioners, this book will be a valuable resource for anyone involved in language teaching.

Foundations of Pragmatics


Author: Wolfram Bublitz,Neal R. Norrick
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110214261
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 723
View: 9234

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Open publication Opening the 9-volume-series Handbooks of Pragmatics, this handbook provides a comprehensive overview of the foundations of pragmatics. It covers the central theories and approaches as well as key concepts and topics characteristic of mainstream pragmatics, i.e. the traditional and most widespread approach to the ways and means of using language in authentic social contexts. The in-depth articles provide reliable orientational overviews useful to researchers, students, and teachers. They are both state of the art reviews of their topics and critical evaluations in the light of subsequent developments. Topics are thus considered within their scholarly context and also critically evaluated from current perspectives. The five major sections of the handbook are dedicated to the Conceptual and Theoretical Foundations (with a historiographic overview of the establishment and subsequent development of pragmatics), Key Topics (investigating indexicality, reference and other concepts that were the first to make their way from grammar into pragmatics and mainstream notions like speech acts, types of inference), the Place of Pragmatics in the Description of Discourse (delimiting pragmatics from grammar, semantics, prosody, literary criticism), and Methods and Tools.

Essays on Reference, Language, and Mind


Author: Keith Donnellan
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199857997
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 210
View: 7750

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This volume presents a highly focused collection of articles by Donnellan. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, the philosophy of language and mind went through a paradigm shift, with the then-dominant Fregean theory losing ground to the 'direct reference' theory sometimes referred to as the direct reference revolution. Donnellan played a key role in this shift, focusing on the relation of semantic reference, a touchstone in the philosophy of language and the relation of 'thinking about' - a touchstone in the philosophy of mind.

Philosophy of Meaning, Knowledge and Value in the Twentieth Century

Routledge History of Philosophy
Author: John Canfield
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134935730
Category: Philosophy
Page: 504
View: 4908

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Volume 10 of the Routledge History of Philosophy presents a historical survey of the central topics in twentieth century Anglo-American philosophy. It chronicles what has been termed the 'linguistic turn' in analytic philosophy and traces the influence the study of language has had on the main problems of philosophy. Each chapter contains an extensive bibliography of the major writings in the field. All the essays present their large and complex topics in a clear and well organised way. At the end, the reader finds a helpful Chronology of the major political, scientific and philosophical events in the Twentieth Century and an extensive Glossary of technical terms.

Key Ideas in Sociology


Author: Martin Slattery
Publisher: Nelson Thornes
ISBN: 9780748765652
Category: Social Science
Page: 295
View: 6028

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Key Ideas in Sociology provides a tour d'horizon of the great sociological thinkers of the last two centuries -- their lives, their main ideas, and their influence on further thinking and practice in sociology. Fifty key thinkers in sociology are represented, both to give a sense of history to the development of the discipline and to exemplify the range of issues that have been covered. Each essay concludes with an annotated Suggested Readings list, and a General Bibliography is also provided.

Introduction to Research Methods in Psychology


Author: Dennis Howitt,Duncan Cramer
Publisher: Pearson Education
ISBN: 9780131399846
Category: Psychology
Page: 354
View: 7488

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Introduction to Research Methods in Psychology This text is accessible, practical and authoritative. It meets the needs of students doing research at all levels for the first time. The key theoretical and conceptual issues are discussed in detail alongside the practicalities of doing research. There are major chapters on searching the literature, ethics, and developing ideas for research projects. Quantitative and qualitative research are covered and the appropriate use of both explained. It is a complete and attractive book written to help psychology students throughout their course. Introduction to Research Methods in Psychology can be used to alone or to complement the authors' Introduction to Statistics in Psychology and Introduction to SPSS in Psychology also published by Prentice Hall. Key Features - Meets the needs of all students, a book that is well organised, well written, comprehensive and relevant- Explains the purpose and benefits of all types of research design- Sets research in the context of the general study of psychology- Discusses at length neglected topics such as the literature search and the process of originating ideas for research- Looks at writing research reports as a major aspect of planning and carrying out research- Includes expert guidance on both quantitative and qualitative research Dennis Howitt and Duncan Cramer are both Readers in Psychology at Loughborough University

The Nature of Suffering and the Goals of Medicine


Author: Eric J. Cassell
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199748006
Category: Psychology
Page: 336
View: 5318

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This is a revised and expanded edtion of a classic in palliative medicine, originally published in 1991. With three added chapters and a new preface summarizing our progress in the area of pain management, this is a must-hve for those in palliative medicine and hospice care. The obligation of physicians to relieve human suffering stretches back into antiquity. But what exactly, is suffering? One patient with metastic cancer of the stomach, from which he knew he would shortly die, said he was not suffering. Another, someone who had been operated on for a mior problem--in little pain and not seemingly distressed--said that even coming into the hospital had been a source of pain and not suffering. With such varied responses to the problem of suffering, inevitable questions arise. Is it the doctor's responsibility to treat the disease or the patient? And what is the relationship between suffering and the goals of medicine? According to Dr. Eric Cassell, these are crucial questions, but unfortunately, have remained only queries void of adequate solutions. It is time for the sick person, Cassell believes, to be not merely an important concern for physicians but the central focus of medicine. With this in mind, Cassell argues for an understanding of what changes should be made in order to successfully treat the sick while alleviating suffering, and how to actually go about making these changes with the methods and training techniques firmly rooted in the doctor's relationship with the patient. Dr. Cassell offers an incisive critique of the approach of modern medicine. Drawing on a number of evocative patient narratives, he writes that the goal of medicine must be to treat an individual's suffering, and not just the disease. In addition, Cassell's thoughtful and incisive argument will appeal to psychologists and psychiatrists interested in the nature of pain and suffering.

The Routledge Handbook of Epistemic Contextualism


Author: Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317594681
Category: Philosophy
Page: 502
View: 8726

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Epistemic contextualism is a recent and hotly debated topic in philosophy. Contextualists argue that the language we use to attribute knowledge can only be properly understood relative to a specified context. How much can our knowledge depend on context? Is there a limit, and if so, where does it lie? What is the relationship between epistemic contextualism and fundamental topics in philosophy such as objectivity, truth, and relativism? The Routledge Handbook of Epistemic Contextualism is an outstanding reference source to the key topics, problems, and debates in this exciting subject and is the first collection of its kind. Comprising thirty-seven chapters by a team of international contributors the Handbook is divided into eight parts: Data and motivations for contextualism Methodological issues Epistemological implications Doing without contextualism Relativism and disagreement Semantic implementations Contextualism outside ‘knows’ Foundational linguistic issues. Within these sections central issues, debates and problems are examined, including contextualism and thought experiments and paradoxes such as the Gettier problem and the lottery paradox; semantics and pragmatics; the relationship between contextualism, relativism, and disagreement; and contextualism about related topics like ethical judgments and modality. The Routledge Handbook of Epistemic Contextualism is essential reading for students and researchers in epistemology and philosophy of language. It will also be very useful for those in related fields such as linguistics and philosophy of mind.

Noam Chomsky and Language Descriptions


Author: John Ole Askedal,Ian G. Roberts,Tomonori Matsushita
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027210691
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 223
View: 6429

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For sale in all countries except Japan. For customers in Japan: please contact Yushodo Co.The general aim of the Senshu University Project "The Development of the Anglo-Saxon Language and Linguistic Universals" is investigation of structural characteristics common to the Germanic languages, such as English, German and Norwegian, and of works on and in the tradition of Generative Grammar founded by Noam Chomsky in the 1950s. The central idea of Generative Grammar, that the nature of natural-language syntax can be captured by a finite set of rules which are able to produce an infinite set of well-formed structures has been highly evaluated and influential even in related fields such as biolinguistics, philosophy, psychology and computer science." Noam Chomsky and Language Descriptions" is a collection of articles that focus on the earliest but essential linguistic theory proposed by Noam Chomsky and articles that discuss specific topics pertaining to the study Germanic languages, in particular English and German. It is divided into two parts: Part 1. Genesis of Generative Grammar; and Part 2. Current Issues in Language Descriptions. The present book will be of general interest to linguists who seek to understand the original idea of Generative Grammar and nature of the Germanic languages.

The Dictionary of Historical and Comparative Linguistics


Author: Robert Lawrence Trask
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9781579582180
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 403
View: 7275

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Historical and comparative linguistics has been a major scholarly discipline for 200 years, and yet this is the first dictionary ever devoted to it. With nearly 2,400 entries, Dictionary of Historical and Comparative Linguistics covers every aspect of the subject, from the most venerable work to the exciting advances of the last few years -- many of which have not yet even made it into textbooks.All of the traditional terms are here, but so are the terms introduced only recently, in connection with such varied subjects as pidgin and creole languages, the sociolinguistic study of language change, mathematical and computational methods, the novel approaches to linguistic geography, the controversial proposals of new and vast language families, and the attempts at relating the theories of historical linguists to those of archaeologists, the anthropologists, and geneticists.More than just a dictionary, this book provides genuine linguistic examples of most of the terms entered, detailed explanations of fundamental concepts, critical assessments of controversial ideas, cross-references to related terms, and an abundance of references to the original literature.

Tense, Aspect, and Indexicality


Author: James Higginbotham
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191567485
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 280
View: 4097

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James Higginbotham's work on tense, aspect, and indexicality discusses the principles governing demonstrative, temporal, and indexical expressions in natural language and presents new ideas in the semantics of sentence structure. The book brings together his key contributions to the fields, including his recent intervention in the debate on the roles of context and anaphora in reference. The book's chapters are presented in the form in which they were first published, with afterwords where needed to cover points where the author's thought has developed. It is fully indexed and has a collated bibliography. This will be a precious resource for all those involved in the study of current semantics, and its interactions with syntactic theory, in linguistics, philosophy, and related fields.

Philosophy of Language and Linguistics

The Legacy of Frege, Russell, and Wittgenstein
Author: Piotr Stalmaszczyk
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110342758
Category: Philosophy
Page: 304
View: 7765

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This collection brings together contributions by philosophers, logicians and linguists, offering a variety of interdisciplinary approaches to crucial problems in the contemporary philosophy of language and linguistics. Individual chapters concentrate on different aspects of the influence of Frege, Russell and Wittgenstein. These articles offer new insights into the historical developments and current issues in philosophy and language studies.