International Law in Historical Perspective

Index
Author: J. H. Jan Hendrik Willem Verzijl
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
ISBN: 9789041105486
Category: Law
Page: 371
View: 7553

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This volume completes the monumental, eleven-volume series, "International Law in Historical Perspective," which was published over a period of 24 years by Professor J.H.W. Verzijl (and continued after his death in 1987 by W.P. Heere and J.P.S. Offerhaus). This index volume provides insight into the series both for the uninitiated and initiated, enabling the user to access all 11 volumes (spanning a total of 6500 printed pages) quickly and easily. It contains a subject index, an index of personal names, of geographical names, of ships' names, a list of treaties, a list of international judgements and a list of international arbitrations. A list of Professor Verzijl's commentaries on the more recent jurisprudence of the International Court of Justice completes the volume.

Transnational Terrorism and State Accountability

A New Theory of Prevention
Author: Vincent-Joël Proulx
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1782250387
Category: Law
Page: 378
View: 7731

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Every State has an obligation to prevent terrorist attacks emanating from its territory. This proposition stems from various multilateral agreements and UN Security Council resolutions. This study exhaustively addresses the scope of this obligation of prevention and the legal consequences flowing from its violation, so as to provide greater clarity on governments' counterterrorism duties and to enhance State accountability for preventable wrongs. It defines the contents and contours of the obligation while placing critical emphasis on the mechanics of State responsibility. Whether obscured by new technologies like the Internet, the sophisticated cellular structure of some terrorist organisations or convoluted political realities, the level of governmental involvement in terrorist activities is no longer readily discernible in every instance. Furthermore, the prospect of governments waging surrogate warfare through proxies also poses intractable challenges to the mechanism of attribution in the context of State responsibility. This monograph sets out the shortcomings of the extant scheme of State responsibility while identifying a paradigm shift towards more indirect modes of accountability under international law, a trend corroborated by recent State and institutional practice. Drawing on varied legal and theoretical influences, the study devises and prescriptively argues for the implementation of a strict liability-inspired model grounded in the logic of indirect responsibility with a view to enhancing State compliance with counterterrorism obligations. This shifts the policy focus squarely to prevention, while promoting multilateralism and transnational cooperation. Ultimately, the legal and policy sensibilities underlying the book converge into a new theory of prevention in counterterrorism contexts. From the Foreword by Judge Bruno Simma, International Court of Justice "Even if one might disagree with the bases on which the author constructs his argument, the execution of the argument is solid and thorough. The coverage of the major policy arguments and the available legal source materials is equally impressive. Moreover, the author's positions are genuinely progressive and present a fairly innovative solution, in the form of a strict liability mechanism...It behoves all scholars and practitioners of international law with an interest in combating international terrorism to consider the proposals outlined in this book." Transnational Terrorism and State Accountability by Vincent-Joël Proulx has been awarded the 2014 Myres McDougal Prize for best book in Law, Science, and Policy from the Society of Policy Scientists.

The Juridical Nature of Unilateral Acts of States in International Law


Author: Eva Kassoti
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004300767
Category: Law
Page: 268
View: 321

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In The Juridical Nature of Unilateral Acts of States in International Law Eva Kassoti explores the question of the legal nature of unilateral acts by focusing on their essential characteristics, namely unilateralism and the manifest intention to be bound.

Interfirm Networks

Organization and Industrial Competitiveness
Author: Anna Grandori,Professor of Organization and Management Anna Grandori
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134629907
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 336
View: 671

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This volume examines the nature of interfirm networks and their role in promoting industrial competitiveness. Where previous work in this area has tended to be descriptive, the distinguished contributors to this volume present a balanced theoretical and empirical approach to interfirm networking drawing on a variety of international case studies. Issues covered include: * The role of networks in regulating conflict and producing co-operation * The role of networks in developing knowledge and competences * Network governance and conflict intensive networks

Die Hörigkeit der Frau


Author: John Stuart Mill
Publisher: e-artnow
ISBN: 8027205727
Category: Social Science
Page: 145
View: 9248

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Diese Ausgabe von "Die Hörigkeit der Frau" wurde mit einem funktionalen Layout erstellt und sorgfältig formatiert. John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) war ein englischer Philosoph und Ökonom und einer der einflussreichsten liberalen Denker des 19. Jahrhunderts. Er war Anhänger des Utilitarismus, der von Jeremy Bentham, dem Lehrer und Freund seines Vaters James Mill, entwickelt wurde. Aus dem Buch: "Bei allen zarteren Verrichtungen der Natur - von welchen die der belebten Schöpfung die zartesten und von diesen wieder die des Nervensystems die allerzartesten sind - hängen die Verschiedenheiten der Wirkung ebensowohl von der Verschiedenheit der betreffenden Organe nach ihrer Qualität wie nach ihrer Quantität ab, und wenn die Qualität eines Instrumentes nach der Feinheit und Sauberkeit des Werkes, das es verrichten kann, zu beurteilen ist, so weist dieser Schluß auf eine durchschnittlich feinere Qualität des Gehirnes und Nervensystems der Frauen als der Männer hin. Sieht man indes von allen abstrakten Unterschieden der Qualität ab, die zu belegen immer eine schwierige Sache bleibt, so weiß man doch, daß die Wirksamkeit eines Organes nicht allein von seinem Umfange, sondern von seiner Tätigkeit abhängt, und von dieser haben wir ein annäherndes Maß in der Kraft, mit welcher das Blut durch dasselbe zirkuliert, da sowohl der Stimulus wie die ersetzende Kraft hauptsächlich von dieser Zirkulation abhängt."

The Nature of Customary Law

Legal, Historical and Philosophical Perspectives
Author: Amanda Perreau-Saussine,James B. Murphy
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139463217
Category: Law
Page: N.A
View: 8231

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Some legal rules are not laid down by a legislator but grow instead from informal social practices. In contract law, for example, the customs of merchants are used by courts to interpret the provisions of business contracts; in tort law, customs of best practice are used by courts to define professional responsibility. Nowhere are customary rules of law more prominent than in international law. The customs defining the obligations of each State to other States and, to some extent, to its own citizens, are often treated as legally binding. However, unlike natural law and positive law, customary law has received very little scholarly analysis. To remedy this neglect, a distinguished group of philosophers, historians and lawyers has been assembled to assess the nature and significance of customary law. The book offers fresh insights on this neglected and misunderstood form of law.

Die Unsterblichkeit der Henrietta Lacks

Die Geschichte der HeLa-Zellen
Author: Rebecca Skloot
Publisher: Irisiana
ISBN: 3641051754
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 512
View: 8478

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Dieses Buch betrifft uns alle Sie waren notwendig, um Fortschritte gegen Krebs und AIDS zu erzielen. Klonen und Genforschung wäre ohne sie nicht möglich gewesen. Kurz: Die größten Erfolge der Medizin der letzten Jahrzehnte basieren auf der Entdeckung der HeLa-Zellen. Hinter dem Kürzel verbirgt sich eine Frau namens Henrietta Lacks. Die Afroamerikanerin aus ärmlichen Verhältnissen starb 1951 jung an Gebärmutterhalskrebs. Zuvor wurden ihr ohne ihr Wissen Zellproben entnommen, die sich überraschenderweise vermehrten. Damit war der entscheidende Durchbruch in der Zellkulturforschung geschafft. Die prämierte Wissenschaftsjournalistin Rebecca Skloot stellt in ihrem brillant verfassten Buch wichtige Jahrzehnte der Medizingeschichte vor und wirft dabei immer wieder ethische Fragen auf. Sie erzählt die tragische Familiengeschichte der Lacks’, die von Rassismus und mangelnden Bildungschancen geprägt ist. Ihr Buch ist eine gekonnte Mischung aus Biografie, Medizingeschichte, Debattenbuch und beachtlichem Enthüllungsjournalismus.

Transitional Justice

Framing a Model for Eritrea
Author: Daniel Rezene Mekonnen
Publisher: VDM Publishing
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 340
View: 3469

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International crimes, such as, crimes against humanity, war crimes and the crime of aggression, have been perpetrated in Eritrea since 1991 in an alarming manner. Some of these have been perpetrated under premeditated government plan of persecution, portraying a widespread and systematic policy of repression. As a result, some high-ranking government officials can be tentatively identified as the most responsible perpetrators, bearing individual criminal responsibility for grave violations of international law. To end the culture of impunity, international criminal justice, administered by the International Criminal Court, foreign municipal courts, or national or mixed tribunals, should be instituted immediately. However, in the event of a negotiated and peaceful political transition, conditional amnesty administered by a democratically constituted truth and reconciliation commission is also regarded as an acceptable option. The book highlights that any model of transitional justice for Eritrea should be based on these assumptions. Academics, policymakers and practitioners working in the area of human rights, transitional justice and international criminal law may find it relevant.