Issues in Evolutionary Epistemology

Contemporary Engagements between Analytic and Continental Thought
Author: Kai Hahlweg,Clifford Alan Hooker
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780791400128
Category: Philosophy
Page: 605
View: 320

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The contributors, many in the World Health Organization, consider a broad range of issues from the point of view of public choices and through the technique of alternative futures--considering the alternative images possible in the year 2000. The presentations cover health policy, health management, health economics, and health education, as well as broad issues of social and medical health--cancer, mental health, mother and child, and oral (dental) health. Edited proceedings of an international conference held at the U. of Newcastle, Australia, July 6-10, 1987. Papers presented cover: new approaches to evolutionary epistemology, new applications, critical evaluations, and the nature of the mind. Paper edition (unseen), $25.50. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Conceptual Issues in Evolutionary Biology

Author: Elliott Sober
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262691628
Category: Philosophy
Page: 506
View: 407

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There has been considerable and lively debate in philosophy of biology over the decade since the first edition of this anthology appeared. Changes and additions in the new edition reflect the ways in which the subject has broadened and deepened on several fronts; more than half of the-chapters are new. In all, twenty-three selections take up fitness, function and teleology, adaptationism, units of selection, essentialism and population thinking, species, systematic philosophies, phylogenetic inference, reduction of Mendelian genetics to molecular biology, ethics and sociobiology, and cultural evolution and evolutionary epistemology. Elliott Sober is Hans Reichenbach Professor of Philosophy at the University of Wisconsin, Madison.

Concepts and Approaches in Evolutionary Epistemology

Towards an Evolutionary Theory of Knowledge
Author: Franz M. Wuketits
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789027715777
Category: Philosophy
Page: 320
View: 1789

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The present volume brings together current interdisciplinary research which adds up to an evolutionary theory of human knowledge, Le. evolutionary epistemology. It comprises ten papers, dealing with the basic concepts, approaches and data in evolutionary epistemology and discussing some of their most important consequences. Because I am convinced that criticism, if not confused with mere polemics, is apt to stimulate the maturation of a scientific or philosophical theory, I invited Reinhard Low to present his critical view of evolutionary epistemology and to indicate some limits of our evolutionary conceptions. The main purpose of this book is to meet the urgent need of both science and philosophy for a comprehensive up-to-date approach to the problem of knowledge, going beyond the traditional disciplinary boundaries of scientific and philosophical thought. Evolutionary epistemology has emerged as a naturalistic and science-oriented view of knowledge taking cognizance of, and compatible with, results of biological, psychological, anthropological and linguistic inquiries concerning the structure and development of man's cognitive apparatus. Thus, evolutionary epistemology serves as a frame work for many contemporary discussions of the age-old problem of human knowledge.

Conceptual Challenges in Evolutionary Psychology

Innovative Research Strategies
Author: Harmon R. Holcomb
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402001338
Category: Philosophy
Page: 401
View: 5192

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This book offers a multi-disciplinary approach by scientists and philosophers that reveals the stamp of evolution on everyday life: how kinship unravels nurture, how family life affects the personalities we acquire, how our minds develop to negotiate social hierarchies, whether we decide to eat or not, what qualities we prefer in our sexual and marriage patterns, how we name and raise our children, how our thoughts and emotions are framed to make adaptive decisions, and methods for identifying evolved adaptations of the human life-cycle. It serves as an advanced text for students and scholars that critiques the dominating work of Buss, Cosmides and Tooby, Dennett, and Pinker. Taking the field beyond the narrow and contentious innatist-adaptionist view of the mind, it supplies a much sought-after interactional, `biopsycho-sociocultural' paradigm using a variety of evidence to converge on carefully reasoned conclusions.

Popper, Objectivity and the Growth of Knowledge

Author: John H. Sceski
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1441144374
Category: Science
Page: 174
View: 5831

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John H. Sceski argues that Karl Popper's philosophy offers a radical treatment of objectivity that can reconcile freedom and progress in a manner that preserves the best elements of the Enlightenment tradition. His book traces the development of Popper's account of objectivity by examining his original contributions to key issues in the philosophy of science. Popper's early confrontation with logical positivism, his rarely discussed four-fold treatment of the problem of induction, and his theory of propensities and evolutionary epistemology are linked in a novel way to produce a coherent and philosophically relevant picture of objectivity. Sceski also explores and clarifies many central issues in the philosophy of science such as probabilistic support, verisimilitude, and the relationship between special relativity and indeterminism. He concludes that Popper's account of objectivity can best bridge the gap between Enlightenment aims for science and freedom and post-modern misgivings about 'truth', by developing a philosophy that is non-foundationalist yet able to account for the growth of knowledge.

Merged Evolution

Long-term Complications of Biotechnology and Informatin Technology
Author: Susantha Goonatilake
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113438985X
Category: Computers
Page: 282
View: 6018

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Merged Evolution charts the implications of two major forces of change, information technology and biotechnology, combined with a third force, that of 'artifactual' information, which is handed down dichronically from computing device to computing device. Through developments anticipated in the near future, Dr. Goonatilake describes the merging of these three systems, a convergence which will profoundly affect the biological, social, and technical fields much more than previous studies have implied. Together these changes yield an entirely different history - and a different future of the world for life, nature and civilization. This book addresses the broader issue arising from these important developments using the unifying perspective of general evolutionary theory to yield a fresh and profound insight.

Biology and Political Science

Author: Robert Blank,Samuel M. Hines Jnr.
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134629052
Category: Political Science
Page: 192
View: 2979

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This book demonstrates the increasing interest of some social scientists in the theories, research and findings of life sciences in building a more interdisciplinary approach to the study of politics. It discusses the development of biopolitics as an academic perspective within political science, reviews the growing literature in the field and presents a coherent view of biopolitics as a framework for structuring inquiry across the current subfields of political science.

Québec Studies in the Philosophy of Science

Part II: Biology, Psychology, Cognitive Science and Economics Essays in Honor of Hugues Leblanc
Author: Mathieu Marion,Robert S. Cohen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400901135
Category: Science
Page: 308
View: 2074

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By North-American standards, philosophy is not new in Quebec: the first men tion of philosophy lectures given by a Jesuit in the College de Quebec (founded 1635) dates from 1665, and the oldest logic manuscript dates from 1679. In English-speaking universities such as McGill (founded 1829), philosophy began to be taught later, during the second half of the 19th century. The major influence on English-speaking philosophers was, at least initially, that of Scottish Empiricism. On the other hand, the strong influence of the Catholic Church on French-Canadian society meant that the staff of the facultes of the French-speaking universities consisted, until recently, almost entirely of Thomist philosophers. There was accordingly little or no work in modern Formal Logic and Philosophy of Science and precious few contacts between the philosophical communities. In the late forties, Hugues Leblanc was a young student wanting to learn Formal Logic. He could not find anyone in Quebec to teach him and he went to study at Harvard University under the supervision of W. V. Quine. His best friend Maurice L' Abbe had left, a year earlier, for Princeton to study with Alonzo Church. After receiving his Ph. D from Harvard in 1948, Leblanc started his profes sional career at Bryn Mawr College, where he stayed until 1967. He then went to Temple University, where he taught until his retirement in 1992, serving as Chair of the Department of Philosophy from 1973 until 1979.

Reason, Regulation, and Realism

Towards a Regulatory Systems Theory of Reason and Evolutionary Epistemology
Author: C. A. Hooker
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9780791422625
Category: Philosophy
Page: 432
View: 2537

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This book develops a new naturalist theory of reason and scientific knowledge from a synthesis of philosophy and the new sciences of complex adaptive systems. In particular, the theory of partially self-organizing regulatory systems is now emerging as central to all the life and social sciences, and this book shows how these ideas can be used to illuminate and satisfyingly reconstruct our basic philosophical concepts and principles. Evolutionary epistemology provides a unifying subject for the book. It is taken as proposing some important commonality between cognitive biological and cognitive epistemic processes. Here, that commonality is found by embedding both in a common model of complex adaptive system dynamics .New reconstructions are offered on the theories of Jean Piaget, Karl Popper, and Nicholas Rescher which show how their ideas are more deeply illuminated from this perspective in contrast to the formal rationalist interpretations standard among philosophers and scientists.

Darwinian Creativity and Memetics

Author: Maria Kronfeldner
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317544919
Category: Philosophy
Page: 240
View: 5799

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Maria Kronfeldner examines how Darwinism has been used to explain novelty and change in culture through the Darwinian approach to creativity and the theory of memes. The first claims that creativity is based on a Darwinian process of blind variation and selection, while the latter claims that culture is based on and explained by units - memes - that are similar to genes. Both theories try to describe and explain mind and culture by applying Darwinism by way of analogies. Kronfeldner shows that the analogies involved in these theories lead to claims that give either wrong or at least no new descriptions or explanations of the phenomena at issue. Whereas the two approaches are usually defended or criticized on the basis that they are dangerous for our vision of ourselves, this book takes a different perspective: it questions the acuteness of these approaches. Darwinian theory is not like a dangerous wolf, hunting for our self image. Far from it, in the case of the two analogical applications addressed in this book, Darwinian theory is shown to behave more like a disoriented sheep in wolf's clothing.

Evolutionary Epistemology, Rationality, and the Sociology of Knowledge

Author: Gerard Radnitzky,Karl Raimund Popper
Publisher: Open Court Publishing
ISBN: 9780812690392
Category: Philosophy
Page: 475
View: 2444

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This collection of essays in support of the theory of evolutionary epistemology includes articles by Karl Popper, Peter Munz and Gerhard Vollmer. This volume attempts to show how an evolutionary and non-justificational approach affects the sociology of knowledge.

Evolution Challenges

Integrating Research and Practice in Teaching and Learning about Evolution
Author: Karl S. Rosengren
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN: 9780199730421
Category: Medical
Page: 464
View: 7229

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Evolution Challenges goes beyond the science versus religion debate to ask why evolution is so often rejected as a legitimate scientific fact, focusing on a wide range of cognitive, socio-cultural, and motivational factors that make concepts such as evolution difficult to grasp.

Issues in the Ecological Study of Learning

Author: T. D. Johnston,A. T. Pietrewicz
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 131776840X
Category: Psychology
Page: 464
View: 4253

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First published in 1985. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Evolution, Cognition, and Realism

Studies in Evolutionary Epistemology
Author: Nicholas Rescher
Publisher: University Press of America
ISBN: 9780819177551
Category: Philosophy
Page: 129
View: 1307

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This collection of essays originated from an interdisciplinary conference on 'Evolutionary Epistemology' held in Pittsburgh in December of 1988 under the sponsorship of the University of Pittsburgh's Center for Philosophy of Science. Contents: Epistemological Roles for Selection Theory, by Donald T. Campbell; Evolutionary Models of Science, by Ronald N. Giere; Should Epistemologists Take Darwin Seriously? by Michael Bradie; Natural Selection, Justification, and Inference to the Best Explanation, by Alan H. Goldman; Interspecific Competition, Evolutionary Epistemology, and Ecology, by Kristin Shrader-Frechette; Toward Making Evolutionary Epistemology into a Truly Naturalized Epistemology, by William Bechtel; Confessions of a Creationist, by C. Kenneth Waters. Co-published with the Center for Philosophy of Science.

Evolutionary Naturalism

Selected Essays
Author: Michael Ruse
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134877625
Category: Philosophy
Page: 336
View: 4431

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First published in 1995. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Issues in Evolutionary Ethics

Author: Paul Thompson
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 1438422032
Category: Philosophy
Page: 444
View: 3602

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This book explores historical and current discussions of the relevance of evolutionary theory to ethics. The historical section conveys the intellectual struggle that took place within the framework of Darwinism from its inception up to the work of G. C. Williams, W. D. Hamilton, R. D. Alexander, A. L. Trivers, E. O. Wilson, R. Dawkins, and others. The contemporary section discusses ethics within the framework of evolutionary theory as enriched by the works of biologists such as those mentioned above. The issue of whether ethical practice and ethical theory can be grounded in the theory of evolution has taken a new and significant direction within the context of sociobiology and is proving to be a challenge to previous thinking. This book conveys that challenge.

Epistemology and Science Education

Understanding the Evolution vs. Intelligent Design Controversy
Author: Roger S. Taylor,Michel Ferrari
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136885994
Category: Education
Page: 320
View: 3292

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How is epistemology related to the issue of teaching science and evolution in the schools? Addressing a flashpoint issue in our schools today, this book explores core epistemological differences between proponents of intelligent design and evolutionary scientists, as well as the critical role of epistemological beliefs in learning science. Preeminent scholars in these areas report empirical research and/or make a theoretical contribution, with a particular emphasis on the controversy over whether intelligent design deserves to be considered a science alongside Darwinian evolution. This pioneering book coordinates and provides a complete picture of the intersections in the study of evolution, epistemology, and science education, in order to allow a deeper understanding of the intelligent design vs. evolution controversy. This is a very timely book for teachers and policy makers who are wrestling with issues of how to teach biology and evolution within a cultural context in which intelligent design has been and is likely to remain a challenge for the foreseeable future.