Ireland and Irish America

Culture, Class, and Transatlantic Migration
Author: Kerby A. Miller
Publisher: Field Day Publications
ISBN: 0946755396
Category: Ireland
Page: 411
View: 2533

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Between 1600 and 1929, perhaps seven million men and women left Ireland and crossed the Atlantic. Ireland and Irish America is concerned with Catholics and Protestants, rural and urban dwellers, men and women on both sides of that vast ocean. Drawing on over thirty years of research, in sources as disparate as emigrants' letters and demographic data, it recovers the experiences and opinions of emigrants as varied as the Rev. James McGregor, who in 1718 led the first major settlement of Presbyterians from Ulster to the New World, Mary Rush, a desperate refugee from the Great Famine in County Sligo, and Tom Brick, an Irish-speaking Kerryman on the American prairie in the early 1900s. Above all, Ireland and Irish America offers a trenchant analysis of mass migration's causes, its consequences, and its popular and political interpretations. In the process, it challenges the conventional 'two traditions' (Protestant versus Catholic) paradigm of Irish and Irish diasporan history, and it illuminates the hegemonic forces and relationships that governed the Irish and Irish-American worlds created and linked by transatlantic capitalism.

Making the Irish American

History and Heritage of the Irish in the United States
Author: Marion Casey,J.J. Lee
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814752187
Category: History
Page: 733
View: 1356

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"Most will find this book alone as satisfying as a plate of praties or an endearing tin-whistle tune." --Foreword Magazine"This lavish compendium looks at the Irish and America from a variety of perspectives." --USA Today"For anyone with the slightest interest in the history of Irish immigrants in America, Lee and Casey's book is a wonderful foundation on which to build a knowledge base."--Northeast Book Reviews"From the double-meaning of its title to its roster of impressive contributors, Making the Irish American is destined for the bookshelves of all readers who aim to keep up on Irish-American history." --Irish America"For the astute editorial selection of the number of general and somewhat specialized articles, expertise of the authors, and documentation in articles and appendices plus notes and biographies, Making the Irish American is a major text tying together this field of ethnic studies with American history and social history."--Midwest Book ReviewIrish America- a land of pubs, politics, music, stories and St. Patricks Day. But of course, it's also so much more....Making the Irish American is one of the most comprehensive books of its kind."--NYU Today"In Making the Irish American, editors J.J. Lee and Marion R. Casey have compiled an illustrated 700-page volume that traces the history of the Irish in the United States and shows the impact America has had on its Irish immigrants and vice versa. The book's 29 articles deal with various aspects of Irish-American life, including labor and unions, discrimination, politics, sports, entertainment and nationalism, as well as the future of Irish America. Among the contributors are Calvin Trillin, Pete Hamill, Daniel Patrick Moynihanand the editors." --Associated Press"This massive volume, copublish

Textures of Irish America


Author: Lawrence J. McCaffrey
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
ISBN: 9780815605218
Category: History
Page: 244
View: 2437

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The "textures" of the Irish-American experience have been manifold, greatly influencing this country's economic, social, and cultural development over the past two centuries. Unlike that of many other European immigrants, the Irish journey to America was viewed largely as a one-way trip. They quickly adjusted to America, soon becoming citizens and active participants in politics. By the end of the 19th century, they dominated not only most American cities but also sports, especially baseball, and many were prominent in show business. In this entertaining study of one of America's most engaging and controversial groups, Lawrence McCaffrey reveals how the Irish adapted to urban life, progressing from unskilled working class to solid middle class. Denied power and influence in business and commerce, they achieved both through politics and the Catholic church. In addition to politicians and churchmen, McCaffrey discusses the roles of writers such as Finley Peter Dunne, James T. Farrell, Eugene O'Neill, J.F. Powers, Edwin O'Connor, William Kennedy, Elizabeth Cullinan, Tom Flanagan, Thomas Fleming, Jimmy Breslin, and John Gregory Dunne, as well as such film stars as Jimmy Cagney, Bing Crosby, Grace and Gene Kelly, and Spencer Tracy. McCaffrey completes the story with a look at the role of Irish nationalism in developing the personality of Irish America and in liberating Ireland from British colonialism. The result of some forty years of thinking and writing about Irish-American life, McCaffrey's Textures will appeal to scholars and general readers alike and may very well become the standard work on Irish America.

Irish America


Author: Reginald Byron
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780191543777
Category: Social Science
Page: 328
View: 5669

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Few writers on the Irish in America have looked beyond the nineteenth-century ethnic enclaves of New York, Boston, Philadelphia, or Chicago, or have asked how the notion of an Irish-American ethnic identity in contemporary America can be reconciled with five, six, or seven generations of intermarriage and assimilation over the last century and a half. This study, based on interviews with 500 people of Irish ancestry in Albany, New York, aims to discover in what senses and in what degrees the present-day descendants of nineteenth-century Irish immigrants possess distinctive social practices and ways of seeing the world, and raises questions about the social conditions in which ideas of Irishness have been created and re-created.

Enter the Irish-American


Author: Edward Wakin
Publisher: iUniverse
ISBN: 0595227309
Category: History
Page: 212
View: 8263

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The Irish position "is one of shame and poverty. 'My master is a great tyrant,' said a Negro lately. 'He treats me as badly as if I was a common Irishman.'" -an Irishman writing home, 1851. "I am sorry to find that England is right about the lower class of Irish. They are brutal, base, cruel, cowards, and as insolent as base...my own theory is that St. Patrick's campaign against the snakes is a Papish delusion. They perished of biting the Irish people." -a prominent New Yorker, 1863. "If you lived in this place, you would ask for whisky instead of milk." -an Irishwoman in a New York tenement, 1868. "Thousands of my countrymen at this time fill with dignity and invulnerable fidelity, various situations of trust and emolument in the land of their adoption." -a traveling Irish author, 1864. "Scratch a convict or a pauper, and the chances are that you tickle the skin of an Irish Catholic." -the Chicago Post, 1868. "Of all the tricks which the Irish nation have played on the slow-witted Saxon, the most outrageous is the palming off on him of the imaginary Irishman of romance." -George Bernard Shaw, 1896. "Anyhow 'tis a good thing to be an Irishman because people think that all an Irishman does is laugh without a reason an' fight without an objik. But ye an' I, Hinnissy, know these things ar-re on'y our divarsions. It's a good thing to have people size ye up wrong, whin they're got ye'er measure ye're in danger." -Finley Peter Dunne, 1919.

Irish on the Inside

In Search of the Soul of Irish America
Author: Tom Hayden
Publisher: Verso
ISBN: 9781859844779
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 342
View: 1529

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Tom Hayden explores the losses wrought by Irish American conformism, in his own life and beyond. When David Trimble claimed recently that Irish republicans needed house-training, I felt the echo of my master's voice down through the ages, that of the Vikings, the British, and the WASPs, and knew why I am Irish. Now and then someone has to defecate on the master's rug. Tom Hayden first realized he was 'Irish on the inside' when he heard civil rights marchers in Northern Ireland singing 'We Shall Overcome' in 1969. Though his great-grandparents had been forced to emigrate to the US in the 1850s, Hayden's parents erased his Irish heritage in the quest for respectability. In this passionate book he explores the losses wrought by such conformism. Assimilation, he argues, has led to high rates of schizophrenia, depression, alcoholism and domestic violence within the Irish community. Today's Irish-Americans, Hayden contends, need to re-inhabit their history, to recognize that assimilation need not entail submission. By recognizing their links to others now experiencing the prejudice once directed at their ancestors, they can develop a sense of themselves that is both specific and inclusive: 'The survival of a distinct Irish soul is proof enough that Anglo culture will never fully satisfy our needs. We have a unique role in reshaping American society to empathize with the world's poor, for their story is the genuine story of the Irish.'

Sweet Liberty

Travels in Irish America
Author: Joseph O'Connor
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 1446435660
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 400
View: 6312

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Joseph O'Connor's love affair with all things American led to an extraordinary tour of the United States to visit the nine different towns called Dublin, as well as some of the great cities and tiny hamlets in between. Along the way he wittily deconstructs the legends of a whole pantheon of Irish American heroes, from John F. Kennedy to Billy the Kid, and takes a quick detour to finally answer that most important question: was Elvis really Irish? The result is a hilarious, poignant and unforgettable book that celebrates the breathtaking diversity of the Irish influence on America and actually manages to find a town called Dublin, somewhere on the planet, that doesn't have one single pub within its limits...

Crossing Highbridge

A Memoir of Irish America
Author: Maureen Waters
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
ISBN: 9780815606826
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 149
View: 3848

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An evocotive tale of coming to womanhood in the disorienting 1960s-a girl in the world of nuns and the Holy Ghost-but on a deeper level, this is a story of a woman who has suffered unimaglnable loss and attempts to make sense of that loss by re-imagining her past and her own Irish-American heritage. The first in her family born in the United States, Maureen grew up the Bronx Irish daughter of two unforgettable immigrants: her storytelling, former revolutionary father, and her fierce, IRA-supporting mother. Crossing Higbbridge is framed by the accidental death of Waters's son and her struggle to make sense of this loss by re-imagining her past and her heritage. Her life in postwar New York City was colored by Catholicism and strong cultural links to the other side - by Irish step dancing, the melodies of Thomas Moore, and the rituals, inflections, and harrowing memories impressed on her. Sex was a mystery. Schoolgirls wore below-the-knee blue serge uniforms with starched white collars and cuffs. Brutal treatment at the hands of the hands of the nuns who ran her college drove Waters to transfer to a secular school. Waters rebelled against an upbringing that seemed to wall her off

The Irish Voice in America

250 Years of Irish-American Fiction
Author: Charles Fanning
Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
ISBN: 0813148332
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 448
View: 8140

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In this study, Charles Fanning has written the first general account of the origins and development of a literary tradition among American writers of Irish birth or background who have explored the Irish immigrant or ethnic experience in works of fiction. The result is a portrait of the evolving fictional self-consciousness of an immigrant group over a span of 250 years. Fanning traces the roots of Irish-American writing back to the eighteenth century and carries it forward through the traumatic years of the Famine to the present time with an intensely productive period in the twentieth century beginning with James T. Farrell. Later writers treated in depth include Edwin O'Connor, Elizabeth Cullinan, Maureen Howard, and William Kennedy. Along the way he places in the historical record many all but forgotten writers, including the prolific Mary Ann Sadlier. The Irish Voice in America is not only a highly readable contribution to American literary history but also a valuable reference to many writers and their works. For this second edition, Fanning has added a chapter that covers the fiction of the past decade. He argues that contemporary writers continue to draw on Ireland as a source and are important chroniclers of the modern American experience.

Irish America

Coming Into Clover
Author: Maureen Dezell
Publisher: Anchor Books
ISBN: 038549596X
Category: Social Science
Page: 272
View: 7785

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Explores the contributions of Irish Americans to the fabric of American life, tracing their influence on art, commerce, politics, culture, and social traditions, and discusses the role of the Catholic Church in Irish American life.

Irish in America


Author: Margaret J. Goldstein
Publisher: Lerner Publications
ISBN: 9780822539506
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 80
View: 3334

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Examines the history of Irish immigration to the United States, discussing why the Irish came, what their lives were like after they arrived, where they settled, and customs they brought from home.

The Macbride Principles

Irish America Strikes Back
Author: Kevin McNamara
Publisher: Liverpool University Press
ISBN: 1846312175
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 301
View: 9417

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Originally published in November 1984, the MacBride Principles contained nine affirmative action proposals aimed at eliminating religious discrimination in the employment practices of U.S. corporations with subsidiaries in Northern Ireland. Supported by the U.S. government, the Principles were met with tremendous opposition in Britain and motivated a massive nonviolent campaign by Irish America to achieve social justice in Northern Ireland. Using interviews with key personalities, as well as hitherto unpublished and inaccessible archival information, Kevin McNamara draws on his experience as a British Member of Parliament and a former shadow Secretary of State for Northern Ireland to chronicle this struggle for equality.

New Directions in Irish-American History


Author: Kevin Kenny
Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press
ISBN: 9780299187149
Category: History
Page: 334
View: 5563

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The writing of Irish American history has been transformed since the 1960s. This volume demonstrates how scholars from many disciplines are addressing not only issues of emigration, politics, and social class but also race, labor, gender, representation, historical memory, and return (both literal and symbolic) to Ireland. This recent scholarship embraces Protestants as well as Catholics, incorporates analysis from geography, sociology, and literary criticism, and proposes a genuinely transnational framework giving attention to both sides of the Atlantic. This book combines two special issues of the journal Éire-Ireland with additional new material. The contributors include Tyler Anbinder, Thomas J. Archdeacon, Bruce D. Boling, Maurice J. Bric, Mary P. Corcoran, Mary E. Daly, Catherine M. Eagan, Ruth-Ann M. Harris, Diane M. Hotten-Somers, William Jenkins, Patricia Kelleher, Líam Kennedy, Kerby A. Miller, Harvey O'Brien, Matthew J. O'Brien, Timothy M. O'Neil, and Fionnghuala Sweeney.

Irish-American Trade, 1660-1783


Author: Thomas M. Truxes
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521526166
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 464
View: 1672

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This book assaults well-established myths depicting Ireland's transatlantic trade as subordinate to British interests.

After the Flood

Irish America, 1945-1960
Author: Matthew J. O'Brien
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780716529873
Category: History
Page: 223
View: 523

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The essays in this volume examine diverse aspects of the Irish-American community during the postwar years and cover both the immigrant community within the US â?? which witnessed a surge in immigration from Ireland â?? and the subsequent expressions of an Irish identity among later generation ethnics. Essays consider both social and political history, such as ethnic anti-communism and American responses to Partition, and significant representations of Irish life in popular culture, such as The Last Hurrah (1956) or The Quiet Man (1952). The study shows that the Irish-American community was lively and, in many ways, dissimilar from â??mainstreamâ?? American life in this period. The supposedly deracinated descendants of earlier immigrants were nonetheless well aware that the larger culture perceived something distinctive about being Irish, and throughout this period they actively sought to define â?? often in deflected ways â?? just what that distinctiveness could mean.

The Columbia Guide to Irish American History


Author: Timothy J. Meagher
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231510705
Category: History
Page: 384
View: 1368

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Once seen as threats to mainstream society, Irish Americans have become an integral part of the American story. More than 40 million Americans claim Irish descent, and the culture and traditions of Ireland and Irish Americans have left an indelible mark on U.S. society. Timothy J. Meagher fuses an overview of Irish American history with an analysis of historians' debates, an annotated bibliography, a chronology of critical events, and a glossary discussing crucial individuals, organizations, and dates. He addresses a range of key issues in Irish American history from the first Irish settlements in the seventeenth century through the famine years in the nineteenth century to the volatility of 1960s America and beyond. The result is a definitive guide to understanding the complexities and paradoxes that have defined the Irish American experience. Throughout the work, Meagher invokes comparisons to Irish experiences in Canada, Britain, and Australia to challenge common perceptions of Irish American history. He examines the shifting patterns of Irish migration, discusses the role of the Catholic church in the Irish immigrant experience, and considers the Irish American influence in U.S. politics and modern urban popular culture. Meagher pays special attention to Irish American families and the roles of men and women, the emergence of the Irish as a "governing class" in American politics, the paradox of their combination of fervent American patriotism and passionate Irish nationalism, and their complex and sometimes tragic relations with African and Asian Americans.

Irish Heroes and Heroines of America

150 True Stories of Irish-American Heroism
Author: John Bartimole
Publisher: Frederick Fell Publishers
ISBN: 9780883910108
Category: History
Page: 205
View: 9770

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Profiling 150 Irish men and women from all walks of life who have profoundly impacted the world, including John F. Kennedy, Babe Ruth, and Jimmy Breslin, a fascinating volume celebrates the many Irish American role models who have inspired and empowered Americans with their bravery, creativity, and self-expression. Original.