Introduction to the New Statistics

Estimation, Open Science, and Beyond
Author: Geoff Cumming,Robert Calin-Jageman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317483375
Category: Psychology
Page: 594
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This is the first introductory statistics text to use an estimation approach from the start to help readers understand effect sizes, confidence intervals (CIs), and meta-analysis (‘the new statistics’). It is also the first text to explain the new and exciting Open Science practices, which encourage replication and enhance the trustworthiness of research. In addition, the book explains NHST fully so students can understand published research. Numerous real research examples are used throughout. The book uses today’s most effective learning strategies and promotes critical thinking, comprehension, and retention, to deepen users’ understanding of statistics and modern research methods. The free ESCI (Exploratory Software for Confidence Intervals) software makes concepts visually vivid, and provides calculation and graphing facilities. The book can be used with or without ESCI. Other highlights include: - Coverage of both estimation and NHST approaches, and how to easily translate between the two. - Some exercises use ESCI to analyze data and create graphs including CIs, for best understanding of estimation methods. -Videos of the authors describing key concepts and demonstrating use of ESCI provide an engaging learning tool for traditional or flipped classrooms. -In-chapter exercises and quizzes with related commentary allow students to learn by doing, and to monitor their progress. -End-of-chapter exercises and commentary, many using real data, give practice for using the new statistics to analyze data, as well as for applying research judgment in realistic contexts. -Don’t fool yourself tips help students avoid common errors. -Red Flags highlight the meaning of "significance" and what p values actually mean. -Chapter outlines, defined key terms, sidebars of key points, and summarized take-home messages provide a study tool at exam time. - offers for students: ESCI downloads; data sets; key term flashcards; tips for using SPSS for analyzing data; and videos. For instructors it offers: tips for teaching the new statistics and Open Science; additional homework exercises; assessment items; answer keys for homework and assessment items; and downloadable text images; and PowerPoint lecture slides. Intended for introduction to statistics, data analysis, or quantitative methods courses in psychology, education, and other social and health sciences, researchers interested in understanding the new statistics will also appreciate this book. No familiarity with introductory statistics is assumed.

Understanding The New Statistics

Effect Sizes, Confidence Intervals, and Meta-Analysis
Author: Geoff Cumming
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136659188
Category: Psychology
Page: 536
View: 5764

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This is the first book to introduce the new statistics - effect sizes, confidence intervals, and meta-analysis - in an accessible way. It is chock full of practical examples and tips on how to analyze and report research results using these techniques. The book is invaluable to readers interested in meeting the new APA Publication Manual guidelines by adopting the new statistics - which are more informative than null hypothesis significance testing, and becoming widely used in many disciplines. Accompanying the book is the Exploratory Software for Confidence Intervals (ESCI) package, free software that runs under Excel and is accessible at The book’s exercises use ESCI's simulations, which are highly visual and interactive, to engage users and encourage exploration. Working with the simulations strengthens understanding of key statistical ideas. There are also many examples, and detailed guidance to show readers how to analyze their own data using the new statistics, and practical strategies for interpreting the results. A particular strength of the book is its explanation of meta-analysis, using simple diagrams and examples. Understanding meta-analysis is increasingly important, even at undergraduate levels, because medicine, psychology and many other disciplines now use meta-analysis to assemble the evidence needed for evidence-based practice. The book’s pedagogical program, built on cognitive science principles, reinforces learning: Boxes provide "evidence-based" advice on the most effective statistical techniques. Numerous examples reinforce learning, and show that many disciplines are using the new statistics. Graphs are tied in with ESCI to make important concepts vividly clear and memorable. Opening overviews and end of chapter take-home messages summarize key points. Exercises encourage exploration, deep understanding, and practical applications. This highly accessible book is intended as the core text for any course that emphasizes the new statistics, or as a supplementary text for graduate and/or advanced undergraduate courses in statistics and research methods in departments of psychology, education, human development , nursing, and natural, social, and life sciences. Researchers and practitioners interested in understanding the new statistics, and future published research, will also appreciate this book. A basic familiarity with introductory statistics is assumed.

The Essential Guide to Effect Sizes

Statistical Power, Meta-Analysis, and the Interpretation of Research Results
Author: Paul D. Ellis
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521142466
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 173
View: 831

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A jargon-free introduction for students and researchers looking to interpret the practical significance of their results.

The New Statistics with R

An Introduction for Biologists
Author: Andy Hector
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198729057
Category: Science
Page: 199
View: 6987

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Statistical methods are a key tool for all scientists working with data, but learning the basic mathematical skills can be one of the most challenging components of a biologist's training. This accessible book provides a contemporary introduction to the classical techniques and modern extensions of linear model analysis: one of the most useful approaches in the analysis of scientific data in the life and environmental sciences. It emphasizes an estimation-based approach that accounts for recent criticisms of the over-use of probability values, and introduces alternative approaches using information criteria. Statistics are introduced through worked analyses performed in R, the free open source programming language for statistics and graphics, which is rapidly becoming the standard software in many areas of science and technology. These analyses use real data sets from ecology, evolutionary biology and environmental science, and the data sets and R scripts are available as support material. The book's structure and user friendly style stem from the author's 20 years of experience teaching statistics to life and environmental scientists at both the undergraduate and graduate levels. The New Statistics with R is suitable for senior undergraduate and graduate students, professional researchers, and practitioners in the fields of ecology, evolution, environmental studies, and computational biology.

Research Methods in Psychology

Investigating Human Behavior
Author: Paul G. Nestor,Russell K. Schutt
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1483369153
Category: Social Science
Page: 448
View: 2798

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The Second Edition of Paul G. Nestor and Russell K. Schutt’s successful and unique Research Methods in Psychology: Investigating Human Behavior draws from substantive research stories to illustrate how research is presented while systematically unifying the entire research process within a conceptual framework. This accessible text examines engaging research studies and examples, considering research ethics throughout. “This is a great text that emphasizes the important concepts within research methods. The resources are excellent; they incorporate up-to-date research and technology and introduce the student to empirical articles, and the information is presented in a way that challenges the student to apply the material.” —Maria Pacella, Kent State University “The text is comprehensive. It covers a wide variety of information without being overwhelming. This is a very good textbook for an introductory course in research methods. I like that its focus is on psychological research specifically.” —Angela M. Heads, Prairie View A&M University

Effect Sizes for Research

Univariate and Multivariate Applications
Author: Robert J. Grissom,John J. Kim
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135611475
Category: Education
Page: 272
View: 2704

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The goal of this book is to inform a broad readership about a variety of measures and estimators of effect sizes for research, their proper applications and interpretations, and their limitations. Its focus is on analyzing post-research results. The book provides an evenhanded account of controversial issues in the field, such as the role of significance testing. Consistent with the trend toward greater use of robust statistical methods, the book pays much attention to the statistical assumptions of the methods and to robust measures of effect size. Effect Sizes for Research discusses different effect sizes for a variety of kinds of variables, designs, circumstances, and purposes. It covers standardized differences between means, correlational measures, strength of association, and confidence intervals. The book clearly demonstrates how the choice of an appropriate measure might depend on such factors as whether variables are categorical, ordinal, or continuous; satisfying assumptions; the sampling method; and the source of variability in the population. It emphasizes a practical approach through: worked examples using real data; formulas and rationales for a variety of variables, designs, and purposes to help readers apply the material to their own data sets; software references for the more tedious calculations; and informative figures and tables, questions, and over 300 references. Intended as a resource for professionals, researchers, and advanced students in a variety of fields, this book is an excellent supplement for advanced courses in statistics in disciplines such as psychology, education, the social sciences, business, management, and medicine. A prerequisite of introductory statistics through factorial analysis of variance and chi-square is recommended.

Latina Power!

Using 7 Strengths You Already Have to Create the Success You Deserve
Author: Ana Nogales
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 9780743253734
Category: Self-Help
Page: 240
View: 5514

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In this empowering guide, Dr. Ana Nogales encourages Latinas to move beyond their expected roles and become the women they wish to be by embracing the seven traits they inherit naturally from their Latino culture: Espíritu Creativo (Creative Spirit) The Aguantadora's (Survivor's) Passionate Determination The Comadre's (Girlfriend's) Networking Ability The Diplomática's (Diplomat's) Discretion The Atrevida's (Risktaker's) Courage The Malabarista's (Multitasker's) Balance La Reina's (A Diva's) Confidence Each chapter features an interactive element, including a quiz to determine how strong each attribute is in the reader's own personality, plus exercises to reinforce each trait. Filled with the personal stories of successful Latinas, including novelist Isabelle Allende, TV journalist Cristina Saralegui, Congresswomen Loretta and Linda Sánchez, Latina magazine founder Christy Haubegger, and entertainer Jaci Velásquez, Latina Power inspires readers to vigorously pursue their own dreams.

Beyond ANOVA

Basics of Applied Statistics
Author: Rupert G. Miller, Jr.
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780412070112
Category: Mathematics
Page: 336
View: 7144

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Renowned statistician R.G. Miller set the pace for statistics students with Beyond ANOVA: Basics of Applied Statistics. Designed to show students how to work with a set of "real world data," Miller's text goes beyond any specific discipline, and considers a whole variety of techniques from ANOVA to empirical Bayes methods; the jackknife, bootstrap methods; and the James-Stein estimator. This reissue of Miller's classic book has been revised by professors at Stanford University, California. As before, one of the main strengths of Beyond ANOVA is its promotion of the use of the most straightforward data analysis methods-giving students a viable option, instead of resorting to complicated and unnecessary tests. Assuming a basic background in statistics, Beyond ANOVA is written for undergraduates and graduate statistics students. Its approach will also be valued by biologists, social scientists, engineers, and anyone who may wish to handle their own data analysis.

Statistical Methods for Communication Science

Author: Andrew F. Hayes
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135250898
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 536
View: 2290

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Statistical Methods for Communication Science is the only statistical methods volume currently available that focuses exclusively on statistics in communication research. Writing in a straightforward, personal style, author Andrew F. Hayes offers this accessible and thorough introduction to statistical methods, starting with the fundamentals of measurement and moving on to discuss such key topics as sampling procedures, probability, reliability, hypothesis testing, simple correlation and regression, and analyses of variance and covariance. Hayes takes readers through each topic with clear explanations and illustrations. He provides a multitude of examples, all set in the context of communication research, thus engaging readers directly and helping them to see the relevance and importance of statistics to the field of communication. Highlights of this text include: *thorough and balanced coverage of topics; *integration of classical methods with modern "resampling" approaches to inference; *consideration of practical, "real world" issues; *numerous examples and applications, all drawn from communication research; *up-to-date information, with examples justifying use of various techniques; and *a CD with macros, data sets, figures, and additional materials. This unique book can be used as a stand-alone classroom text, a supplement to traditional research methods texts, or a useful reference manual. It will be invaluable to students, faculty, researchers, and practitioners in communication, and it will serve to advance the understanding and use of statistical methods throughout the discipline.

Statistical Power Analysis for the Social and Behavioral Sciences

Basic and Advanced Techniques
Author: Xiaofeng Steven Liu
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136464182
Category: Psychology
Page: 400
View: 4331

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This is the first book to demonstrate the application of power analysis to the newer more advanced statistical techniques that are increasingly used in the social and behavioral sciences. Both basic and advanced designs are covered. Readers are shown how to apply power analysis to techniques such as hierarchical linear modeling, meta-analysis, and structural equation modeling. Each chapter opens with a review of the statistical procedure and then proceeds to derive the power functions. This is followed by examples that demonstrate how to produce power tables and charts. The book clearly shows how to calculate power by providing open code for every design and procedure in R, SAS, and SPSS. Readers can verify the power computation using the computer programs on the book's website. There is a growing requirement to include power analysis to justify sample sizes in grant proposals. Most chapters are self-standing and can be read in any order without much disruption.This book will help readers do just that. Sample computer code in R, SPSS, and SAS at are written to tabulate power values and produce power curves that can be included in a grant proposal. Organized according to various techniques, chapters 1 – 3 introduce the basics of statistical power and sample size issues including the historical origin, hypothesis testing, and the use of statistical power in t tests and confidence intervals. Chapters 4 - 6 cover common statistical procedures -- analysis of variance, linear regression (both simple regression and multiple regression), correlation, analysis of covariance, and multivariate analysis. Chapters 7 - 11 review the new statistical procedures -- multi-level models, meta-analysis, structural equation models, and longitudinal studies. The appendixes contain a tutorial about R and show the statistical theory of power analysis. Intended as a supplement for graduate courses on quantitative methods, multivariate statistics, hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) and/or multilevel modeling and SEM taught in psychology, education, human development, nursing, and social and life sciences, this is the first text on statistical power for advanced procedures. Researchers and practitioners in these fields also appreciate the book‘s unique coverage of the use of statistical power analysis to determine sample size in planning a study. A prerequisite of basic through multivariate statistics is assumed.

Resampling Methods

A Practical Guide to Data Analysis
Author: Phillip I. Good
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780817643867
Category: Mathematics
Page: 218
View: 1123

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This thoroughly revised and expanded third edition is a practical guide to data analysis using the bootstrap, cross-validation, and permutation tests. Only requiring minimal mathematics beyond algebra, it provides a table-free introduction to data analysis utilizing numerous exercises, practical data sets, and freely available statistical shareware. New to the third edition are additional program listings and screen shots of C++, CART, Blossom, Box Sampler (an Excel add-in), EViews, MATLAB, R, Resampling Stats, SAS macros, S-Plus, Stata, or StatXact, which accompany each resampling procedure. A glossary and solutions to selected exercises have also been added. With its accessible style and intuitive topic development, the book is an excellent basic resource for the power, simplicity, and versatility of resampling methods. It is an essential resource for statisticians, biostatisticians, statistical consultants, students, and research professionals in the biological, physical, and social sciences, engineering, and technology.

Introduction to Probability with R

Author: Kenneth Baclawski
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420065220
Category: Mathematics
Page: 384
View: 8449

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Based on a popular course taught by the late Gian-Carlo Rota of MIT, with many new topics covered as well, Introduction to Probability with R presents R programs and animations to provide an intuitive yet rigorous understanding of how to model natural phenomena from a probabilistic point of view. Although the R programs are small in length, they are just as sophisticated and powerful as longer programs in other languages. This brevity makes it easy for students to become proficient in R. This calculus-based introduction organizes the material around key themes. One of the most important themes centers on viewing probability as a way to look at the world, helping students think and reason probabilistically. The text also shows how to combine and link stochastic processes to form more complex processes that are better models of natural phenomena. In addition, it presents a unified treatment of transforms, such as Laplace, Fourier, and z; the foundations of fundamental stochastic processes using entropy and information; and an introduction to Markov chains from various viewpoints. Each chapter includes a short biographical note about a contributor to probability theory, exercises, and selected answers. The book has an accompanying website with more information.

Benign Bigotry

The Psychology of Subtle Prejudice
Author: Kristin J. Anderson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521878357
Category: Family & Relationships
Page: 354
View: 9913

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Focuses on commonly held cultural myths as the basis for examining subtle forms of racial, sexual, gender and religious bias.

Statistics As Principled Argument

Author: Robert P. Abelson
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1135694419
Category: Psychology
Page: 240
View: 7237

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In this illuminating volume, Robert P. Abelson delves into the too-often dismissed problems of interpreting quantitative data and then presenting them in the context of a coherent story about one's research. Unlike too many books on statistics, this is a remarkably engaging read, filled with fascinating real-life (and real-research) examples rather than with recipes for analysis. It will be of true interest and lasting value to beginning graduate students and seasoned researchers alike. The focus of the book is that the purpose of statistics is to organize a useful argument from quantitative evidence, using a form of principled rhetoric. Five criteria, described by the acronym MAGIC (magnitude, articulation, generality, interestingness, and credibility) are proposed as crucial features of a persuasive, principled argument. Particular statistical methods are discussed, with minimum use of formulas and heavy data sets. The ideas throughout the book revolve around elementary probability theory, t tests, and simple issues of research design. It is therefore assumed that the reader has already had some access to elementary statistics. Many examples are included to explain the connection of statistics to substantive claims about real phenomena.

Designing Experiments and Analyzing Data

A Model Comparison Perspective, Third Edition
Author: Scott E. Maxwell,Harold D. Delaney,Ken Kelley
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317284550
Category: Psychology
Page: 1056
View: 3986

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Designing Experiments and Analyzing Data: A Model Comparison Perspective (3rd edition) offers an integrative conceptual framework for understanding experimental design and data analysis. Maxwell, Delaney, and Kelley first apply fundamental principles to simple experimental designs followed by an application of the same principles to more complicated designs. Their integrative conceptual framework better prepares readers to understand the logic behind a general strategy of data analysis that is appropriate for a wide variety of designs, which allows for the introduction of more complex topics that are generally omitted from other books. Numerous pedagogical features?further facilitate understanding:?examples of published research demonstrate the applicability of each chapter’s content; flowcharts?assist in choosing the most appropriate procedure;?end-of-chapter lists of important formulas highlight key ideas and assist readers in locating the initial presentation of equations; useful programming code and tips are provided throughout the book and in associated resources available online, and?extensive sets of exercises?help develop a deeper understanding of the subject.?Detailed solutions?for some of the exercises and?realistic data sets?are included on the website ( The pedagogical approach used throughout the book enables readers to gain an overview of experimental design, from conceptualization of the research question to analysis of the data. The book and its companion website with web apps, tutorials, and detailed code are ideal for students and researchers seeking the optimal way to design their studies and analyze the resulting data.

The R Book

Author: Michael J. Crawley
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118448960
Category: Mathematics
Page: 1080
View: 406

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Hugely successful and popular text presenting an extensive and comprehensive guide for all R users The R language is recognized as one of the most powerful and flexible statistical software packages, enabling users to apply many statistical techniques that would be impossible without such software to help implement such large data sets. R has become an essential tool for understanding and carrying out research. This edition: Features full colour text and extensive graphics throughout. Introduces a clear structure with numbered section headings to help readers locate information more efficiently. Looks at the evolution of R over the past five years. Features a new chapter on Bayesian Analysis and Meta-Analysis. Presents a fully revised and updated bibliography and reference section. Is supported by an accompanying website allowing examples from the text to be run by the user. Praise for the first edition: ‘…if you are an R user or wannabe R user, this text is the one that should be on your shelf. The breadth of topics covered is unsurpassed when it comes to texts on data analysis in R.’ (The American Statistician, August 2008) ‘The High-level software language of R is setting standards in quantitative analysis. And now anybody can get to grips with it thanks to The R Book…’ (Professional Pensions, July 2007)

A Modern Introduction to Probability and Statistics

Understanding Why and How
Author: F.M. Dekking,C. Kraaikamp,H.P. Lopuhaä,L.E. Meester
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1846281687
Category: Mathematics
Page: 488
View: 4091

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Suitable for self study Use real examples and real data sets that will be familiar to the audience Introduction to the bootstrap is included – this is a modern method missing in many other books

An Introduction to Statistical Learning

with Applications in R
Author: Gareth James,Daniela Witten,Trevor Hastie,Robert Tibshirani
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461471389
Category: Mathematics
Page: 426
View: 6981

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An Introduction to Statistical Learning provides an accessible overview of the field of statistical learning, an essential toolset for making sense of the vast and complex data sets that have emerged in fields ranging from biology to finance to marketing to astrophysics in the past twenty years. This book presents some of the most important modeling and prediction techniques, along with relevant applications. Topics include linear regression, classification, resampling methods, shrinkage approaches, tree-based methods, support vector machines, clustering, and more. Color graphics and real-world examples are used to illustrate the methods presented. Since the goal of this textbook is to facilitate the use of these statistical learning techniques by practitioners in science, industry, and other fields, each chapter contains a tutorial on implementing the analyses and methods presented in R, an extremely popular open source statistical software platform. Two of the authors co-wrote The Elements of Statistical Learning (Hastie, Tibshirani and Friedman, 2nd edition 2009), a popular reference book for statistics and machine learning researchers. An Introduction to Statistical Learning covers many of the same topics, but at a level accessible to a much broader audience. This book is targeted at statisticians and non-statisticians alike who wish to use cutting-edge statistical learning techniques to analyze their data. The text assumes only a previous course in linear regression and no knowledge of matrix algebra.

Bayesian Ideas and Data Analysis

An Introduction for Scientists and Statisticians
Author: Ronald Christensen,Wesley Johnson,Adam Branscum,Timothy E Hanson
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439803552
Category: Mathematics
Page: 516
View: 8663

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Emphasizing the use of WinBUGS and R to analyze real data, Bayesian Ideas and Data Analysis: An Introduction for Scientists and Statisticians presents statistical tools to address scientific questions. It highlights foundational issues in statistics, the importance of making accurate predictions, and the need for scientists and statisticians to collaborate in analyzing data. The WinBUGS code provided offers a convenient platform to model and analyze a wide range of data. The first five chapters of the book contain core material that spans basic Bayesian ideas, calculations, and inference, including modeling one and two sample data from traditional sampling models. The text then covers Monte Carlo methods, such as Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) simulation. After discussing linear structures in regression, it presents binomial regression, normal regression, analysis of variance, and Poisson regression, before extending these methods to handle correlated data. The authors also examine survival analysis and binary diagnostic testing. A complementary chapter on diagnostic testing for continuous outcomes is available on the book’s website. The last chapter on nonparametric inference explores density estimation and flexible regression modeling of mean functions. The appropriate statistical analysis of data involves a collaborative effort between scientists and statisticians. Exemplifying this approach, Bayesian Ideas and Data Analysis focuses on the necessary tools and concepts for modeling and analyzing scientific data. Data sets and codes are provided on a supplemental website.