Introduction to the Mori Program


Author: Kenji Matsuki
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 147575602X
Category: Mathematics
Page: 478
View: 2023

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Mori's Program is a fusion of the so-called Minimal Model Program and the IItaka Program toward the biregular and/or birational classification of higher dimensional algebraic varieties. The author presents this theory in an easy and understandable way with lots of background motivation. Prerequisites are those covered in Hartshorne's book "Algebraic Geometry." This is the first book in this extremely important and active field of research and will become a key resource for graduate students wanting to get into the area.

Higher-Dimensional Algebraic Geometry


Author: Olivier Debarre
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387952277
Category: Mathematics
Page: 234
View: 6882

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The classification theory of algebraic varieties is the focus of this book. This very active area of research is still developing, but an amazing quantity of knowledge has accumulated over the past twenty years. The authors goal is to provide an easily accessible introduction to the subject. The book starts with preparatory and standard definitions and results, then moves on to discuss various aspects of the geometry of smooth projective varieties with many rational curves, and finishes in taking the first steps towards Moris minimal model program of classification of algebraic varieties by proving the cone and contraction theorems. The book is well-organized and the author has kept the number of concepts that are used but not proved to a minimum to provide a mostly self-contained introduction.

Introduction to the Mori Program


Author: Kenji Matsuki
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 147575602X
Category: Mathematics
Page: 478
View: 4100

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Mori's Program is a fusion of the so-called Minimal Model Program and the IItaka Program toward the biregular and/or birational classification of higher dimensional algebraic varieties. The author presents this theory in an easy and understandable way with lots of background motivation. Prerequisites are those covered in Hartshorne's book "Algebraic Geometry." This is the first book in this extremely important and active field of research and will become a key resource for graduate students wanting to get into the area.

Algebraic Geometry

An Introduction
Author: Daniel Perrin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781848000568
Category: Mathematics
Page: 263
View: 1303

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Aimed primarily at graduate students and beginning researchers, this book provides an introduction to algebraic geometry that is particularly suitable for those with no previous contact with the subject; it assumes only the standard background of undergraduate algebra. The book starts with easily-formulated problems with non-trivial solutions and uses these problems to introduce the fundamental tools of modern algebraic geometry: dimension; singularities; sheaves; varieties; and cohomology. A range of exercises is provided for each topic discussed, and a selection of problems and exam papers are collected in an appendix to provide material for further study.

Positivity in Algebraic Geometry I

Classical Setting: Line Bundles and Linear Series
Author: R.K. Lazarsfeld
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540225331
Category: Mathematics
Page: 387
View: 8511

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This two volume work on Positivity in Algebraic Geometry contains a contemporary account of a body of work in complex algebraic geometry loosely centered around the theme of positivity. Topics in Volume I include ample line bundles and linear series on a projective variety, the classical theorems of Lefschetz and Bertini and their modern outgrowths, vanishing theorems, and local positivity. Volume II begins with a survey of positivity for vector bundles, and moves on to a systematic development of the theory of multiplier ideals and their applications. A good deal of this material has not previously appeared in book form, and substantial parts are worked out here in detail for the first time. At least a third of the book is devoted to concrete examples, applications, and pointers to further developments. Volume I is more elementary than Volume II, and, for the most part, it can be read without access to Volume II.

Basic Algebraic Geometry 2

Schemes and Complex Manifolds
Author: Igor R. Shafarevich
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642380107
Category: Mathematics
Page: 262
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Shafarevich's Basic Algebraic Geometry has been a classic and universally used introduction to the subject since its first appearance over 40 years ago. As the translator writes in a prefatory note, ``For all [advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate] students, and for the many specialists in other branches of math who need a liberal education in algebraic geometry, Shafarevich’s book is a must.'' The second volume is in two parts: Book II is a gentle cultural introduction to scheme theory, with the first aim of putting abstract algebraic varieties on a firm foundation; a second aim is to introduce Hilbert schemes and moduli spaces, that serve as parameter spaces for other geometric constructions. Book III discusses complex manifolds and their relation with algebraic varieties, Kähler geometry and Hodge theory. The final section raises an important problem in uniformising higher dimensional varieties that has been widely studied as the ``Shafarevich conjecture''. The style of Basic Algebraic Geometry 2 and its minimal prerequisites make it to a large extent independent of Basic Algebraic Geometry 1, and accessible to beginning graduate students in mathematics and in theoretical physics.

Complex Geometry

An Introduction
Author: Daniel Huybrechts
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540266879
Category: Mathematics
Page: 309
View: 8863

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Easily accessible Includes recent developments Assumes very little knowledge of differentiable manifolds and functional analysis Particular emphasis on topics related to mirror symmetry (SUSY, Kaehler-Einstein metrics, Tian-Todorov lemma)

Algebraic and Geometric Combinatorics

Euroconference in Mathematics : Algebraic and Geometric Combinatorics, August 20-26, 2005, Anogia, Crete, Greece
Author: Christos A. Athanasiadis
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821840800
Category: Mathematics
Page: 324
View: 2290

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This volume contains original research and survey articles stemming from the Euroconference ""Algebraic and Geometric Combinatorics"". The papers discuss a wide range of problems that illustrate interactions of combinatorics with other branches of mathematics, such as commutative algebra, algebraic geometry, convex and discrete geometry, enumerative geometry, and topology of complexes and partially ordered sets. Among the topics covered are combinatorics of polytopes, lattice polytopes, triangulations and subdivisions, Cohen-Macaulay cell complexes, monomial ideals, geometry of toric surfaces, groupoids in combinatorics, Kazhdan-Lusztig combinatorics, and graph colorings. This book is aimed at researchers and graduate students interested in various aspects of modern combinatorial theories.

Snowbird Lectures in Algebraic Geometry

Proceedings of an AMS-IMS-SIAM Joint Summer Research Conference on Algebraic Geometry : Presentations by Young Researchers, July 4-8, 2004
Author: Ravi Vakil
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821837192
Category: Mathematics
Page: 188
View: 5406

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A significant part of the 2004 Summer Research Conference on Algebraic Geometry (Snowbird, UT) was devoted to lectures introducing the participants, in particular, graduate students and recent Ph.D.'s, to a wide swathe of algebraic geometry and giving them a working familiarity with exciting, rapidly developing parts of the field. One of the main goals of the organizers was to allow the participants to broaden their horizons beyond the narrow area in which they are working. A fine selection of topics and a noteworthy list of contributors made the resulting collection of articles a useful resource for everyone interested in getting acquainted with the modern topic of algebraic geometry.The book consists of ten articles covering, among others, the following topics: the minimal model program, derived categories of sheaves on algebraic varieties, Kobayashi hyperbolicity, groupoids and quotients in algebraic geometry, rigid analytic varieties, and equivariant cohomology. Suitable for independent study, this unique volume is intended for graduate students and researchers interested in algebraic geometry.

Cox Rings


Author: Ivan Arzhantsev,Ulrich Derenthal,Jürgen Hausen,Antonio Laface
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316147959
Category: Mathematics
Page: N.A
View: 4832

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Cox rings are significant global invariants of algebraic varieties, naturally generalizing homogeneous coordinate rings of projective spaces. This book provides a largely self-contained introduction to Cox rings, with a particular focus on concrete aspects of the theory. Besides the rigorous presentation of the basic concepts, other central topics include the case of finitely generated Cox rings and its relation to toric geometry; various classes of varieties with group actions; the surface case; and applications in arithmetic problems, in particular Manin's conjecture. The introductory chapters require only basic knowledge in algebraic geometry. The more advanced chapters also touch on algebraic groups, surface theory, and arithmetic geometry. Each chapter ends with exercises and problems. These comprise mini-tutorials and examples complementing the text, guided exercises for topics not discussed in the text, and, finally, several open problems of varying difficulty.

Mathematical Concepts of Quantum Mechanics


Author: Stephen J. Gustafson,Israel Michael Sigal
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642218660
Category: Mathematics
Page: 382
View: 8829

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The book gives a streamlined introduction to quantum mechanics while describing the basic mathematical structures underpinning this discipline. Starting with an overview of key physical experiments illustrating the origin of the physical foundations, the book proceeds with a description of the basic notions of quantum mechanics and their mathematical content. It then makes its way to topics of current interest, specifically those in which mathematics plays an important role. The more advanced topics presented include many-body systems, modern perturbation theory, path integrals, the theory of resonances, quantum statistics, mean-field theory, second quantization, the theory of radiation (non-relativistic quantum electrodynamics), and the renormalization group. With different selections of chapters, the book can serve as a text for an introductory, intermediate, or advanced course in quantum mechanics. The last four chapters could also serve as an introductory course in quantum field theory.

Introduction to Game Theory


Author: Peter Morris
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461243165
Category: Mathematics
Page: 252
View: 1744

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This advanced textbook covers the central topics in game theory and provides a strong basis from which readers can go on to more advanced topics. The subject matter is approached in a mathematically rigorous, yet lively and interesting way. New definitions and topics are motivated as thoroughly as possible. Coverage includes the idea of iterated Prisoner's Dilemma (super games) and challenging game-playing computer programs.

An Introduction to the Kähler-Ricci Flow


Author: Sebastien Boucksom,Philippe Eyssidieux,Vincent Guedj
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319008196
Category: Mathematics
Page: 333
View: 3413

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This volume collects lecture notes from courses offered at several conferences and workshops, and provides the first exposition in book form of the basic theory of the Kähler-Ricci flow and its current state-of-the-art. While several excellent books on Kähler-Einstein geometry are available, there have been no such works on the Kähler-Ricci flow. The book will serve as a valuable resource for graduate students and researchers in complex differential geometry, complex algebraic geometry and Riemannian geometry, and will hopefully foster further developments in this fascinating area of research. The Ricci flow was first introduced by R. Hamilton in the early 1980s, and is central in G. Perelman’s celebrated proof of the Poincaré conjecture. When specialized for Kähler manifolds, it becomes the Kähler-Ricci flow, and reduces to a scalar PDE (parabolic complex Monge-Ampère equation). As a spin-off of his breakthrough, G. Perelman proved the convergence of the Kähler-Ricci flow on Kähler-Einstein manifolds of positive scalar curvature (Fano manifolds). Shortly after, G. Tian and J. Song discovered a complex analogue of Perelman’s ideas: the Kähler-Ricci flow is a metric embodiment of the Minimal Model Program of the underlying manifold, and flips and divisorial contractions assume the role of Perelman’s surgeries.

Algebraic Geometry


Author: Robin Hartshorne
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475738498
Category: Mathematics
Page: 496
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An introduction to abstract algebraic geometry, with the only prerequisites being results from commutative algebra, which are stated as needed, and some elementary topology. More than 400 exercises distributed throughout the book offer specific examples as well as more specialised topics not treated in the main text, while three appendices present brief accounts of some areas of current research. This book can thus be used as textbook for an introductory course in algebraic geometry following a basic graduate course in algebra. Robin Hartshorne studied algebraic geometry with Oscar Zariski and David Mumford at Harvard, and with J.-P. Serre and A. Grothendieck in Paris. He is the author of "Residues and Duality", "Foundations of Projective Geometry", "Ample Subvarieties of Algebraic Varieties", and numerous research titles.

The Classical Decision Problem


Author: Egon Börger,Erich Grädel,Yuri Gurevich
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540423249
Category: Mathematics
Page: 482
View: 4405

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This book offers a comprehensive treatment of the classical decision problem of mathematical logic and of the role of the classical decision problem in modern computer science. The text presents a revealing analysis of the natural order of decidable and undecidable cases and includes a number of simple proofs and exercises.

Notes on Geometry


Author: Elmer Rees
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642617778
Category: Mathematics
Page: 114
View: 1028

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In recent years, geometry has played a lesser role in undergraduate courses than it has ever done. Nevertheless, it still plays a leading role in mathematics at a higher level. Its central role in the history of mathematics has never been disputed. It is important, therefore, to introduce some geometry into university syllabuses. There are several ways of doing this, it can be incorporated into existing courses that are primarily devoted to other topics, it can be taught at a first year level or it can be taught in higher level courses devoted to differential geometry or to more classical topics. These notes are intended to fill a rather obvious gap in the literature. It treats the classical topics of Euclidean, projective and hyperbolic geometry but uses the material commonly taught to undergraduates: linear algebra, group theory, metric spaces and complex analysis. The notes are based on a course whose aim was two fold, firstly, to introduce the students to some geometry and secondly to deepen their understanding of topics that they have already met. What is required from the earlier material is a familiarity with the main ideas, specific topics that are used are usually redone.

Logic and Structure


Author: Dirk van Dalen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662029626
Category: Mathematics
Page: 220
View: 5947

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New corrected printing of a well-established text on logic at the introductory level.

Flips for 3-folds and 4-folds


Author: Alessio Corti
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198570619
Category: Mathematics
Page: 189
View: 9821

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Aimed at graduates and researchers in algebraic geometry, this collection of edited chapters provides a complete and essentially self-contained account of the construction of 3-fold and 4-fold klt flips.

Algebraic Function Fields and Codes


Author: Henning Stichtenoth
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540768785
Category: Mathematics
Page: 360
View: 5605

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This book links two subjects: algebraic geometry and coding theory. It uses a novel approach based on the theory of algebraic function fields. Coverage includes the Riemann-Rock theorem, zeta functions and Hasse-Weil's theorem as well as Goppa' s algebraic-geometric codes and other traditional codes. It will be useful to researchers in algebraic geometry and coding theory and computer scientists and engineers in information transmission.