Introduction to the Modeling and Analysis of Complex Systems


Author: Hiroki Sayama
Publisher: Open SUNY Textbooks
ISBN: 9781942341086
Category: COMPUTERS
Page: 478
View: 7941

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Introduction to the Modeling and Analysis of Complex Systems introduces students to mathematical/computational modeling and analysis developed in the emerging interdisciplinary field of Complex Systems Science. Complex systems are systems made of a large number of microscopic components interacting with each other in nontrivial ways. Many real-world systems can be understood as complex systems, where critically important information resides in the relationships between the parts and not necessarily within the parts themselves. This textbook offers an accessible yet technically-oriented introduction to the modeling and analysis of complex systems. The topics covered include: fundamentals of modeling, basics of dynamical systems, discrete-time models, continuous-time models, bifurcations, chaos, cellular automata, continuous field models, static networks, dynamic networks, and agent-based models. Most of these topics are discussed in two chapters, one focusing on computational modeling and the other on mathematical analysis. This unique approach provides a comprehensive view of related concepts and techniques, and allows readers and instructors to flexibly choose relevant materials based on their objectives and needs. Python sample codes are provided for each modeling example.

Complex Adaptive Systems

An Introduction to Computational Models of Social Life
Author: John H. Miller,Scott E. Page
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400835522
Category: Social Science
Page: 288
View: 9374

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This book provides the first clear, comprehensive, and accessible account of complex adaptive social systems, by two of the field's leading authorities. Such systems--whether political parties, stock markets, or ant colonies--present some of the most intriguing theoretical and practical challenges confronting the social sciences. Engagingly written, and balancing technical detail with intuitive explanations, Complex Adaptive Systems focuses on the key tools and ideas that have emerged in the field since the mid-1990s, as well as the techniques needed to investigate such systems. It provides a detailed introduction to concepts such as emergence, self-organized criticality, automata, networks, diversity, adaptation, and feedback. It also demonstrates how complex adaptive systems can be explored using methods ranging from mathematics to computational models of adaptive agents. John Miller and Scott Page show how to combine ideas from economics, political science, biology, physics, and computer science to illuminate topics in organization, adaptation, decentralization, and robustness. They also demonstrate how the usual extremes used in modeling can be fruitfully transcended.

Nostradamus 2014: Prediction, Modeling and Analysis of Complex Systems


Author: Ivan Zelinka,Ponnuthurai Nagaratnam Suganthan,Guanrong Chen,Vaclav Snasel,Ajith Abraham,Otto Rössler
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319074016
Category: Computers
Page: 462
View: 398

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The prediction of behavior of complex systems, analysis and modeling of its structure is a vitally important problem in engineering, economy and generally in science today. Examples of such systems can be seen in the world around us (including our bodies) and of course in almost every scientific discipline including such “exotic” domains as the earth’s atmosphere, turbulent fluids, economics (exchange rate and stock markets), population growth, physics (control of plasma), information flow in social networks and its dynamics, chemistry and complex networks. To understand such complex dynamics, which often exhibit strange behavior, and to use it in research or industrial applications, it is paramount to create its models. For this purpose there exists a rich spectrum of methods, from classical such as ARMA models or Box Jenkins method to modern ones like evolutionary computation, neural networks, fuzzy logic, geometry, deterministic chaos amongst others. This proceedings book is a collection of accepted papers of the Nostradamus conference that has been held in Ostrava, Czech Republic in June 2014. This book also includes outstanding keynote lectures by distinguished guest speakers: René Lozi (France), Ponnuthurai Nagaratnam Suganthan (Singapore) and Lars Nolle (Germany). The main aim of the conference was to create a periodical possibility for students, academics and researchers to exchange their ideas and novel research methods. This conference establishes a forum for presentation and discussion of recent research trends in the area of applications of various predictive methods.

Qualitative Modeling of Complex Systems

An Introduction to Loop Analysis and Time Averaging
Author: Charles J. Puccia,Richard Levins
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780674435063
Category:
Page: 272
View: 1387

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In this modern era of mathematical modeling, applications have become increasingly complicated. As the complexity grows, it becomes more and more difficult to draw meaningful conclusions about the behavior of theoretical models and their relations to reality. "Qualitative Modeling of Complex Systems" will be useful to a broad readership from the biological and social sciences as well as the physical sciences and technology.

Modeling and Analysis of Dynamic Systems, Second Edition


Author: Ramin S. Esfandiari,Bei Lu
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 146657495X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 566
View: 6937

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Modeling and Analysis of Dynamic Systems, Second Edition introduces MATLAB®, Simulink®, and SimscapeTM and then uses them throughout the text to perform symbolic, graphical, numerical, and simulation tasks. Written for junior or senior level courses, the textbook meticulously covers techniques for modeling dynamic systems, methods of response analysis, and provides an introduction to vibration and control systems. These features combine to provide students with a thorough knowledge of the mathematical modeling and analysis of dynamic systems. See What’s New in the Second Edition: Coverage of modeling and analysis of dynamic systems ranging from mechanical to thermal using Simscape Utilization of Simulink for linearization as well as simulation of nonlinear dynamic systems Integration of Simscape into Simulink for control system analysis and design Each topic covered includes at least one example, giving students better comprehension of the subject matter. More complex topics are accompanied by multiple, painstakingly worked-out examples. Each section of each chapter is followed by several exercises so that students can immediately apply the ideas just learned. End-of-chapter review exercises help in learning how a combination of different ideas can be used to analyze a problem. This second edition of a bestselling textbook fully integrates the MATLAB Simscape Toolbox and covers the usage of Simulink for new purposes. It gives students better insight into the involvement of actual physical components rather than their mathematical representations.

Mathematical Modeling in Systems Biology

An Introduction
Author: Brian P. Ingalls
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262018888
Category: Science
Page: 408
View: 1844

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Systems techniques are integral to current research in molecular cell biology, and system-level investigations are often accompanied by mathematical models. These models serve as working hypotheses: they help us to understand and predict the behavior of complex systems. This book offers an introduction to mathematical concepts and techniques needed for the construction and interpretation of models in molecular systems biology. It is accessible to upper-level undergraduate or graduate students in life science or engineering who have some familiarity with calculus, and will be a useful reference for researchers at all levels. The first four chapters cover the basics of mathematical modeling in molecular systems biology. The last four chapters address specific biological domains, treating modeling of metabolic networks, of signal transduction pathways, of gene regulatory networks, and of electrophysiology and neuronal action potentials. Chapters 3--8 end with optional sections that address more specialized modeling topics. Exercises, solvable with pen-and-paper calculations, appear throughout the text to encourage interaction with the mathematical techniques. More involved end-of-chapter problem sets require computational software. Appendixes provide a review of basic concepts of molecular biology, additional mathematical background material, and tutorials for two computational software packages (XPPAUT and MATLAB) that can be used for model simulation and analysis.

Nostradamus 2013: Prediction, Modeling and Analysis of Complex Systems


Author: Ivan Zelinka,Guanrong Chen,Otto E. Rössler,Vaclav Snasel,Ajith Abraham
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3319005421
Category: Computers
Page: 550
View: 3329

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Prediction of behavior of the dynamical systems, analysis and modeling of its structure is vitally important problem in engineering, economy and science today. Examples of such systems can be seen in the world around us and of course in almost every scientific discipline including such “exotic” domains like the earth’s atmosphere, turbulent fluids, economies (exchange rate and stock markets), population growth, physics (control of plasma), information flow in social networks and its dynamics, chemistry and complex networks. To understand such dynamics and to use it in research or industrial applications, it is important to create its models. For this purpose there is rich spectra of methods, from classical like ARMA models or Box Jenkins method to such modern ones like evolutionary computation, neural networks, fuzzy logic, fractal geometry, deterministic chaos and more. This proceeding book is a collection of the accepted papers to conference Nostradamus that has been held in Ostrava, Czech Republic. Proceeding also comprises of outstanding keynote speeches by distinguished guest speakers: Guanrong Chen (Hong Kong), Miguel A. F. Sanjuan (Spain), Gennady Leonov and Nikolay Kuznetsov (Russia), Petr Škoda (Czech Republic). The main aim of the conference is to create periodical possibility for students, academics and researchers to exchange their ideas and novel methods. This conference will establish forum for presentation and discussion of recent trends in the area of applications of various predictive methods for researchers, students and academics.

Introduction to Infrared and Electro-optical Systems


Author: Ronald G. Driggers,Melvin H. Friedman,Jonathan Nichols
Publisher: Artech House
ISBN: 1608071006
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 583
View: 490

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This newly revised and updated edition of a classic Artech House book offers a current and complete and introduction to the analysis and design of Electro-Optical Systems (EO) imaging systems. The Second Edition provides numerous updates and brand new coverage of today's most important areas, including the integrated spatial frequency approach and a focus on the weapons of terrorists as objects of interest. This comprehensive reference details the principles and components of the Linear Shift-Invariant (LSI) infrared and electro-optical systems and shows you how to combine this approach with calculus and domain transformations to achieve a successful imaging system analysis. Ultimately, the steps described in this book lead to results in quantitative characterizations of performance metrics such as modulation transfer functions, minimum resolvable temperature difference, minimum resolvable contrast, and probability of object discrimination. The book includes an introduction to two-dimensional functions and mathematics which can be used to describe image transfer characteristics and imaging system components. You also learn diffraction concepts of coherent and incoherent imaging systems which show you the fundamental limits of their performance. By using the evaluation procedures contained in this desktop reference, you become capable of predicting both sensor test and field performance and quantifying the effects of component variations. This practical resource includes over 780 time-saving equations.

Introduction to Discrete Event Systems


Author: Christos G. Cassandras,Stéphane Lafortune
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387333320
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 772
View: 2985

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Introduction to Discrete Event Systems is a comprehensive introduction to the field of discrete event systems, offering a breadth of coverage that makes the material accessible to readers of varied backgrounds. The book emphasizes a unified modeling framework that transcends specific application areas, linking the following topics in a coherent manner: language and automata theory, supervisory control, Petri net theory, Markov chains and queuing theory, discrete-event simulation, and concurrent estimation techniques. This edition includes recent research results pertaining to the diagnosis of discrete event systems, decentralized supervisory control, and interval-based timed automata and hybrid automata models.

Formal Modeling and Analysis of Timed Systems

8th International Conference, FORMATS 2010, Klosterneuburg, Austria, September 8-10, 2010, Proceedings
Author: Krishnendu Chatterjee,Thomas A. Henzinger
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642152961
Category: Computers
Page: 257
View: 8979

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This book constitutes the proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Formal Modeling and Analysis of Timed Systems, FORMATS 2010, held in Klosterneuburg, Austria in September 2010. The 14 papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 31 submissions. In addition, the volume contains 3 invited talks and 2 invited tutorials.The aim of FORMATS is to promote the study of fundamental and practical aspects of timed systems, and to bring together researchers from different disciplines that share an interest in the modeling and analysis of timed systems. Typical topics include foundations and semantics, methods and tools, and applications.

Modeling, Simulation, and Control of Flexible Manufacturing Systems

A Petri Net Approach
Author: MengChu Zhou,Kurapati Venkatesh
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789810230296
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 409
View: 8292

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One critical barrier leading to successful implementation of flexible manufacturing and related automated systems is the ever-increasing complexity of their modeling, analysis, simulation, and control. Research and development over the last three decades has provided new theory and graphical tools based on Petri nets and related concepts for the design of such systems. The purpose of this book is to introduce a set of Petri-net-based tools and methods to address a variety of problems associated with the design and implementation of flexible manufacturing systems (FMSs), with several implementation examples.There are three ways this book will directly benefit readers. First, the book will allow engineers and managers who are responsible for the design and implementation of modern manufacturing systems to evaluate Petri nets for applications in their work. Second, it will provide sufficient breadth and depth to allow development of Petri-net-based industrial applications. Third, it will allow the basic Petri net material to be taught to industrial practitioners, students, and academic researchers much more efficiently. This will foster further research and applications of Petri nets in aiding the successful implementation of advanced manufacturing systems.

Introduction to Transportation Analysis, Modeling and Simulation

Computational Foundations and Multimodal Applications
Author: Dietmar P.F. Möller
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1447156374
Category: Computers
Page: 343
View: 8866

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This comprehensive textbook/reference provides an in-depth overview of the key aspects of transportation analysis, with an emphasis on modeling real transportation systems and executing the models. Topics and features: presents comprehensive review questions at the end of each chapter, together with detailed case studies, useful links, references and suggestions for further reading; supplies a variety of teaching support materials at the book’s webpage on Springer.com, including a complete set of lecture slides; examines the classification of models used for multimodal transportation systems, and reviews the models and evaluation methods used in transportation planning; explains traffic assignment to road networks, and describes computer simulation integration platforms and their use in the transportation systems sector; provides an overview of transportation simulation tools, and discusses the critical issues in the design, development and use of the simulation models.

Modeling and Simulation of Complex Systems

A Framework for Efficient Agent-Based Modeling and Simulation
Author: Robert Siegfried
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3658075295
Category: Computers
Page: 227
View: 1882

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Robert Siegfried presents a framework for efficient agent-based modeling and simulation of complex systems. He compares different approaches for describing structure and dynamics of agent-based models in detail. Based on this evaluation the author introduces the “General Reference Model for Agent-based Modeling and Simulation” (GRAMS). Furthermore he presents parallel and distributed simulation approaches for execution of agent-based models –from small scale to very large scale. The author shows how agent-based models may be executed by different simulation engines that utilize underlying hardware resources in an optimized fashion.

Nostradamus: Modern Methods of Prediction, Modeling and Analysis of Nonlinear Systems


Author: Ivan Zelinka,Otto E. Rössler,Václav Snásel,Ajith Abraham,Emilio S. Corchado
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642332277
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 283
View: 6198

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This proceeding book of Nostradamus conference (http://nostradamus-conference.org) contains accepted papers presented at this event in 2012. Nostradamus conference was held in the one of the biggest and historic city of Ostrava (the Czech Republic, http://www.ostrava.cz/en), in September 2012. Conference topics are focused on classical as well as modern methods for prediction of dynamical systems with applications in science, engineering and economy. Topics are (but not limited to): prediction by classical and novel methods, predictive control, deterministic chaos and its control, complex systems, modelling and prediction of its dynamics and much more.

Grundwasserchemie

Praxisorientierter Leitfaden zur numerischen Modellierung von Beschaffenheit, Kontamination und Sanierung aquatischer Systeme
Author: Broder J. Merkel,Britta Planer-Friedrich
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 366207611X
Category: Science
Page: 219
View: 3210

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Die Autoren konzentrieren sich in ihrem Werk auf die Lösung praxisorientierter hydrogeochemischer Fragestellungen und schließen damit eine Lücke im Bereich anwendungsorientierter Lehrbücher. Ein erster Teil fasst dabei die Theorie soweit zusammen, daß es auch Neulingen im Bereich der Modellierung und Nichtchemikern leicht gemacht wird, das anspruchsvolle Thema zu erfassen. Akademikern mit hydrogeologischer oder chemischer Grundausbildung sowie Studenten höherer Semester in den relevanten Fachgebieten erlaubt das Buch, anhand der beschriebenen Beispiele und Lösungen, eine eigenständige Erarbeitung der Sachverhalte. Die beiliegende CD-ROM ermöglicht zudem eine rasche Überprüfung der Ergebnisse, bzw. das Nachvollziehen aller Aufgaben und Lösungen anhand der beigefügten PhreeC-Eingabedateien. Da das Programm PhreeC kostenfrei verfügbar ist und mit Windows-Oberfläche auf der CD-ROM vorhanden ist, kann sofort mit der Modellierung begonnen werden.

Introduction to Complexity and Complex Systems


Author: Robert B. Northrop
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439839018
Category: Medical
Page: 551
View: 6558

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The boundaries between simple and complicated, and complicated and complex system designations are fuzzy and debatable, even using quantitative measures of complexity. However, if you are a biomedical engineer, a biologist, physiologist, economist, politician, stock market speculator, or politician, you have encountered complex systems. Furthermore, your success depends on your ability to successfully interact with and manage a variety of complex systems. In order not to be blindsided by unexpected results, we need a systematic, comprehensive way of analyzing, modeling, and simulating complex systems to predict non-anticipated outcomes. In its engaging first chapters, the book introduces complex systems, Campbell's Law, and the Law of Unintended Consequences, and mathematics necessary for conversations in complex systems. Subsequent chapters illustrate concepts via commonly studied biological mechanisms. The final chapters focus on higher-level complexity problems, and introduce complexity in economic systems. Designed as a reference for biologists and biological engineers, Introduction to Complexity and Complex Systems lends itself to use in a classroom course to introduce advanced students studying biomedical engineering, biophysics, or physiology to complex systems. Engaging and illustrative, this book aids scientists and decision makers in managing biological complexity and complex systems.

Handbook of Real-World Applications in Modeling and Simulation


Author: John A. Sokolowski,Catherine M. Banks
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118241266
Category: Mathematics
Page: 352
View: 7147

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Introduces various modeling and simulation methods and paradigms that are used to explain and solve the predominant challenges facing society Handbook of Real-World Applications in Modeling and Simulation provides a thorough explanation of modeling and simulation in the most useful, current, and predominant applied areas of transportation, homeland security, medicine, operational research, military science, and business modeling. Offering a cutting-edge and accessible presentation, this book discusses how and why the presented domains have become leading applications of modeling and simulation techniques. Contributions from leading academics and researchers integrate modeling and simulation theories, methods, and data to analyze challenges that involve technological and social issues. The book begins with an introduction that explains why modeling and simulation is a reliable analysis assessment tool for complex systems problems. Subsequent chapters provide an orientation to various modeling and simulation methods and paradigms that are used to explain and solve the predominant challenges across real-world applied domains. Additionally, the handbook: Provides a practical one-stop reference on modeling and simulation and contains an accessible introduction to key concepts and techniques Introduces, trains, and prepares readers from statistics, mathematics, engineering, computer science, economics, and business to use modeling and simulation in their studies and research Features case studies that are representative of fundamental areas of multidisciplinary studies and provides a concise look at the key concepts of modeling and simulation Contains a collection of original ideas on modeling and simulation to help academics and practitioners develop a multifunctional perspective Self-contained chapters offer a comprehensive approach to explaining each respective domain and include sections that explore the related history, theory, modeling paradigms, and case studies. Key terms and techniques are clearly outlined, and exercise sets allow readers to test their comprehension of the presented material. Handbook of Real-World Applications in Modeling and Simulation is an essential reference for academics and practitioners in the areas of operations research, business, management science, engineering, statistics, mathematics, and computer science. The handbook is also a suitable supplement for courses on modeling and simulation at the graduate level.

Manufacturing Systems Modeling and Analysis


Author: Guy L. Curry,Richard M. Feldman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642166181
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 338
View: 7208

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This text presents the practical application of queueing theory results for the design and analysis of manufacturing and production systems. This textbook makes accessible to undergraduates and beginning graduates many of the seemingly esoteric results of queueing theory. In an effort to apply queueing theory to practical problems, there has been considerable research over the previous few decades in developing reasonable approximations of queueing results. This text takes full advantage of these results and indicates how to apply queueing approximations for the analysis of manufacturing systems. Support is provided through the web site http://msma.tamu.edu. Students will have access to the answers of odd numbered problems and instructors will be provided with a full solutions manual, Excel files when needed for homework, and computer programs using Mathematica that can be used to solve homework and develop additional problems or term projects. In this second edition a separate appendix dealing with some of the basic event-driven simulation concepts has been added.

Formal Modeling and Analysis of Timed Systems

11th International Conference, FORMATS 2013, Buenos Aires, Argentina, August 29-31, 2013, Proceedings
Author: Víctor Braberman,Laurent Fribourg
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642402291
Category: Computers
Page: 275
View: 7691

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Formal Modeling and Analysis of Timed Systems, FORMATS 2013, held in Buenos Aires, Argentina, in August 2013. The 18 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 41 submissions. The book covers topics of foundations and semantics (theoretical foundations of timed systems and languages; comparison between different models, such as timed automata, timed Petri nets, hybrid automata, timed process algebra, max-plus algebra, probabilistic models); methods and Tools (techniques, algorithms, data structures, and software tools for analyzing timed systems and resolving temporal constraints, e.g., scheduling, worst-case execution time analysis, optimization, model checking, testing, constraint solving, etc.); applications (adaptation and specialization of timing technology in application domains in which timing plays an important role, e.g., real-time software, hardware circuits, and problems of scheduling in manufacturing and telecommunications).