Introduction to Process Safety for Undergraduates and Engineers


Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111924126X
Category: Science
Page: 304
View: 4113

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Familiarizes the student or an engineer new to process safety with the concept of process safety management Serves as a comprehensive reference for Process Safety topics for student chemical engineers and newly graduate engineers Acts as a reference material for either a stand-alone process safety course or as supplemental materials for existing curricula Includes the evaluation of SACHE courses for application of process safety principles throughout the standard Ch.E. curricula in addition to, or as an alternative to, adding a new specific process safety course Gives examples of process safety in design

Introduction to Process Safety for Undergraduates and Engineers


Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119241251
Category: Science
Page: 304
View: 4689

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Familiarizes the student or an engineer new to process safety with the concept of process safety management Serves as a comprehensive reference for Process Safety topics for student chemical engineers and newly graduate engineers Acts as a reference material for either a stand-alone process safety course or as supplemental materials for existing curricula Includes the evaluation of SACHE courses for application of process safety principles throughout the standard Ch.E. curricula in addition to, or as an alternative to, adding a new specific process safety course Gives examples of process safety in design

Guidelines for Auditing Process Safety Management Systems


Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470938323
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 160
View: 4414

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A variety of approaches are given so the reader can select the methodology best suited. It discusses the fundamental skills, techniques, and tools of auditing, and the characteristics of a good process safety management system. And, since information needed for review in the audit may be scattered or undocumented, it offers suggestions on what to look for and where. Whether your company is large or small, whether you are experienced with auditing or just developing a system, consistent use of the techniques presented can significantly improve your audit and your process safety management.

Chemical Process Safety

Fundamentals with Applications
Author: Daniel A. Crowl,Joseph F. Louvar
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: 0132901048
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 720
View: 4503

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The Leading Guide To Process Safety Now Extensively Updated For Today’s Processes And Systems As chemical processes have grown more complex, so have the safety systems required to prevent accidents. Chemical Process Safety, Third Edition, offers students and practitioners a more fundamental understanding of safety and the application required to safely design and manage today’s sophisticated processes. The third edition continues the definitive standard of the previous editions. The content has been extensively updated to today’s techniques and procedures, and two new chapters have been added. A new chapter on chemical reactivity provides the information necessary to identify, characterize, control, and manage reactive chemical hazards. A new chapter on safety procedures and designs includes new content on safely management, and specific procedures including hot work permits, lock-tag-try, and vessel entry. Subjects Include Inherently safer design Toxicology and industrial hygiene Toxic release and dispersion models Fires and explosions, and how to prevent them Reliefs and relief sizing Hazard identification Risk assessment Safe designs and procedures Case histories Chemical Process Safety, Third Edition, is an ideal reference for professionals. It can be used for both graduate and undergraduate instruction. This edition contains more than 480 end-of-chapter problems. A solutions manual is available for instructors.

Guidelines for Combustible Dust Hazard Analysis


Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119010160
Category: Science
Page: 256
View: 2136

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8.2.3 Risk-based DHA - Example 1 -- 8.2.4 Comparison of Traditional vs. Risk-based Approach - Example 1 -- 8.3 Example 2 -- 8.3.1 Process Description 2 -- 8.3.2 Traditional DHA -- 8.3.3 Risk-based DHA -- 8.3.4 Comparison of Traditional vs. Risk-based Approach - Example 2 -- 8.4 Example 3 -- 8.4.1 Process Description - Example 3 -- 8.4.2 Traditional DHA - Example 3 -- 8.4.3 Risk-based DHA - Example 3 -- 8.5 Summary -- 8.6 References -- Appendix A Regulations and Codes -- A.1 Regulations -- A.1.1 U.S. -- A.1.2 International -- A.2 Codes -- References -- Appendix B Additional Resources -- B.1 Books -- B.2 U.S. Chemical Safety Board Reports -- B.3 Journal Articles -- B.4 Other -- Appendix C Data for Risk-based DHA -- C.1 Probability Assessment of Process Unit Fire or Dust Explosion -- C.1.1 Initiating Event Frequencies -- C.1.2 Ignition Probabilities -- C.1.3 Protection Layer PFDs -- C.2 References -- Appendix D Good Practices -- D.1 Self Assessment -- D.2 Housekeeping -- D.2.1 Combustible Dust Housekeeping Inspection Checklist -- D.3 Explosion Protection Methods -- Appendix E DHA Roadmap -- Notes for Figure E.1 -- INDEX -- EULA

Guidelines for Implementing Process Safety Management


Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119243769
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 344
View: 1515

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The 2nd edition provides an update of information since the publication of the first edition including best practices for managing process safety developed by industry as well as incorporate the additional process safety elements. In addition the book includes a focus on maintaining and improving a Process Safety Management (PSM) System. This 2nd edition also provides "how to information to" determine process safety performance status, implement one or more new elements into an existing PSM system, maintain or improve an existing PSM system, and manage future process safety performance.

Optimization in Chemical Engineering


Author: Suman Dutta
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316691799
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: N.A
View: 4283

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Optimization is used to determine the most appropriate value of variables under given conditions. The primary focus of using optimisation techniques is to measure the maximum or minimum value of a function depending on the circumstances. This book discusses problem formulation and problem solving with the help of algorithms such as secant method, quasi-Newton method, linear programming and dynamic programming. It also explains important chemical processes such as fluid flow systems, heat exchangers, chemical reactors and distillation systems using solved examples. The book begins by explaining the fundamental concepts followed by an elucidation of various modern techniques including trust-region methods, Levenberg–Marquardt algorithms, stochastic optimization, simulated annealing and statistical optimization. It studies the multi-objective optimization technique and its applications in chemical engineering and also discusses the theory and applications of various optimization software tools including LINGO, MATLAB, MINITAB and GAMS.

Guidelines for Safe Automation of Chemical Processes


Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119352134
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 648
View: 1502

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This book provides designers and operators of chemical process facilities with a general philosophy and approach to safe automation, including independent layers of safety. An expanded edition, this book includes a revision of original concepts as well as chapters that address new topics such as use of wireless automation and Safety Instrumented Systems. This book also provides an extensive bibliography to related publications and topic-specific information.

Guidelines for Defining Process Safety Competency Requirements


Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118795253
Category: Science
Page: 112
View: 5168

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This Guideline presents the framework of process safety knowledge and expertise versus the desired competency level in a "super-matrix" format, vertically and diagonally. The matrix references for potential remedies/required training may be tailored to a company's internally developed training, reference externally available training, or some combination of the two. Chapters include: Identify Process Safety Roles & Competency Needs; Process Safety Competency Matrix; Individual and Corporate Process Safety Competencies; Conduct Assessments vs. Needs; Develop Gap Closure Plans; and Sustaining Competencies.

Guidelines for Risk Based Process Safety


Author: Center for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS)
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470165693
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 768
View: 1264

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Guidelines for Risk Based Process Safety provides guidelines for industries that manufacture, consume, or handle chemicals, by focusing on new ways to design, correct, or improve process safety management practices. This new framework for thinking about process safety builds upon the original process safety management ideas published in the early 1990s, integrates industry lessons learned over the intervening years, utilizes applicable "total quality" principles (i.e., plan, do, check, act), and organizes it in a way that will be useful to all organizations - even those with relatively lower hazard activities - throughout the life-cycle of a company.

Chemical engineering design

principles, practice and economics of plant and process design
Author: Gavin P. Towler,R. K. Sinnott
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: N.A
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 1245
View: 7640

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"Bottom line: For a holistic view of chemical engineering design, this book provides as much, if not more, than any other book available on the topic." --Extract from Chemical Engineering Resources review. Chemical Engineering Design is one of the best-known and widely adopted texts available for students of chemical engineering. It deals with the application of chemical engineering principles to the design of chemical processes and equipment. Revised throughout, this US edition has been specifically developed for the US market. It covers the latest aspects of process design, operations, safety, loss prevention and equipment selection, among others. Comprehensive in coverage, exhaustive in detail, it is supported by extensive problems and a separate solutions manual for adopting tutors and lecturers. In addition, the book is widely used by professions as a day-to-day reference.

Introduction to Process Control


Author: Jose A. Romagnoli,Ahmet Palazoglu
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849334962
Category: Science
Page: 528
View: 8137

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Improvements in software, instrumentation, and feedback control as well as deepening linkages between fundamental aspects of process technology have vastly changed the practice of industrial process control. Newcomers to the field must have a strong understanding of the new demands and capabilities of modern process control operations. Reflecting these changes, Introduction to Process Control infuses traditional topics with industry-based practices that provide more integrated process operation, control, and information systems. The authors adopt a thoughtfully conceived approach that follows a "Continuing Problem" throughout the text, adding new concepts and strategies to the example, which culminates in a complete control design strategy. This fully realized system is implemented in MATLAB®, with software downloads available from the CRC Web site. This approach not only provides seamless continuity, but also addresses the plantwide control problem and engenders hands-on, step-by-step understanding of how the concepts apply to real processes. The book introduces data processing and reconciliation along with process monitoring as integral components of overall control system architecture. Along with an introduction to modern architectures of industrial computer control systems, Introduction to Process Control offers unique and unparalleled coverage of the expanded role of process control in modern industry, from modeling the process to implementing a plant-wide system.

Process Safety

Key Concepts and Practical Approaches
Author: James A. Klein,Bruce K. Vaughen
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351645471
Category: Science
Page: 389
View: 854

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Effective process safety programs consist of three interrelated foundations—safety culture and leadership, process safety systems, and operational discipline—designed to prevent serious injuries and incidents resulting from toxic releases, fires, explosions, and uncontrolled reactions. Each of these foundations is important and one missing element can cause poor process safety performance. Process Safety: Key Concepts and Practical Approaches takes a systemic approach to the traditional process safety elements that have been identified for effective process safety programs. More effective process safety risk reduction efforts are achieved when these process safety systems, based on desired activities and results rather than by specific elements, are integrated and organized in a systems framework. This book provides key concepts, practical approaches, and tools for establishing and maintaining effective process safety programs to successfully identify, evaluate, and manage process hazards. It introduces process safety systems in a way that helps readers understand the purpose, design, and everyday use of overall process safety system requirements. Understanding what the systems are intended to achieve, understanding why they have been designed and implemented in a specific way, and understanding how they should function day-to-day is essential to ensure continued safe and reliable operations.

Sustainable Engineering

Concepts, Design and Case Studies
Author: David T. Allen,David R. Shonnard
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: 0132756587
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 240
View: 9188

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Assessing Engineering Designs for Environmental, Economic, and Social Impact Engineers will play a central role in addressing one of the twenty-first century’s key challenges: the development of new technologies that address societal needs and wants within the constraints imposed by limited natural resources and the need to protect environmental systems. To create tomorrow’s sustainable products, engineers must carefully consider environmental, economic, and social factors in evaluating their designs. Fortunately, quantitative tools for incorporating sustainability concepts into engineering designs and performance metrics are now emerging. Sustainable Engineering introduces these tools and shows how to apply them. Building on widely accepted principles they first introduced in Green Engineering, David T. Allen and David R. Shonnard discuss key aspects of designing sustainable systems in any engineering discipline. Their powerful, unified approach integrates essential engineering and quantitative design skills, industry perspectives, and case studies, enabling engineering professionals, educators, and students to incorporate sustainability throughout their work. Coverage includes A concise review of the natural resource and environmental challenges engineers face when designing for sustainability Analysis and legislative frameworks for addressing environmental issues and sustainability Methods for identifying green and sustainable materials Principles for improving the sustainability of engineering designs Tools for evaluating sustainable designs and monetizing their benefits

Chemical Engineering Design and Analysis

An Introduction
Author: T. Michael Duncan,Jeffrey A. Reimer
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107494087
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 400
View: 6892

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Students taking their first chemical engineering course plunge into the 'nuts and bolts' of mass and energy balances and often miss the broad view of what chemical engineers do. This 1998 text offers a well-paced introduction to chemical engineering. Students are first introduced to the fundamental steps in design and three methods of analysis: mathematical modeling, graphical methods, and dimensional analysis. The book then describes how to apply engineering skills, such as how to simplify calculations through assumptions and approximations; how to verify calculations, significant figures, spreadsheets, graphing (standard, semi-log and log-log); and how to use data maps. In addition, the book teaches engineering skills through the design and analysis of chemical processes and process units in order to assess product quality, economics, safety, and environmental impact. This text will help undergraduate students in chemical engineering develop engineering skills early in their studies. Lecturer's solution manual available from the publisher on request.

Guidelines for Asset Integrity Management


Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119364256
Category: Science
Page: 496
View: 405

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This book is an update and expansion of topics covered in Guidelines for Mechanical Integrity Systems (2006). The new book is consistent with Risk-Based Process Safety and Life Cycle approaches and includes details on failure modes and mechanisms. Also, example testing an inspection programs is included for various types of equipment and systems. Guidance and examples are provided for selecting and maintaining critical safety systems.

Guidelines for Engineering Design for Process Safety


Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118265467
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 440
View: 6897

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This updated version of one of the most popular and widely used CCPS books provides plant design engineers, facility operators, and safety professionals with key information on selected topics of interest. The book focuses on process safety issues in the design of chemical, petrochemical, and hydrocarbon processing facilities. It discusses how to select designs that can prevent or mitigate the release of flammable or toxic materials, which could lead to a fire, explosion, or environmental damage. Key areas to be enhanced in the new edition include inherently safer design, specifically concepts for design of inherently safer unit operations and Safety Instrumented Systems and Layer of Protection Analysis. This book also provides an extensive bibliography to related publications and topic-specific information, as well as key information on failure modes and potential design solutions.

Guidelines for Initiating Events and Independent Protection Layers in Layer of Protection Analysis


Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118948718
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 384
View: 6551

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The book is a guide for Layers of Protection Analysis (LOPA) practitioners. It explains the onion skin model and in particular, how it relates to the use of LOPA and the need for non-safety instrumented independent protection layers. It provides specific guidance on Independent Protection Layers (IPLs) that are not Safety Instrumented Systems (SIS). Using the LOPA methodology, companies typically take credit for risk reductions accomplished through non-SIS alternatives; i.e. administrative procedures, equipment design, etc. It addresses issues such as how to ensure the effectiveness and maintain reliability for administrative controls or “inherently safer, passive” concepts. This book will address how the fields of Human Reliability Analysis, Fault Tree Analysis, Inherent Safety, Audits and Assessments, Maintenance, and Emergency Response relate to LOPA and SIS. The book will separate IPL’s into categories such as the following: Inherent Safety eliminates a scenario or fundamentally reduces a hazard Preventive/Proactive prevents initiating event from occurring such as enhanced maintenance Preventive/Active stops chain of events after initiating event occurs but before an incident has occurred such as high level in a tank shutting off the pump. Mitigation (active or passive) minimizes impact once an incident has occurred such as closing block valves once LEL is detected in the dike (active) or the dike preventing contamination of groundwater (passive).

Guidelines for Managing Process Safety Risks During Organizational Change


Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118530519
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 264
View: 4428

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An understanding of organizational change management (OCM) — an often overlooked subject — is essential for successful corporate decision making with little adverse effect on the health and safety of employees or the surrounding community. Addressing the myriad of issues involved, this book helps companies bring their OCM systems to the same degree of maturity as other process safety management systems. Topics include corporate standard for organizational change management, modification of working conditions, personnel turnover, task allocation changes, organizational hierarchy changes, and organizational policy changes.