An Introduction to Probability and Statistics


Author: Vijay K. Rohatgi,A.K. Md. Ehsanes Saleh
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118799682
Category: Mathematics
Page: 728
View: 9054

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A well-balanced introduction to probability theory and mathematical statistics Featuring updated material, An Introduction to Probability and Statistics, Third Edition remains a solid overview to probability theory and mathematical statistics. Divided intothree parts, the Third Edition begins by presenting the fundamentals and foundationsof probability. The second part addresses statistical inference, and the remainingchapters focus on special topics. An Introduction to Probability and Statistics, Third Edition includes: A new section on regression analysis to include multiple regression, logistic regression, and Poisson regression A reorganized chapter on large sample theory to emphasize the growing role of asymptotic statistics Additional topical coverage on bootstrapping, estimation procedures, and resampling Discussions on invariance, ancillary statistics, conjugate prior distributions, and invariant confidence intervals Over 550 problems and answers to most problems, as well as 350 worked out examples and 200 remarks Numerous figures to further illustrate examples and proofs throughout An Introduction to Probability and Statistics, Third Edition is an ideal reference and resource for scientists and engineers in the fields of statistics, mathematics, physics, industrial management, and engineering. The book is also an excellent text for upper-undergraduate and graduate-level students majoring in probability and statistics.

Introduction to Probability and Mathematical Statistics


Author: Lee J. Bain,Max Engelhardt
Publisher: Duxbury Press
ISBN: 9780534380205
Category: Mathematics
Page: 644
View: 2584

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The Second Edition of INTRODUCTION TO PROBABILITY AND MATHEMATICAL STATISTICS focuses on developing the skills to build probability (stochastic) models. Lee J. Bain and Max Engelhardt focus on the mathematical development of the subject, with examples and exercises oriented toward applications.

Introduction to Probability


Author: Charles Miller Grinstead,James Laurie Snell
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821894145
Category: Probabilities
Page: 510
View: 9004

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This text is designed for an introductory probability course at the university level for sophomores, juniors, and seniors in mathematics, physical and social sciences, engineering, and computer science. It presents a thorough treatment of ideas and techniques necessary for a firm understanding of the subject. The text is also recommended for use in discrete probability courses. The material is organized so that the discrete and continuous probability discussions are presented in a separate, but parallel, manner. This organization does not emphasize an overly rigorous or formal view of probability and therefore offers some strong pedagogical value. Hence, the discrete discussions can sometimes serve to motivate the more abstract continuous probability discussions. Features: Key ideas are developed in a somewhat leisurely style, providing a variety of interesting applications to probability and showing some nonintuitive ideas. Over 600 exercises provide the opportunity for practicing skills and developing a sound understanding of ideas. Numerous historical comments deal with the development of discrete probability. The text includes many computer programs that illustrate the algorithms or the methods of computation for important problems. The book is a beautiful introduction to probability theory at the beginning level. The book contains a lot of examples and an easy development of theory without any sacrifice of rigor, keeping the abstraction to a minimal level. It is indeed a valuable addition to the study of probability theory. --Zentralblatt MATH

Introduction to Probability


Author: George G. Roussas
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128001984
Category: Mathematics
Page: 546
View: 8997

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Introduction to Probability, Second Edition, discusses probability theory in a mathematically rigorous, yet accessible way. This one-semester basic probability textbook explains important concepts of probability while providing useful exercises and examples of real world applications for students to consider. This edition demonstrates the applicability of probability to many human activities with examples and illustrations. After introducing fundamental probability concepts, the book proceeds to topics including conditional probability and independence; numerical characteristics of a random variable; special distributions; joint probability density function of two random variables and related quantities; joint moment generating function, covariance and correlation coefficient of two random variables; transformation of random variables; the Weak Law of Large Numbers; the Central Limit Theorem; and statistical inference. Each section provides relevant proofs, followed by exercises and useful hints. Answers to even-numbered exercises are given and detailed answers to all exercises are available to instructors on the book companion site. This book will be of interest to upper level undergraduate students and graduate level students in statistics, mathematics, engineering, computer science, operations research, actuarial science, biological sciences, economics, physics, and some of the social sciences. Demonstrates the applicability of probability to many human activities with examples and illustrations Discusses probability theory in a mathematically rigorous, yet accessible way Each section provides relevant proofs, and is followed by exercises and useful hints Answers to even-numbered exercises are provided and detailed answers to all exercises are available to instructors on the book companion site

An Introduction to Probability and Statistical Inference


Author: George G. Roussas
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128004371
Category: Mathematics
Page: 624
View: 4993

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An Introduction to Probability and Statistical Inference, Second Edition, guides you through probability models and statistical methods and helps you to think critically about various concepts. Written by award-winning author George Roussas, this book introduces readers with no prior knowledge in probability or statistics to a thinking process to help them obtain the best solution to a posed question or situation. It provides a plethora of examples for each topic discussed, giving the reader more experience in applying statistical methods to different situations. This text contains an enhanced number of exercises and graphical illustrations where appropriate to motivate the reader and demonstrate the applicability of probability and statistical inference in a great variety of human activities. Reorganized material is included in the statistical portion of the book to ensure continuity and enhance understanding. Each section includes relevant proofs where appropriate, followed by exercises with useful clues to their solutions. Furthermore, there are brief answers to even-numbered exercises at the back of the book and detailed solutions to all exercises are available to instructors in an Answers Manual. This text will appeal to advanced undergraduate and graduate students, as well as researchers and practitioners in engineering, business, social sciences or agriculture. Content, examples, an enhanced number of exercises, and graphical illustrations where appropriate to motivate the reader and demonstrate the applicability of probability and statistical inference in a great variety of human activities Reorganized material in the statistical portion of the book to ensure continuity and enhance understanding A relatively rigorous, yet accessible and always within the prescribed prerequisites, mathematical discussion of probability theory and statistical inference important to students in a broad variety of disciplines Relevant proofs where appropriate in each section, followed by exercises with useful clues to their solutions Brief answers to even-numbered exercises at the back of the book and detailed solutions to all exercises available to instructors in an Answers Manual

AN INTRODUCTION TO PROBABILITY THEORY AND ITS APPLICATIONS, 2ND ED


Author: Willliam Feller
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9788126518067
Category:
Page: 700
View: 6192

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· The Exponential and the Uniform Densities· Special Densities. Randomization· Densities in Higher Dimensions. Normal Densities and Processes· Probability Measures and Spaces· Probability Distributions in Rr· A Survey of Some Important Distributions and Processes· Laws of Large Numbers. Applications in Analysis· The Basic Limit Theorems· Infinitely Divisible Distributions and Semi-Groups· Markov Processes and Semi-Groups· Renewal Theory· Random Walks in R1· Laplace Transforms. Tauberian Theorems. Resolvents· Applications of Laplace Transforms· Characteristic Functions· Expansions Related to the Central Limit Theorem,· Infinitely Divisible Distributions· Applications of Fourier Methods to Random Walks· Harmonic Analysis

An Elementary Introduction to the Theory of Probability


Author: Boris Vladimirovich Gnedenko,Aleksandr I?Akovlevich Khinchin
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 9780486601557
Category: Mathematics
Page: 130
View: 9763

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This compact volume equips the reader with all the facts and principles essential to a fundamental understanding of the theory of probability. It is an introduction, no more: throughout the book the authors discuss the theory of probability for situations having only a finite number of possibilities, and the mathematics employed is held to the elementary level. But within its purposely restricted range it is extremely thorough, well organized, and absolutely authoritative. It is the only English translation of the latest revised Russian edition; and it is the only current translation on the market that has been checked and approved by Gnedenko himself. After explaining in simple terms the meaning of the concept of probability and the means by which an event is declared to be in practice, impossible, the authors take up the processes involved in the calculation of probabilities. They survey the rules for addition and multiplication of probabilities, the concept of conditional probability, the formula for total probability, Bayes's formula, Bernoulli's scheme and theorem, the concepts of random variables, insufficiency of the mean value for the characterization of a random variable, methods of measuring the variance of a random variable, theorems on the standard deviation, the Chebyshev inequality, normal laws of distribution, distribution curves, properties of normal distribution curves, and related topics. The book is unique in that, while there are several high school and college textbooks available on this subject, there is no other popular treatment for the layman that contains quite the same material presented with the same degree of clarity and authenticity. Anyone who desires a fundamental grasp of this increasingly important subject cannot do better than to start with this book. New preface for Dover edition by B. V. Gnedenko.

Introduction to Probability


Author: Joseph K. Blitzstein,Jessica Hwang
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498759769
Category: Mathematics
Page: 596
View: 9292

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Developed from celebrated Harvard statistics lectures, Introduction to Probability provides essential language and tools for understanding statistics, randomness, and uncertainty. The book explores a wide variety of applications and examples, ranging from coincidences and paradoxes to Google PageRank and Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC). Additional application areas explored include genetics, medicine, computer science, and information theory. The print book version includes a code that provides free access to an eBook version. The authors present the material in an accessible style and motivate concepts using real-world examples. Throughout, they use stories to uncover connections between the fundamental distributions in statistics and conditioning to reduce complicated problems to manageable pieces. The book includes many intuitive explanations, diagrams, and practice problems. Each chapter ends with a section showing how to perform relevant simulations and calculations in R, a free statistical software environment.

An Introduction to Measure-Theoretic Probability


Author: George G. Roussas
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128002905
Category: Mathematics
Page: 426
View: 7165

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An Introduction to Measure-Theoretic Probability, Second Edition, employs a classical approach to teaching the basics of measure theoretic probability. This book provides in a concise, yet detailed way, the bulk of the probabilistic tools that a student working toward an advanced degree in statistics, probability and other related areas should be equipped with. This edition requires no prior knowledge of measure theory, covers all its topics in great detail, and includes one chapter on the basics of ergodic theory and one chapter on two cases of statistical estimation. Topics range from the basic properties of a measure to modes of convergence of a sequence of random variables and their relationships; the integral of a random variable and its basic properties; standard convergence theorems; standard moment and probability inequalities; the Hahn-Jordan Decomposition Theorem; the Lebesgue Decomposition T; conditional expectation and conditional probability; theory of characteristic functions; sequences of independent random variables; and ergodic theory. There is a considerable bend toward the way probability is actually used in statistical research, finance, and other academic and nonacademic applied pursuits. Extensive exercises and practical examples are included, and all proofs are presented in full detail. Complete and detailed solutions to all exercises are available to the instructors on the book companion site. This text will be a valuable resource for graduate students primarily in statistics, mathematics, electrical and computer engineering or other information sciences, as well as for those in mathematical economics/finance in the departments of economics. Provides in a concise, yet detailed way, the bulk of probabilistic tools essential to a student working toward an advanced degree in statistics, probability, and other related fields Includes extensive exercises and practical examples to make complex ideas of advanced probability accessible to graduate students in statistics, probability, and related fields All proofs presented in full detail and complete and detailed solutions to all exercises are available to the instructors on book companion site Considerable bend toward the way probability is used in statistics in non-mathematical settings in academic, research and corporate/finance pursuits.

A Natural Introduction to Probability Theory


Author: R. Meester
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783764387242
Category: Mathematics
Page: 198
View: 3116

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Compactly written, but nevertheless very readable, appealing to intuition, this introduction to probability theory is an excellent textbook for a one-semester course for undergraduates in any direction that uses probabilistic ideas. Technical machinery is only introduced when necessary. The route is rigorous but does not use measure theory. The text is illustrated with many original and surprising examples and problems taken from classical applications like gambling, geometry or graph theory, as well as from applications in biology, medicine, social sciences, sports, and coding theory. Only first-year calculus is required.

Probability and Random Processes

With Applications to Signal Processing and Communications
Author: Scott L. Miller,Donald G. Childers
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123869811
Category: Mathematics
Page: 611
View: 7836

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Miller and Childers have focused on creating a clear presentation of foundational concepts with specific applications to signal processing and communications, clearly the two areas of most interest to students and instructors in this course. It is aimed at graduate students as well as practicing engineers, and includes unique chapters on narrowband random processes and simulation techniques. The appendices provide a refresher in such areas as linear algebra, set theory, random variables, and more. Probability and Random Processes also includes applications in digital communications, information theory, coding theory, image processing, speech analysis, synthesis and recognition, and other fields. * Exceptional exposition and numerous worked out problems make the book extremely readable and accessible * The authors connect the applications discussed in class to the textbook * The new edition contains more real world signal processing and communications applications * Includes an entire chapter devoted to simulation techniques

Introduction to Probability


Author: David F. Anderson,Timo Seppäläinen,Benedek Valkó
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110824498X
Category: Mathematics
Page: N.A
View: 2605

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This classroom-tested textbook is an introduction to probability theory, with the right balance between mathematical precision, probabilistic intuition, and concrete applications. Introduction to Probability covers the material precisely, while avoiding excessive technical details. After introducing the basic vocabulary of randomness, including events, probabilities, and random variables, the text offers the reader a first glimpse of the major theorems of the subject: the law of large numbers and the central limit theorem. The important probability distributions are introduced organically as they arise from applications. The discrete and continuous sides of probability are treated together to emphasize their similarities. Intended for students with a calculus background, the text teaches not only the nuts and bolts of probability theory and how to solve specific problems, but also why the methods of solution work.

Introduction to Probability and Statistics, Second Edition,


Author: Giri
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780824790370
Category: Mathematics
Page: 560
View: 7810

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Beginning with the historical background of probability theory, this thoroughly revised text examines all important aspects of mathematical probability - including random variables, probability distributions, characteristic and generating functions, stochatic convergence, and limit theorems - and provides an introduction to various types of statistical problems, covering the broad range of statistical inference.;Requiring a prerequisite in calculus for complete understanding of the topics discussed, the Second Edition contains new material on: univariate distributions; multivariate distributions; large-sample methods; decision theory; and applications of ANOVA.;A primary text for a year-long undergraduate course in statistics (but easily adapted for a one-semester course in probability only), Introduction to Probability and Statistics is for undergraduate students in a wide range of disciplines-statistics, probability, mathematics, social science, economics, engineering, agriculture, biometry, and education.

Probability

An Introduction with Statistical Applications
Author: John J. Kinney
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111894710X
Category: Mathematics
Page: 480
View: 7869

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Praise for the First Edition "This is a well-written and impressively presented introduction to probability and statistics. The text throughout is highly readable, and the author makes liberal use of graphs and diagrams to clarify the theory." - The Statistician Thoroughly updated, Probability: An Introduction with Statistical Applications, Second Edition features a comprehensive exploration of statistical data analysis as an application of probability. The new edition provides an introduction to statistics with accessible coverage of reliability, acceptance sampling, confidence intervals, hypothesis testing, and simple linear regression. Encouraging readers to develop a deeper intuitive understanding of probability, the author presents illustrative geometrical presentations and arguments without the need for rigorous mathematical proofs. The Second Edition features interesting and practical examples from a variety of engineering and scientific fields, as well as: Over 880 problems at varying degrees of difficulty allowing readers to take on more challenging problems as their skill levels increase Chapter-by-chapter projects that aid in the visualization of probability distributions New coverage of statistical quality control and quality production An appendix dedicated to the use of Mathematica® and a companion website containing the referenced data sets Featuring a practical and real-world approach, this textbook is ideal for a first course in probability for students majoring in statistics, engineering, business, psychology, operations research, and mathematics. Probability: An Introduction with Statistical Applications, Second Edition is also an excellent reference for researchers and professionals in any discipline who need to make decisions based on data as well as readers interested in learning how to accomplish effective decision making from data.

Introduction to Scientific Programming and Simulation Using R, Second Edition


Author: Owen Jones,Robert Maillardet,Andrew Robinson
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466570016
Category: Mathematics
Page: 606
View: 1118

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Learn How to Program Stochastic Models Highly recommended, the best-selling first edition of Introduction to Scientific Programming and Simulation Using R was lauded as an excellent, easy-to-read introduction with extensive examples and exercises. This second edition continues to introduce scientific programming and stochastic modelling in a clear, practical, and thorough way. Readers learn programming by experimenting with the provided R code and data. The book’s four parts teach: Core knowledge of R and programming concepts How to think about mathematics from a numerical point of view, including the application of these concepts to root finding, numerical integration, and optimisation Essentials of probability, random variables, and expectation required to understand simulation Stochastic modelling and simulation, including random number generation and Monte Carlo integration In a new chapter on systems of ordinary differential equations (ODEs), the authors cover the Euler, midpoint, and fourth-order Runge-Kutta (RK4) schemes for solving systems of first-order ODEs. They compare the numerical efficiency of the different schemes experimentally and show how to improve the RK4 scheme by using an adaptive step size. Another new chapter focuses on both discrete- and continuous-time Markov chains. It describes transition and rate matrices, classification of states, limiting behaviour, Kolmogorov forward and backward equations, finite absorbing chains, and expected hitting times. It also presents methods for simulating discrete- and continuous-time chains as well as techniques for defining the state space, including lumping states and supplementary variables. Building readers’ statistical intuition, Introduction to Scientific Programming and Simulation Using R, Second Edition shows how to turn algorithms into code. It is designed for those who want to make tools, not just use them. The code and data are available for download from CRAN.

A First Look at Rigorous Probability Theory

Second Edition
Author: Jeffrey S Rosenthal
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9813101652
Category: Mathematics
Page: 236
View: 4736

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Solutions Manual for Free Download This textbook is an introduction to probability theory using measure theory. It is designed for graduate students in a variety of fields (mathematics, statistics, economics, management, finance, computer science, and engineering) who require a working knowledge of probability theory that is mathematically precise, but without excessive technicalities. The text provides complete proofs of all the essential introductory results. Nevertheless, the treatment is focused and accessible, with the measure theory and mathematical details presented in terms of intuitive probabilistic concepts, rather than as separate, imposing subjects. In this new edition, many exercises and small additional topics have been added and existing ones expanded. The text strikes an appropriate balance, rigorously developing probability theory while avoiding unnecessary detail.

Probability, Statistics, and Stochastic Processes


Author: Peter Olofsson,Mikael Andersson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470889748
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 558
View: 9625

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"This book provides a unique and balanced approach to probability, statistics, and stochastic processes. Readers gain a solid foundation in all three fields that serves as a stepping stone to more advanced investigations into each area. The Second Edition features new coverage of analysis of variance (ANOVA), consistency and efficiency of estimators, asymptotic theory for maximum likelihood estimators, empirical distribution function and the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, general linear models, multiple comparisons, Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC), Brownian motion, martingales, and renewal theory. Many new introductory problems and exercises have also been added. This book combines a rigorous, calculus-based development of theory with a more intuitive approach that appeals to readers' sense of reason and logic, an approach developed through the author's many years of classroom experience. The book begins with three chapters that develop probability theory and introduce the axioms of probability, random variables, and joint distributions. The next two chapters introduce limit theorems and simulation. Also included is a chapter on statistical inference with a focus on Bayesian statistics, which is an important, though often neglected, topic for undergraduate-level texts. Markov chains in discrete and continuous time are also discussed within the book. More than 400 examples are interspersed throughout to help illustrate concepts and theory and to assist readers in developing an intuitive sense of the subject. Readers will find many of the examples to be both entertaining and thought provoking. This is also true for the carefully selected problems that appear at the end of each chapter"--