Introduction to Elementary Particles

Author: David Griffiths
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527618473
Category: Science
Page: 399
View: 7499

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This is the first quantitative treatment of elementary particle theory that is accessible to undergraduates. Using a lively, informal writing style, the author strikes a balance between quantitative rigor and intuitive understanding. The first chapter provides a detailed historical introduction to the subject. Subsequent chapters offer a consistent and modern presentation, covering the quark model, Feynman diagrams, quantum electrodynamics, and gauge theories. A clear introduction to the Feynman rules, using a simple model, helps readers learn the calculational techniques without the complications of spin. And an accessible treatment of QED shows how to evaluate tree-level diagrams. Contains an abundance of worked examples and many end-of-chapter problems.

Einführung in die Elementarteilchenphysik

Author: David Griffiths
Publisher: VCH
ISBN: 9783055016271
Page: 433
View: 8166

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The fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 and globalization have forced national history to yield place to European and global history. In medieval studies, Michael Borgolte has taken up the new challenge as no other German historian, encouraging the development of transcultural research on the Middle Ages. This volume includes several of his essays, but is intended to serve more as the basis for further research rather than to take stock of his work.

Introduction to Physics of Elementary Particles

Author: Oleg Mikhilovich Boyarkin
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781600212000
Category: Science
Page: 244
View: 8983

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In this textbook, all known fundamental interactions are considered and the main directions of their unification are reviewed. The basic theoretical ideas and experiments, which permit establishing a quark-lepton level of matter structure are discussed. A general scheme for the theory of interacting fields with the help of the local gauge invariance principle is given. This scheme is used for presentation of the basic aspects of the quantum chromodynamics and electroweak theory of Weinberg-Salam-Glashow. Principles of operation and designs of accelerators, neutrino telescopes, and elementary particle detectors are considered. The modern theory of the Universe evolution is described.

Introduction to Elementary Particle Physics

Author: Alessandro Bettini
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107050405
Category: Science
Page: 474
View: 1191

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Provides fully updated coverage of undergraduate particle physics, including the Higgs boson discovery, with an emphasis on physics over mathematics.

From the Universe to the Elementary Particles

A First Introduction to Cosmology and the Fundamental Interactions
Author: Ulrich Ellwanger
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642243754
Category: Science
Page: 192
View: 9496

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In this book, the author leads the reader, step by step and without any advanced mathematics, to a clear understanding of the foundations of modern elementary particle physics and cosmology. He also addresses current and controversial questions on topics such as string theory. The book contains gentle introductions to the theories of special and general relativity, and also classical and quantum field theory. The essential aspects of these concepts are understood with the help of simple calculations; for example, the force of gravity as a consequence of the curvature of the space-time. Also treated are the Big Bang, dark matter and dark energy, as well as the presently known interactions of elementary particles: electrodynamics, the strong and the weak interactions including the Higgs boson. Finally, the book sketches as yet speculative theories: Grand Unification theories, supersymmetry, string theory and the idea of additional dimensions of space-time. Since no higher mathematical or physics expertise is required, the book is also suitable for college and university students at the beginning of their studies. Hobby astronomers and other science enthusiasts seeking a deeper insight than can be found in popular treatments will also appreciate this unique book.

Introduction to Elementary Particle Theory

International Series of Monographs In Natural Philosophy
Author: Yu. V. Novozhilov
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483187314
Category: Science
Page: 400
View: 3848

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Introduction to Elementary Particle Theory details the fundamental concepts and basic principles of the theory of elementary particles. The title emphasizes on the phenomenological foundations of relativistic theory and to the strong interactions from the S-matrix standpoint. The text first covers the basic description of elementary particles, and then proceeds to tackling relativistic quantum mechanics and kinematics. Next the selection deals with the problem of internal symmetry. In the last part, the title details the elements of dynamical theory. The book will be of great use to students and researchers in the field of particle physics.

Vom Universum zu den Elementarteilchen

Eine erste Einführung in die Kosmologie und die fundamentalen Wechselwirkungen
Author: Ulrich Ellwanger
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662466465
Category: Science
Page: 202
View: 7598

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Das Buch stellt die Grundlagen der modernen Elementarteilchenphysik und Kosmologie, sowie die aktuellen offenen Fragen bis zur Stringtheorie dar. Es enthält elementare Einführungen in die spezielle und allgemeine Relativitätstheorie, die klassische und Quanten-Feldtheorie. Die wesentlichen Aspekte dieser Konzepte und viele Phänomene werden mit Hilfe einfacher Rechnungen verstanden, wobei keine höheren mathematischen oder physikalischen Kenntnisse vorausgesetzt werden. Ebenfalls behandelt werden unter anderem der Big Bang, dunkle Materie und dunkle Energie, sowie die Funktionsweise des Beschleunigers LHC. Neu in dieser dritten Auflage ist die Beschreibung der Entdeckung des Higgs-Bosons und dessen Produktions- und Zerfallsprozesse.

An Introduction to Elementary Particles

Author: W.S.C. Williams
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323161596
Category: Science
Page: 544
View: 9435

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An Introduction to Elementary Particles, Second Edition aims to give an introduction to the theoretical methods and ideas used to describe how elementary particles behave, as well as interpret some of the phenomena associated with it. The book covers topics such as quantum mechanics; brats, kets, vectors, and linear operations; angular momentum; scattering and reaction theory; the polarization and angularization of spin-0-spin-1/2 scattering; and symettery, isotopic spin, and hypercharge. The book also discusses particles such as bosons, baryons, mesons, kaons, and hadrons, as well as the interactions between them. The text is recommended for physicists, especially those who are practitioners and researchers in the fields of quantum physics and elementary-particle physics.

Symmetries and Group Theory in Particle Physics

An Introduction to Space-Time and Internal Symmetries
Author: Giovanni Costa,Gianluigi Fogli
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642154816
Category: Science
Page: 291
View: 6717

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Symmetries, coupled with the mathematical concept of group theory, are an essential conceptual backbone in the formulation of quantum field theories capable of describing the world of elementary particles. This primer is an introduction to and survey of the underlying concepts and structures needed in order to understand and handle these powerful tools. Specifically, in Part I of the book the symmetries and related group theoretical structures of the Minkowskian space-time manifold are analyzed, while Part II examines the internal symmetries and their related unitary groups, where the interactions between fundamental particles are encoded as we know them from the present standard model of particle physics. This book, based on several courses given by the authors, addresses advanced graduate students and non-specialist researchers wishing to enter active research in the field, and having a working knowledge of classical field theory and relativistic quantum mechanics. Numerous end-of-chapter problems and their solutions will facilitate the use of this book as self-study guide or as course book for topical lectures.

An Introduction to Particle Physics and the Standard Model

Author: Robert Mann
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420083007
Category: Science
Page: 614
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An Introduction to the Standard Model of Particle Physics familiarizes readers with what is considered tested and accepted and in so doing, gives them a grounding in particle physics in general. Whenever possible, Dr. Mann takes an historical approach showing how the model is linked to the physics that most of us have learned in less challenging areas. Dr. Mann reviews special relativity and classical mechanics, symmetries, conservation laws, and particle classification; then working from the tested paradigm of the model itself, he: Describes the Standard Model in terms of its electromagnetic, strong, and weak components Explores the experimental tools and methods of particle physics Introduces Feynman diagrams, wave equations, and gauge invariance, building up to the theory of Quantum Electrodynamics Describes the theories of the Strong and Electroweak interactions Uncovers frontier areas and explores what might lie beyond our current concepts of the subatomic world Those who work through the material will develop a solid command of the basics of particle physics. The book does require a knowledge of special relativity, quantum mechanics, and electromagnetism, but most importantly it requires a hunger to understand at the most fundamental level: why things exist and how it is that anything happens. This book will prepare students and others for further study, but most importantly it will prepare them to open their minds to the mysteries that lie ahead. Ultimately, the Large Hadron Collider may prove the model correct, helping so many realize their greatest dreams ... or it might poke holes in the model, leaving us to wonder an even more exciting possibility: that the answers lie in possibilities so unique that we have not even dreamt of them.

In Quest of the Quark

A Student's Introduction to Elementary Particle Physics
Author: Dr. Linda Bartrom-Olsen
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
ISBN: 1493150855
Category: Science
Page: 80
View: 9676

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In Quest of the Quark reinforces atomic theory for high school students, and links it with Elementary Particle Physics in a structured way that encourages literacy without heavy mathematics, by interrelating the particles which make up sub-atomic particles. At the beginning of the universe matter/energy were one, and then in the first few micro-seconds of time, they split apart or separated, a process called symmetry splitting in Particle Physics, or more commonly The Big Bang. The particles of matter, called fermions, are the bricks of the universe, and the bosons which transmit the forces of energy, the mortar which binds them together. This fundamental view of our time-continuum is quite elegant in its organization, and startling in its beauty, as the worlds within worlds of fundamental particles are explored.

A Modern Introduction to Particle Physics

Author: Fayyazuddin,Riazuddin
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789810210731
Category: Science
Page: 656
View: 8436

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Most of the progress made in particle physics during the last two decades has to led to the formulation of the so called ?Standard Model? of elementary particles and its quantitative experimental test. The book deals with this progress but includes chapters which provide the necessary background material to modern particle physics.Particle physics forms an essential part of physics curriculum. This is a textbook but will also be useful for people working in this field and for nuclear physicists, particularly those who work on topics concerning interface between nuclear and particle physics. The book is designed for a semester course for senior undergraduates and a semester course for graduate students. Formal quantum field theory is not used; a knowledge of non-relativistic quantum mechanics is required for some parts of the book; but for the remaining parts the familiarity with the Dirac equation is essential. However, some of these topics are included in the appendix.

Elementary Particle Physics

Concepts and Phenomena
Author: Otto Nachtmann
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642612814
Category: Science
Page: 559
View: 9914

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This book grew-how could it be otherwise?-out of a series oflectures which the author held at the University of Heidelberg. The purpose ofthese lectures was to give an introduction to the phenomenology of elementary particles for students both of theoretical and experimental orientation. With the present book the author has set himself the same aim. The reader is assumed to be familiar with ordinary nonrelativistic quantum mechanics as presented, e.g., in the following books: Quantum Mechanics, by L.1. Schiff (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1955); Quantum Mechanics, Vol. I, by K. Gottfried (W.A. Benjamin, Reading, Ma., 1966). The setup of the present book is as follows. In the first part we present some basic general principles and concepts which are used in elementary particle physics. The reader is supposed to learn here the "language" of particle physics. An introductory chapter deals with special relativity, of such funda mental importance for particle physics, which most ofthe time is high energy, i.e., highly relativistic physics. Further chapters of this first part deal with the Dirac equation, with the theory of quantized fields, and with the general definitions of the scattering and transition matrices and the cross-sections.

Introduction to Nuclear and Particle Physics

Author: A Das,T Ferbel
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814483338
Category: Nuclear physics
Page: 416
View: 771

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' The original edition of Introduction to Nuclear and Particle Physics was used with great success for single-semester courses on nuclear and particle physics offered by American and Canadian universities at the undergraduate level. It was also translated into German, and used overseas. Being less formal but well-written, this book is a good vehicle for learning the more intuitive rather than formal aspects of the subject. It is therefore of value to scientists with a minimal background in quantum mechanics, but is sufficiently substantive to have been recommended for graduate students interested in the fields covered in the text. In the second edition, the material begins with an exceptionally clear development of Rutherford scattering and, in the four following chapters, discusses sundry phenomenological issues concerning nuclear properties and structure, and general applications of radioactivity and of the nuclear force. This is followed by two chapters dealing with interactions of particles in matter, and how these characteristics are used to detect and identify such particles. A chapter on accelerators rounds out the experimental aspects of the field. The final seven chapters deal with elementary-particle phenomena, both before and after the realization of the Standard Model. This is interspersed with discussion of symmetries in classical physics and in the quantum domain, bringing into full focus the issues concerning CP violation, isotopic spin, and other symmetries. The final three chapters are devoted to the Standard Model and to possibly new physics beyond it, emphasizing unification of forces, supersymmetry, and other exciting areas of current research. The book contains several appendices on related subjects, such as special relativity, the nature of symmetry groups, etc. There are also many examples and problems in the text that are of value in gauging the reader's understanding of the material. Contents:Rutherford ScatteringNuclear PhenomenologyNuclear ModelsNuclear RadiationApplications of Nuclear PhysicsEnergy Deposition in MediaParticle DetectionAcceleratorsProperties and Interactions of Elementary ParticlesSymmetriesDiscrete TransformationsNeutral Kaons, Oscillations, and CP ViolationFormulation of the Standard ModelStandard Model and Confrontation with DataBeyond the Standard Model Readership: Advanced undergraduates and researchers in nuclear and particle physics. Keywords:Rutherford Scattering;Nuclear Properties;Nuclear Structure;Elementary Particles;Sub-Structure of Particles;Particle Detectors;Interactions in Matter;The Standard Model;Symmetries of Nature;Theories of Nuclear and Particle Structure;Radioactivity;SupersymmetryReviews: “The book by Das and Ferbel is particularly suited as a basis for a one-semester course on both subjects since it contains a very concise introduction to those topics and I like very much the outline and contents of this book.” Kay Konigsmann Universität Freiburg, Germany “The book provides an introduction to the subject very well suited for the introductory course for physics majors. Presentation is very clear and nicely balances the issues of nuclear and particle physics, exposes both theoretical ideas and modern experimental methods. Presentation is also very economic and one can cover most of the book in a one-semester course. In the second edition, the authors updated the contents to reflect the very recent developments in the theory and experiment. They managed to do it without substantial increase of the size of the book. I used the first edition several times to teach the course ‘Introduction to Subatomic Physics’ and I am looking forward to use this new edition to teach the course next year.” Professor Mark Strikman Pennsylvania State University, USA “This book can be recommended to those who find elementary particle physics of absorbing interest.” Contemporary Physics '


Author: M. P. KHANNA
Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
ISBN: 9788120312685
Category: Science
Page: 308
View: 7786

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This comprehensive and well-organized book focusses on the phenomeno-logical aspects of Particle Physics. It strikes a fine balance between those texts that require sophisticated mathematical physics and those that are too elementary. For, unlike in many books on the subject, which give prominence to gauge theories, the attempt here is to lay stress on phenomenology _ an aspect that needs exposure among students of high energy physics.