Interpretation of Mass Spectra

Author: Fred W. McLafferty,František Tureček
Publisher: University Science Books
ISBN: 9780935702255
Category: Science
Page: 371
View: 4656

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Published by University Science Books, 20 Edgehill Rd., Mill Valley, CA 94941. The first edition was published more than 25 years ago, the third, in 1980. Automated computer-matching procedures are still only an aid to, not a replacement for, the skilled interpreter; and the path to that skill, as emphasized in every edition of this text, is practice. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Interpretation of Mass Spectra of Organic Compounds

Author: Mynard Hamming
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323143148
Category: Science
Page: 708
View: 7244

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Interpretation of Mass Spectra of Organic Compounds outlines the basic instrumentation, sample handling techniques, and procedures used in the interpretation of mass spectra of organic compounds. The fundamental concepts of ionization, fragmentation, and rearrangement of ions as found in mass spectra are covered in some detail, along with the rectangular array and interpretation maps. Computerization of mass spectral data is also discussed. This book consists of nine chapters and begins with a historical overview of mass spectrometry and a discussion on some important developments in the field, along with a summary of interpretation objectives and methods. The following chapters focus on instruments, ion sources, and detectors; recording of the mass spectrum and the instrumental and sample variables affecting the mass spectrum; sample introduction systems; and fragmentation reactions. Correlations as applied to interpretations are also considered, with emphasis on applications of the branching rule as well as beta-bond and alpha-bond cleavages. Example interpretations, calculations, data-processing procedures, and computer programs are included. This monograph is intended for organic chemists, biochemists, mass spectroscopists, technicians, managers, and others concerned with the whys and wherefores of mass spectrometry.

Interpretation of MS-MS Mass Spectra of Drugs and Pesticides

Author: Wilfried M. A. Niessen,Ricardo A. Correa C.
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118500180
Category: Science
Page: 416
View: 3976

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Provides comprehensive coverage of the interpretation of LC–MS–MS mass spectra of 1300 drugs and pesticides Provides a general discussion on the fragmentation of even-electron ions (protonated and deprotonated molecules) in both positive-ion and negative-ion modes This is the reference book for the interpretation of MS–MS mass spectra of small organic molecules Covers related therapeutic classes of compounds such as drugs for cardiovascular diseases, psychotropic compounds, drugs of abuse and designer drugs, antimicrobials, among many others Covers general fragmentation rule as well as specific fragmentation pathways for many chemical functional groups Gives an introduction to MS technology, mass spectral terminology, information contained in mass spectra, and to the identification strategies used for different types of unknowns

Understanding Mass Spectra

A Basic Approach
Author: R. Martin Smith
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0471479349
Category: Science
Page: 372
View: 8466

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Understanding Mass Spectra: A Basic Approach, Second Edition combines coverage of the principles underlying mass spectral analysis with clear guidelines on how to apply them in a laboratory setting. Completely revised from the first edition, an updated and unified approach to mass spectral interpretation emphasizes the application of basic principles from undergraduate organic, analytical, and physical chemistry courses. A detailed overview of theory and instrumentation, this useful guide contains step-by-step descriptions of interpretative strategies and convenient lists and tables detailing the information needed to solve unknowns. Other features include real-world case studies and examples, skill-building problems with clearly explained answers, and easy-to-follow explanations of the important mathematical derivations.


Ein Lehrbuch
Author: Jürgen H Gross
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3827429811
Category: Science
Page: 802
View: 8803

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Mit Massenspektrometrie – ein Lehrbuch liegt ein Werk vor, das mit seiner umfassenden, präzisen Darstellung sowie seinen vielen gelungenen Illustrationen und Fotos eine Lücke auf dem deutschsprachigen Markt schließt. Dieses im englischsprachigen Raum bereits gut etablierte Buch führt auf grundlegende Weise an die Massenspektrometrie heran, indem es die Prinzipien, Methoden und Anwendungen logisch aufeinander aufbauend erklärt. Schritt für Schritt lernt der Leser, was diese analytische Methode leisten kann, auf welch vielfältige Art Massenspektrometer isolierte Ionen in der Gasphase erzeugen, selektieren und manipulieren können und wie man aus den resultierenden Massenspektren analytische Information gewinnt. Moderne sanfte Ionisationsmethoden wie ESI, APCI oder MALDI, klassische Verfahren wie EI, CI, FAB oder FD, Oberflächentechniken wie DESI oder DART und elementmassenspektrometrische Verfahren werden didaktisch durchdacht behandelt. Studienanfänger werden von dem Werk ebenso profitieren wie Fortgeschrittene und Praktiker. Ergänzend zum Buch betreibt der Autor eine frei zugängliche (englischsprachige) Internetseite mit zahlreichen Übungsaufgaben, Lösungen und Bonus-Material unter

Mass Spectrometry

A Textbook
Author: Jürgen H Gross
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319543989
Category: Science
Page: 968
View: 9959

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This book offers a balanced mixture of practice-oriented information and theoretical background as well as numerous references, clear illustrations, and useful data tables. Problems and solutions are accessible via a special website. This new edition has been completely revised and extended; it now includes three new chapters on tandem mass spectrometry, interfaces for sampling at atmospheric pressure, and inorganic mass spectrometry.

Introduction to Mass Spectrometry

Instrumentation, Applications, and Strategies for Data Interpretation
Author: J. Throck Watson,O. David Sparkman
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118681584
Category: Science
Page: 864
View: 5503

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Completely revised and updated, this text provides an easy-to-read guide to the concept of mass spectrometry and demonstrates its potential and limitations. Written by internationally recognised experts and utilising "real life" examples of analyses and applications, the book presents real cases of qualitative and quantitative applications of mass spectrometry. Unlike other mass spectrometry texts, this comprehensive reference provides systematic descriptions of the various types of mass analysers and ionisation, along with corresponding strategies for interpretation of data. The book concludes with a comprehensive 3000 references. This multi-disciplined text covers the fundamentals as well as recent advance in this topic, providing need-to-know information for researchers in many disciplines including pharmaceutical, environmental and biomedical analysis who are utilizing mass spectrometry

A Beginner's Guide to Mass Spectral Interpretation

Author: Terrence A. Lee
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471976295
Category: Science
Page: 186
View: 334

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This book is a logical, step-by-step guide to identification oforganic compounds by mass spectrometry. The book is organized intochapters covering the major types of organic compounds, includingalcohols, acids and esters, aldehydes and ketones, ethers,hydrocarbons, halogenated compounds, amines and amides, andsulfur-containing compounds. In each chapter, the mechanisms of themajor fragmentation pathways are discussed, with reference toseveral simple sample compounds. By teaching the user to recognizetypical fragmentations, the book removes the need to searchdatabases, often limited, of electronic spectra. Key features ofthe book include: * 200 representative spectra of common organic compounds * Functional group approach to mass spectra interpretation * Appendix of 'unknown' spectra with step-by-step guide toidentification This book is a must for anyone who needs to identify organicmolecules by mass spectrometry but does not need to know thedetailed workings of a mass spectrometer.

Interpretation von Massenspektren

Author: Fred W. McLafferty,Frantisek Turecek
Publisher: Springer Spektrum
ISBN: 9783642398483
Category: Science
Page: 385
View: 4803

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Die Interpretation von Massenspektren erlernt man am besten durch Praxis. Mit dieser Überzeugung hat McLafferty die Originalausgabe dieses Buches in mehrere erfolgreiche Auflagen geführt. Schritt für Schritt, anhand zahlreicher Beispiele, führt er den Leser zum Verständnis von Massenspektren und Massenspektrometrie. So schafft dieses Buch die Grundlage für das Verständnis und die optimale Nutzung einer Methode, die als eine der wichtigsten in der analytischen Chemie gilt.

Gas Chromatography and Mass Spectrometry: A Practical Guide

Author: O. David Sparkman,Zelda Penton,Fulton G. Kitson
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080920153
Category: Science
Page: 632
View: 1178

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The second edition of Gas Chromatography and Mass Spectrometry: A Practical Guide follows the highly successful first edition by F.G. Kitson, B.S. Larsen, and C.N. McEwen (1996), which was designed as an indispensible resource for GC/MS practitioners regardless of whether they are a novice or well experienced. The Fundamentals section has been extensively reworked from the original edition to give more depth of an understanding of the techniques and science involved with GC/MS. Even with this expansion, the original brevity and simple didactic style has been retained. Information on chromatographic peak deconvolution has been added along with a more in-depth understanding of the use of mass spectral databases in the identification of unknowns. Since the last edition, a number of advances in GC inlet systems and sample introduction techniques have occurred, and they are included in the new edition. Other updates include a discussion on fast GC and options for combining GC detectors with mass spectrometry. The section regarding GC Conditions, Derivatization, and Mass Spectral Interpretation of Specific Compound Types has the same number of compound types as the original edition, but the information in each section has been expanded to not only explain some of the spectra but to also explain why certain fragmentations take place. The number of Appendices has been increased from 12 to 17. The Appendix on Atomic Masses and Isotope Abundances has been expanded to provide tools to aid in determination of elemental composition from isotope peak intensity ratios. An appendix with examples on "Steps to follow in the determination of elemental compositions based on isotope peak intensities" has been added. Appendices on whether to use GC/MS or LC/MS, third-party software for use in data analysis, list of information required in reporting GC/MS data, X+1 and X+2 peak relative intensities based on the number of atoms of carbon in an ion, and list of available EI mass spectral databases have been added. Others such as the ones on derivatization, isotope peak patterns for ions with Cl and/or Br, terms used in GC and in mass spectrometry, and tips on setting up, maintaining and troubleshooting a GC/MS system have all been expanded and updated. Covers the practical instruction necessary for successful operation of GC/MS equipment Reviews the latest advances in instrumentation, ionization methods, and quantitation Includes troubleshooting techniques and a variety of additional information useful for the GC/MS practitioner A true benchtop reference A guide to a basic understanding of the components of a Gas Chromatograph-Mass Spectrometer (GC-MS) Quick References to data interpretation Ready source for information on new analyses

Mass Spectrometry Data Analysis in Proteomics

Author: Rune Matthiesen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1597452750
Category: Science
Page: 320
View: 2247

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The intention of Mass Spectrometry Data Analysis in Proteomics is to support researchers in deciding which programs to use in various tasks related to analysis of mass spectrometry data in proteomics. The chapters give a precise description of the theoretical background of each topic followed accurate descriptions of programs and the parameters best suited for different cases.

Identification of Microorganisms by Mass Spectrometry

Author: Charles L. Wilkins,Jackson O. Lay
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0471748633
Category: Science
Page: 352
View: 9040

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A multidisciplinary approach to understanding the fundamentals of mass spectrometry for bacterial analysis From chemotaxonomy to characterization of targeted proteins, Identification of Microorganisms by Mass Spectrometry provides an overview of both well-established and cutting-edge mass spectrometry techniques for identifying microorganisms. A vital tool for microbiologists, health professionals, and analytical chemists, the text is designed to help scientists select the most effective techniques for use in biomedical, biochemical, pharmaceutical, and bioterror defense applications. Since microbiological applications of mass spectrometry require a basic understanding of both microbiology and analytical chemistry, the editors have incorporated material from both disciplines so that readers from either field will come to understand the necessary principles of the other. Featuring contributions from some of the most recognized experts in both fields, this volume provides specific examples of fundamental methods as well as approaches developed in the last decade, including: * Metastable atom bombardment pyrolysis mass spectrometry * Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI) * MALDI time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) of intact bacteria * High-resolution Fourier transform mass spectrometry (FTMS) * Electrospray ionization (ESI) mass spectrometry Identification of Microorganisms by Mass Spectrometry represents the most comprehensive and up-to-date work on the topic currently available. It is liberally illustrated with figures and tables and covers every aspect of spectrometric identification of microorganisms, including experimental procedures, various means of sample preparation, data analysis, and interpretation of complex mass spectral data.

Mass Spectrometry

Analytical Chemistry by Open Learning
Author: James Barker,David J. Ando,Reg Davis,Martin J. Frearson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471967620
Category: Science
Page: 509
View: 9378

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This thoroughly updated second edition of the ACOL text on Mass Spectrometry gives a modern approach to those beginning to use or study mass spectrometry. Self assessment questions and solutions are included. Fundamentals and modern instrumental techniques are also covered in this book.

Mass Spectrometry of Natural Substances in Food

Author: Fred Mellon,Ron Self,James R. Startin,Royal Society of Chemistry (Great Britain)
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 9780854045716
Category: Science
Page: 299
View: 8249

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Introducing the principles, practice and applications of mass spectrometric techniques in the study of natural substances in foods, this book conveys the depth and breadth of modern mass spectrometry in relation to food analysis. It covers traditional techniques such as electron and chemical ionisation and newer soft ionisation techniques such as matrix-assisted laser desorption ionisation and electrospray. All of these techniques are especially relevant in food quality and safety studies and in biopolymer analysis. The ability to analyse biopolymers by mass spectrometry is having a major impact on the study of food structure components, food proteins, food pathogens and food components produced from genetically modified organisms. The principles and practice of mass spectrometry are covered in the early chapters and are followed by applications in flavour analysis and the determination of non-nutrient, biologically-active, natural substances in foods. The analysis and metabolic studies of amino acids, peptides, proteins, lipids, sugars, carbohydrates and vitamins is also discussed, with separate chapters on mineral and micronutrient metabolism and techniques of pyrolysis mass spectrometry. Mass Spectrometry of Natural Substances in Food will be a valuable resource for food scientists, food analysts and others working in food research, nutrition and safety.

Mass Spectrometry for Chemists and Biochemists

Author: Robert Alexander Walker Johnstone,Malcolm E. Rose
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521424974
Category: Science
Page: 501
View: 7910

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This book describes the full range of techniques and applications used in mass spectrometry. Researchers in universities and industry laboratories use this versatile technique because of its ability to identify a minute amount of material quickly. The technique solves analytical problems in a huge variety of fields. The authors adopt an instructional approach and make use of recent examples to illustrate important points. This second edition includes new methods and applications that have developed in the past ten years. The authors discuss powerful methods combining mass spectrometry with newer separation techniques, the increased use of computers, and analysis of once difficult polar and large-mass compounds such as proteins using new ionization methods. The book, requiring no previous knowledge of mass spectrometry, is an ideal teaching text at both the undergraduate and postgraduate level, and will also be of considerable interest to research workers.

Mass Spectrometry

Instrumentation, Interpretation, and Applications
Author: Agnieszka Kraj,Dominic M. Desiderio,Nico M. Nibbering
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 047039580X
Category: Science
Page: 358
View: 1826

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With contributions from noted experts from Europe and North America, Mass Spectrometry Instrumentation, Interpretation, and Applications serves as a forum to introduce students to the whole world of mass spectrometry and to the many different perspectives that each scientific field brings to its use. The book emphasizes the use of this important analytical technique in many different fields, including applications for organic and inorganic chemistry, forensic science, biotechnology, and many other areas. After describing the history of mass spectrometry, the book moves on to discuss instrumentation, theory, and basic applications.

Interpreting Protein Mass Spectra

A Comprehensive Resource
Author: A. Peter Snyder
Publisher: Amer Chemical Society
Category: Science
Page: 522
View: 2950

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Interpreting Protein Mass Spectra is a hands-on laboratory guide for a wide range of researchers investigating the structures of proteins an d peptides. The focus is on the interpretation of structural informati on gathered through electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) . The book will also provide useful background and protocols for anyon e using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI), fast atom bombardment (FAB), and secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS). The bo ok includes numerous practical examples, detailed discussions of exper imental setups, and valuable hints for troubleshooting both methods an d the handling of materials.