Institutions for the Common Good

International Protection Regimes in International Society
Author: Bruce Cronin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521531870
Category: History
Page: 234
View: 1588

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Cronin asks why states act collectively to protect populations within other states.

Refugees in International Relations


Author: Alexander Betts,Gil Loescher
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199595623
Category: Political Science
Page: 337
View: 5526

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Drawing together the work and ideas of a combination of the world's leading and emerging International Relations scholars, Refugees in International Relations provides a comprehensive and challenging overview of the international politics of forced migration.

Taming the Sovereigns

Institutional Change in International Politics
Author: Kalevi Jaakko Holsti
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521541923
Category: History
Page: 349
View: 7247

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Many analysts claim that international politics has recently entered a new era, following the end of the Cold War and then the events of September 11th. In this book, Kalevi Holsti asks what we mean by 'change' in international politics. How do we identify it? How do we distinguish between significant and unimportant changes? Do we really live in a new era or do we see more continuity than transformation in the texture of international politics? Combining theoretical and empirical argument, Holsti investigates eight major international institutions including the state, sovereignty, territoriality, international law, diplomacy, trade and war. Having identified the types of change these institutions have undergone during the last three centuries, Holsti analyses the sources of those changes and speculates on their consequences. This is a major book, likely to have lasting influence in the study of international politics.

The Oxford Handbook of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies


Author: Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh,Gil Loescher,Katy Long,Nando Sigona
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191645885
Category: Political Science
Page: 800
View: 6175

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Refugee and Forced Migration Studies has grown from being a concern of a relatively small number of scholars and policy researchers in the 1980s to a global field of interest with thousands of students worldwide studying displacement either from traditional disciplinary perspectives or as a core component of newer programmes across the Humanities and Social and Political Sciences. Today the field encompasses both rigorous academic research which may or may not ultimately inform policy and practice, as well as action-research focused on advocating in favour of refugees' needs and rights. This authoritative Handbook critically evaluates the birth and development of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies, and analyses the key contemporary and future challenges faced by academics and practitioners working with and for forcibly displaced populations around the world. The 52 state-of-the-art chapters, written by leading academics, practitioners, and policymakers working in universities, research centres, think tanks, NGOs and international organizations, provide a comprehensive and cutting-edge overview of the key intellectual, political, social and institutional challenges arising from mass displacement in the world today. The chapters vividly illustrate the vibrant and engaging debates that characterize this rapidly expanding field of research and practice.

Security Cooperation in Africa

A Reappraisal
Author: Benedikt Franke
Publisher: First Forum Press
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 337
View: 7431

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Benedikt Franke assesses the peace and security architecture that is taking shape under the nominal leadership of the African Union, analysing the emerging structures and trends and also rethinking prevailing notions and theoretical assumptions about interstate security relations.

Maritime Challenges and Priorities in Asia

Implications for Regional Security
Author: Joshua Ho,Sam Bateman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136298207
Category: Social Science
Page: 336
View: 6304

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Maritime issues are particularly important for Asian countries, where there is a high reliance on shipping routes for international trade, many difficult disputes over maritime boundaries, and the prospect of increasing tensions where maritime power might play a significant role. This book uses contributions by 17 experts to build a comprehensive survey of the maritime issues affecting Asia. It discusses the issues overall, goes on to examine the issues from the perspective of each of 14 key countries, and concludes by assessing the prospects for resolving common problems in order to preserve good order at sea.

Technology and Security

Governing Threats in the New Millennium
Author: Brian Rappert
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 9780230019706
Category: Political Science
Page: 256
View: 7268

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Technology and Security takes forward the existing state of academic understanding where security and technology intersect. It assesses the challenges posed by emerging scientific and technological developments for security while understanding how perceptions of security threats are themselves formed in relation to conceptions of science and technology.

Global good Samaritans

human rights as foreign policy
Author: Alison Brysk
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: N.A
Category: Philosophy
Page: 287
View: 4196

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In a troubled world where millions die at the hands of their own governments and societies, some states risk their citizens' lives, considerable portions of their national budgets, and repercussions from opposing states to protect helpless foreigners. Dozens of Canadian peacekeepers have died in Afghanistan defending humanitarian reconstruction in a shattered faraway land with no ties to their own. Each year, Sweden contributes over $3 billion to aid the world's poorest citizens and struggling democracies, asking nothing in return. And, a generation ago, Costa Rica defied U.S. power to broker a peace accord that ended civil wars in three neighboring countries--and has now joined with principled peers like South Africa to support the United Nations' International Criminal Court, despite U.S. pressure and aid cuts. Hundreds of thousands of refugees are alive today because they have been sheltered by one of these nations. Global Good Samaritans looks at the reasons why and how some states promote human rights internationally, arguing that humanitarian internationalism is more than episodic altruism--it is a pattern of persistent principled politics. Human rights as a principled foreign policy defies the realist prediction of untrammeled pursuit of national interest, and suggests the utility of constructivist approaches that investigate the role of ideas, identities, and influences on state action. Brysk shows how a diverse set of democratic middle powers, inspired by visionary leaders and strong civil societies, came to see the linkage between their long-term interest and the common good. She concludes that state promotion of global human rights may be an option for many more members of the international community and that the international human rights regime can be strengthened at the interstate level, alongside social movement campaigns and the struggle for the democratization of global governance.

Southeast Asia and the Rise of Chinese and Indian Naval Power

Between Rising Naval Powers
Author: Sam Bateman,Joshua Ho
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135147264
Category: History
Page: 272
View: 7887

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This book examines the emerging maritime security scene in Southeast Asia. It considers highly topical implications for the region of possible strategic competition between China and India - the rising naval powers of Asia - with a possible naval "arms race" emerging between these countries both with naval force development and operations. As part of its "Look East" policy, India has deployed naval units to the Pacific Ocean for port visits and exercises both with East Asian navies and the US Navy, but India is also concerned about the possibility of the Chinese Navy operating in the Indian Ocean. Even as the US-India defence relationship continues to deepen, the US and China are struggling to build a closer links. China’s and India’s strategic interests overlap in this region both in maritime strategic competition or conflict – which might be played out in the Bay of Bengal, the Malacca and Singapore Straits and the South China Sea. The sea lines of communication (SLOCs) through Southeast Asian waters constitute vital "choke points" between the Indian and Pacific Oceans carrying essential energy supplies for China and other Northeast Asian countries. Any strategic competition between China and India has implications for other major maritime players in the Pacific and Indian Oceans, especially Australia, the Republic of Korea and Japan, as well as the US. This book identifies possible cooperative and confidence-building measures that may contribute to enhanced relations between these two major powers and dampen down the risks associated with their strategic competition.

Managing Social Change and Social Policy in Greater China

Welfare Regimes in Transition
Author: Ka-Ho Mok,Maggie K. W. Lau
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134575149
Category: Political Science
Page: 250
View: 334

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East Asia is at the heart of the global economic transformation, and the countries of the region are witnessing rapidly changing labour markets, alongside the pressure to cut production costs and lower taxes in order to become successful ‘competition states’. These changes have resulted in increased welfare demands which governments, organizations and agencies across the region have had to address. This book examines welfare regimes in the Greater China region, encompassing mainland China, Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan. In so doing, it explores the ways in which the rapid growth and internationalisation of the economy across Greater China is presenting new social policy challenges that governments, social welfare organizations and agencies in the region are having to respond to. Rather than simply describing and categorising welfare systems, the contributors to this volume add to our understanding of how one of the major economic transformations of the contemporary era in East Asia is shaping welfare provision in the region. In turn, in this context of economic change, they examine the new strategies and measures that have been adopted in order to reduce the heavy burden on the state in terms of welfare provision, whilst also attempting to diversify funding and provision sources to meet the pressing welfare needs. Based upon extensive fieldwork by leading scholars of social policy, this book will appeal to students and scholars of Asian social policy, comparative development and social policy, social welfare and Chinese studies.

Multi-Sourced Equivalent Norms in International Law


Author: Tomer Broude,Yuval Shany
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1847317820
Category: Law
Page: 344
View: 585

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Recent decades have witnessed an impressive process of normative development in international law. Numerous new treaties have been concluded, at global and regional levels, establishing far-reaching international legal and regulatory regimes in important areas such as human rights, international trade, environmental protection, criminal law, intellectual property, and more. New political and judicial institutions have been established to develop, apply and adjudicate these rules. This trend has been accompanied by the growing consolidation of treaty norms into international custom, and increased references to international law in domestic settings. As a result of these developments, international relations have now reached an unprecedented level of normative density and intensity, but they have also given rise to the phenomenon of 'fragmentation'. The debate over the fragmentation of international law has largely focused on conflicts: conflicts of norms and conflicts of authority. However, the same developments that have given rise to greater conflict and contradiction in international law, have also produced a growing amount of normative equivalence between rules in different fields of international law. New treaty rules often echo existing international customary norms. Regional arrangements reinforce undertakings that already exist at the global level; and common concerns and solutions appear in many international legal fields. This book focuses on such instances of normative parallelism, developing the concept of 'multisourced equivalent norms' in international law, with contributions by leading international law experts exploring the legal and political implications of the concept in a variety of contexts that span the full spectrum of international legal norms and institutions. By concentrating on situations governed by a multitude of similar norms, the book emphasizes the importance of legal contexts and institutional settings to international law-interpretation and application.

The Globalization of World Politics

An Introduction to International Relations
Author: John Baylis,Steve Smith,Patricia Owens
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780199297771
Category: Political Science
Page: 622
View: 3566

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Now in its fourth edition, this internationally successful text has been fully revised and updated in light of recent developments in world politics, with new chapters on the changing nature of war, human security, and international ethics. A comprehensive introduction to international relations, it is ideally suited to students coming to the subject for the first time. It provides a coherent, accessible, and lively account of the globalization of world politics. FEATURES * Contains work from an impressive line-up of international contributors who are experts in their fields; the chapters have been carefully edited in order to ensure an integrated and coherent style throughout the book * Covers history, theory, structures and processes, and international issues * Offers a visually stunning 4-color interior * Enhanced by a comprehensive Companion Website (www.oup.com/uk/orc/bin/9780199297771/) that includes a test bank, PowerPoint slides, case studies, multiple-choice questions, links to journal articles, a flashcard glossary, and--new to this edition--video clips, video pod-casts of contributors, and a news feed NEW TO THIS EDITION * Three new chapters on the changing nature of war, human security, and international ethics * Each chapter includes a 400-word case study * More examples from the developing world

Southeast Asia and the English School of International Relations

A Region-Theory Dialogue
Author: L. Quayle
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137026855
Category: Political Science
Page: 245
View: 3833

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This book examines the interface between the theoretical framework known as the English School and the international and transnational politics of Southeast Asia. The region-theory dialogue it proposes signals productive ways forward for the theory.

Global Matters for Non-Governmental Public Action


Author: J. Howell
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137284730
Category: Social Science
Page: 229
View: 1139

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Jude Howell brings together eight in-depth studies of the politics of global non-governmental public action. Covering detailed empirical research around the themes of environmentalism, security, children's rights and more, the contributors explore the complex politics amongst non-governmental public actors acting transnationally.

Security, Development and the Fragile State

Bridging the Gap between Theory and Policy
Author: David Carment,Stewart Prest,Yiagadeesen Samy
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135257051
Category: History
Page: 304
View: 2343

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This book provides theoretical clarity about the concepts of failed and fragile states, which have emerged strongly since the 9/11 attacks. Recent contributions often see the fragile state as either a problem of development or of security. This volume argues that that neither perspective on its own is a sufficient basis for good policy. In a wide-ranging treatment, drawing on large samples as well as case studies, the authors create an alternative model of the fragile state emphasizing the multidimensional, multifaceted nature of the "fragile state problematique". On the basis of their model and empirical evidence, they then derive a number of policy-relevant insights regarding the need for contextualized and ongoing country analysis, the perils and pitfalls of unstructured development assistance, and the need to move whole-of-government approaches from the realm of rhetoric to reality. In offering both a synthesis of existing research and an innovative approach to understanding the fragile state, this volume will be of great interest to students of war and conflict studies, risk, conflict management, and international relations in general. It will also be of use to practitioners in policy circles and to NGOs.

Age Discrimination and Diversity

Multiple Discrimination from an Age Perspective
Author: Malcolm Sargeant
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139499130
Category: Law
Page: N.A
View: 5147

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This volume of essays is concerned with the discrimination against older people that results from a failure to recognise their diversity. By considering the unique combinations of discrimination that arise from the interrelationship of age and gender, pensions, ethnicity, sexual orientation, socio-economic class and disability, the contributors demonstrate that the discrimination suffered is multiple in nature. It is the combination of these characteristics that leads to the need for more complex ways of tackling age discrimination.