Introduction to material and energy balances


Author: G. V. Reklaitis,Daniel R. Schneider
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc
ISBN: N.A
Category: Mathematics
Page: 683
View: 1366

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A thorough introduction to balance equation concepts. Geared for the course offered to chemical engineering majors in their sophomore year. Develops a framework for the analysis of flowsheet problem information with extensive use of degree-of-freedom analysis. Presents systematic approaches for manual and computer-aided solution of full scale balance problems. Provides a detailed development of the structure, properties, and interrelationships of species and element balances based on the algebraic view of reaction-stoichiometry and the rate of reaction concept.

Real Options and Energy Management

Using Options Methodology to Enhance Capital Budgeting Decisions
Author: Ehud I. Ronn
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781899332984
Category: Capital budget
Page: 712
View: 2169

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A multi-author title that focuses on both the fundamentals of real options, and the very latest practical approaches for their application in the energy industry.

Gasification


Author: Christopher Higman,Maarten van der Burgt
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080560908
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 456
View: 1801

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Gasification is a process that if properly utilized can transform the world in which we live. Comprehensive in its coverage, this second edition continues the tradition of the first by providing engineers and scientists with an up-to-date overview of commercial processes and applications relevant to today's demands. Gasification, 2nd edition is expanded and provides more detail on the integration issues for current generation, state-of-the-art Integrated Gasification Combined Cycles (IGCC); CO2 capture in the IGCC context addressing the issues of pre-investment and retrofitting as well as defining what the term "CO2 capture ready" might mean in practice; issues of plant reliability, availability and maintainability (RAM) including as evaluation of feedback from existing plants; implementation of fuel cell technology in IGCC concepts. All statistics, processes and projects, including descriptions of a number of processes not covered in the previous edition. *Up-to-date overview of commercial processes *Covers applications relevant to today's demands *Addresses the issues of pre-investment and retrofitting *Provides more detail on the integration issues for Integrated Gasification

Basic Principles and Calculations in Chemical Engineering


Author: David Mautner Himmelblau,James B. Riggs
Publisher: FT Press
ISBN: 0132346605
Category: Science
Page: 945
View: 3168

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Best-selling introductory chemical engineering book - now updated with far more coverage of biotech, nanotech, and green engineering • •Thoroughly covers material balances, gases, liquids, and energy balances. •Contains new biotech and bioengineering problems throughout. •Adds new examples and homework on nanotechnology, environmental engineering, and green engineering. •All-new student projects chapter. •Self-assessment tests, discussion problems, homework, and glossaries in each chapter. Basic Principles and Calculations in Chemical Engineering, 8/e, provides a complete, practical, and student-friendly introduction to the principles and techniques of modern chemical, petroleum, and environmental engineering. The authors introduce efficient and consistent methods for solving problems, analyzing data, and conceptually understanding a wide variety of processes. This edition has been revised to reflect growing interest in the life sciences, adding biotechnology and bioengineering problems and examples throughout. It also adds many new examples and homework assignments on nanotechnology, environmental, and green engineering, plus many updates to existing examples. A new chapter presents multiple student projects, and several chapters from the previous edition have been condensed for greater focus. This text's features include: • •Thorough introductory coverage, including unit conversions, basis selection, and process measurements. •Short chapters supporting flexible, modular learning. •Consistent, sound strategies for solving material and energy balance problems. •Key concepts ranging from stoichiometry to enthalpy. •Behavior of gases, liquids, and solids. •Many tables, charts, and reference appendices. •Self-assessment tests, thought/discussion problems, homework problems, and glossaries in each chapter.

Faecal Sludge Management

Systems Approach for Implementation and Operation
Author: Linda Strande,Damir Brdjanovic
Publisher: IWA Publishing
ISBN: 1780404735
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 432
View: 935

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It is estimated that literally billions of residents in urban and peri-urban areas of Africa, Asia, and Latin America are served by onsite sanitation systems (e.g. various types of latrines and septic tanks). Until recently, the management of faecal sludge from these onsite systems has been grossly neglected, partially as a result of them being considered temporary solutions until sewer-based systems could be implemented. However, the perception of onsite or decentralized sanitation technologies for urban areas is gradually changing, and is increasingly being considered as long-term, sustainable options in urban areas, especially in low- and middle-income countries that lack sewer infrastructures. This is the first book dedicated to faecal sludge management. It compiles the current state of knowledge of the rapidly evolving field of faecal sludge management, and presents an integrated approach that includes technology, management, and planning based on Sandecs 20 years of experience in the field. Faecal Sludge Management: Systems Approach for Implementation and Operation addresses the organization of the entire faecal sludge management service chain, from the collection and transport of sludge, and the current state of knowledge of treatment options, to the final end use or disposal of treated sludge. The book also presents important factors to consider when evaluating and upscaling new treatment technology options. The book is designed for undergraduate and graduate students, and engineers and practitioners in the field who have some basic knowledge of environmental and/or wastewater engineering.

Statistical yearbook for Latin America and the Caribbean


Author: United Nations: Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean
Publisher: United Nations Publications
ISBN: 9789210210577
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 438
View: 2712

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This annual publication contains a range of economic and social data for the countries of the Latin America & Caribbean region. This edition contains some important modifications, both in content and design, in order to incorporate technological and statistical developments, and it is organised into four chapters covering: demographic and social indicators; economic, trade and balance-of-payments statistics as well as national accounts; the environment and natural resources; and issues relating to methodology and metadata. An electronic version of the yearbook is presented on the accompanying CD-ROM with additional tables giving more detailed information on the economic and social situation in each country.

Sun-earth

Sustainable Design
Author: Richard L. Crowther
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Dwellings
Page: 255
View: 9216

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Biobased Industrial Products:

Research and Commercialization Priorities
Author: Committee on Biobased Industrial Products,National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Life Sciences
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309053927
Category: Science
Page: 162
View: 2033

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Petroleum-based industrial products have gradually replaced products derived from biological materials. However, biologically based products are making a comeback--because of a threefold increase in farm productivity and new technologies. Biobased Industrial Products envisions a biobased industrial future, where starch will be used to make biopolymers and vegetable oils will become a routine component in lubricants and detergents. Biobased Industrial Products overviews the U.S. land resources available for agricultural production, summarizes plant materials currently produced, and describes prospects for increasing varieties and yields. The committee discusses the concept of the biorefinery and outlines proven and potential thermal, mechanical, and chemical technologies for conversion of natural resources to industrial applications. The committee also illustrates the developmental dynamics of biobased products through existing examples, as well as products still on the drawing board, and it identifies priorities for research and development.

Electricity Market Reform

An International Perspective
Author: Fereidoon P. Sioshansi,Wolfgang Pfaffenberger
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080462714
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 688
View: 5443

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Since the late 1980s, policy makers and regulators in a number of countries have liberalized, restructured or “deregulated their electric power sector, typically by introducing competition at the generation and retail level. These experiments have resulted in vastly different outcomes - some highly encouraging, others utterly disastrous. However, many countries continue along the same path for a variety of reasons. Electricity Market Reform examines the most important competitive electricity markets around the world and provides definitive answers as to why some markets have performed admirably, while others have utterly failed, often with dire financial and cost consequences. The lessons contained within are direct relevance to regulators, policy makers, the investment community, industry, academics and graduate students of electricity markets worldwide. Covers electicity market liberalization and deregulation on a worldwide scale Features expert contributions from key people within the electricity sector

Working Towards Sustainable Development

Opportunities for Decent Work and Social Inclusion in a Green Economy
Author: International Labour Organization,International Labour Office
Publisher: International Labor Office
ISBN: 9789221263784
Category: Architecture
Page: 185
View: 1609

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A green economy is necessary if sustainable development is to be realised. However, as this report emphasizes, a green economy can also, if accompanied by the right policy mix, create more and better jobs, lift people out of poverty and promote social inclusion. In fact, the growth model of the past few decades has been inefficient, not only economically, but also from environmental, employment and social perspectives. It overuses natural resources, is environmentally unsustainable and has failed to meet the aspirations of a large proportion of society seeking productive, decent work and dignified lives. A new development model - one which puts people, fairness and the planet at the core of policy-making - is urgently needed, and is eminently achievable. More fundamentally, this report demonstrates that employment and social inclusion must be integral parts of any sustainable development strategy and must be included in policies that address climate change and ensure the preservation of the environment. In particular, the report assesses the sectoral, employment and income implications of the transition to a green economy. It highlights the necessary conditions, policy prescriptions and good practices required to ensure that the green economy is characterized by gains in job quality, reductions in poverty and improvements in social inclusion.

Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook, Eighth Edition


Author: Robert Perry,Don Green
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Professional Pub
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: 2400
View: 4030

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Get Cutting-Edge Coverage of All Chemical Engineering Topics— from Fundamentals to the Latest Computer Applications. First published in 1934, Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook has equipped generations of engineers and chemists with an expert source of chemical engineering information and data. Now updated to reflect the latest technology and processes of the new millennium, the Eighth Edition of this classic guide provides unsurpassed coverage of every aspect of chemical engineering-from fundamental principles to chemical processes and equipment to new computer applications. Filled with over 700 detailed illustrations, the Eighth Edition of Perry's Chemcial Engineering Handbook features: Comprehensive tables and charts for unit conversion A greatly expanded section on physical and chemical data New to this edition: the latest advances in distillation, liquid-liquid extraction, reactor modeling, biological processes, biochemical and membrane separation processes, and chemical plant safety practices with accident case histories Inside This Updated Chemical Engineering Guide Conversion Factors and Mathematical Symbols • Physical and Chemical Data • Mathematics • Thermodynamics • Heat and Mass Transfer • Fluid and Particle Dynamics Reaction Kinetics • Process Control • Process Economics • Transport and Storage of Fluids • Heat Transfer Equipment • Psychrometry, Evaporative Cooling, and Solids Drying • Distillation • Gas Absorption and Gas-Liquid System Design • Liquid-Liquid Extraction Operations and Equipment • Adsorption and Ion Exchange • Gas-Solid Operations and Equipment • Liquid-Solid Operations and Equipment • Solid-Solid Operations and Equipment • Size Reduction and Size Enlargement • Handling of Bulk Solids and Packaging of Solids and Liquids • Alternative Separation Processes • And Many Other Topics!

Seventeen Contradictions and the End of Capitalism


Author: David Harvey
Publisher: Oxford University Press (UK)
ISBN: 019936026X
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 338
View: 9501

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"David Harvey examines the internal contradictions within the flow of capital that have precipitated recent crises. While the contradictions have made capitalism flexible and resilient, they also contain the seeds of systemic catastrophe"--

Papermaking

The History and Technique of an Ancient Craft
Author: Dard Hunter
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486236196
Category: Crafts & Hobbies
Page: 611
View: 5822

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The classic work on papermaking, this book traces the craft's history from its invention in China to its introductions in Europe and America. The foremost authority on the subject covers tools and materials; hand moulds; pressing, drying, and sizing; hand- and machine-made paper; watermarking; and more. Over 320 illustrations.Reprint of the second, revised, and enlarged 1947 edition.

Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency in Latin America and the Caribbean

Constraints and Prospects
Author: Hugo Altomonte,Manlio Coviello,Wolfgang Lutz
Publisher: United Nations Publications
ISBN: 9789211214208
Category: Renewable energy sources
Page: 72
View: 9550

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This study examines efforts by countries of Latin America and the Caribbean to promote sustainable energy development in the region. It reveals some of the cultural and institutional challenges that have held back progress. Also included are proposals to mainstream policies on efficient use and renewable energy sources.

Beyond Oil

The View from Hubbert's Peak
Author: Kenneth S. Deffeyes
Publisher: Hill and Wang
ISBN: 9780374707026
Category: Science
Page: 224
View: 542

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"This book explains both why the decline of our most precious fuel is inevitable and how challenging it will be to cope with what comes next."—Richard E. Smalley, University Professor, Rice University, and 1996 Nobel laureate With world oil production about to peak and inexorably head toward steep decline, what fuels are available to meet rising global energy demands? That question, once thought to address a fairly remote contingency, has become ever more urgent, as a spate of books has drawn increased public attention to the imminent exhaustion of the economically vital world oil reserves. Kenneth S. Deffeyes, a geologist who was among the first to warn of the coming oil crisis, now takes the next logical step and turns his attention to the earth's supply of potential replacement fuels. In Beyond Oil, he traces out their likely production futures, with special reference to that of oil, utilizing the same analytic tools developed by his former colleague, the pioneering petroleum-supply authority M. King Hubbert. "The bad news in this book is made bearable by the author's witty, conversational writing style. If my college econ textbooks had been written this way, I might have learned economics." —Rupert Cutler, The Roanoke Times

Thermal decomposition of materials

effect of highly intensive heating
Author: Orest Fedorovich Shlenskiĭ,Lev Nikolaevich Aksenov,Anatoliĭ Gerasimovich Shashkov
Publisher: Elsevier Science Ltd
ISBN: N.A
Category: Science
Page: 289
View: 9734

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Mark's Standard Handbook for Mechanical Engineers on CD-ROM (WAN)


Author: Eugenea Avallone,Theodore Baumeister
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Osborne Media
ISBN: 9780071345040
Category:
Page: 1792
View: 3370

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Contains the complete text of Marks' Standard Handbook for Mechanical Engineers, 10/e, in fully searchable Adobe Acrobat format. This work includes interactive elements like formulae, calculations, curves and tables. It contains indexing and sectional tables of contents, to allow lookup of any topic in seconds.