In Search of Better Governance in South Asia and Beyond


Author: Ishtiaq Jamil,Steinar Askvik,Tek Nath Dhakal
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461473721
Category: Law
Page: 251
View: 6232

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The pursuit for better governance has assumed center stage in developmental discourse as well as reform initiatives of all organizations working for the public welfare, and includes such issues as service delivery and responding to citizens’ needs and demands. In the era of globalization, multilevel and new modes of governance are changing the traditional governance models of nation states, accelerated by technological innovation, rising citizen expectation, policy intervention from international and multilateral donor communities, and the hegemony of western ideology imposed on many developing nations. However, a universally accepted and agreed upon definition of 'governance’ still remains elusive. There is no consensus or agreement as to what would be the nature and form of governance and public administration. The question that is raised: Is there a universal governance mechanism that fits in all contexts or governance mechanisms should be based on home grown ideas?One can see various programs and policies of reforms and reorganizations in public administration in the developing countries, but these efforts have not been effective to address the challenging issues of economic development, employment generation, poverty reduction, ensuring equality of access to public services, maintaining fairness and equity, security and safety of citizens, social cohesion, democratic institution building, ensuring broader participation in the decision making process, and improving the quality of life. Therefore, there is a widespread concern for better governance or sound governance to bridge the gap between theory and practice, making this book of interest to academics as well as policy-makers in global public administration.

Strengthening Local Governance in Bangladesh

Reforms, Participation and Accountability
Author: Shuvra Chowdhury,Pranab Kumar Panday
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319732846
Category: Law
Page: 216
View: 3070

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This book explores the impact of Bangladesh's Local Government Act of 2009 on the functioning of the local governments or Union Parishads (UP), with a particular emphasis on people’s participation and accountability. Throughout the chapters, the authors review the existing legal framework of UP and its relation to social accountability, examine how much of the social participation is spontaneous and how much is politically induced, question the success of the Citizen's Charter and Right to Information acts as mechanisms for social accountability, and present suggestions to remedy some of the problems facing people's participation and accountability in the UP. This book fills existing gaps in the discourse by adding new information to the literature on development research and legal reforms in Bangladesh, specifically in how those legal reforms have led to strengthening or weakening people's participation in local government. The target audience for this book are students and researchers in Asian studies , international development studies, and public administration, as well as practitioners working in the local governments discussed.

Governance in South, Southeast, and East Asia

Trends, Issues and Challenges
Author: Ishtiaq Jamil,Salahuddin M. Aminuzzaman,Sk. Tawfique M. Haque
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319152181
Category: Law
Page: 258
View: 7630

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This book explores and analyzes governance and policy issues in South, Southeast, and East Asia. It maps governance challenges and analyzes current trends from the perspectives of democracy, public policy, and public institutions. Regional public administration and governance systems have undergone some phenomenal changes over the last three decades and have played a key role in the economic progress of the area, especially in the Southeast and East Asian nations. Rich with country-specific evidence and analyses, the chapters in the book apply empirical and other research methods to examine shifting paradigms and best practices. This book develops an understanding of changes in the forms, process and practices of governance, both within the context of each nation and in a comparative perspective. The book will appeal to scholars, academics, students, and practitioners of public administration, political science, and policy issues.

Governance in South, Southeast, and East Asia

Trends, Issues and Challenges
Author: Ishtiaq Jamil,Salahuddin M. Aminuzzaman,Sk. Tawfique M. Haque
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319152181
Category: Law
Page: 258
View: 9028

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This book explores and analyzes governance and policy issues in South, Southeast, and East Asia. It maps governance challenges and analyzes current trends from the perspectives of democracy, public policy, and public institutions. Regional public administration and governance systems have undergone some phenomenal changes over the last three decades and have played a key role in the economic progress of the area, especially in the Southeast and East Asian nations. Rich with country-specific evidence and analyses, the chapters in the book apply empirical and other research methods to examine shifting paradigms and best practices. This book develops an understanding of changes in the forms, process and practices of governance, both within the context of each nation and in a comparative perspective. The book will appeal to scholars, academics, students, and practitioners of public administration, political science, and policy issues.

Public Policy in the 'Asian Century'

Concepts, Cases and Futures
Author: Sara Bice,Avery Poole,Helen Sullivan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 113760252X
Category: Political Science
Page: 348
View: 4139

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This volume explores the defining features, critical approaches, challenges and opportunities for public policy in the ‘Asian Century’. This is the first book to systematically analyse the key institutions and practices that comprise public policy, administration and governance to investigate how they are changing in the context of increasing Asian influence. Its authors argue that the Asian Century holds the potential to generate a paradigm shift equivalent to the impacts of neo-liberalism and the New Public Management of the late 20th century. Divided into three parts, this volume interrogates the theories underpinning contemporary public policy; explores case studies from different policy arenas across the Asian region; and imagines what a future of globalised public policy might look like. It examines the implementation measures necessary to support policy and administration in an era of transnational governance networks, tightly linked economic markets and progressively fluid cultural exchanges. This book provides the concepts and tools necessary to navigate these shifting sands successfully. It is essential reading for scholars of public policy, public management, international relations, and politics and social sciences, as well as for administrators and public servants.

The New Public Service

Serving, Not Steering
Author: Janet V Denhardt,Robert B. Denhardt
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315289474
Category: Political Science
Page: 240
View: 8807

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This widely praised work provides a framework for the many voices calling for the reaffirmation of democratic values, citizenship, and service in the public interest. The expanded edition includes an all-new chapter that addresses the practical issues of applying these ideals in actual, real-life situations. "The New Public Service, Expanded Edition" is organized around a set of seven core principles: serve citizens, not customers; seek the public interest; value citizenship and public service above entrepreneurship; think strategically, act democratically; recognize that accountability isn't simple; serve, rather than steer; and value people, not just productivity. The book asks us to think carefully and critically about what public service is, why it is important, and what values ought to guide what we do and how we do it. It celebrates what is distinctive, important and meaningful about public service and considers how we might better live up to those ideals and values. All students and serious practitioners in public administration and public policy should read this book. While debates about public policy issues will surely continue, this compact, clearly written volume provides an important framework for public service based on and fully integrated with citizen discourse and the public interest.

Civil Society in Asia

In Search of Democracy and Development in Bangladesh
Author: Dr Fahimul Quadir,Professor Yutaka Tsujinaka
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1472423313
Category: Political Science
Page: 214
View: 7081

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Providing much needed analytical context to explore the theoretical and empirical dimensions of the role of civil society in the democracy and development of Bangladesh, Civil Society in Asia brings together well established international authors to explore key ideas and debates from a wide range of disciplines. Through this the contributors raise intriguing questions about the prospects for liberal democracy and social development in a Muslim majority country.

The State of the World's Cities 2004/2005

Globalization and Urban Culture
Author: N.A
Publisher: UN-HABITAT
ISBN: 9211317053
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 198
View: 6346

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As towns and cities expand at unprecedented rates, sustainable urban development is one of the most pressing challenges facing the international community in the 21st century. This publication examines the realities faced by urban populations around the world, focusing on the impact of globalisation and the way cities are governed and planned, on the make-up and density of their population, and on their cultures and economies. Issues considered include: the impact of globalisation on urban culture; urban renewal and cultural strategies; the concept of metropolitanization; socio-economic and cultural impacts of international migration; urban poverty and homelessness, social inequality and exclusion; urban governance, safety and crime trends; contemporary planning strategies and the role of civil society; progress towards attainment of the Millennium Development Goals targets for sanitation and housing. The report highlights the need for a new culture of planning to establish multicultural and inclusive cities, involving civil society as well as public authorities.

The Routledge Handbook of the Governance of Migration and Diversity in Cities


Author: Tiziana Caponio,Peter Scholten,Ricard Zapata-Barrero
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 135110845X
Category: Political Science
Page: 380
View: 6595

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How have immigration and diversity shaped urban life and local governance? The Routledge Handbook to the Governance of Migration and Diversity in Cities focuses on the ways migration and diversity have transformed cities, and how cities have responded to the challenges and opportunities offered. Strengthening the relevance of the city as a crucial category for the study of migration policy and migration flows, the book is divided into five parts: • Migration, history and urban life • Local politics and political participation • Local policies of migration and diversity • Superdiverse cities • Divided cities and border cities. Grounded in the European debate on "the local turn" in the study of migration policy, as contrasted to the more traditional focus on the nation-state, the handbook also brings together contributions from North America, South America, Asia and the Middle East and contributors from a wide range of disciplines. It is a valuable resource for students and scholars working in political science, policy studies, history, sociology, urban studies and geography.

Civil Society in Asia


Author: David C. Schak,Wayne Hudson
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 229
View: 5938

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In East and Southeast Asia, the creation of civil society is a crucial yet most difficult issue. Asia faces this task at a time when a nation's currency can devalue in seconds, destabilising its government, and when states have far more effective means of surveillance, suppression and terror. This book examines these issues and shows that a better understanding of civil society in the Asian context is central to promoting contemporary political, social and economic reform in Asia.

Global Dimensions of Public Administration and Governance

A Comparative Voyage
Author: Jos Raadschelders,Eran Vigoda-Gadot
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119026199
Category: Political Science
Page: 576
View: 5720

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Global Dimensions of Public Administration is a comprehensive, interdisciplinary approach that draws on knowledge sources across the social sciences. It provides a global, historical, and theoretical examination of the management and governance of the modern state with an emphasis on the structure, function, policies and reforms of over 30 countries. Readers will gain an understanding of the relationship between structure (territory, bureaucracy, political system) and function (policy and reforms) of government in its political and societal contexts. The authors' comparative approach features rich examples of how policy is culture-dependent and how the principles of modern bureaucracy are filtered to fit a nation's needs and expectations. Each chapter ends with comparative conclusions. Mid-career public sector professionals in executive education programs will better-understand the role and position of government in the contemporary world, not only in democratic societies, but also in less democratic environments.

A Better Globalization

Legitimacy, Governance, and Reform
Author: Kemal Derviş
Publisher: Ctr for Global Development
ISBN: 9780815717638
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 301
View: 2620

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"Discusses the two broad dimensions of the globalization debate--economic, including finance, trade, poverty, and health; and political, covering security, the fight against terrorism, and the role of international institutions--and the significance of democratic consent in the twenty-first century"--Provided by publisher.

Globalization, Growth, and Poverty

Building an Inclusive World Economy
Author: Paul Collier,David Dollar
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821350485
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 174
View: 2659

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Globalization - the growing integration of economies and societies around the world, is a complex process. The focus of this research is the impact of economic integration on developing countries and especially the poor people living in these countries. Whether economic integration supports poverty reduction and how it can do so more effectively are key questions asked. The research yields 3 main findings with bearings on current policy debates about globalization. Firstly, poor countries with some 3 billion people have broken into the global market for manufactures and services, and this successful integration has generally supported poverty reduction. Secondly, inclusion both across countries and within them is important as a number of countries (pop. 2 billion) are failing as states, trading less and less, and becoming marginal to the world economy. Thirdly, standardization or homogenization is a concern - will economic integration lead to cultural or institutional homogenization?

To Serve and to Preserve

Improving Public Administration in a Competitive World
Author: Salvatore Schiavo-Campo,Pachampet Sabhesa Aiyar Sundaram
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 859
View: 5011

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The New Politics of Regionalism

Perspectives from Africa, Latin America and Asia-Pacific
Author: Ulf Engel,Heidrun Zinecker,Frank Mattheis,Antje Dietze,Thomas Plötze
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315513757
Category: Political Science
Page: 254
View: 5429

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This edited volume approaches regionalism as one potential pattern in a changing global order. Since the end of the Cold War, different forms of territorialization have emerged and we are confronted with an increasing number and variety of actors that are establishing regional projects. This volume offers an innovative contribution to the study of this new complexity by exploring constellations of regional actors, spatial scales and imaginations beyond state-centred perspectives as well as on multiple, often overlapping levels. The chapters analyse the emergence, trajectories and outcomes of regionalisms from the perspective of the Global South, specifically concentrating on regional projects in Latin America and Africa, but also in the Asia-Pacific. They attempt to identify the specific conditions and junctures of different forms of region-making in their external (global) and internal (local/national) dimensions. The volume also places special emphasis on interactions, spatial entanglements and comparisons between regionalisms in different parts of the world. By expanding beyond the perspective of North-South transfers, this book seeks to better understand the dynamics and diversity of interregional interactions. This volume will appeal to scholars of global studies, international political economy, international relations, human geography, and development studies, as well as area studies specialists who focus on Latin America and Africa.

Islamic Globalization

Pilgrimage, Capitalism, Democracy, and Diplomacy
Author: N.A
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814508446
Category: Political Science
Page: 302
View: 8479

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Islamic Globalization examines the Muslim world''s growing importance in creating a more inclusive international system that is increasingly multipolar and multicultural. The author describes an emerging pattern of Islamic globalization as a series of transformations in four interrelated areas OCo pilgrimage and religious travel, capitalism and Islamic finance, democracy and Islamic modernism, and diplomacy and great power politics. The book integrates the disciplines of religion, politics, economics, law, and international relations highlighting developments in the Middle East, South Asia, Southeast Asia, and Africa. It provides new insights into the rapidly growing ties between China and the Islamic world, exploring their likely impact on the balance of power in Eurasia and beyond.

New Frontiers in Free Trade

Globalization's Future and Asia's Rising Role
Author: Razeen Sally
Publisher: Cato Institute
ISBN: 1933995211
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 154
View: 2857

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Offers compelling analysis of key trends that are significantly shaping the future of free trade and international commerce and explores the spread of protectionist reactions to globalization, the swiftly rising market power of China and Asia.

Democratization in Africa

African Views, African Voices
Author: Sahr John Kpundeh
Publisher: National Academies
ISBN: N.A
Category: Social Science
Page: 85
View: 6629

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The global movement toward democracy, spurred in part by the ending of the cold war, has created opportunities for democratization not only in Europe and the former Soviet Union, but also in Africa. This book is based on workshops held in Benin, Ethiopia, and Namibia to better understand the dynamics of contemporary democratic movements in Africa. Key issues in the democratization process range from its institutional and political requirements to specific problems such as ethnic conflict, corruption, and role of donors in promoting democracy. By focusing on the opinion and views of African intellectuals, academics, writers, and political activists and observers, the book provides a unique perspective regarding the dynamics and problems of democratization in Africa.

Government–NGO Relationships in Africa, Asia, Europe and MENA


Author: Raffaele Marchetti
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351117483
Category: Political Science
Page: 272
View: 8517

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This volume brings together some of the most recent scholarship on government and civil society. It examines the axis of the relationship between national governments and civil society organisations (NGOs) by highlighting commonalities as well as differences among four key regions in the world. Using the stability vs. instability framework, the book explores a range of pertinent issues, including human rights, development, foreign policy, state-building, regime change, governance frameworks, wars and civil liberties. It studies diverse situations, from those entailing comprehensive cooperation to those involving politically contentious and revolutionary activities. With case studies from Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), this volume will be useful to scholars and researchers of political science, global politics, international relations, sociology, development studies, global governance and public policy, as well as to those in the development sector and NGOs.