Improved Grassland Management


Author: A S Laidlaw,John Frame
Publisher: Crowood
ISBN: 1847977278
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 352
View: 4302

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This new, fully updated and revised edition of Improved Grassland Management covers all aspects of grassland management and is of particular relevance to the UK and the Republic of Ireland, although the principles discussed apply to all temperate grassland zones. Almost twenty years ago, when the original edition of this book was written by John Frame, issues such as efficiency in the use of nutrients in manures, grassland biodiversity and greenhouse gas emissions from ruminant production were either nascent, or of no relevance to mainstream grassland farming. The intervening two decades have seen the introduction of water and, latterly, air quality directives by the EU, cross compliance, the single farm payment, and an ever-increasing need for grassland farmers to be conscious of the economics of their business. The present edition, which has been thoroughly revised by Scott Laidlaw, covers the full scope of modern grassland management. Accordingly the application of technical developments in supplying and utilizing grass and forage, which remain central to grassland management, is presented in the context of these changes.Topics covered include: breeding and evaluation of new varieties of grass to meet current needs; new technology in establishing swards; legislative constraints, background science and practice in determining forage quality and the utilization of forage either for grazing or silage; feed budgeting, grassland biodiversity, grassland and climate change, and transferring knowledge and technology; wide-ranging list of sources and references, which provides the reader with further detailed information. Essential reading for all those involved in modern grassland management including grassland farmers, agricultural consultants and advisory officers, as well as agricultural, land use and biology students. Written in a reader-friendly advisory style, it can be read and understood without an in-depth technical or scientific background. Fully illustrated with 61 colour photographs.

Strengthening Carbon Financing for Grassland Management in the People's Republic of China

Incentive Mechanisms and Implications
Author: Asian Development Bank
Publisher: Asian Development Bank
ISBN: 9292543865
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 54
View: 3973

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The People's Republic of China (PRC) is being impacted by climate change. The resulting degradation and desertification of grasslands are projected to lead to decreased productivity and severely affect livestock and ecosystems. Financial incentives are required to improve environmental management of grasslands and reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the grassland sector of the PRC. This publication summarizes the legal and policy framework for incentive programs, assesses the impact of three main incentive programs on soil carbon stocks, and analyzes the implications of these existing incentive mechanisms for the development of grassland carbon finance projects for domestic carbon markets.

20th International Grassland Congress


Author: F. P. O'Mara
Publisher: Wageningen Academic Pub
ISBN: 9076998817
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 975
View: 1819

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Theme A: Efficient production from grassland; Section 1: grass and forage plant improvement; Section 2: animal production; Section 3: improving quality of products from grassland; Ssction 4: grass and forage physiology; Section 5: forage quality for animal nutrition; Section 6: impacts of endophytic fungi and other biotic interactions on grassland production; section 7: advances in sown tropical legumes; Section 8; grassland management; Section 9: integrated production systems; Section 10: industrial products from grassland; section 11; grass and forage agronomy; section 12: overcoming seasonality of production; Section 13: animal-plant relations; Theme B: grassland and the environment; section 14: climate change; Section 15: greenhouse gases; section 16: carbon sequestration; Section 17: biodiversity in grassland; Section 18: grassland and water resources; Section 19: soil quality and nutrients; section 20: multifunctional grassland; Theme C: delivering the benefits from grassland; Section 21: adoption of new technology; Section 22: the contribution of participatory and on-farm research; section 23: improved livelihoods from grassland; section 24: tools for grassland management; Section 25: decision support for grassland systems; Section 26: participatory research and decision support systems; Section 27: the role of the international grassland congress and grassland societies in techonology interaction and influencing policy.

Making Grasslands Sustainable in Mongolia

International Experiences with Payments for Environmental Services in Grazing Lands and Other Rangelands
Author: Asian Development Bank
Publisher: Asian Development Bank
ISBN: 9292544160
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 64
View: 5625

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Payments for environmental services (PES) are a potential mechanism to provide incentives for sustainable management of grasslands and reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. PES is not widely practiced in Mongolia, but has been included in the Green Development Strategy of the government. This paper reviews 50 PES schemes operating in grasslands and other grazing lands globally, including Mongolia. It discusses key issues related to the design of PES schemes in Mongolian grasslands, including potential benefits, risks, constraints, and trade-offs.

Lockhart and Wiseman’s Crop Husbandry Including Grassland


Author: Steve Finch,Alison Samuel,Gerry P. Lane
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1782423923
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 608
View: 8318

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Increased yields, markets, and profitability have led to changes in crop husbandry. Since its first publication in 1966, revised editions of Lockhart & Wiseman's Crop Husbandry Including Grassland have upheld and increased the book's good reputation. This ninth edition maintains its status as the standard textbook for many agricultural courses. Part one covers the principles of crop production with chapters concerning plants, climate, soil management, fertilizers, manures, weeds, and diseases threatening farm crops. Part two surveys crop husbandry techniques. Environmental impact has been addressed in greater detail in this edition. This section looks at issues such as sustainable crop management, precision farming, and organic crop husbandry. The way these general techniques apply to individual crops is explained in part three. This part considers a range of cereals, combinable break crops, root crops, industrial crops, and fresh produce crops. Part four looks at the use of grassland and forage crops, with chapters considering arable forage crops, the characteristics of grassland, and the corresponding methods for establishing and improving grassland. This part also includes information regarding equine grassland management and conservation of grass and forage crops. This ninth edition of Lockhart and Wiseman's Crop Husbandry Including Grassland is relevant for students throughout the United Kingdom and Europe. It is a useful reference book for agriculture National Diploma courses, Foundation Degrees, and BSc degrees, and is important for Masters level students entering agriculture from another discipline. The previous edition has been widely expanded and remains the standard text for general agriculture, land management, and agri-business courses Includes new chapters on cropping techniques, integrated crop management and quality assurance, seed production and selection, and the influence of climate Discusses basic conditions for crop growth, how techniques are applied to particular crops, the influence of weather, and the use of grassland

Improving Grassland and Pasture Management in Temperate Agriculture


Author: Athole Marshall,Rosemary Collins
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781786762030
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 2601

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"Grasslands have long been used to raise livestock. Recently there has been a shift to more intensive livestock system with more pressure on grasslands. At the same time, there is a greater understanding of the role of grasslands in delivering a range of ecosystems services. This volume reviews the range of research focussing on more sustainable use of grasslands to optimise livestock nutrition whilst protecting biodiversity and delivering a range of broader environmental benefits. Part 1 assesses grassland functions and dynamics, including plant-soil and plant-animal interactions, nutrient cycling and carbon capture. Part 2 surveys grassland species such as ryegrass and legumes. Part 3 reviews key aspects of grassland management, including sowing, soil health, irrigation and weed control as well as monitoring. The final part of the book considers wider aspects of sustainability such as protecting biodiversity as well as silage processing. With its distinguished editors and international team of subject experts, this will be a standard reference for grassland and rangeland scientists, livestock producers, government and non-governmental organisations responsible for grassland management and conservation."--Provided by publisher.

Grasslands of the World

Diversity, Management and Conservation
Author: Victor R. Squires,Limin Hua,Haiying Feng,Jürgen Dengler
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781498796262
Category: Grassland conservation
Page: 350
View: 9612

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This book begins with a brief account of the extraordinary sequence of events that led to emergence of grasslands as major vegetation formations that now occupy some of the driest and hottest and the highest and coldest on earth as well as vast steppes and prairies in more temperate climes. It is the story of grasses successfully competing with forests and woodlands, aided and abetted by grazing herbivores and by humans and their use of fire as a tool. It is a story of adaptation to changing climates and the changing biophysical environments. A major focus of the book is the Palaearctic biogeographic realm that extends over some 45 million km2 and thus more than 1/3 of the terrestrial ice-free surface on Earth. It comprises extensive grasslands of different types and origin, which can be subdivided into (1) natural grasslands with (1a) steppes (climatogenic in dry climates), (1b) arctic-alpine grasslands (climatogenic in cold climates) and (1c) azonal and extrazonal grasslands (pedogenic and topogenic) as well as (2) secondary grasslands created and sustained by human activities, such as livestock grazing, mowing or burning. Grasslands of the Palaearctic do not only form a major basis for the agriculture of the region and thus its food supply, but are also crucial for other ecosystem services and host a supra proportional part of the realm's plant and animal diversity. To reflect that suitability of grasslands for biodiversity strongly depends on their state, we apply the term High Nature Value grassland to those natural grasslands that are not degraded (in good state) and those secondary grasslands that are not intensified (semi-natural). The situation in a variety of countries where grasslands are evolving under the influence of global climate change is also considered. Case studies are presented on Southern Africa, Eastern Africa, India, China, South America, North America and Australia. The concluding chapter examines a set of themes arising from the chapters that make up the bulk of this book. The following provide a focus: recent history of grassland biomes - brief recap of current thinking and recent trends with special reference to dry grasslands in the Palearctic regions; the current status of grasslands and germplasm resources (biodiversity) - an overview; management systems that ensure sustainability; how to recover degraded grasslands; socio-economic issues and considerations in grassland management; the impacts of environmental problems in grasslands such as future climate change and intensification and the problems/prospects facing pastoralists and other grassland-based livestock producers.

INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE on FRONTIERS of ENVIRONMENT, ENERGY and BIOSCIENCE

ICFEEB 2013
Author: Dawei Zheng
Publisher: DEStech Publications, Inc
ISBN: 1605951331
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 927
View: 421

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We cordially invite you to attend 2013 International Conference on Frontiers of Environment, Energy and Bioscience (ICFEEB 2013), which will be held in Beijing, China during October 24–25, 2013. The main objective of ICFEEB 2013 is to provide a platform for researchers, engineers, academicians as well as industrial professionals from all over the world to present their research results and development activities in Environment, Energy and Bioscience. This conference provides opportunities for the delegates to exchange new ideas and experiences face to face, to establish business or research relations and to find global partners for future collaboration. ICFEEB 2013 received over 400 submissions which were all reviewed by at least two reviewers. As a result of our highly selective review process four hundred papers have been retained for inclusion in the ICFEEB 2013 proceedings, less than 40% of the submitted papers. The program of ICFEEB 2013 consists of invited sessions, and technical workshops and discussions covering a wide range of topics. This rich program provides all attendees with the opportunities to meet and interact with one another. We hope your experience is a fruitful and long lasting one. With your support and participation, the conference will continue its success for a long time. The conference is supported by many universities and research institutes. Many professors play an important role in the successful holding of the conference, so we would like to take this opportunity to express our sincere gratitude and highest respects to them. They have worked very hard in reviewing papers and making valuable suggestions for the authors to improve their work. We also would like to express our gratitude to the external reviewers, for providing extra help in the review process, and to the authors for contributing their research result to the conference. Special thanks go to our publisher DEStech Publications. At the same time, we also express our sincere thanks for the understanding and support of every author. Owing to time constraints, imperfection is inevitable, and any constructive criticism is welcome. We hope you will have a technically rewarding experience, and use this occasion to meet old friends and make many new ones. Do not miss the opportunity to explore in Beijing, China. And do not forget to take a sample of the many and diverse attractions in the rest of the China. We wish all attendees an enjoyable scientific gathering in Beijing, China. We look forward to seeing all of you next year at the conference. The Conference Organizing Committees October 24–25, 2013 Beijing, China

Grassland Restoration and Management


Author: David Blakesley,Peter Buckley
Publisher: Pelagic Publishing Ltd
ISBN: 1784270717
Category: Nature
Page: 272
View: 7948

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Following the destruction of 95% of meadows during the twentieth century, there is an urgent need to understand what little unspoiled habitat remains in order to plan the management and restoration of existing sites, as well as re-creating future grassland habitats. This book is a much-needed guide to grassland restoration and management.Providing a thorough overview of recent research on grassland restoration and its implications for practical grassland restoration and management, it introduces grassland communities and the wildlife they support, including examples of species of conservation concern, and considers the management of semi-natural grassland habitats with particular emphasis on drier grassland habitats.Chapters cover: - Grassland character and communities - Introduction to grassland wildlife - Managing semi-natural grassland - Grassland restoration – threats and challenges - Opportunities in grassland restoration - Plant material for grassland restoration - Defining success in grassland restoration.A variety of management techniques are examined, including soil amendment, cultivation, harvesting and maintenance in creating suitable conditions for the successful restoration of species-rich grasslands.It is essential reading for conservationists, site owners or managers, practitioners, conservation organizations and students of ecological restoration with an interest in the creation of new grassland habitats, the restoration of semi-natural grassland, as well as the continuing management of semi-natural (unimproved) grassland communities.

Tropical Grasses


Author: P. J. Skerman,Fernando Riveros
Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.
ISBN: 9789251011287
Category: Nature
Page: 832
View: 2838

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The importance of grasslands. The classification and distribution of grasses. The world's major tropical grasslands. Performance and management of natural pasture. The case for improved pastures to replace indigenous species. Pasture improvement by introducing new species. Selection of pasture grass species, seed purchase and storage, and fertilizer needs. Pasture leys. Management of improved grassland in semi-intensive and intensive production systems. Reseeding the arid and semi-arid range. Handling difficult grasses. Grasses for special purposes. Utilization and conservation of forage. The chemical compostion and nutritive value of tropical grasses. The tropical grasses catalogue. Common names of tropical grasses. Common names of other plants. Index. Illustrations.

The Art and Science of Grazing

How Grass Farmers Can Create Sustainable Systems for Healthy Animals and Farm Ecosystems
Author: Sarah Flack
Publisher: Chelsea Green Publishing
ISBN: 1603586113
Category: Grazing
Page: 240
View: 1270

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Grazing management might seem simple: just put livestock in a pasture and let them eat their fill. However, as Sarah Flack explains in The Art and Science of Grazing, the pasture/livestock relationship is incredibly complex. If a farmer doesn’t pay close attention to how the animals are grazing, the resulting poorly managed grazing system can be harmful to the health of the livestock, pasture plants, and soils. Well-managed pastures can instead create healthier animals, a diverse and resilient pasture ecosystem, and other benefits. Flack delves deeply below the surface of “let the cows eat grass,” demonstrating that grazing management is a sophisticated science that requires mastery of plant and animal physiology, animal behavior, and ecology. She also shows readers that applying grazing management science on a working farm is an art form that calls on grass farmers to be careful observers, excellent planners and record-keepers, skillful interpreters of their observations, and creative troubleshooters. The Art and Science of Grazing will allow farmers to gain a solid understanding of the key principles of grazing management so they can both design and manage successful grazing systems. The book’s unique approach presents information first from the perspective of pasture plants, and then from the livestock perspective—helping farmers understand both plant and animal needs before setting up a grazing system. This book is an essential guide for ruminant farmers who want to be able to create grazing systems that meet the needs of their livestock, pasture plants, soils, and the larger ecosystem. The book discusses all the practical details that are critical for sustained success: how to set up a new system or improve existing systems; acreage calculations; paddock layout; fence and drinking water access; lanes and other grazing infrastructure; managing livestock movement and flow; soil fertility; seeding and reseeding pastures; and more. The author includes descriptions of real grazing systems working well on dairy, beef, goat, and sheep farms in different regions of North America. The book covers pasture requirements specific to organic farming, but will be of use to both organic and non-organic farms.

The Future of Arid Grasslands

Identifying Issues, Seeking Solutions
Author: Barbara Tellman
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 0788178121
Category:
Page: 392
View: 7050

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Proceedings of a conf. on the major problems facing grasslands in arid & semi-arid regions of the U.S. & Mexico & to seek solutions to those problems. Grasslands in many parts of the Southwest & northern Mexico are facing serious threats -- from urbanization & subdivision development to spread of invasive plant species to conflicts over grazing policy. Target groups for participation included private landowners, non-profit groups, government agencies, environmental advocates, economists, scientists, etc. Emphasized practical, hands-on mgmt. methods, including time in grasslands managed under a variety of techniques.

Holistic Management Handbook

Healthy Land, Healthy Profits
Author: Jody Butterfield,Sam Bingham,Allan Savory
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 9781610911351
Category: Science
Page: 272
View: 4787

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Holistic management, as described by Allan Savory in the books Holistic Resource Management (Island Press, 1988) and the revised edition, Holistic Management (Island Press, 2001), has been practiced by thousands of people around the world to profitably restore and promote the health of their land through practices that mimic nature, and by many others who have sought a more rewarding personal or family life. Holistic Management Handbook offers a detailed explanation of the planning procedures presented in those books and gives step-by-step guidance for implementing holistic management on a ranch or farm.Holistic Management and Holistic Management Handbook are essential reading for anyone involved with land management and stewardship, and together represent an indispensable guide for individuals interested in making better decisions within their organizations or in any aspect of their personal or professional lives.

Investing in Land Stewardship

GEF's Efforts to Combat Land Degradation and Desertification Globally
Author: Global Envrionment Facility
Publisher: Global Environment Facility
ISBN: 188412240X
Category: Nature
Page: N.A
View: 5505

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Grazing management

the principles and practice of grazing, for profit and environmental gain, within temperate grassland systems : proceedings of the British Grassland Society Conference held at the Cairn Hotel, Harrogate, 29 February-2 March, 2000
Author: British Grassland Society. Conference,A. J. Rook,P. D. Penning
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Environmentally sensitive areas
Page: 270
View: 1050

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Holistic Management

A New Framework for Decision Making
Author: Allan Savory,Jody Butterfield
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 155963488X
Category: Nature
Page: 616
View: 6440

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This work shows that on the most fundamental level, environmental problems are cuased by human management decisions rather than the commonly blamed culprits of environmental degradation, overpopulation, poor farming practices and lack of financial support.

Bird Conservation

Global evidence for the effects of interventions
Author: David R. Williams,Robert G. Pople,David A. Showler
Publisher: Pelagic Publishing
ISBN: 1907807217
Category: Science
Page: 575
View: 6022

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This book brings together scientific evidence and experience relevant to the practical conservation of wild birds. The authors worked with an international group of bird experts and conservationists to develop a global list of interventions that could benefit wild birds. For each intervention, the book summarises studies captured by the Conservation Evidence project, where that intervention has been tested and its effects on birds quantified. The result is a thorough guide to what is known, or not known, about the effectiveness of bird conservation actions throughout the world. The preparation of this synopsis was funded by the Natural Environment Research Council and Arcadia.

Management-intensive Grazing

The Grassroots of Grass Farming
Author: Jim Gerrish
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780972159708
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 314
View: 7392

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Using vivid images and detailed explanations, Gerrish takes graziers step by step through the MiG system. He begins from the ground up with the soil, and advances through the management of pastures and animals. Written for those new to MiG grazing, Gerrish's insight and personal experience can help experienced graziers fine tune their grazing operations for added income.