Impact


Author: Lawrence M. Friedman
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674971051
Category: Law
Page: 315
View: 4266

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Under what conditions are laws and rules effective? Lawrence M. Friedman gathers findings from many disciplines into one overarching analysis and lays the groundwork for a cohesive body of work in “impact studies.” He examines the importance of communication on the part of lawgivers and the nuances of motive among those subject to the law.

Why People Obey the Law


Author: Tom R. Tyler
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691126739
Category: Law
Page: 299
View: 1670

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People obey the law if they believe it's legitimate, not because they fear punishment--this is the startling conclusion of Tom Tyler's classic study. Tyler suggests that lawmakers and law enforcers would do much better to make legal systems worthy of respect than to try to instill fear of punishment. He finds that people obey law primarily because they believe in respecting legitimate authority. In his fascinating new afterword, Tyler brings his book up to date by reporting on new research into the relative importance of legal legitimacy and deterrence, and reflects on changes in his own thinking since his book was first published.

The Expressive Powers of Law

Theories and Limits
Author: Richard H. McAdams
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674967208
Category: Law
Page: N.A
View: 9516

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Why do people obey the law? Law deters crime by specifying sanctions, and because people internalize its authority. But Richard McAdams says law also generates compliance through its expressive power to coordinate behavior (traffic laws) and inform beliefs (smoking bans)—that is, simply by what it says rather than what it sanctions.

Buying a Bride

An Engaging History of Mail-Order Matches
Author: Marcia A. Zug
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814771815
Category: History
Page: 320
View: 3822

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There have always been mail-order brides in America—but we haven’t always thought about them in the same ways. In Buying a Bride, Marcia A. Zug starts with the so-called “Tobacco Wives” of the Jamestown colony and moves all the way forward to today’s modern same-sex mail-order grooms to explore the advantages and disadvantages of mail-order marriage. It’s a history of deception, physical abuse, and failed unions. It’s also the story of how mail-order marriage can offer women surprising and empowering opportunities. Drawing on a forgotten trove of colorful mail-order marriage court cases, Zug explores the many troubling legal issues that arise in mail-order marriage: domestic abuse and murder, breach of contract, fraud (especially relating to immigration), and human trafficking and prostitution. She tells the story of how mail-order marriage lost the benign reputation it enjoyed in the Civil War era to become more and more reviled over time, and she argues compellingly that it does not entirely deserve its current reputation. While it is a common misperception that women turn to mail-order marriage as a desperate last resort, most mail-order brides are enticed rather than coerced. Since the first mail-order brides arrived on American shores in 1619, mail-order marriage has enabled women to improve both their marital prospects and their legal, political, and social freedoms. Buying A Bride uncovers this history and shows us how mail-order marriage empowers women and should be protected and even encouraged.

The Impact of Behavioral Sciences on Criminal Law


Author: Nita Farahany
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199773300
Category: Law
Page: 521
View: 403

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New discoveries from neuroscience and behavioral genetics are besieging criminal law. Novel scientific perspectives on criminal behavior could transform the criminal justice system and yet are being introduced in an ad hoc and often ill-conceived manner. Bringing together experts across multiple disciplines, including geneticists, neuroscientists, philosophers, policymakers, and legal scholars, The Impact of Behavioral Sciences on Criminal Law is a comprehensive collection of essays that address the emerging science from behavioral genetics and neuroscience and its developing impact on the criminal justice system. The essays survey how the science is and will likely be used in criminal law and the policy and the ethical issues that arise from its use for criminal law and for society.

The Oxford Handbook of Empirical Legal Research


Author: Peter Cane,Herbert Kritzer
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191635421
Category: Law
Page: 1112
View: 5440

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The empirical study of law, legal systems and legal institutions is widely viewed as one of the most exciting and important intellectual developments in the modern history of legal research. Motivated by a conviction that legal phenomena can and should be understood not only in normative terms but also as social practices of political, economic and ethical significance, empirical legal researchers have used quantitative and qualitative methods to illuminate manyaspects of laws meaning, operation and impact.In the 43 chapters of The Oxford Handbook of Empirical Legal Research leading scholars provide accessible and original discussions of the history, aims and methods of empirical research about law, as well as its achievements and potential. The Handbook has three parts. The first deals with the development and institutional context of empirical legal research. The second - and largest - part consists of critical accounts of empirical research on many aspects of the legal world - oncriminal law, civil law, public law, regulatory law and international law; on lawyers, judicial institutions, legal procedures and evidence; and on legal pluralism and the public understanding of law. The third part introduces readers to the methods of empirical research, and its place in the law schoolcurriculum.

The Ethics of Influence

Government in the Age of Behavioral Science
Author: Cass R. Sunstein
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107140706
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 234
View: 4505

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In The Ethics of Influence, Cass R. Sunstein investigates the ethical issues surrounding government nudges, choice architecture, and mandates.

Understanding Regulation

Theory, Strategy, and Practice
Author: Robert Baldwin,Martin Cave,Martin Lodge
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0199576084
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 548
View: 9394

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An introduction to the practical and theoretical issues that are central to the study of regulation, which a particular focus on contested areas and how they are dealt with.

The Future of Law and Economics

Essays in Reform and Recollection
Author: Guido Calabresi
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300216262
Category: Law
Page: 248
View: 9956

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In a concise, compelling argument, one of the founders and most influential advocates of the law and economics movement divides the subject into two separate areas, which he identifies with Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill. The first, Benthamite, strain, “economic analysis of law,” examines the legal system in the light of economic theory and shows how economics might render law more effective. The second strain, law and economics, gives equal status to law, and explores how the more realistic, less theoretical discipline of law can lead to improvements in economic theory. It is the latter approach that Judge Calabresi advocates, in a series of eloquent, thoughtful essays that will appeal to students and scholars alike.

The Impact of Behavioral Sciences on Criminal Law


Author: Nita Farahany
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199773300
Category: Law
Page: 521
View: 7695

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New discoveries from neuroscience and behavioral genetics are besieging criminal law. Novel scientific perspectives on criminal behavior could transform the criminal justice system and yet are being introduced in an ad hoc and often ill-conceived manner. Bringing together experts across multiple disciplines, including geneticists, neuroscientists, philosophers, policymakers, and legal scholars, The Impact of Behavioral Sciences on Criminal Law is a comprehensive collection of essays that address the emerging science from behavioral genetics and neuroscience and its developing impact on the criminal justice system. The essays survey how the science is and will likely be used in criminal law and the policy and the ethical issues that arise from its use for criminal law and for society.

Cyber Effect

An Expert in Cyberpsychology Explains how Technology is Shaping Our Children, Our Behavior, and Our Values--and what We Can Do about it
Author: Mary Aiken
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 0812987470
Category: Psychology
Page: 400
View: 2950

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Originally published in hardcover in 2016.

Plugged In

How Media Attract and Affect Youth
Author: Patti M. Valkenburg,Jessica Taylor Piotrowski
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300228090
Category: Psychology
Page: 320
View: 5145

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An illuminating study of the complex relationship between children and media in the digital age Now, as never before, young people are surrounded by media—thanks to the sophistication and portability of the technology that puts it literally in the palms of their hands. Drawing on data and empirical research that cross many fields and continents, authors Valkenburg and Piotrowski examine the role of media in the lives of children from birth through adolescence, addressing the complex issues of how media affect the young and what adults can do to encourage responsible use in an age of selfies, Twitter, Facebook, and Instagram. This important study looks at both the sunny and the dark side of media use by today’s youth, including why and how their preferences change throughout childhood, whether digital gaming is harmful or helpful, the effects of placing tablets and smartphones in the hands of toddlers, the susceptibility of young people to online advertising, the legitimacy of parental concerns about media multitasking, and more.

The Legal System

A Social Science Perspective
Author: Lawrence M. Friedman
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
ISBN: 1610442288
Category: Law
Page: 338
View: 3569

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Examines the impact of social forces on the legal system and how the rules and orders promulgated by that legal system affect social behavior. Dr. Friedman explores the relationship between class structure and the work of legal systems in the light of the existing literature and analyzes the influence of the cultural elements contained in a legal system. In a comprehensive analysis of the concept of legal culture, the author sheds new light on the development of our legal norms and the types of legal systems which prevail in a democracy.

The Harm in Hate Speech


Author: Jeremy Waldron
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674065085
Category: Law
Page: 264
View: 4859

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For constitutionalists, regulation of hate speech violates the First Amendment and damages a free society. Waldron rejects this view, and makes the case that hate speech should be regulated as part of a commitment to human dignity and to inclusion and respect for members of vulnerable minorities.

America's Forgotten Constitutions


Author: Robert L. Tsai
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674059956
Category: History
Page: 352
View: 385

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Robert Tsai's history invites readers into the circle of defiant groups who refused to accept the Constitution's definition of who "We the People" are and how their authority should be exercised. It is the story of America as told by dissenters: squatters, Native Americans, abolitionists, socialists, internationalists, and racial nationalists.

Public Health Law Research

Theory and Methods
Author: Alexander C. Wagenaar,Scott C. Burris
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118420888
Category: Medical
Page: 512
View: 7747

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Public Health Law Research: Theory and Methods definitively explores the mechanisms, theories and models central to public health law research – a growing field dedicated to measuring and studying law as a central means for advancing public health. Editors Alexander C. Wagenaar and Scott Burris outline integrated theory drawn from numerous disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences; specific mechanisms of legal effect and guidelines for collecting and coding empirical datasets of statutory and case law; optimal research designs for randomized trials and natural experiments for public health law evaluation; and methods for qualitative and cost-benefit studies of law.. They also discuss the challenge of effectively translating the results of scientific evaluations into public health laws and highlight the impact of this growing field. “How exactly the law can best be used as a tool for protecting and enhancing the public’s health has long been the subject of solely opinion and anecdote. Enter Public Health Law Research, a discipline designed to bring the bright light of science to the relationships between law and health. This book is a giant step forward in illuminating that subject.” -- Stephen Teret, JD, MPH, Professor, Director, Center for Law and the Public's Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health “Wagenaar and Burris bring a dose of much needed rigor to the empirical study of which public health law interventions really matter, and which don’t.” -- Bernard S. Black, JD, Chabraja Professor, Northwestern University Law School and Kellogg School of Management Companion Web site: www.josseybass.com/go/wagenaar

Bring the War Home

The White Power Movement and Paramilitary America
Author: Kathleen Belew
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674984927
Category: History
Page: 330
View: 3150

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The white power movement in America wants a revolution. It has declared all-out war against the federal government and its agents, and has carried out—with military precision—an escalating campaign of terror against the American public. Its soldiers are not lone wolves but are highly organized cadres motivated by a coherent and deeply troubling worldview of white supremacy, anticommunism, and apocalypse. In Bring the War Home, Kathleen Belew gives us the first full history of the movement that consolidated in the 1970s and 1980s around a potent sense of betrayal in the Vietnam War and made tragic headlines in the 1995 bombing of the Oklahoma City federal building. Returning to an America ripped apart by a war that, in their view, they were not allowed to win, a small but driven group of veterans, active-duty personnel, and civilian supporters concluded that waging war on their own country was justified. They unified people from a variety of militant groups, including Klansmen, neo-Nazis, skinheads, radical tax protestors, and white separatists. The white power movement operated with discipline and clarity, undertaking assassinations, mercenary soldiering, armed robbery, counterfeiting, and weapons trafficking. Its command structure gave women a prominent place in brokering intergroup alliances and giving birth to future recruits. Belew’s disturbing history reveals how war cannot be contained in time and space. In its wake, grievances intensify and violence becomes a logical course of action for some. Bring the War Home argues for awareness of the heightened potential for paramilitarism in a present defined by ongoing war.

Law and Public Policy

A Socioeconomic Approach
Author: Lynne L. Dallas
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 752
View: 4641

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This book provides rich course materials that permit students to explore, in a variety of contexts, the relationship between law and economic/social processes. It critiques neoclassical economics and draws on diverse economic approaches and other social sciences, such as psychology, sociology, anthropology, and political science, for the tools of public policy analysis. It offers students a values-conscious approach to public policy that is designed to take into account the power implications and distributional effects of laws and stresses the importance to effective regulation of attention to historical context, philosophical beliefs, culture, existing institutions, working rules and sources of power.Each chapter of the book contains social science and legal materials that provide the basis for vigorous student inquiry and discussion. Law and Public Policy begins with background chapters on law and cognitive psychology, economic fairness and human well-being, fairness and legal socialization, culture and norms, and cooperation and trust. It then addresses important public policy areas in which markets are viewed as the nexus of law and economic/social processes. Intended to be the primary text for law school courses and seminars on law and socio-economics and existing courses on law and economics, Law and Public Policy is also designed for courses and seminars on law and the social sciences and for pre-law programs.