Impact


Author: Lawrence M. Friedman
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674971051
Category: Law
Page: 315
View: 9761

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Under what conditions are laws and rules effective? Lawrence M. Friedman gathers findings from many disciplines into one overarching analysis and lays the groundwork for a cohesive body of work in “impact studies.” He examines the importance of communication on the part of lawgivers and the nuances of motive among those subject to the law.

The Legal System

A Social Science Perspective
Author: Lawrence M. Friedman
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
ISBN: 1610442288
Category: Law
Page: 338
View: 5700

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Examines the impact of social forces on the legal system and how the rules and orders promulgated by that legal system affect social behavior. Dr. Friedman explores the relationship between class structure and the work of legal systems in the light of the existing literature and analyzes the influence of the cultural elements contained in a legal system. In a comprehensive analysis of the concept of legal culture, the author sheds new light on the development of our legal norms and the types of legal systems which prevail in a democracy.

The Oxford Handbook of Empirical Legal Research


Author: Peter Cane,Herbert Kritzer
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191635421
Category: Law
Page: 1112
View: 468

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The empirical study of law, legal systems and legal institutions is widely viewed as one of the most exciting and important intellectual developments in the modern history of legal research. Motivated by a conviction that legal phenomena can and should be understood not only in normative terms but also as social practices of political, economic and ethical significance, empirical legal researchers have used quantitative and qualitative methods to illuminate manyaspects of laws meaning, operation and impact.In the 43 chapters of The Oxford Handbook of Empirical Legal Research leading scholars provide accessible and original discussions of the history, aims and methods of empirical research about law, as well as its achievements and potential. The Handbook has three parts. The first deals with the development and institutional context of empirical legal research. The second - and largest - part consists of critical accounts of empirical research on many aspects of the legal world - oncriminal law, civil law, public law, regulatory law and international law; on lawyers, judicial institutions, legal procedures and evidence; and on legal pluralism and the public understanding of law. The third part introduces readers to the methods of empirical research, and its place in the law schoolcurriculum.

Wie man Freunde gewinnt

Die Kunst, beliebt und einflussreich zu werden
Author: Dale Carnegie
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104031479
Category: Self-Help
Page: 304
View: 1366

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Dieses Buch zeigt Ihnen: - wie man Freunde gewinnt - wie man auf neuen Wegen zu neuen Zielen gelangt - wie man beliebt wird - wie man seine Umwelt beeinflußt - wie man mehr Ansehen erlangt - wie man im Beruf erfolgreicher wird - wie man Streit vermeidet - wie man ein guter Redner und brillanter Gesellschafter wird - wie man den Charakter seiner Mitmenschen erkennt - wie man seine Mitarbeiter anspornt und vieles mehr...

Pre-Suasion

Wie Sie bereits vor der Verhandlung gewinnen
Author: Robert Cialdini
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593435926
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 343
View: 5547

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So bekommen Sie, was Sie wollen! Immer wieder kommen Sie in Situationen, in denen Sie andere in ihrem Verhalten beeinflussen wollen. Ihr Kunde soll den Kaufvertrag unterschreiben oder Ihr Kind soll Vokabeln lernen. Egal wie: Die anderen sollen sich von uns überzeugen lassen und endlich Ja sagen. Doch wie bringen wir sie dazu? Der Sozialpsychologe und Meister der Beeinflussung Robert Cialdini hat es herausgefunden: Die überzeugendsten Verhandler gewinnen den Deal, schon bevor es zum eigentlichen Gespräch kommt. Wie sie das machen und wie auch Ihnen das gelingt, zeigt dieses augenöffnende Buch.

The Impact of Behavioral Sciences on Criminal Law


Author: Nita Farahany
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199773300
Category: Law
Page: 521
View: 7799

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New discoveries from neuroscience and behavioral genetics are besieging criminal law. Novel scientific perspectives on criminal behavior could transform the criminal justice system and yet are being introduced in an ad hoc and often ill-conceived manner. Bringing together experts across multiple disciplines, including geneticists, neuroscientists, philosophers, policymakers, and legal scholars, The Impact of Behavioral Sciences on Criminal Law is a comprehensive collection of essays that address the emerging science from behavioral genetics and neuroscience and its developing impact on the criminal justice system. The essays survey how the science is and will likely be used in criminal law and the policy and the ethical issues that arise from its use for criminal law and for society.

Der Luzifer-Effekt

Die Macht der Umstände und die Psychologie des Bösen
Author: Philip G. Zimbardo
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783662533253
Category: Psychology
Page: 504
View: 2977

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Was bringt gute Menschen dazu, Böses zu tun? Wie können normale Bürger dazu verleitet werden, unmoralisch zu handeln? Wo liegt die Grenze zwischen Gut und Böse, und wer läuft Gefahr, sie zu überschreiten? Mit Der Luzifer-Effekt hat der renommierte amerikanische Sozialpsychologe Philip Zimbardo ein bedeutendes und brisantes Buch vorgelegt. Es schlägt den Bogen von den Details des weltberühmten Stanford Prison Experiment bis zu den grausamen Geschehnissen im Gefängnis von Abu Ghraib im Irak, und es offenbart verstörende Wahrheiten: über physische und psychische Gewalt, über Misshandlungen und Folter, über Kriegsverbrechen und Massenmorde – und über die Menschen, die sie ausführen, anordnen, ermöglichen oder zulassen. Zimbardos These: Nicht die Veranlagung bringt gute Menschen dazu, Böses zu tun, sondern die Situation, in der sie sich befinden oder in die man sie versetzt. Die Macht der Umstände schafft Täter und Opfer, und in oft diffusen Verantwortungsgeflechten verlieren moralische Maßstäbe allzu leicht ihr Fundament. Bei aller Beklemmung, die die Lektüre dieser ungemein detailreichen Studie unweigerlich auslöst, öffnet das Buch aber auch ein Fenster der Hoffnung: So wie man Situationen schaffen kann, die Menschen zum Bösen verführen, so können auch Zivilcourage und heldenhaftes Verhalten durch geeignete Rahmenbedingungen und gesellschaftliche Weichenstellungen gefördert werden. Der „Banalität des Bösen" setzt Zimbardo die „Banalität des Heldentums" entgegen. Ein beeindruckendes Stück Forschung zur Natur des Bösen und zu den Systemen und Situationen, die es entfesseln. Observer Eine Reise in Herz und Gehirn der Finsternis. Focus online Ein notwendiges und wichtiges Buch. Gehirn und Geist Ein fesselnder, gleichwohl erschreckender Blick auf unsere dunkle Seite ... Für alle, die sich fragen, wie Böses entsteht und bekämpft werden kann. Emotion Pflichtlektüre nicht nur für Sozialwissenschaftler, sondern auch für Politiker, Entscheidungsträger und Erzieher. American Scientist

Freakonomics

überraschende Antworten auf alltägliche Lebensfragen ; [warum wohnen Drogenhändler bei ihren Müttern? Führt mehr Polizei zu weniger Kriminalität? Sind Swimmingpools gefährlicher als Revolver? Macht gute Erziehung glücklich?]
Author: Steven D. Levitt,Stephen J. Dubner
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783442154517
Category:
Page: 411
View: 7556

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Sind Swimmingpools gefährlicher als Revolver? Warum betrügen Lehrer? Der preisgekrönte Wirtschaftswissenschaftler Steven D. Levitt kombiniert Statistiken, deren Zusammenführung und Gegenüberstellung auf den ersten Blick absurd erscheint, durch seine Analysetechnik aber zu zahlreichen Aha-Effekten führt. Ein äußerst unterhaltsamer Streifzug durch die Mysterien des Alltags, der uns schmunzeln lässt und stets über eindimensionales Denken hinausführt.

Power in Global Governance


Author: Michael Barnett,Raymond Duvall
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139444224
Category: Political Science
Page: N.A
View: 3246

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This edited volume examines power in its different dimensions in global governance. Scholars tend to underestimate the importance of power in international relations because of a failure to see its multiple forms. To expand the conceptual aperture, this book presents and employs a taxonomy that alerts scholars to the different kinds of power that are present in world politics. A team of international scholars demonstrate how these different forms connect and intersect in global governance in a range of different issue areas. Bringing together a variety of theoretical perspectives, this volume invites scholars to reconsider their conceptualization of power in world politics and how such a move can enliven and enrich their understanding of global governance.

Law and Public Policy

A Socioeconomic Approach
Author: Lynne L. Dallas
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Law
Page: 752
View: 8991

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This book provides rich course materials that permit students to explore, in a variety of contexts, the relationship between law and economic/social processes. It critiques neoclassical economics and draws on diverse economic approaches and other social sciences, such as psychology, sociology, anthropology, and political science, for the tools of public policy analysis. It offers students a values-conscious approach to public policy that is designed to take into account the power implications and distributional effects of laws and stresses the importance to effective regulation of attention to historical context, philosophical beliefs, culture, existing institutions, working rules and sources of power.Each chapter of the book contains social science and legal materials that provide the basis for vigorous student inquiry and discussion. Law and Public Policy begins with background chapters on law and cognitive psychology, economic fairness and human well-being, fairness and legal socialization, culture and norms, and cooperation and trust. It then addresses important public policy areas in which markets are viewed as the nexus of law and economic/social processes. Intended to be the primary text for law school courses and seminars on law and socio-economics and existing courses on law and economics, Law and Public Policy is also designed for courses and seminars on law and the social sciences and for pre-law programs.

The Oxford Handbook of Behavioral Economics and the Law


Author: Eyal Zamir,Doron Teichman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199397953
Category: Psychology
Page: 496
View: 1347

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The past twenty years have witnessed a surge in behavioral studies of law and law-related issues. These studies have challenged the application of the rational-choice model to legal analysis and introduced a more accurate and empirically grounded model of human behavior. This integration of economics, psychology, and law is breaking exciting new ground in legal theory and the social sciences, shedding a new light on age-old legal questions as well as cutting edge policy issues. The Oxford Handbook of Behavioral Economics and Law brings together leading scholars of law, psychology, and economics to provide an up-to-date and comprehensive analysis of this field of research, including its strengths and limitations as well as a forecast of its future development. Its 29 chapters organized in four parts. The first part provides a general overview of behavioral economics. The second part comprises four chapters introducing and criticizing the contribution of behavioral economics to legal theory. The third part discusses specific behavioral phenomena, their ramifications for legal policymaking, and their reflection in extant law. Finally, the fourth part analyzes the contribution of behavioral economics to fifteen legal spheres ranging from core doctrinal areas such as contracts, torts and property to areas such as taxation and antitrust policy.

Crime and Public Policy


Author: James Q. Wilson,Joan Petersilia
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199315043
Category: Law
Page: 656
View: 4255

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Crime in the United States has fluctuated considerably over the past thirty years, as have the policy approaches to deal with it. During this time criminologists and other scholars have helped to shed light on the role of incarceration, prevention, drugs, guns, policing, and numerous other aspects to crime control. Yet the latest research is rarely heard in public discussions and is often missing from the desks of policymakers. This book accessibly summarizes the latest scientific information on the causes of crime and evidence about what does and does not work to control it. Thoroughly revised and updated, this new version of Crime and Public Policy will include twenty chapters and five new substantial entries. As with previous editions, each essay reviews the existing literature, discusses the methodological rigor of the studies, identifies what policies and programs the studies suggest, and then points to policies now implemented that fail to reflect the evidence. The chapters cover the principle institutions of the criminal justice system (juvenile justice, police, prisons, probation and parole, sentencing), how broader aspects of social life inhibit or encourage crime (biology, schools, families, communities), and topics currently generating a great deal of attention (criminal activities of gangs, sex offenders, prisoner reentry, changing crime rates). With contributions from trusted, leading scholars, Crime and Public Policy offers the most comprehensive and balanced guide to how the latest and best social science research informs the understanding of crime and its control for policymakers, community leaders, and students of crime and criminal justice.

Disziplin ohne Tränen


Author: Rudolf Dreikurs,Pearl Cassel,Eva Dreikurs-Ferguson
Publisher: Klett-Cotta
ISBN: 9783608945980
Category: Schuldisziplin
Page: 176
View: 4319

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