Ideology and Utopia


Author: Karl Mannheim
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136120289
Category: Social Science
Page: 376
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Ideology and Utopia argues that ideologies are mental fictions whose function is to veil the true nature of a given society. They originate unconsciously in the minds of those who seek to stabilise a social order. Utopias are wish dreams that inspire the collective action of opposition groups which aim at the entire transformation of society. Mannheim shows these two opposing elements to dominate not only our social thought but even unexpectedly to penetrate into the most scientific theories in philosophy, history and the social sciences. This new edition contains a new preface by Bryan S. Turner which describes Mannheim's work and critically assesses its relevance to modern sociology. The book is published with a comprehensive bibliography of Mannheim's major works.

Ideology and Utopia


Author: Karl Mannheim
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415060547
Category: Social Science
Page: 318
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A new edition of Karl Mannheim's classic work in which the concepts of 'ideology' and 'utopia' are examined as opposing and dominant societal influences.

Intro Sociol Education


Author: Karl Mannheim,W. A. C. Stewart
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134552181
Category: Social Science
Page: 206
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First published in 1962. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Molekulares Rot

Theorie für das Anthropozän
Author: McKenzie Wark
Publisher: Matthes & Seitz Berlin Verlag
ISBN: 3957574412
Category: History
Page: 392
View: 1608

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»Vielleicht brauchen wir eine neue kritische Theorie. Oder eine neu-alte, denn wie sich herausstellt, gab es bereits einmal eine kraftvolle und originelle Denkströmung, die in einem früheren, gescheiterten Versuch, die Vorgeschichte – die Zeit vor dem Anthropozän – zu beenden, beinahe ausgelöscht worden wäre.« Im Rückgriff auf die Ideengeschichte des 20. Jahrhunderts, insbesondere auf Alexander Bogdanov und Andrej Platonow, versucht McKenzie Wark in diesem radikalen Großessay die Grundlegung einer Theorie für das Anthropozän. Er fordert dabei einen alternativen – und keinen spekulativen – Realismus. Einen Realismus, der für plurale, sich mit anderen Geschichten befassende Narrative offen ist. Im Schatten der Kohlenstoffbefreiungsfront ruft er dazu auf, eine neue Poetik und Technik zur Wissensorganisation zu erschaffen, und wagt es, die Misere unserer Zeit neu zu denken.

The Taiping Ideology

Its Sources, Interpretations, and Influences
Author: Vincent Yu-Chung Shih,Yu-chung Shih
Publisher: UBC Press
ISBN: 9780295739571
Category: History
Page: 553
View: 5445

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The Oxford Handbook of Political Ideologies


Author: Michael Freeden,Lyman Tower Sargent,Marc Stears
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191663719
Category: Political Science
Page: 752
View: 3379

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This is the first comprehensive volume to offer a state of the art investigation both of the nature of political ideologies and of their main manifestations. The diversity of ideology studies is represented by a mixture of the range of theories that illuminate the field, combined with an appreciation of the changing complexity of concrete ideologies and the emergence of new ones. Ideologies, however, are always with us. The Handbook is divided into three sections: The first is divided into three sections: The first reflects some of the latest thinking about the development of ideology on an historical dimension, from the standpoints of conceptual history, Marx studies, social science theory and history, and leading schools of continental philosophy. The second includes some of the most recent interpretations and theories of ideology, all of which are sympathetic in their own ways to its exploration and close investigation, even when judiciously critical of its social impact. This section contains many of the more salient contemporary accounts of ideology. The third focuses on the leading ideological families and traditions, as well as on some of their cultural and geographical manifestations, incorporating both historical and contemporary perspectives. Each chapter is written by an expert in their field, bringing the latest approaches and understandings to their task. The Handbook will position the study of ideologies in the mainstream of political theory and political analysis and will attest to its indispensability both to courses on political theory and to scholars who wish to take their understanding of ideologies in new directions.

The Idea of English in Japan

Ideology and the Evolution of a Global Language
Author: Philip Seargeant
Publisher: Multilingual Matters
ISBN: 1847696910
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 192
View: 4464

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This book examines the ways in which English is conceptualised as a global language in Japan, and considers how the resultant language ideologies – drawn in part from universal discourses; in part from context-specific trends in social history – inform the relationships that people in Japan have towards the language. The book analyses the specific nature of the language’s symbolic meaning in Japan, and how this meaning is expressed and negotiated in society. It also discusses how the ideologies of English that exist in Japan might have implications for the more general concept of ‘English as a global language’. To this end it considers the question of what constitutes a ‘global’ language, and how, if at all, a balance can be struck between the universal and the historically-contingent when it comes to formulating a theory of English within the world.

Black Theology and Ideology

Deideological Dimensions in the Theology of James H. Cone
Author: Harry H. Singleton
Publisher: Liturgical Press
ISBN: 9780814651063
Category: Religion
Page: 127
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Combining the theological methods of Juan Luis Segundo and James H. Cone, Harry Singleton sheds new light on the impact of race on the origin and development of theology in America. In Black Theology and IdeologySingleton appropriates Segundo's method of deideologization to argue that relevant theological reflection must expose religio-political ideologies that justify human oppression in the name of God as a distortion of the gospel and counter them with new theological presuppositions rooted in liberation. Singleton then contextualizes Segundo's method by offering the theology of James Cone as the most viable example of such a theological perspective in America. Chapters are The Black Experience and the Emergence of Ideological Suspicion," "The Western Intellectual Tradition and Ideological Suspicion," "Hermeneutical Methodology and the Emergence of Exegetical Suspicion," "A New Hermeneutic," and "The Case for Indigenous Deideologization." Harry H. Singleton, III, Ph.D., is assistant professor of comparative religions and African American religion in the religion/philosophy department at Benedict College, Columbia, South Carolina. "

Theorie der Unbildung

Die Irrtümer der Wissensgesellschaft
Author: Konrad Paul Liessmann
Publisher: Paul Zsolnay Verlag
ISBN: 3552056254
Category: Education
Page: 176
View: 6859

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Was weiß die Wissensgesellschaft? Wer wird Millionär? Wirklich derjenige, der am meisten weiß? Wissen und Bildung sind, so heißt es, die wichtigsten Ressourcen des rohstoffarmen Europa. Debatten um mangelnde Qualität von Schulen und Studienbedingungen - Stichwort Pisa! - haben dennoch heute die Titelseiten erobert. In seinem hochaktuellen Buch entlarvt der Wiener Philosoph Konrad Paul Liessmann vieles, was unter dem Titel Wissensgesellschaft propagiert wird, als rhetorische Geste: Weniger um die Idee von Bildung gehe es dabei, als um handfeste politische und ökonomische Interessen. Eine fesselnde Streitschrift wider den Ungeist der Zeit.

The Concept of a Philosophical Jurisprudence

Essays and Reviews 1926–51
Author: Michael Oakeshott
Publisher: Andrews UK Limited
ISBN: 184540307X
Category: Philosophy
Page: 474
View: 7408

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This volume brings together for the first time over a hundred of Oakeshott’s essays and reviews, written between 1926 and 1951, that until now have remained scattered through a variety of scholarly journals, periodicals and newspapers. A new editorial introduction explains how these pieces, including the lengthy essay on the philosophical nature of jurisprudence that occupies an important position in Oakeshott’s work, illuminate his other published writings. The collection throws new light on the context of his thought by placing him in dialogue with a number of other major figures in the humanities and social sciences during this period, including Leo Strauss, A.N. Whitehead, Karl Mannheim, Herbert Butterfield, E.H. Carr, Gilbert Ryle, and R.G. Collingwood.

"Complicity with Evil"

The United Nations in the Age of Modern Genocide
Author: Adam LeBor
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300111712
Category: History
Page: 326
View: 2673

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A seasoned foreign correspondent shows how the United Nations values its own neutrality and interests above its founding mission of protecting humanity, with predictably tragic consequences.

Cognition and Fact

Materials on Ludwik Fleck
Author: Robert S. Cohen,Thomas Schnelle
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400944985
Category: Science
Page: 468
View: 9920

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Within the last ten years, the interest of historians and philosophers of science in the epistemological writings of the Polish medical microbiologist Ludwik Fleck (1896-1961), who had up to then been almost completely unknown, has advanced with great strides. His main writings on epistemological questions were published in the mid-1930's, but they remained almost unnoticed. Today, however, one may rightly call Fleck a 'classical' figure both of episte mology and of the historical sociology of science, one whose works are comparable with Popper's Logic of Scientific Discovery or Merton's pioneer ing study of the relations among economics, Puritanism, and natural science, both also originally published in the mid-1930's. The story of this book of 'materials on Ludwik Fleck' is also the story of the reception of Ludwik Fleck. In this volume, some essential materials which have been produced by that reception have been gathered together. We will sketch both the reception and the materials.

Konservatismus

ein Beitrag zur Soziologie des Wissens
Author: Karl Mannheim,Volker Meja,Nico Stehr
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Conservatism
Page: 287
View: 3434

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Utopianism: A Very Short Introduction


Author: Lyman Tower Sargent
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191614424
Category: Political Science
Page: 160
View: 2549

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There are many debates about utopia - What constitutes a utopia? Are utopias benign or dangerous? Is the idea of utopianism essential to Christianity or heretical? What is the relationship between utopia and ideology? This Very Short Introduction explores these issues and examines utopianism and its history. Lyman Sargent discusses the role of utopianism in literature, and in the development of colonies and in immigration. The idea of utopia has become commonplace in social and political thought, both negatively and positively. Some thinkers see a trajectory from utopia to totalitarianism with violence an inevitable part of the mix. Others see utopia directly connected to freedom and as a necessary element in the fight against totalitarianism. In Christianity utopia is labelled as both heretical and as a fundamental part of Christian belief, and such debates are also central to such fields as architecture, town and city planning, and sociology among many others Sargent introduces and summarizes the debates over the utopia in literature, communal studies, social and political theory, and theology. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Rationality Standards of Social Life

Traditions and the Present
Author: Zbigniew Drozdowicz
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: 3643903766
Category: Social Science
Page: 185
View: 769

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The standards of rationality are treated in this book as certain regulators of social life. They are compared to the rudders of the great vessels constituted by social communities. The diversity exhibited by those standards do not only result from the differences of time and space of their implementation, but also from the differences in the sets of ideas put forward by the leading social thinkers accompanied by the different characteristics of their designated audiences. (Series: Development in Humanities - Vol. 7)

Texts in Context

Revisionist Methods for Studying the History of Ideas
Author: David Boucher
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400950756
Category: Philosophy
Page: 281
View: 2563

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The methodology of the study of the history of political thought is an area of study which has occupied my interests for nearly a decade. I was introduced to the subject in University College, Swansea. My teachers there provided me with an excellent grounding in political studies. I am particularly indebted to Bruce Haddock, Peter Nicholson and W. H. Greenleaf. Professor Greenleaf was kind enough to supply me with a copy of his bibliography and copies of two of his unpublished papers. I continued to pursue my interest in methodology at the London School of Economics and Political Science. I am indebted to Ken Minogue and Robert Orr who taught me there. My greatest debt is to Dr. Joseph Femia ofthe University of Liverpool who devoted a great deal of time to considering the arguments presented here. His criticisms and suggestions for improvement proved to be invaluable. I would also like to thank Alan Ryan for his general comments and encouraging advice. It would be remiss of me if I neglected to express my gratitude to Dewi Beynon who was my first teacher of politics. The research for this project was carried out in the following places; The British Library of Political Science, London; The Sidney Jones Library, University of Liverpool; The National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh; The Main Library, University of Edinburgh; The Arts and Social Science Library, University College, Cardiff; and the Bodleian Library, Oxford.

Development and Globalisation: Daring to Think Differently


Author: Yash Tandon
Publisher: Fahamu/Pambazuka
ISBN: 1906387516
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 175
View: 8602

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Challenging the misdirected policies of the last 30 years regarding the South's responsibility to develop itself rather than expect the North to carry the burden, this book offers alternative concepts and paradigms of development for policy makers and peoples' movements on a wide range of issues. It invites readers to "dare to think differently" and be aware of what globalization has turned into in recent years.

An Ordered Love

Sex Roles and Sexuality in Victorian Utopias--The Shakers, the Mormons, and the Oneida Community
Author: Louis J. Kern
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 1469620421
Category: History
Page: 445
View: 1089

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An Ordered Love is the first detailed study of sex roles in the utopian communities that proposed alternatives to monogamous marriage: The Shakers (1779-1890), the Mormons (1843-90), and the Oneida Community (1848-79). The lives of men and women changed substantially when they joined one of the utopian communities. Louis J. Kern challenges the commonly held belief that Mormon polygamy was uniformly downgrading to women and that Oneida pantagamy and Shaker celibacy were liberating for them. Rather, Kern asserts that changes in sexual behavior and roles for women occurred in ideological environments that assumed women were inferior and needed male guidance. An elemental distrust of women denied the Victorian belief in their moral superiority, attacked the sanctity of the maternal role, and institutionalized the dominance of men over women. These utopias accepted the revolutionary idea that the pleasure bond was the essence of marriage. They provided their members with a highly developed theological and ideological position that helped them cope with the ambiguities and anxieties they felt during a difficult transitional stage in social mores. Analysis of the theological doctrines of these communities indicates how pervasive sexual questions were in the minds of the utopians and how closely they were related to both reform (social perfection) and salvation (individual perfection). These communities saw sex as the point at which the demands of individual selfishness and the social requirements of self-sacrifice were in most open conflict. They did not offer their members sexual license, but rather they established ideals of sexual orderliness and moral stability and sought to provide a refuge from the rampant sexual anxieties of Victorian culture. Kern examines the critical importance of considerations of sexuality and sexual behavior in these communities, recognizing their value as indications of larger social and cultural tensions. Using the insights of history, psychology, and sociology, he investigates the relationships between the individual and society, ideology and behavior, and thought and action as expressed in the sexual life of these three communities. Previously unused manuscript sources on the Oneida Community and Shaker journals and daybooks reveal interesting and sometimes startling information on sexual behavior and attitudes.