The Hydrology of the UK

A Study of Change
Author: Mike Acreman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134661320
Category: Science
Page: 336
View: 6028

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The Hydrology of the UK assesses the changing hydrology of the UK, focusing on key issues that affect the fundamental hydrological processes and have important implications for water resource management, flood risk and environmental quality. The bookis divided into 3 sections: Section 1 examines the causes of change to the hydrology of the UK, including the impact of climate change, land use and geomorphological change, and dam construction. Section 2 assesses the effects of these pressures on UK rivers, goundwater, lakes, ponds, reservoirs and wetlands, looking at water quality, degradation, pollution and protection. Section 3 examines the responses of goverment organisations responsible for planning and management of water, including Environment Agencies, British Hydrological Society and the growing urgency for a World Hydrology Initiative. Change will continue to be a major feature of UK hydrology in the future. This book provides an understanding of the changing hydrology of the UK and the international scene today and looks to the needs for the future.

Remote Sensing in Snow Hydrology

Runoff Modelling, Effect of Climate Change
Author: Klaus Seidel,Jaroslav Martinec
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540408802
Category: Science
Page: 150
View: 1186

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Initially, the role of snow and ice in the global water balance is assessed and methods of snow measurements are explained. Remote sensing is dealt with with regard to periodical snow cover mapping. Last advances and refinements refer to spatial resolution, cloud interference and separate monitoring of snow and glacier ice. Following a review of snow melt and runoff modelling, the Snowmelt Runoff Model (SRM) demonstrates the merits of remote sensing in snow hydrology by using the satellite data as a direct input variable. Applications in over 100 mountain basins around the world are documented, with surface areas ranging from 0.3 km2 to 900.000 km2. Based on runoff modelling, runoff forecasts are dealt with including seasonal and short term forecasts as well as computation of hydrographs from forecasted temperatures and precipitation. The climate change is becoming a major concern of our times. The effect of various climate scenarios on the seasonal snow cover and runoff is evaluated by the updated computer program which also enable the real-time runoff forecasts to be improved. As a final note, a method is outlined to predict the decline of glaciers in the warming climate.

Hydrology 2020

An Integrating Science to Meet World Water Challenges
Author: International Association of Hydrological Sciences. Hydrology 2020 Working Group
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781901502336
Category: Hydrology
Page: 190
View: 3744

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A milestone capturing the state of the art in hydrological science at the beginning of the 21st century, a chart for hydrologists exploring the new frontiers in hydrology, and a guide for those involved with developing and implementing water policies. It considers the capability that hydrological sciences will and should have by 2020, and what needs doing now in order to achieve this. There is an emphasis on societal issues and interdisciplinary work pertinent to hydrology as hydrologists cannot work in isolation from society.

Annual Report


Author: Institute of Geological Sciences (Great Britain)
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Geology
Page: N.A
View: 6970

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Hydrology in Practice


Author: Elizabeth Shaw
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0748744487
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 592
View: 834

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This introduction to hydrology is essentially practical, emphasising the application of hydrological knowledge to the solution of engineering problems.

Integrated Approach to Environmental Data Management Systems


Author: Nilgun B. Harmanciogammalu,M.N. Alpaslan,S.D. Ozkul,V.P. Singh
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401156166
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 546
View: 3225

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An integrated approach to environmental data management is necessitated by the complexity of the environmental problems that need to be addresses, coupled with the interdisciplinary approach that needs to be adopted to solve them. Agenda 21 of the Rio Environmental Conference mandated international programmes and organizations to take steps to develop common data and information management plans, and steps have been taken in this direction. The key word that defines the framework of the present book is `integration'. The book establishes the basics of integrated approaches and covers environmental data management systems within that framework, covering all aspects of data management, from objectives and constraints, design of data collection networks, statistical and physical sampling, remote sensing and GIS, databases, reliability of data, data analysis, and the transformation of data into information.

Air Pollution, Acid Rain and the Environment

Report Number 18
Author: Kenneth Mellanby
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400927355
Category: Science
Page: 129
View: 5610

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The Watt Committee on Energy became active in of the effects on buildings, for instance. Proposals the study of Acid Rain during 1982. Perhaps the for action should therefore concentrate on measures only aspect of the subject that has become more that promise a real improvement as a result of certain during the subsequent five years is that the expenditure. expression 'Acid Rain' is used loosely in public The Watt Committee's study of this subject has been in two phases. The first dealt with the nature debate for a complex of industrial and environ mental phenomena. Among these, Acid Rain in the of the problem, and culminated in the publication straightforward meaning of the words-rain and of Watt Committee Report No. 14 in 1984. That perhaps snow having a significantly high level of Report was divided into four sections, each of acidity-is of only limited importance. To represent which was prepared by a sub-group of the working this perspective, therefore, the Watt Committee Ex group: they dealt respectively with the fate of air borne pollution, vegetation and soils, fresh water ecutive decided that the study leading to the present Report should be entitled 'Air Pollution, Acid Rain and remedial strategy. In the second phase, these and the Environment'. sub-groups have brought their sections up-to-date The Watt Committee's interest in Acid Rain and a fifth sub-group was appointed to study arises from the fact that, among its causes, the buildings and non-living materials.

Climates of the British Isles

Present, Past and Future
Author: Mike Hulme,Elaine Barrow
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415130165
Category: Travel
Page: 454
View: 6926

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Embracing the full scope of the Climatic Research Unit, this book serves a broad audience with extensive new data and excellent overviews of the past, present and potential future climates of the British Isles.

The Price of Water


Author: Stephen Merrett
Publisher: IWA Publishing
ISBN: 1843390817
Category: Science
Page: 168
View: 2721

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This edition is now out of print, please click here for the new edition.

Biogeochemical Investigations of Terrestrial, Freshwater, and Wetland Ecosystems across the Globe


Author: R. Kelman Wieder,Martin Novák,Melanie A. Vile
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400709528
Category: Science
Page: 748
View: 2780

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Here is a collection of papers from BIOGEOMON, The Fourth International Symposium on Ecosystem Behavior. The contributions address a wider-than-ever range of concerns: aspects of catchment monitoring and modeling; nitrogen transformations and processes; stable and radiogenic isotopes; biogeochemistry of restored ecosystems; and the dynamics of such chemicals as mercury and phosphorous, among many other topics.

Groundwater Resources Modelling

A Case Study from the UK
Author: M. G. Shepley
Publisher: Geological Society of London
ISBN: 9781862393448
Category: Science
Page: 378
View: 3750

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The UK is a country with over 150 years of widespread exploitation of its principal aquifers for public water supply. Increasing demands, greater awareness of environmental pressures and more exacting legislation has heightened the need for quantitative models to predict the impacts of groundwater use. In the UK this has culminated in a unique national, regulator-led programme for England and Wales to develop conceptual and numerical models of the principal bedrock aquifers. The outcomes of this programme will be of interest to the international hydrogeological community, particularly as international legislation such as the European Water Framework Directive requires management of water issues across administrative boundaries with a varied cast of stakeholders. The collection of papers provides a contrast between practitioner- and research-based approaches to assess and predict the anthropogenic impacts and environmental pressures.

Climate Change Impacts on Freshwater Ecosystems


Author: Martin Kernan,Richard W. Battarbee,Brian R. Moss
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781444391275
Category: Science
Page: 328
View: 8084

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This text examines the impact of climate change on freshwater ecosystems, past, present and future. It especially considers the interactions between climate change and other drivers of change including hydromorphological modification, nutrient loading, acid deposition and contamination by toxic substances using evidence from palaeolimnology, time-series analysis, space-for-time substitution, laboratory and field experiments and process modelling. The book evaluates these processes in relation to extreme events, seasonal changes in ecosystems, trends over decadal-scale time periods, mitigation strategies and ecosystem recovery. The book is also concerned with how aspects of hydrophysical, hydrochemical and ecological change can be used as early indicators of climate change in aquatic ecosystems and it addresses the implications of future climate change for freshwater ecosystem management at the catchment scale. This is an ideal book for the scientific research community, but is also accessible to Masters and senior undergraduate students.