Algorithmic Problem Solving


Author: Roland Backhouse
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470684534
Category: Computers
Page: 432
View: 6717

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An entertaining and captivating way to learn the fundamentals of using algorithms to solve problems The algorithmic approach to solving problems in computer technology is an essential tool. With this unique book, algorithm guru Roland Backhouse shares his four decades of experience to teach the fundamental principles of using algorithms to solve problems. Using fun and well-known puzzles to gradually introduce different aspects of algorithms in mathematics and computing. Backhouse presents you with a readable, entertaining, and energetic book that will motivate and challenge you to open your mind to the algorithmic nature of problem solving. Provides a novel approach to the mathematics of problem solving focusing on the algorithmic nature of problem solving Uses popular and entertaining puzzles to teach you different aspects of using algorithms to solve mathematical and computing challenges Features a theory section that supports each of the puzzles presented throughout the book Assumes only an elementary understanding of mathematics Let Roland Backhouse and his four decades of experience show you how you can solve challenging problems with algorithms!

Facilitating Seven Ways of Learning

A Resource for More Purposeful, Effective, and Enjoyable College Teaching
Author: James R. Davis,Bridget D. Arend
Publisher: Stylus Publishing, LLC
ISBN: 1579228437
Category: Education
Page: 326
View: 977

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For teachers in higher education who haven’t been able to catch up with developments in teaching and learning, James Davis and Bridget Arend offer an introduction that focuses on seven coherent and proven evidence-based strategies. The underlying rationale is to provide a framework to match teaching goals to distinct ways of learning, based on well-established theories of learning. The authors present approaches that readers can readily and safely experiment with to achieve desired learning outcomes, and build confidence in changing their methods of teaching. Research on learning clearly demonstrates that learning is not one thing, but many. The learning associated with developing a skill is different from the learning associated with understanding and remembering information, which in turn is different from thinking critically and creatively, solving problems, making decisions, or change paradigms in the light of evidence. Differing outcomes involve different ways of learning and teaching strategies. The authors provide the reader with a conceptual approach for selecting appropriate teaching strategies for different types of content, and for achieving specific learning objectives. They demonstrate through examples how a focused and purposeful selection of activities improves student performance, and in the process makes for a more effective and satisfying teaching experience. The core of the book presents a chapter on each of the seven ways of learning. Each chapter offers a full description of the process, illustrates its application with examples from different academic fields and types of institutions, clearly describes the teacher’s facilitation role, and covers assessment and online use. The seven ways of learning are: Behavioral Learning; Cognitive Learning; Learning through Inquiry; Learning with Mental Models; Learning through Groups and Teams; Learning through Virtual Realities; and Experiential Learning. Along the way, the authors provide the reader with a basis for evaluating other approaches to teaching and other learning methodologies so that she or he can confidently go beyond the “seven ways” to adapt or adopt further strategies. This is the ideal companion for teachers who are beginning to explore new ways of teaching, and want to do some serious independent thinking about learning. The book can also be used to prepare graduate students for teaching, and will be welcomed by centers for teaching and learning to help continuing faculty re-examine a particular aspect of their teaching.

How to Solve Mathematical Problems


Author: Wayne A. Wickelgren
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486152685
Category: Science
Page: 288
View: 6127

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Seven problem-solving techniques include inference, classification of action sequences, subgoals, contradiction, working backward, relations between problems, and mathematical representation. Also, problems from mathematics, science, and engineering with complete solutions.

Professional Learning: Gaps and Transitions on the Way from Novice to Expert


Author: Henny P.A. Boshuizen,Rainer Bromme,Hans Gruber
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402020945
Category: Education
Page: 308
View: 8261

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About the Book Series The idea for the Book Series “Innovation and Change in Professional Education” (ICPE) was born in 1996. While working on another publication in this area, we noticed that professional educators faced similar problems without even knowing from each other. It was this observation that resulted in examining the possibilities for a new publication platform about professional education with input from different professions. We wanted to develop a publication source that would bring together educators and researchers to exchange ideas and knowledge about theory, research and professional practice. But we were not only striving for a book series informing readers about important themes in the professions. A second goal was to focus on processes of change and innovation. We were heavily involved in innovations going on in our institutions, and were convinced that a better understanding was needed in a wide range of issues critically important to the future of professional education. It was our belief that scholarly publications about innovation processes may support fundamental change in professional education. ICPE reflects our view that professional education deserves such a publication platform. It aims to approach critical questions of educational innovations, and to examine dynamics of educational change in various professional domains in the context of innovation processes. The books will include contributions from frontline practitioners, leading researchers, or distinguished scholars in professional education, delivering reports of empirical or theoretical research, reviews, interpretations of evaluation studies, or descriptions of innovative approaches.

Problem-Solving Strategies


Author: Arthur Engel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387982191
Category: Mathematics
Page: 403
View: 5293

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A unique collection of competition problems from over twenty major national and international mathematical competitions for high school students. Written for trainers and participants of contests of all levels up to the highest level, this will appeal to high school teachers conducting a mathematics club who need a range of simple to complex problems and to those instructors wishing to pose a "problem of the week", thus bringing a creative atmosphere into the classrooms. Equally, this is a must-have for individuals interested in solving difficult and challenging problems. Each chapter starts with typical examples illustrating the central concepts and is followed by a number of carefully selected problems and their solutions. Most of the solutions are complete, but some merely point to the road leading to the final solution. In addition to being a valuable resource of mathematical problems and solution strategies, this is the most complete training book on the market.

Computational Intelligence for Decision Support


Author: Zhengxin Chen
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420049145
Category: Computers
Page: 400
View: 1804

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Intelligent decision support relies on techniques from a variety of disciplines, including artificial intelligence and database management systems. Most of the existing literature neglects the relationship between these disciplines. By integrating AI and DBMS, Computational Intelligence for Decision Support produces what other texts don't: an explanation of how to use AI and DBMS together to achieve high-level decision making. Threading relevant disciplines from both science and industry, the author approaches computational intelligence as the science developed for decision support. The use of computational intelligence for reasoning and DBMS for retrieval brings about a more active role for computational intelligence in decision support, and merges computational intelligence and DBMS. The introductory chapter on technical aspects makes the material accessible, with or without a decision support background. The examples illustrate the large number of applications and an annotated bibliography allows you to easily delve into subjects of greater interest. The integrated perspective creates a book that is, all at once, technical, comprehensible, and usable. Now, more than ever, it is important for science and business workers to creatively combine their knowledge to generate effective, fruitful decision support. Computational Intelligence for Decision Support makes this task manageable.

Representations for Genetic and Evolutionary Algorithms


Author: Franz Rothlauf
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540324447
Category: Mathematics
Page: 325
View: 990

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In the field of genetic and evolutionary algorithms (GEAs), a large amount of theory and empirical study has been focused on operators and test problems, while problem representation has often been taken as given. This book breaks with this tradition and provides a comprehensive overview on the influence of problem representations on GEA performance. The book summarizes existing knowledge regarding problem representations and describes how basic properties of representations, such as redundancy, scaling, or locality, influence the performance of GEAs and other heuristic optimization methods. Using the developed theory, representations can be analyzed and designed in a theory-guided matter. The theoretical concepts are used for solving integer optimization problems and network design problems more efficiently. The book is written in an easy-readable style and is intended for researchers, practitioners, and students who want to learn about representations. This second edition extends the analysis of the basic properties of representations and introduces a new chapter on the analysis of direct representations.

Learning to Solve Problems

An Instructional Design Guide
Author: David H. Jonassen
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780787977054
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 256
View: 427

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Learning to Solve Problems is a much-needed book thatdescribes models for designing interactive learning environments tosupport how to learn and solve different kinds of problems. Using aresearch-based approach, author David H. Jonassen?a recognizedexpert in the field?shows how to design instruction to supportthree kinds of problems: story problems, troubleshooting, and caseand policy analysis problems. Filled with models and job aids, thisbook describes different approaches for representing problems tolearners and includes information about technology-based tools thatcan help learners mentally represent problems for themselves.Jonassen also explores methods for associating different solutionsto problems and discusses various processes for reflecting on theproblem solving process. Learning to Solve Problems alsoincludes three methods for assessing problem-solvingskills?performance assessment, component skills; and argumentation.

Metaphor and Analogy in the Sciences


Author: F. Hallyn
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401594422
Category: Philosophy
Page: 244
View: 423

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This collection of papers contains historical case studies, systematic contributions of a general nature, and applications to specific sciences. The bibliographies of the contributions contain references to all central items from the traditions that are relevant today. While providing access to contemporary views on the issue, the papers illustrate the wide variety of functions of metaphors and analogies, as well as the many connections between the study of some of these functions and other subjects and disciplines.

Elements of the Theory of Inverse Problems


Author: A. M. Denisov
Publisher: VSP
ISBN: 9789067643030
Category: Mathematics
Page: 272
View: 2693

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This volume focuses on the basic theory of inverse problems. The first chapter offers an introduction to the theory of inverse problems, with examples of both inverse and ill-posed problems, as well as methods of their solution. The following chapters address topics including: inverse problems for ordinary differential equations; inverse problems for linear partial differential equations; inverse coefficient problems for partial differential equations; determining functions for one or two variables by integrals of these functions; and methods of solution of inverse problems. At the end of each chapter exercises are included to assist readers in gaining a better understanding of the subject matter.

Problem-Solving Methods in Combinatorics

An Approach to Olympiad Problems
Author: Pablo Soberón
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3034805977
Category: Mathematics
Page: 174
View: 4522

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Every year there is at least one combinatorics problem in each of the major international mathematical olympiads. These problems can only be solved with a very high level of wit and creativity. This book explains all the problem-solving techniques necessary to tackle these problems, with clear examples from recent contests. It also includes a large problem section for each topic, including hints and full solutions so that the reader can practice the material covered in the book.​ The material will be useful not only to participants in the olympiads and their coaches but also in university courses on combinatorics.

Integrative Problem-Solving in a Time of Decadence


Author: George Christakos
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789048198900
Category: Science
Page: 527
View: 3053

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Presents a unique study of Integrative Problem-Solving (IPS). The consideration of 'Decadence' is essential in the scientific study of environmental and other problems and their rigorous solution, because the broad context within which the problems emerge can affect their solution. Stochastic reasoning underlines the conceptual and methodological framework of IPS, and its formulation has a mathematical life of its own that accounts for the multidisciplinarity of real world problems, the multisourced uncertainties characterizing their solution, and the different thinking modes of the people involved. Only by interpolating between the full range of disciplines (including stochastic mathematics, physical science, neuropsychology, philosophy, and sociology) and the associated thinking modes can scientists arrive at a satisfactory account of problem-solving, and be able to distinguish between a technically complete problem-solution, and a solution that has social impact.

Theory of Elasticity for Scientists and Engineers


Author: Teodor M. Atanackovic,Ardeshir Guran
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780817640729
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 374
View: 7463

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This book is intended to be an introduction to elasticity theory. It is as sumed that the student, before reading this book, has had courses in me chanics (statics, dynamics) and strength of materials (mechanics of mate rials). It is written at a level for undergraduate and beginning graduate engineering students in mechanical, civil, or aerospace engineering. As a background in mathematics, readers are expected to have had courses in ad vanced calculus, linear algebra, and differential equations. Our experience in teaching elasticity theory to engineering students leads us to believe that the course must be problem-solving oriented. We believe that formulation and solution of the problems is at the heart of elasticity theory. 1 Of course orientation to problem-solving philosophy does not exclude the need to study fundamentals. By fundamentals we mean both mechanical concepts such as stress, deformation and strain, compatibility conditions, constitu tive relations, energy of deformation, and mathematical methods, such as partial differential equations, complex variable and variational methods, and numerical techniques. We are aware of many excellent books on elasticity, some of which are listed in the References. If we are to state what differentiates our book from other similar texts we could, besides the already stated problem-solving ori entation, list the following: study of deformations that are not necessarily small, selection of problems that we treat, and the use of Cartesian tensors only.

Fairness and Effectiveness in Policing

The Evidence
Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Law and Justice,Committee to Review Research on Police Policy and Practices
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309289653
Category: Law
Page: 430
View: 7220

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Because police are the most visible face of government power for most citizens, they are expected to deal effectively with crime and disorder and to be impartial. Producing justice through the fair, and restrained use of their authority. The standards by which the public judges police success have become more exacting and challenging. Fairness and Effectiveness in Policing explores police work in the new century. It replaces myths with research findings and provides recommendations for updated policy and practices to guide it. The book provides answers to the most basic questions: What do police do? It reviews how police work is organized, explores the expanding responsibilities of police, examines the increasing diversity among police employees, and discusses the complex interactions between officers and citizens. It also addresses such topics as community policing, use of force, racial profiling, and evaluates the success of common police techniques, such as focusing on crime “hot spots.†It goes on to look at the issue of legitimacyâ€"how the public gets information about police work, and how police are viewed by different groups, and how police can gain community trust. Fairness and Effectiveness in Policing will be important to anyone concerned about police work: policy makers, administrators, educators, police supervisors and officers, journalists, and interested citizens.

Metacognition in Educational Theory and Practice


Author: Douglas J. Hacker,John Dunlosky,Arthur C. Graesser
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135687420
Category: Education
Page: 424
View: 7487

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This volume presents the most current perspectives on the role of metacognition in diverse educationally relevant domains. The purpose is to examine the ways in which theoretical investigations of metacognition have recently produced a strong focus on educational practice. The book is organized around four general themes relevant to education: metacognition and problem solving, metacognition and verbal comprehension, metacognition and the education of nontraditional populations, and metacognition and studentship. Chapter authors review current literature as it applies to their chapter topic; discuss theoretical implications and suggestions for future research; and provide educational applications. Each chapter describes testable theory and provides examples of how theory can be applied to the classroom. The volume will have wide appeal to researchers and students concerned with the scientific investigation of metacognition, and to practitioners concerned with the cultivation of learning and achievement in their students. The unique contribution of this book to the literature on metacognition is its presentation of the most current research examining specific theoretical aspects of metacognition in domains directly relevant to education. This is especially valuable for the many researchers and practitioners who subscribe to the concept that by fostering metacognitive processes during instruction, more durable and transferable learning can be achieved.

Nonlinear Solid Mechanics

Theoretical Formulations and Finite Element Solution Methods
Author: Adnan Ibrahimbegovic
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9048123305
Category: Computers
Page: 574
View: 3562

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This book offers a recipe for constructing the numerical models for representing the complex nonlinear behavior of structures and their components, represented as deformable solid bodies. Its appeal extends to those interested in linear problems of mechanics.

Analysis of Aircraft Structures

An Introduction
Author: Bruce K. Donaldson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521865832
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 932
View: 7706

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As with the first edition, this textbook provides a clear introduction to the fundamental theory of structural analysis as applied to vehicular structures such as aircraft, spacecraft, automobiles and ships. The emphasis is on the application of fundamental concepts of structural analysis that are employed in everyday engineering practice. All approximations are accompanied by a full explanation of their validity. In this new edition, more topics, figures, examples and exercises have been added. There is also a greater emphasis on the finite element method of analysis. Clarity remains the hallmark of this text and it employs three strategies to achieve clarity of presentation: essential introductory topics are covered, all approximations are fully explained and many important concepts are repeated.