How People Judge Policing

Author: P. A. J. Waddington,Martin Wright,Kate Williams,Tim Newburn
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780198718888
Page: 224
View: 570

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When people witness occasions when police use their powers to investigate crime and arrest offenders, how do those members of the public assess what they have seen? This book reports research in which a variety of groups from the West Midlands watched short video-clips of such real-life incidents and then discussed their appraisal amongst themselves. What emerges from those discussions is that the practice of policing is deeply controversial. On most issues, group members were divided and strongly, often passionately arguing their case. There was no 'blank cheque' for the police, neither was there unremitting criticism, even though some of groups comprised young offenders or the homeless. People worried about whether or not the police on the video-clips had justification for their suspicions; how they managed situations to prevent them getting out of hand; and whether any use of force was justified. Allowing the reader to 'hear the voices' of dissension that were analysed, the authors present implications which are profound for the police and for all those who are policed - suspects, victims, bystanders, and the public at large - as well as practical proposals for police officers and police governance.

Studying for Your Policing Degree

Author: Jane Bottomley,Steven Pryjmachuk,Martin Wright
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 1913063208
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 128
View: 9748

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Studying for your Policing Degree is PERFECT for anyone wanting to train to become a police officer. After reading this fully comprehensive guide you will understand: the structure and culture of HE, and how policing fits into it what to expect, and what will be expected of you, as a university student teaching and assessment methods within policing, so that you can perform to the best of your ability in an academic environment how to manage your policing studies in an effective way and make the most of the resources available to you. The books in our Critical Study Skills series will help you gain the knowledge, skills and strategies you need to achieve your goals. They provide support in all areas important for university study, including institutional and disciplinary policy and practice, self-management, and research and communication. Packed with tasks and activities to help you improve your learning, including learner autonomy and critical thinking, and to guide you towards reflective practice in your study and work life. Uniquely, this book is written by a subject specialist and an English for Academic Purposes (EAP) expert.


Politics, Culture and Control
Author: Tim Newburn,Jill Peay
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 184731967X
Category: Law
Page: 312
View: 4441

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Bringing together a range of leading social scientists and criminologists, this volume explores a number of key themes raised by the work of Robert Reiner. Arguably the leading policing scholar of his generation, Reiner's work over some 40 years has ranged broadly in this field, taking in the study of police history, culture, organisation, elites and relationships with the media. Always carefully situated within an analysis of the changing socio-political circumstances of policing and crime control, Robert Reiner's scholarship has been path-breaking in its impact. The 13 original essays in this volume are testament to Reiner's influence. Although reflecting the primarily British bent within his work, the essays also draw on contributors from Australia, Europe, South Africa and the United States to explore some of the leading debates of the moment. These include, but are not limited to, the impact of neo-liberalism on crime control and the challenges for modern social democracy; police culture, equality and political economy; new media and the future of policing; youth, policing and democracy, and the challenges and possibilities posed by globalisation in the fields of policing and security.

Policing in the 21st Century

Report, Together with Formal Minutes
Author: House of Commons Home Affairs Committee
Publisher: The Stationery Office
ISBN: 9780215524867
Category: Law
Page: 116
View: 1287

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The 7th report (HCP 364-I, session 2007-08, ISBN 9780215524867), from the Home Affairs Committee examines policing in the 21st century, with Volume 2, providing oral and written evidence, (ISBN 9780215524850). The Government aims to replace the top-down police targets with locally-set priorities and encourage greater use of officer discretion, backed by more effective supervision. At present, the Committee believes that public expectations of the police are not being met, with the public wanting the police to put a greater focus on minor crime and anti-social behaviour. Further, the police need to be more visible and responsive to the public and give greater consideration to the needs of the victim when investigating crime. Police resources have been put under greater pressure particularly where foreign nationals need to be processed. Whilst funding shortfalls have been exposed where rapid population change has occurred due to immigration.The Committee highlights a concern over the deployment of police for longer periods dealing with alcohol-related crime due to the changes in the licensing laws and are not convinced of the effectiveness of Alcohol Disorder Zones. Further, the Committee expresses concern about the large number of murder suspects released on bail, but do support amendments to the bail laws to take into account the capacity of the police forces to monitor offenders, and a presumption against bail in murder cases. There are also examples of effective police approaches in reducing gang-related knife and gun crime, combining diversionary activities and targeted intelligence-led campaigns against known offenders. The police need to find ways though to free up resources, and the Committee expresses disappointment at the lack of progress in reducing police bureaucracy. Centralisation of the development and purchase of technology through the National Policing Improvement should reduce costs and ensure systems are integrated and prevent duplication. More control should be given to local forces, with greater accountability of policing at a local level. The Committee also identifies a gap in provision for tackling serious and organised crime.

Policing Life and Death

Race, Violence, and Resistance in Puerto Rico
Author: Marisol LeBrón
Publisher: University of California Press
ISBN: 0520300173
Category: Social Science
Page: 320
View: 3307

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In her exciting new book, Marisol LeBrón traces the rise of punitive governance in Puerto Rico over the course of the twentieth century and up to the present. Punitive governance emerged as a way for the Puerto Rican state to manage the deep and ongoing crises stemming from the archipelago’s incorporation into the United States as a colonial territory. A structuring component of everyday life for many Puerto Ricans, police power has reinforced social inequality and worsened conditions of vulnerability in marginalized communities. This book provides powerful examples of how Puerto Ricans negotiate and resist their subjection to increased levels of segregation, criminalization, discrimination, and harm. Policing Life and Death shows how Puerto Ricans are actively rejecting punitive solutions and working toward alternative understandings of safety and a more just future.

To better serve and protect

improving police practices
Author: Wesley G. Skogan,American Academy of Political and Social Science
Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc
Category: Political Science
Page: 205
View: 4870

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When the issue of racial profiling by police departments came to light, it became a hot topic for criminology researchers. The conspicuous role of the American police touches a nerve, and often puts politics in the driver's seat of research in this area. However, learning more about police operations is important from both a scientific and policy analytic standpoint as well. As the social and political environment changes and new investigative and prevention technologies appear, it is critical to understand the impact these external influences have on the efficiency, effectiveness and fairness of policing. One of the most comprehensive reports of research on police departments was released in 2004 - the National Research Council's report Fairness and Effectiveness in Policing: The Evidence. Summarizing four decades of research, the report keeps a watchful eye toward policy significance. This volume of The Annals touches on many of the themes included in the National Research Council's report. Yet it goes well beyond restating the report's principal themes. The contributors to this special issue take many of them further, and in newer directions, than an official report allows, and they offer innovative perspectives on the condition of American policing. Scrutinizing the role of existing research in the field of police studies, this issue goes on to cover important topics such as current trends in police organizations; how the public's perception of police restraint and fairness shape police images; the effectiveness of tailored responses versus a one-size-fits-all approaches; the role of public support in determining the success of a department; issues surrounding police supervision and self-management, and more. With a balanced look at both policy and practice, this issue will help social scientists and policy makers alike gain a clearer view of the police landscape. It elevates the research in this field to a new level and provides a sturdy foundation for future studies and new policies, including policies toward research itself.

Critical issues in policing

contemporary readings
Author: Roger G. Dunham,Geoffrey P. Alpert
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780881337297
Category: Political Science
Page: 614
View: 4714

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A reader to accompany the textbook Policing Urban America, the pair emphasizing the importance of involving community members in decisions concerning law enforcement, including tasks, objectives, and goals. Some articles have been updated from the 1997 third edition (first in 1989) and some new ones have been added. c. Book News Inc.

Cop Talk

Essential Communication Skills for Community Policing
Author: Virginia Kidd,Rick Braziel
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780965502931
Category: Political Science
Page: 224
View: 6937

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This book is intended for police officers who want to improve their communication skills in the context of implementing the goals and objectives of community policing. The first chapter discusses basic communication principles that explain how a message is sent and received. It examines the content and relational message components, communication context, verbal and nonverbal codes, channel, and feedback. Chapter 2 is designed to improve an officer's interpersonal communication, as community policing increases the number of interactions between an officer and the community. Chapter 3 considers the dynamics of work groups. Step-by-step instructions are provided for planning and leading a small, task-oriented group meeting. Chapter 4 focuses on public speaking, as it teaches officers how to prepare and deliver a talk before a group; and Chapter 5 instructs officers in how to prepare for and lead a community meeting. Topics cover selecting a presentation format, planning the details of your meeting, and dealing with a hostile audience. Remaining chapters focus on creative problem-solving techniques, ways to convince others to support a creative solution and become involved in an action plan for change, and ways to publicize a program through the media and other means.

The sources of violence in America and their consequences for law enforcement

Author: C. Kenneth Meyer,Gregory G. Brunk,Laura Ann Wilson
Publisher: Charles C Thomas Pub Ltd
Category: Political Science
Page: 258
View: 548

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This book discusses the sources of violence, examines why some people use violence against police officers, and shows that such violence is not always easily combated; relates the functions of the police to the sources of violence against them; reviews the evidence on assault against police; and references a large amount of previously published and some unpublished material in a format that should assist researchers. The first chapter provides a historical perspective on American violence and discusses the terms that people use when describing violent acts. The ethical bases of violence and what makes the use of physical force a legitimate activity are explored in the second chapter. This discussion facilitates a better understanding of why different segments of American society have disparate views about when it is proper to use violence to settle disputes; when law enforcement officers should intervene in civilian matters; and whether civilians should use physical violence against police officers who are perceived as exceeding the limits of their authority. Chapter 3 explores the extensive theoretical literature on violence and describes the major schools of thought about its origins. This is intended to provide a better understanding of the types of violence that are directed against police officers. Chapter 4 addresses such concepts as law, order, legitimacy, majority rule, and professionalism as they apply to police activities. Chapter 5 outlines the major approaches to explaining criminal violence, and chapter 6 sets the assault incident within a theoretical context. Remaining chapters deal with the characteristics of assaulted officers, assailant characteristics, characteristics of the assault situation, and geographical patterns of American violence. Suggestions are offered about the areas where additional research is required before definitive answers can be reached and policy remedies can be selected.

Social Conflicts, Citizens and Policing

Author: Marc Cools,Marleen Easton,Brice De Ruyver,Lieven Pauwels,Paul Ponsaers
Publisher: Maklu
ISBN: 9046605418
Category: Social Science
Page: 176
View: 2590

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This volume provides new empirical data, theories, and analyses on social conflicts, citizens, and policing. The book contains articles that focus on specific manifestations of socially and/or legally criminalized conflicts which may appear as radicalized. Some articles discuss the new actors that are involved in governance of security in order to support the conventional actors, referring specifically to citizens and private companies. Also, the book presents the results of perception studies on trust, punitiveness, and electronic monitoring at home. The scientific research includes students and convicts enhancing a critical reflection on governance of security. (Series: Governance of Security (GofS) Research Paper - Vol. 6)

Policing Post-communist Societies

Police-public Violence, Democratic Policing and Human Rights
Author: Niels A. Uildriks,P. van Reenen
Publisher: Intersentia nv
ISBN: 9050952992
Category: Law
Page: 249
View: 6053

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Eastern European countries have been involved in a complex transition towards more democratic forms of government. Since the demise of communism, the building up of an independent judiciary and a general reorientation of the police role within society have been key-issues On the basis of three country studies in Russia, Lithuania and Mongolia, this book analyses the present state of policing in a variety of post-communist societies in terms of police-public violence, democratic policing, the rule of law and human rights. It is also complemented by recent comparable and previously unpublished police data for Romania, Bulgaria and Poland. Those studies have been carried out amongst the rank-and-file of the uniform branch in Lithuania and Russia which were commissioned by the Soros Open Society Foundation. They were specifically concerning views and experiences concerning police-public violence and current policing problems in general. A third study was carried in Mongolia amongst criminal investigators, and sought to explore (violent) investigative practices. This book seeks to combine a thorough theoretical analysis with unique empirical data. It analyses the different problems of transition of post-communist societies towards more democratic forms of government with unique data from both outside and inside the police.

Policing Perspectives

An Anthology
Author: Larry K. Gaines,Gary W. Cordner
Publisher: Roxbury Publishing Company
ISBN: 9781891487040
Category: Political Science
Page: 458
View: 3336

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