How Euler Did Even More

Author: C. Edward Sandifer
Publisher: The Mathematical Association of America
ISBN: 0883855844
Category: Mathematics
Page: 240
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Sandifer has been studying Euler for decades and is one of the world’s leading experts on his work. This volume is the second collection of Sandifer’s “How Euler Did It” columns. Each is a jewel of historical and mathematical exposition. The sum total of years of work and study of the most prolific mathematician of history, this volume will leave you marveling at Euler’s clever inventiveness and Sandifer’s wonderful ability to explicate and put it all in context.

Walter Gautschi, Volume 3

Selected Works with Commentaries
Author: Claude Brezinski,Ahmed Sameh
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 146147132X
Category: Mathematics
Page: 767
View: 7381

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Walter Gautschi has written extensively on topics ranging from special functions, quadrature and orthogonal polynomials to difference and differential equations, software implementations, and the history of mathematics. He is world renowned for his pioneering work in numerical analysis and constructive orthogonal polynomials, including a definitive textbook in the former, and a monograph in the latter area. This three-volume set, Walter Gautschi: Selected Works with Commentaries, is a compilation of Gautschi’s most influential papers and includes commentaries by leading experts. The work begins with a detailed biographical section and ends with a section commemorating Walter’s prematurely deceased twin brother. This title will appeal to graduate students and researchers in numerical analysis, as well as to historians of science. Selected Works with Commentaries, Vol. 1 Numerical Conditioning Special Functions Interpolation and Approximation Selected Works with Commentaries, Vol. 2 Orthogonal Polynomials on the Real Line Orthogonal Polynomials on the Semicircle Chebyshev Quadrature Kronrod and Other Quadratures Gauss-type Quadrature Selected Works with Commentaries, Vol. 3 Linear Difference Equations Ordinary Differential Equations Software History and Biography Miscellanea Works of Werner Gautschi


Author: Rolf Jeltsch,Gerhard Wanner
Publisher: European Mathematical Society
ISBN: 9783037190562
Category: Mathematics
Page: 483
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The International Council for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (ICIAM) is the worldwide organisation of societies which are dedicated primarily of significantly to applied and/or industrial mathematics. The ICIAM Congresses, held every 4 years, are run under the auspices of the Council with the aim to advance the applications of mathematics in all parts of the world. The 6th ICIAM Congress was held in Zurich, Switzerland, 16-20 July 2007, and was attended by more than 3000 scientists from 47 countries. This volume collects the invited lectures of this Congress, the appreciations of the ICIAM Prize winners' achievements and the Euler Lecture celebrating the 300th anniversary of Euler. The authors of these papers are leading researchers of their fields, rigorously selected by a distinguished international program committee. The book presents an overview of contemporary applications of mathematics, new perspectives and open problems.

Dr. Euler's Fabulous Formula

Cures Many Mathematical Ills
Author: Paul J. Nahin
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400838479
Category: Mathematics
Page: 416
View: 369

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In the mid-eighteenth century, Swiss-born mathematician Leonhard Euler developed a formula so innovative and complex that it continues to inspire research, discussion, and even the occasional limerick. Dr. Euler's Fabulous Formula shares the fascinating story of this groundbreaking formula—long regarded as the gold standard for mathematical beauty—and shows why it still lies at the heart of complex number theory. In some ways a sequel to Nahin's An Imaginary Tale, this book examines the many applications of complex numbers alongside intriguing stories from the history of mathematics. Dr. Euler's Fabulous Formula is accessible to any reader familiar with calculus and differential equations, and promises to inspire mathematicians for years to come.

Sophie's Diary: A Mathematical Novel

Author: Dora Musielak
Publisher: MAA
ISBN: 0883855771
Category: Fiction
Page: 292
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Sophie Germain, the first and only woman in history to make a substantial contribution to the proof of Fermat's Last Theorem, grew up during the most turbulent years of the French Revolution. Her mathematical genius was discovered by Lagrange around 1797. Published research about Germain focuses on her achievements, noting that she assumed a man's name at the École Polytechnique in Paris, to submit her own work to Lagrange. Yet, no biography has explained how Germain learned mathematics before that time to become so sure of her analytical skills to carry out such a daring act. Sophie's Diary is an attempt to answer this question: How did Germain learn enough mathematics to enter the world of Lagrange's analysis in the first place? In Sophie's Diary, Germain comes to life through a fictionalized journal that intertwines mathematics with history of mathematics plus historically-accurate accounts of the brutal events that took place in Paris between 1789 and 1793. This format provides a plausible perspective of how a young Sophie could have learned mathematics on her own—both fascinated by numbers and eager to master tough subjects without a tutor's guidance. Her passion for mathematics is integrated into her personal life as an escape from societal outrage. Sophie's Diary is suitable for a variety of readers?both students and teachers, mathematicians and novices?who will be inspired and enlightened on a field of study made easy as is told through the intellectual and personal struggles of an exceptional young woman.

Speech Spectrum Analysis

Author: Sean Fulop
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642174780
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 206
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The accurate determination of the speech spectrum, particularly for short frames, is commonly pursued in diverse areas including speech processing, recognition, and acoustic phonetics. With this book the author makes the subject of spectrum analysis understandable to a wide audience, including those with a solid background in general signal processing and those without such background. In keeping with these goals, this is not a book that replaces or attempts to cover the material found in a general signal processing textbook. Some essential signal processing concepts are presented in the first chapter, but even there the concepts are presented in a generally understandable fashion as far as is possible. Throughout the book, the focus is on applications to speech analysis; mathematical theory is provided for completeness, but these developments are set off in boxes for the benefit of those readers with sufficient background. Other readers may proceed through the main text, where the key results and applications will be presented in general heuristic terms, and illustrated with software routines and practical "show-and-tell" discussions of the results. At some points, the book refers to and uses the implementations in the Praat speech analysis software package, which has the advantages that it is used by many scientists around the world, and it is free and open source software. At other points, special software routines have been developed and made available to complement the book, and these are provided in the Matlab programming language. If the reader has the basic Matlab package, he/she will be able to immediately implement the programs in that platform---no extra "toolboxes" are required.

Euler as Physicist

Author: Dieter Suisky
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540748652
Category: Science
Page: 338
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The subject of the book is the development of physics in the 18th century centered upon the fundamental contributions of Leonhard Euler to physics and mathematics. This is the first book devoted to Euler as a physicist. Classical mechanics are reconstructed in terms of the program initiated by Euler in 1736 and its completion over the following decades until 1760. The book examines how Euler coordinated his progress in mathematics with his progress in physics.

Carl Friedrich Gauss

Titan of Science
Author: G. Waldo Dunnington,Jeremy Gray,Fritz-Egbert Dohse
Publisher: MAA
ISBN: 9780883855478
Category: Mathematics
Page: 537
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Classic biography of Gauss, updated with new introduction, bibliography and new material.


Mathematical Proof of Implausible Ideas
Author: Julian Havil
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400837380
Category: Mathematics
Page: 216
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Math--the application of reasonable logic to reasonable assumptions--usually produces reasonable results. But sometimes math generates astonishing paradoxes--conclusions that seem completely unreasonable or just plain impossible but that are nevertheless demonstrably true. Did you know that a losing sports team can become a winning one by adding worse players than its opponents? Or that the thirteenth of the month is more likely to be a Friday than any other day? Or that cones can roll unaided uphill? In Nonplussed!--a delightfully eclectic collection of paradoxes from many different areas of math--popular-math writer Julian Havil reveals the math that shows the truth of these and many other unbelievable ideas. Nonplussed! pays special attention to problems from probability and statistics, areas where intuition can easily be wrong. These problems include the vagaries of tennis scoring, what can be deduced from tossing a needle, and disadvantageous games that form winning combinations. Other chapters address everything from the historically important Torricelli's Trumpet to the mind-warping implications of objects that live on high dimensions. Readers learn about the colorful history and people associated with many of these problems in addition to their mathematical proofs. Nonplussed! will appeal to anyone with a calculus background who enjoys popular math books or puzzles.

The Mathematical Mechanic

Using Physical Reasoning to Solve Problems
Author: Mark Levi
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691154562
Category: Science
Page: 186
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In this delightful book, Levi turns math and physics upside down, revealing how physics can simplify proofs and lead to quicker solutions and new theorems, and how physical solutions can illustrate why results are true in ways lengthy mathematical calculations never can.

Is mathematics inevitable?

a miscellany
Author: Underwood Dudley,Gerald L. Alexanderson,Nathan Altshiller-Court,John Aubry,Girolamo Cardano,Lewis Carroll,Patricia Cline Cohen,Jean Dieudonné,Leonard F. Klosinski,Joseph A. Gallian,Richard J. Gillings,Richard K. Guy,Arthur Edward Hallerberg,Paul Richard Halmos,David Hemenway,Morris Kline,Carl E. Linderholm,Robert L. McCabe,Edward Rothstein,Marlow Sholander,David Eugene Smith,John Lighton Synge,James Smith,Richard J. Trudeau,Steven Bradley Smith,Wong Ngai Ying
Publisher: The Mathematical Association of America
ISBN: 9780883855669
Category: Mathematics
Page: 325
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This is a collection of gems from the literature of mathematics that shine as brightly today as when they first appeared in print. They deserve to be seen and admired.The selections include two opposing views on the purpose of mathematics, The Strong Law of Small Numbers, the treatment of calculus in the 1771 Encyclopaedia Britannica, several proofs that the number of legs on a horse is infinite, a deserved refutation of the ridiculous Euler-Diderot anecdote, the real story of p and the Indiana Legislature, the reason why Theodorus stopped proving that square roots were irrational when he to the square root of 17, an excerpt from Mathematics Made Difficult, a glimpse into the mind of a calculating prodigy.There will be something of interest here for almost anyone interested in mathematics.Underwood Dudley is the bestselling author of several MAA books: Mathematical Cranks, Numerology, and the Trisectors. He has an Erdos number of 1.

Floquet Theory for Partial Differential Equations

Author: P.A. Kuchment
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 3034885733
Category: Science
Page: 354
View: 9530

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Linear differential equations with periodic coefficients constitute a well developed part of the theory of ordinary differential equations [17, 94, 156, 177, 178, 272, 389]. They arise in many physical and technical applications [177, 178, 272]. A new wave of interest in this subject has been stimulated during the last two decades by the development of the inverse scattering method for integration of nonlinear differential equations. This has led to significant progress in this traditional area [27, 71, 72, 111 119, 250, 276, 277, 284, 286, 287, 312, 313, 337, 349, 354, 392, 393, 403, 404]. At the same time, many theoretical and applied problems lead to periodic partial differential equations. We can mention, for instance, quantum mechanics [14, 18, 40, 54, 60, 91, 92, 107, 123, 157-160, 192, 193, 204, 315, 367, 412, 414, 415, 417], hydrodynamics [179, 180], elasticity theory [395], the theory of guided waves [87-89, 208, 300], homogenization theory [29, 41, 348], direct and inverse scattering [175, 206, 216, 314, 388, 406-408], parametric resonance theory [122, 178], and spectral theory and spectral geometry [103 105, 381, 382, 389]. There is a sjgnificant distinction between the cases of ordinary and partial differential periodic equations. The main tool of the theory of periodic ordinary differential equations is the so-called Floquet theory [17, 94, 120, 156, 177, 267, 272, 389]. Its central result is the following theorem (sometimes called Floquet-Lyapunov theorem) [120, 267].

Concrete Mathematics

A Foundation for Computer Science
Author: Ronald L. Graham,Donald Ervin Knuth,Oren Patashnik
Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional
ISBN: 9780201558029
Category: Computers
Page: 657
View: 1959

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This book, updated and improved, introduces the mathematics that supports advanced computer programming and the analysis of algorithms. The primary aim of its well-known authors is to provide a solid and relevant base of mathematical skills--the skills needed to solve complex problems, to evaluate horrendous-looking sums, to solve complex recurrence relations, and to discover subtle patterns in data. It is an indispensable text and reference, not only for computer scientists but for all technical professionals in virtually every discipline.

Fundamentals of Multimedia

Author: Ze-Nian Li,Mark S. Drew,Jiangchuan Liu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 331905290X
Category: Computers
Page: 727
View: 7168

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This textbook introduces the “Fundamentals of Multimedia”, addressing real issues commonly faced in the workplace. The essential concepts are explained in a practical way to enable students to apply their existing skills to address problems in multimedia. Fully revised and updated, this new edition now includes coverage of such topics as 3D TV, social networks, high-efficiency video compression and conferencing, wireless and mobile networks, and their attendant technologies. Features: presents an overview of the key concepts in multimedia, including color science; reviews lossless and lossy compression methods for image, video and audio data; examines the demands placed by multimedia communications on wired and wireless networks; discusses the impact of social media and cloud computing on information sharing and on multimedia content search and retrieval; includes study exercises at the end of each chapter; provides supplementary resources for both students and instructors at an associated website.

Music and the Making of Modern Science

Author: Peter Pesic
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262027275
Category: Music
Page: 360
View: 7646

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In the natural science of ancient Greece, music formed the meeting place between numbers and perception; for the next two millennia, Pesic tells us in Music and the Making of Modern Science, "liberal education" connected music with arithmetic, geometry, and astronomy within a fourfold study, the quadrivium. Peter Pesic argues provocatively that music has had a formative effect on the development of modern science -- that music has been not just a charming accompaniment to thought but a conceptual force in its own right. Pesic explores a series of episodes in which music influenced science, moments in which prior developments in music arguably affected subsequent aspects of natural science. He describes encounters between harmony and fifteenth-century cosmological controversies, between musical initiatives and irrational numbers, between vibrating bodies and the emergent electromagnetism. He offers lively accounts of how Newton applied the musical scale to define the colors in the spectrum; how Euler and others applied musical ideas to develop the wave theory of light; and how a harmonium prepared Max Planck to find a quantum theory that reengaged the mathematics of vibration. Taken together, these cases document the peculiar power of music -- its autonomous force as a stream of experience, capable of stimulating insights different from those mediated by the verbal and the visual. An innovative e-book edition available for iOS devices will allow sound examples to be played by a touch and shows the score in a moving line.

From Riemann to Differential Geometry and Relativity

Author: Lizhen Ji,Athanase Papadopoulos,Sumio Yamada
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319600397
Category: Mathematics
Page: 647
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This book explores the work of Bernhard Riemann and its impact on mathematics, philosophy and physics. It features contributions from a range of fields, historical expositions, and selected research articles that were motivated by Riemann’s ideas and demonstrate their timelessness. The editors are convinced of the tremendous value of going into Riemann’s work in depth, investigating his original ideas, integrating them into a broader perspective, and establishing ties with modern science and philosophy. Accordingly, the contributors to this volume are mathematicians, physicists, philosophers and historians of science. The book offers a unique resource for students and researchers in the fields of mathematics, physics and philosophy, historians of science, and more generally to a wide range of readers interested in the history of ideas.

The Genius of Euler

Reflections on His Life and Work
Author: William Dunham
Publisher: MAA
ISBN: 9780883855584
Category: Mathematics
Page: 309
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Celebrating the 300th birthday of Leonhard Euler - collected articles address aspects of Euler's life and work.

The Fourier Transform and Its Applications

Author: Ronald Newbold Bracewell,Ronald Bracewell
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Science, Engineering & Mathematics
Category: Mathematics
Page: 616
View: 2058

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This text is designed for use in a senior undergraduate or graduate level course in Fourier Transforms. This text differs from many other fourier transform books in its emphasis on applications. Bracewell applies mathematical concepts to the physical world throughout this text, equipping students to think about the world and physics in terms of transforms.The pedagogy in this classic text is excellent. The author has included such tools as the pictorial dictionary of transforms and bibliographic references. In addition, there are many excellent problems throughout this book, which are more than mathematical exercises, often requiring students to think in terms of specific situations or asking for educated opinions. To aid students further, discussions of many of the problems can be found at the end of the book.