Holistic Anthropology

Emergence and Convergence
Author: David Parkin
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 0857451529
Category: Social Science
Page: 224
View: 9699

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Given the broad reach of anthropology as the science of humankind, there are times when the subject fragments into specialisms and times when there is rapprochement. Rather than just seeing them as reactions to each other, it is perhaps better to say that both tendencies co-exist and that it is very much a matter of perspective as to which is dominant at any moment. The perspective adopted by the contributors to this volume is that some anthropologists have, over the last decade or so, been paying considerable attention to developments in the study of social and biological evolution and of material culture, and that this has brought social, material cultural and biological anthropologists closer to each other and closer to allied disciplines such as archaeology and psychology. A more eclectic anthropology once characteristic of an earlier age is thus re-emerging. The new holism does not result from the merging of sharply distinguished disciplines but from among anthropologists themselves who see social organization as fundamentally a problem of human ecology, and, from that, of material and mental creativity, human biology, and the co-evolution of society and culture. It is part of a wider interest beyond anthropology in the origins and rationale of human activities, claims and beliefs, and draws on inferential or speculative reasoning as well as 'hard' evidence. The book argues that, while usefully borrowing from other subjects, all such reasoning must be grounded in prolonged, intensive and linguistically-informed fieldwork and comparison.

Ein Wissenschaftsmuseum geht unter die Haut

Sensorische Ethnographie des Deutschen Hygiene-Museums
Author: Susanne B. Schmitt
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 3839420199
Category: Art
Page: 272
View: 1119

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Sensory Turn: Diese experimentelle Ethnographie beleuchtet erstmalig ein Wissenschaftsmuseum aus der Perspektive leiblicher Erfahrung. Im Zentrum steht dabei die Frage nach Diskursen und Erfahrungen von den Sinnen und von Sinnlichkeit in einer Institution des Kulturbetriebes, die sich dem Thema »Körper« widmet. Susanne B. Schmitt stellt die Perspektiven von Museumsmitarbeitern in den Mittelpunkt und hinterfragt ihr Erleben des Deutschen Hygiene-Museums als durch den Körper erfahrenen Ort. In ihrer ethnologisch informierten Studie beleuchtet sie dabei kritisch die Hierarchisierung und Klassifizierung der »Sinne« als lokale und lokalisierbare Weisen der Wahrnehmung.

Ritual Theatre

The Power of Dramatic Ritual in Personal Development Groups and Clinical Practice
Author: Claire Schrader
Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers
ISBN: 1849051380
Category: Psychology
Page: 334
View: 8495

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This book considers the relevance of ritual theatre in contemporary life and describes how it is being used as a highly cathartic therapeutic process. With contributions from leading experts in the field of dramatherapy, the book brings together a broad spectrum of approaches to ritual theatre as a healing system.

Encyclopedia of Language and Education

Research Methods in Language and Education
Author: Nancy H. Hornberger,P. Corson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401145350
Category: Education
Page: 392
View: 1593

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This volume seeks to enable language and education practitioners and researchers to get a sense of the range of issues being pursued in language and education research and the array of methods employed to do so. It focuses on language and education in relation to society, variation, culture, and interaction. Its unity of purpose and outlook with regard to the central role of language as both vehicle and mediator of educational processes and to the need for continued and deepening research into the limits and possibilities that implies is most impressive.

The Social Sciences

A Cross-disciplinary Guide to Selected Sources
Author: Nancy L. Herron
Publisher: Libraries Unltd Incorporated
ISBN: 9781563089855
Category: Education
Page: 494
View: 4676

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The updated and expanded third edition of this widely used work comprises more than 1,500 annotated citations. It has served as a teaching text for students wanting a clear approach to learning about important reference sources in the social sciences.

Anthropology and Political Science

A Convergent Approach
Author: Myron J. Aronoff,Jan Kubik
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 085745725X
Category: Political Science
Page: 341
View: 9895

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What can anthropology and political science learn from each other? The authors argue that collaboration, particularly in the area of concepts and methodologies, is tremendously beneficial for both disciplines, though they also deal with some troubling aspects of the relationship. Focusing on the influence of anthropology on political science, the book examines the basic assumptions the practitioners of each discipline make about the nature of social and political reality, compares some of the key concepts each field employs, and provides an extensive review of the basic methods of research that "bridge" both disciplines: ethnography and case study. Through ethnography (participant observation), reliance on extended case studies, and the use of "anthropological" concepts and sensibilities, a greater understanding of some of the most challenging issues of the day can be gained. For example, political anthropology challenges the illusion of the "autonomy of the political" assumed by political science to characterize so-called modern societies. Several chapters include a cross-disciplinary analysis of key concepts and issues: political culture, political ritual, the politics of collective identity, democratization in divided societies, conflict resolution, civil society, and the politics of post-Communist transformations.

Invisible Genealogies

A History of Americanist Anthropology
Author: Regna Darnell
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
ISBN: 9780803219151
Category: Social Science
Page: 373
View: 5380

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Invisible Genealogies is a landmark reinterpretation of the history of anthropology in North America. During the past two decades, theorizing by many American anthropologists has called for an "experimental moment" grounded in explicit self-reflexive scholarship and experimentation with alternate forms of presentation. Such postmodern anthropology has effectively downplayed connections with past luminaries in the field, whose scholarship is perceived to be uncomfortably colonialist and nonreflexive. Ironically, as the American Anthropological Association nears its one hundredth anniversary and interest in the history of the discipline is at an all-time high, that history has been effectively presented as removed from and irrelevant to the new generation. Invisible Genealogies offers an alternative, compelling vision of the development of anthropology in North America, one that emphasizes continuity rather than discontinuity from legendary founder Franz Boas to the present. Regna Darnell identifies key interpretive assumptions and practices that have persisted, sometimes in modified form, since the groundbreaking work of A. L. Kroeber, Boas, Ruth Benedict, Edward Sapir, Elsie Clews Parsons, Paul Radin, Benjamin Lee Whorf, and A. Irving Hallowell during the founding decades of anthropology. Also highlighted are the Americanist roots of postmodern anthropology and the work of innovative recent scholars like Claude Lävi-Strauss and Clifford Geertz.

1982 World History Teaching Conference


Author: United States Air Force Academy. Dept. of History,American Historical Association
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Area studies
Page: 102
View: 8221

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Jenseits von Natur und Kultur


Author: Philippe Descola
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518768409
Category: Social Science
Page: 638
View: 3985

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Seit der Zeit der Renaissance ist unser Weltbild von einer zentralen Unterscheidung bestimmt: der zwischen Natur und Kultur. Dort die von Naturgesetzen regierte, unpersönliche Welt der Tiere und Dinge, hier die Menschenwelt mit ihrer individuellen und kulturellen Vielfalt. Diese fundamentale Trennung beherrscht unser ganzes Denken und Handeln. In seinem faszinierenden Buch zeigt der große französische Anthropologe und Schüler von Claude Lévi-Strauss, Philippe Descola, daß diese Kosmologie alles andere als selbstverständlich ist. Dabei stützt er sich auf reiches Material aus zum Teil eigenen anthropologischen Feldforschungen bei Naturvölkern und indigenen Kulturen in Afrika, Amazonien, Neuguinea oder Sibirien. Descola führt uns vor Augen, daß deren Weltbilder ganz andersartig aufgebaut sind als das unsere mit seinen »zwei Etagen« von Natur und Kultur. So betrachten manche Kulturen Dinge als beseelt oder glauben, daß verwandtschaftliche Beziehungen zwischen Tieren und Menschen bestehen. Descola plädiert für eine monistische Anthropologie und entwirft eine Typologie unterschiedlichster Weltbilder. Auf diesem Wege lassen sich neben dem westlichen dualistischen Naturalismus totemistische, animistische oder analogistische Kosmologien entdecken. Eine fesselnde Reise in fremde Welten, die uns unsere eigene mit anderen Augen sehen läßt.

Settler Colonialism and the Transformation of Anthropology

The Politics and Poetics of an Ethnographic Event
Author: Patrick Wolfe
Publisher: Weidenfeld & Nicolson
ISBN: N.A
Category: History
Page: 246
View: 1678

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"Organized around a startling historical reconstruction of the political and theoretical conditions that produced the great anthropological controversy over doctrines of virgin birth, this book argues that the allegation that natives do not understand the relation between sex and conception reveals a great deal about European colonial discourse and little, if anything, about indigenous belief. As the author explores the links between metropolitan anthropological theory and local colonial politics from the nineteenth century to the present, the specificity of settler colonialism and the ideological and sexual regimes that characterize it emerge with increasing clarity. In addition to re-reading the history of anthropology and its intersections with colonial power, this book obliges us to reconceptualize the heterogeneity of colonialism itself."--Back cover.

Annual Review of Anthropology


Author: William H. Durham,E. Valentine Daniel,Bambi B. Schieffelin
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780824319281
Category: Social Science
Page: 652
View: 4040

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Unwrapping the Sacred Bundle


Author: Daniel A. Segal,Sylvia J. Yanagisako
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822386844
Category: Social Science
Page: 184
View: 4101

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Lively, forceful, and impassioned, Unwrapping the Sacred Bundle is a major intervention in debates about the configuration of the discipline of anthropology. In the essays brought together in this provocative collection, prominent anthropologists consider the effects of and alternatives to the standard definition of the discipline as a “holistic” study of humanity based on the integration of the four fields of archaeology, biological anthropology, sociocultural anthropology, and linguistic anthropology. Editors Daniel A. Segal and Sylvia J. Yanagisako provide a powerful introduction to the volume. Unabashed in their criticism of the four-field structure, they argue that North American anthropology is tainted by its roots in nineteenth-century social evolutionary thought. The essayists consider the complex state of anthropology, its relation to other disciplines and the public sphere beyond academia, the significance of the convergence of linguistic and cultural anthropology, and whether or not anthropology is the best home for archaeology. While the contributors are not in full agreement with one another, they all critique “official” definitions of anthropology as having a fixed, four-field core. The editors are keenly aware that anthropology is too protean to be remade along the lines of any master plan, and this volume does not offer one. It does open discussions of anthropology’s institutional structure to all possible outcomes, including the refashioning of the discipline as it now exists. Contributors. James Clifford, Ian Hodder, Rena Lederman, Daniel A. Segal, Michael Silverstein, Sylvia J. Yanagisako