Herder: Philosophical Writings


Author: Johann Gottfried Herder,Michael N. Forster
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521794091
Category: Philosophy
Page: 436
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A translation of Herder's most important and characteristic philosophical writings.

Moses Mendelssohn: Philosophical Writings


Author: Moses Mendelssohn,Daniel O. Dahlstrom
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521573832
Category: Philosophy
Page: 321
View: 2094

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Mendelssohn's Philosophical Writings, helped propel its author to the forefront of the Berlin Enlightenment.

Berkeley: Philosophical Writings


Author: George Berkeley,Desmond M. Clarke
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521881358
Category: Philosophy
Page: 338
View: 802

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Provides texts from the full range of Berkeley's contributions to philosophy, and sets them in their historical and philosophical contexts.

After Herder

Philosophy of Language in the German Tradition
Author: Michael N. Forster
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199228116
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 482
View: 5693

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Michael Forster explores the historical roots of philosophy of language, which he traces to German thinkers of the 18th century, among whom J. G. Herder is the key figure. Herder established fundamental principles concerning thought, meaning, and language, founded the disciplines of anthropology and linguistics, and has much still to teach us.

Humboldt: 'On Language'

On the Diversity of Human Language Construction and Its Influence on the Mental Development of the Human Species
Author: Michael Losonsky
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521667722
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 296
View: 4846

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Wilhelm von Humboldt's classic study of human language was first published in 1836, as a general introduction to his three-volume treatise on the Kawi language of Java. It is the final statement of his lifelong study of the nature of language, exploring its universal structures and its relation to mind and culture. Empirically wide-ranging - Humboldt goes far beyond the Indo-European family of languages - it remains one of the most interesting and important attempts to draw philosophical conclusions from comparative linguistics. This 1999 volume presents a translation by Peter Heath, together with an introduction by Michael Losonsky that places Humboldt's work in its historical context and discusses its relevance to contemporary work in philosophy, linguistics, cognitive science, and psychology.

Selected Writings on Aesthetics


Author: Johann Gottfried Herder
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400827167
Category: Philosophy
Page: 480
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A seminal figure in the philosophy of history, culture, and language, Johann Gottfried Herder (1744-1803) also produced some of the most important and original works in the history of aesthetic theory. A student of Kant, he spent much of his life striving to reconcile the opposing poles of Enlightenment thought represented by his early mentors. His ideas influenced Hegel, Schleiermacher, Nietzsche, Dilthey, J. S. Mill, and Goethe. This book presents most of Herder's important writings on aesthetics, including the main sections of one of his major untranslated works, Kritische Wälder (Critical Forests). These notes, essays, and treatises, the majority of which appear here in English for the first time, show this idiosyncratic thinker both deeply rooted in the controversies of his day and pointing the way to future developments in aesthetics. Chosen to reflect the extent and diversity of Herder's concerns, the texts cover such topics as the psychology and physiology of aesthetic perception, the classification of the arts, taste, Shakespeare, the classical tradition, and the relationship between art and morality. Few thinkers have reflected so sensitively and productively on the cultural, historical, anthropological, ethical, and theological dimensions of art and the creative process. With this book, the importance of aesthetics to the evolution and texture of Herder's own thought, as well as his profound contribution to that discipline, comes fully into view.

Against Pure Reason

Writings on Religion, Language, and History
Author: Johann G. Herder
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1597520640
Category: Religion
Page: 284
View: 1128

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The figure of Johann Gottfried Herder looms increasingly important not only for his prescient contributions to many fields - biblical criticism, philosophy of language, literary criticism, philosophy of history - but also for his pivotal position between the impulses of the Enlightenment and Romanticism. Many of Herder's questions and concerns are more pressing at the end of the modern era than they were at its inception. Bunge's lucid and engaging translations of signal texts from Herder - most appearing here for the first time in English - are arranged thematically: human nature, language, and history; myth and religion; God and nature; literature and the Bible; and Christianity and theology. Along with her extensive Introduction and Bibliography, they constitute an essential resource for coming to terms with the checkered legacy of the Enlightenment.

Hobhouse: Liberalism and Other Writings


Author: Leonard Trelawney Hobhouse,James Meadowcroft
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521437264
Category: History
Page: 201
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A new edition of the classic work of one of the most important modern British liberal theorists.

Sculpture

Some Observations on Shape and Form from Pygmalion's Creative Dream
Author: Johann Gottfried Herder,Jason Gaiger
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226327556
Category: Art
Page: 141
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"The eye that gathers impressions is no longer the eye that sees a depiction on a surface; it becomes a hand, the ray of light becomes a finger, and the imagination becomes a form of immediate touching."—Johann Gottfried Herder Long recognized as one of the most important eighteenth-century works on aesthetics and the visual arts, Johann Gottfried Herder's Plastik (Sculpture, 1778) has never before appeared in a complete English translation. In this landmark essay, Herder combines rationalist and empiricist thought with a wide range of sources—from the classics to Norse legend, Shakespeare to the Bible—to illuminate the ways we experience sculpture. Standing on the fault line between classicism and romanticism, Herder draws most of his examples from classical sculpture, while nevertheless insisting on the historicity of art and of the senses themselves. Through a detailed analysis of the differences between painting and sculpture, he develops a powerful critique of the dominance of vision both in the appreciation of art and in our everyday apprehension of the world around us. One of the key articulations of the aesthetics of Sturm und Drang, Sculpture is also important as an anticipation of subsequent developments in art theory. Jason Gaiger's translation of Sculpture includes an extensive introduction to Herder's thought, explanatory notes, and illustrations of all the sculptures discussed in the text.

Vico and Herder

Two Studies in the History of Ideas
Author: Isaiah Berlin
Publisher: Hodder & Stoughton
ISBN: N.A
Category: Philosophy
Page: 228
View: 9932

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Medieval Islamic Philosophical Writings


Author: N.A
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521529631
Category: Philosophy
Page: 186
View: 2033

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Although strongly influenced by Greek thought, Islamic philosophers also developed an original philosophical culture of their own which flourished from the ninth through the fourteenth century. This volume offers new translations of philosophical writings by Farabi, Ibn Sina (Avicenna), Ghazali, Ibn Tufayl, and Ibn Rushd (Averroes). A historical and philosophical introduction sets the writings in context and traces their preoccupations and their achievements.

Herder

Philosophy and Anthropology
Author: Anik Waldow,Nigel DeSouza
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198779658
Category: Philosophy
Page: 272
View: 4761

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J. G. Herder is enjoying a renaissance in philosophy and related disciplines and yet there are, as yet, few books on him. This unprecedented collection fills a large gap in the secondary literature, highlighting the genuinely innovative and distinctive nature of Herder's philosophy. Not only does Herder offer highly original answers to important philosophical questions, such as the mind-body problem and the role of sensibility in cognition and ethics, he also opens up rich resources for thinking about philosophy itself and connections to other fields in the humanities and social sciences. Herder: Philosophy and Anthropology brings together a set of original essays that centre on the question at the heart of Herder's philosophical thought: How can philosophy enable an understanding of the human being not simply rationalistically as an intellectual and moral agent, but also as a creature of nature who is fundamentally marked by an affective openness and responsiveness to the world and other persons. The first part of the volume examines the various dimensions of Herder's philosophical understanding of human nature through which he sought methodologically to delineate a genuinely anthropological philosophy. The second part then examines further aspects of this understanding of human nature and what emerges from it: the human-animal distinction; how human life evolves over space and time on the basis of a natural order; the fundamentally hermeneutic dimension to human existence; and the interrelatedness of language, history, religion, and culture.

Plato: Meno and Phaedo


Author: David Sedley
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521676779
Category: Philosophy
Page: 161
View: 3740

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Plato's Meno and Phaedo are two of the most important works of ancient western philosophy and continue to be studied around the world. The Meno is a seminal work of epistemology. The Phaedo is a key source for Platonic metaphysics and for Plato's conception of the human soul. Together they illustrate the birth of Platonic philosophy from Plato's reflections on Socrates' life and doctrines. This edition offers new and accessible translations of both works, together with a thorough introduction that explains the arguments of the two dialogues and their place in Plato's thought.

Johann Gottfried Herder

Another Philosophy of History and Selected Political Writings
Author: Ioannis D. Evrigenis,Daniel Pellerin
Publisher: Hackett Publishing Company Incorporated
ISBN: 9780872207158
Category: Philosophy
Page: 166
View: 9735

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Historians of ideas, and students of nationalism in particular, have traced the origins of much of our current vocabulary and ways of thinking about the nation back to Johann Gottfried Herder. This volume provides a clear, readable, and reliable translation of Auch eine Philosophie der Geschichte zur Bildung der Menschheit, supplemented by some of Herder's other important writings on politics and history. The editors' insightful Introduction traces the role of Herder's thought in the evolution of nationalism and highlights its influence on fields such as history, anthropology, and politics. The volume is designed to give English-speaking readers more ready access to the thinker whom Isaiah Berlin called the father of the related notions of nationalism, historicism, and Volksgeist.

Hamann: Writings on Philosophy and Language


Author: Kenneth Haynes
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 113946552X
Category: Philosophy
Page: 252
View: 6197

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Johann Georg Hamann (1730–88) is a major figure not only in German philosophy but also in literature and religious history. In his own time he wrote penetrating criticisms of Herder, Kant, Mendelssohn, and other Enlightenment thinkers; after his death he was an important figure for Goethe, Hegel, Kierkegaard, and others. It was only in the twentieth century, however, that the full and radical extent of his 'linguistic' critique of philosophy was recognized. This volume presents a translation of a wide selection of his essays, including both famous and lesser-known works. Hamann's enigmatic prose-style was deliberately at odds with Enlightenment assumptions about language, and a full apparatus of annotation explains the numerous allusions in his essays. The volume is completed by a historical and philosophical introduction and suggestions for further reading.

Ideas for a Philosophy of Nature


Author: F. W. J. von Schelling,Errol E. Harris,Peter Heath
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521357333
Category: Philosophy
Page: 294
View: 385

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This is an English translation of Schelling's Ideas for a Philosophy of Nature (first published in 1797 and revised in 1803), one of the most significant works in the German tradition of philosophy of nature and early nineteenth-century philosophy of science. It stands in opposition to the Newtonian picture of matter as constituted by inert, impenetrable particles, and argues instead for matter as an equilibrium of active forces that engage in dynamic polar opposition to one another. In the revisions of 1803 Schelling incorporated this dialectical view into a neo-Platonic conception of an original unity divided upon itself. The text is of more than simply historical interest: its daring and original vision of nature, philosophy, and empirical science will prove absorbing reading for all philosophers concerned with post-Kantian German idealism, for scholars of German Romanticism, and for historians of science.

The Twenty-Five Years of Philosophy


Author: Eckart Förster
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674064984
Category: Philosophy
Page: 408
View: 703

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Kant declared that philosophy began in 1781 with his Critique of Pure Reason. In 1806 Hegel announced that philosophy had now been completed. Eckart Förster examines the reasons behind these claims and assesses the steps that led in such a short time from Kant's "(Bbeginning" to Hegel's "(Bend." He concludes that, in an unexpected yet significant sense, both Kant and Hegel were indeed right. The Twenty-Five Years of Philosophy follows the unfolding of a key idea during this exceptionally productive period: the Kantian idea that philosophy can be scientific and, consequently, can be completed. Förster's study combines historical research with philosophical insight and leads him to propose a new thesis. The development of Kant's transcendental philosophy in his three Critiques, Förster claims, resulted in a fundamental distinction between "(Bintellectual intuition" and "(Bintuitive understanding." Overlooked until now, this distinction yields two takes on how to pursue philosophy as science after Kant. One line of thought culminates in Fichte's theory of freedom (Wissenschaftslehre), while the other--and here Förster brings Goethe's significance to the fore--results in Goethe's transformation of the Kantian idea of an intuitive understanding in light of Spinoza's third kind of knowledge. Both strands are brought together in Hegel and propel his split from Schelling. Förster's work makes an original contribution to our understanding of the classical era of German philosophy--an expanding interest within the Anglophone philosophical community.

Kant: Religion Within the Boundaries of Mere Reason

And Other Writings
Author: Immanuel Kant,Allen Wood,George Di Giovanni
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521599641
Category: Philosophy
Page: 229
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Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason is a key element of the system of philosophy which Kant introduced with his Critique of Pure Reason, and a work of major importance in the history of Western religious thought. It represents a great philosopher's attempt to spell out the form and content of a type of religion that would be grounded in moral reason and would meet the needs of ethical life. It includes sharply critical and boldly constructive discussions on topics not often treated by philosophers, including such traditional theological concepts as original sin and the salvation or 'justification' of a sinner, and the idea of the proper role of a church. This volume presents it and three short essays that illuminate it in new translations by Allen Wood and George di Giovanni, with an introduction by Robert Merrihew Adams that locates it in its historical and philosophical context.