Hegel's Naturalism

Mind, Nature, and the Final Ends of Life
Author: Terry Pinkard
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199330077
Category: Philosophy
Page: 213
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Terry Pinkard draws on Hegel's central works as well as his lectures on aesthetics, the history of philosophy, and the philosophy of history in this deeply informed and original exploration of Hegel's naturalism. As Pinkard explains, Hegel's version of naturalism was in fact drawn from Aristotelian naturalism: Hegel fused Aristotle's conception of nature with his insistence that the origin and development of philosophy has empirical physics as its presupposition. As a result, Hegel found that, although modern nature must be understood as a whole to be non-purposive, there is nonetheless a place for Aristotelian purposiveness within such nature. Such a naturalism provides the framework for explaining how we are both natural organisms and also practically minded (self-determining, rationally responsive, reason-giving) beings. In arguing for this point, Hegel shows that the kind of self-division which is characteristic of human agency also provides human agents with an updated version of an Aristotelian final end of life. Pinkard treats this conception of the final end of "being at one with oneself" in two parts. The first part focuses on Hegel's account of agency in naturalist terms and how it is that agency requires such a self-division, while the second part explores how Hegel thinks a historical narration is essential for understanding what this kind of self-division has come to require of itself. In making his case, Hegel argues that both the antinomies of philosophical thought and the essential fragmentation of modern life are all not to be understood as overcome in a higher order unity in the "State." On the contrary, Hegel demonstrates that modern institutions do not resolve such tensions any more than a comprehensive philosophical account can resolve them theoretically. The job of modern practices and institutions (and at a reflective level the task of modern philosophy) is to help us understand and live with precisely the unresolvability of these oppositions. Therefore, Pinkard explains, Hegel is not the totality theorist he has been taken to be, nor is he an "identity thinker," à la Adorno. He is an anti-totality thinker.

The Oxford Handbook of the History of Ethics


Author: Roger Crisp
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199545979
Category: History
Page: 897
View: 4586

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Philosophical ethics consists in the human endeavour to answer the fundamental question of how we should live. The Oxford Handbook of the History of Ethics explores the history of philosophical ethics in the western tradition from Homer until the present day. It provides a broad overview of the views of many of the main thinkers, schools, and periods. The authors are international leaders in their field, and use their expertise and specialist knowledge toilluminate the relevance of their work to discussions in contemporary ethics. Each essay is specially written for this volume, and introduces the main lines of interpretation and criticism that have arisen inthe professional history of philosophy over the past two or three decades.

Inventing Agency

Essays on the Literary and Philosophical Production of the Modern Subject
Author: Claudia Brodsky,Eloy LaBrada
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 150131713X
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 272
View: 6887

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A state-of-the-art overview and reappraisal of the literary and philosophical origins of theory and, in particular, of modern subjectivity.

Hegel's Ethical Thought


Author: Allen W. Wood
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521377829
Category: Philosophy
Page: 293
View: 5532

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This important new study offers a powerful exposition of the ethical theory underlying Hegel's philosophy of society, politics, and history. Professor Wood shows how Hegel applies his theory to such topics as human rights, the justification of legal punishment, criteria of moral responsibility, and the authority of individual conscience. The book includes a critical discussion of Hegel's treatment of other moral philosophers (especially Kant, Fichte and Fries), provides an account of the controversial concept of "ethical life," and shows the relation between the theory and Hegel's critical assessment of modern social institutions. The book is nontechnical and should interest anyone concerned with Hegel's ethical and political thought, including philosophers, political scientists, intellectual historians and students of German culture.

Idealism as Modernism

Hegelian Variations
Author: Robert B. Pippin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521568739
Category: Philosophy
Page: 466
View: 904

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In this volume Robert Pippin disputes many traditional characterisations of the distinctiveness of modern philosophy.

Modernism as a Philosophical Problem

On the Dissatisfactions of European High Culture
Author: Robert B. Pippin
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 9780631214137
Category: Philosophy
Page: 256
View: 2903

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Modernism as a Philosophical Problem, 2e presents a new interpretation of the negative and critical self-understanding characteristic of much European high culture since romanticism and especially since Nietzsche, and answers the question of why the issue of modernity became a philosophical problem in European tradition.

Hegel on the Modern Arts


Author: Benjamin Rutter
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 113948978X
Category: Philosophy
Page: N.A
View: 6306

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Debates over the 'end of art' have tended to obscure Hegel's work on the arts themselves. Benjamin Rutter opens this study with a defence of art's indispensability to Hegel's conception of modernity; he then seeks to reorient discussion toward the distinctive values of painting, poetry, and the novel. Working carefully through Hegel's four lecture series on aesthetics, he identifies the expressive possibilities particular to each medium. Thus, Dutch genre scenes animate the everyday with an appearance of vitality; metaphor frees language from prose; and Goethe's lyrics revive the banal routines of love with imagination and wit. Rutter's important study reconstructs Hegel's view not only of modern art but of modern life and will appeal to philosophers, literary theorists, and art historians alike.

Sellars and the History of Modern Philosophy


Author: Luca Corti,Antonio M. Nunziante
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351659863
Category: Philosophy
Page: 286
View: 974

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This edited volume systematically addresses the connection between Wilfrid Sellars and the history of modern philosophy, exploring both the content and method of this relationship. It intends both to analyze Sellars’ position in relation to singular thinkers of the modern tradition, and to inquire into Sellars’ understanding of philosophy as a field in reflective and constructive conversation with its past. The chapters in Part I cover Sellars’ interpretation and use of Descartes, Leibniz, Hume, Kant, and Hegel. Part II features essays on his relationship with Peirce, Frege, Carnap, Wittgenstein, American pragmatism, behaviorism, and American realism, particularly his father, Roy Wood. Sellars and the History of Modern Philosophy features original contributions by many of the most renowned Sellars scholars throughout the world. It offers an exhaustive survey of Sellars’ views on the historical antecedents and meta-philosophical aspects of his thought.

Hegel, Nietzsche, and Philosophy

Thinking Freedom
Author: Will Dudley
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521812504
Category: Philosophy
Page: 326
View: 4197

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This study explores the theme of freedom in the philosophy of Hegel and Nietzsche. First, Will Dudley sets Hegel's Philosophy of Right within a larger systematic account and deploys the Logic to interpret it. He demonstrates that freedom involves not only the establishment of certain social and political institutions but also the practice of philosophy itself. Then, he reveals how Nietzsche's discussions of decadence, nobility and tragedy lead to an analysis of freedom that critiques heteronomous choice and Kantian autonomy, and ultimately issues a positive conception of liberation.

Hegel's Concept of Action


Author: Michael Quante
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139453745
Category: Philosophy
Page: N.A
View: 4802

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This book is an important gateway through which professional analytic philosophers and their students can come to understand the significance of Hegel's philosophy for contemporary theory of action. As such it will contribute to the erosion of the sterile barrier between the continental and analytic approaches to philosophy. Michael Quante focuses on what Hegel has to say about such central concepts as action, person and will, and then brings these views to bear on contemporary debates in analytic philosophy. Crisply written, this book will thus address the common set of preoccupations of analytic philosophers of mind and action, and Hegel specialists.

Kant on the Human Standpoint


Author: Béatrice Longuenesse
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139447591
Category: Philosophy
Page: N.A
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In this collection of essays Béatrice Longuenesse considers the three aspects of Kant's philosophy, his epistemology and metaphysics of nature, his moral philosophy and his aesthetic theory, under one unifying standpoint: Kant's conception of our capacity to form judgements. She argues that the elements which make up our cognitive access to the world - what Kant calls the 'human point of view' - have an equally important role to play in our moral evaluations and our aesthetic judgements. Her discussion ranges over Kant's account of our representations of space and time, his conception of the logical forms of judgements, sufficient reason, causality, community, God, freedom, morality, and beauty in nature and art. Her book will appeal to all who are interested in Kant and his thought.

Hegel's Theory of the Modern State


Author: Shlomo Avineri
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521098328
Category: Philosophy
Page: 252
View: 2599

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The author presents an overall view of Hegel through his philosophical, political and personal ideas.

Hegel on Self-Consciousness

Desire and Death in the Phenomenology of Spirit
Author: Robert B. Pippin
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400836949
Category: Philosophy
Page: 120
View: 8247

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In the most influential chapter of his most important philosophical work, the Phenomenology of Spirit, Hegel makes the central and disarming assertions that "self-consciousness is desire itself" and that it attains its "satisfaction" only in another self-consciousness. Hegel on Self-Consciousness presents a groundbreaking new interpretation of these revolutionary claims, tracing their roots to Kant's philosophy and demonstrating their continued relevance for contemporary thought. As Robert Pippin shows, Hegel argues that we must understand Kant's account of the self-conscious nature of consciousness as a claim in practical philosophy, and that therefore we need radically different views of human sentience, the conditions of our knowledge of the world, and the social nature of subjectivity and normativity. Pippin explains why this chapter of Hegel's Phenomenology should be seen as the basis of much later continental philosophy and the Marxist, neo-Marxist, and critical-theory traditions. He also contrasts his own interpretation of Hegel's assertions with influential interpretations of the chapter put forward by philosophers John McDowell and Robert Brandom.

Foucault and Classical Antiquity

Power, Ethics and Knowledge
Author: Wolfgang Detel
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139442442
Category: Philosophy
Page: N.A
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This 2005 book is a critical examination of Michel Foucault's relation to ancient Greek thought, in particular his famous analysis of Greek history of sexuality. Wolfgang Detel offers an understanding of Foucault's theories of power and knowledge based on modern analytical theories of science and concepts of power. He offers a complex reading of the texts which Foucault discusses, covering topics such as Aristotle's ethics and theory of sex, Hippocratic dietetics, the earliest treatises on economics, and Plato's theory of love. The result is a philosophically rich and probing critique of Foucault's later writings, and a persuasive account of the relation between ethics, power and knowledge in classical antiquity. His book will have a wide appeal to readers interested in Foucault and in Greek thought and culture.

The Philosophy and Politics of Bruno Bauer


Author: Douglas Moggach
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139441971
Category: Philosophy
Page: N.A
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This is a comprehensive study in English of Bruno Bauer, a leading Hegelian philosopher of the 1840s. Inspired by the philosophy of Hegel, Bauer led an intellectual revolution that influenced Marx and shaped modern secular humanism. In the process he offered a republican alternative to liberalism and socialism, criticized religious and political conservatism and set out the terms for the development of modern mass and industrial society. Based on in-depth archival research this book traces the emergence of republican political thought in Germany before the revolutions of 1848. Professor Moggach examines Bauer's republicanism and his concept of infinite self-consciousness. He also explores the more disturbing aspects of Bauer's critique of modernity, such as his anti-Semitism. This book will be eagerly sought out by professionals in political philosophy, political science and intellectual history.

Phenomenology of Spirit


Author: Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel,A.V. Miller (tr.)
Publisher: Motilal Banarsidass Publ.
ISBN: 9788120814738
Category: Consciousness
Page: 636
View: 9965

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wide criticism both from Western and Eastern scholars.

Reason and Revolution


Author: Herbert Marcuse
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113497132X
Category: Philosophy
Page: 456
View: 9121

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This classic book is Marcuse's masterful interpretation of Hegel's philosophy and the influence it has had on European political thought from the French Revolution to the present day. Marcuse brilliantly illuminates the implications of Hegel's ideas with later developments in European thought, particularily with Marxist theory.

Hegel's Phenomenology

The Sociality of Reason
Author: Terry Pinkard
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521568340
Category: Philosophy
Page: 451
View: 710

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This book is the most detailed commentary on Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit available and develops an independent philosophical account of the general theory of knowledge, culture, and history contained in it. Written in a clear and straightforward style, the book reconstructs Hegel's theoretical philosophy and shows its connection to the ethical and political theory. Terry Pinkard sets the work in a historical context and reveals the contemporary relevance of Hegel's thought to European and Anglo-American philosophers.