Handbook of Neurosociology

Author: David D. Franks,Jonathan H. Turner
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400744730
Category: Social Science
Page: 406
View: 7681

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Until recently, a handbook on neurosociology would have been viewed with skepticism by sociologists, who have long been protective of their disciplinary domain against perceived encroachment by biology. But a number of developments in the last decade or so have made sociologists more receptive to biological factors in sociology and social psychology. Much of this has been encouraged by the coeditors of this volume, David Franks and Jonathan Turner. This new interest has been increased by the explosion of research in neuroscience on brain functioning and brain-environment interaction (via new MRI technologies), with implications for social and psychological functioning. This handbook emphasizes the integration of perspectives within sociology as well as between fields in social neuroscience. For example, Franks represents a social constructionist position following from G.H. Mead’s voluntaristic theory of the act while Turner is more social structural and positivistic. Furthermore, this handbook not only contains contributions from sociologists, but leading figures from the psychological perspective of social neuroscience.

Metapher und Metonymie

Theoretische, methodische und empirische Zugänge
Author: Constanze Spieß,Klaus-Michael Köpcke
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110369125
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 416
View: 4903

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The contributions of this volume examine the phenomena of metaphor and metonymy from different perspectives. They adopt current tendencies in metaphor and metonymy research, discuss theoretical and methodological questions based on empirical analyses, and outline new approaches in both single-language and cross-linguisic research.

Handbook of the Sociology of Emotions:

Author: Jan E. Stets,Jonathan H. Turner
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9401791309
Category: Social Science
Page: 579
View: 2989

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Handbook of the Sociology of Emotions Volume II presents all new chapters in the ever developing area of the sociology of emotions. The volume is divided into two sections: Theoretical Perspectives and Social Arenas of Emotions. It reviews major sociological theories on emotions, which include evolutionary theory, identity theory, affect control theory, social exchange theory, ritual theory, and cultural theory among others. Social arenas where emotions are examined include, but are not limited to, the economy and the workplace, the family, mental health, crime, sports, technology, social movements and the field of science. All the chapters review the major theories and research in the area and each chapter ends with some discussion of directions for future research. The Sociology of Emotions is a fast growing and vital field in the broad discipline of Sociology. This volume II follows the Handbook of the Sociology of Emotions which was first published in 2006. In 2008, this first handbook received the “Outstanding Recent Contribution” in the Emotions Section of the American Sociological Association. With contributions from leading scholars from different areas in the discipline, such as neurosociology, culture, economics, mental health, gender, social movements, discussing state-of-art theory and research on emotions in sociology this volume will generate wider appeal to the sociological community.

Why and How is the self related to the brain midline regions?

Author: N.A
Publisher: Frontiers E-books
ISBN: 2889192652
Page: N.A
View: 7991

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What the self is and where it comes from has been one of the great problems of philosophy for thousands of years. As science and medicine have progressed this question has moved to also become a central one in psychology, psychiatry, and neuroscience. The advent of in vivo brain imaging has now allowed the scientific investigation of the self to progress further than ever. Many such imaging studies have indicated that brain structures along the cortical midline are particularly closely related to self-specific processing. This association between cortical midline structures (CMS) and self is reinforced by the involvement of these regions in other self-oriented processes, such as mind-wandering or stimulus valuation. Those midline regions involved in self- processing also overlap with another network, the default mode network, which shows high brain activity during the so-called resting state, indicating that there may be a special relationship between self-processing and intrinsic activity. Although such promising groundwork linking the self and CMS has been carried out, many questions remain. These include: what features of the midline regions lead to their apparent importance in self-processing? How can we appropriately account for confounding factors such as familiarity or task-effects in our experiments? How is the self-related to other features of the mind, such as consciousness? How is our methodology influencing our attempts to link the self and the brain? The purpose of this ebook is to address some of these questions, including opinions, perspectives, and hypotheses about the concept of the self, the relationship between CMS and the self, and the specific function of these brain regions in self-processing. It also includes original research papers describing EEG, fMRI, and behavioral experiments investigating different aspects of the self.

Handbook of Politics

State and Society in Global Perspective
Author: Kevin T. Leicht,J. Craig Jenkins
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387689302
Category: Political Science
Page: 668
View: 8416

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Political sociology is the interdisciplinary study of power and the intersection of personality, society and politics. The field also examines how the political process is affected by major social trends as well as exploring how social policies are altered by various social forces. Political sociologists increasingly use a wide variety of relatively new quantitative and qualitative methodologies and incorporate theories and research from other social science cognate disciplines. The contributors focus on the current controversies and disagreements surrounding the use of different methodologies for the study of politics and society, and discussions of specific applications found in the widely scattered literature where substantive research in the field is published. This approach will solidly place the handbook in a market niche that is not occupied by the current volumes while also covering many of the same theoretical and historical developments that the other volumes cover. The purpose of this handbook is to summarize state-of-the-art theory, research, and methods used in the study of politics and society. This area of research encompasses a wide variety of perspectives and methods that span social science disciplines. The handbook is designed to reflect that diversity in content, method and focus. In addition, it will cover developments in the developed and underdeveloped worlds.

Handbook of the Sociology of the Military

Author: Giuseppe Caforio
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387324562
Category: Social Science
Page: 498
View: 8242

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This accessible handbook is the first of its kind to examine the sociological approach to the study of the military. The contents are compiled from the work of researchers at universities around the world, as well as military officers devoted to the sector of study. Beginning with a review of studies prior to contemporary research, the book provides a comprehensive survey of the topic. The scope of coverage extends to civic-military relations, including issues surrounding democratic control of the armed forces; military culture; professional training; conditions and problems of minorities in the armed forces; an examination of structural change within the military over the years including new duties and functions following the Cold War.

Soziologische Aufklärung 4

Beiträge zur funktionalen Differenzierung der Gesellschaft
Author: Niklas Luhmann
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3663013413
Category: Social Science
Page: 276
View: 461

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Dieser Band setzt eine Reihe fort, die im Interesse an "soziologischer Aufklärung" gesellschaftstheoretische Grundlagen mit Analysen sehr verschiedenartiger Probleme der modernen Gesellschaft zu vermitteln sucht. Er enthält Aufsätze und Vorträge des Verfassers aus den Jahren 1981 - 1986 mit der Absicht, schwer zugängliche Publikationen sowie unpublizierte Arbeiten im Zusammenhang sichtbar zu machen. Die Auswahl konzentriert sich auf Arbeiten zu den Funktionssystemen für Politik, Erziehung und Religion. Ihre Themen reichen von soziologischen Analysen des Staatsbegriffs und Problemen der rechtsstaatlichen Demokratie über Fragen der Ausdifferenzierung eines besonderen Systems für Erziehung in Schulen und Universitäten bis hin zu Problemen, die die Kontinuierung der Gottesvorstellung in der modernen Gesellschaft betreffen.

The Principles of Sociology

Author: Herbert Spencer
Publisher: Wentworth Press
ISBN: 9780270258035
Page: 448
View: 801

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This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Die Aranda- Und Loritja-Stamme in Zentral-Australien

Author: Carl Strehlow
Publisher: Reprint Publishing
ISBN: 9783959401937
Page: 136
View: 8494

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Vollstandiger, digital restaurierter Reprint (Faksimile) der Originalausgabe von 1907 mit exzellenter Auflosung und hervorragender Lesbarkeit. Veroffentlichungen aus dem Stadtischen Volker-Museum Frankfurt am Main. Bearbeitet von Moritz Freiherr von Leonhardi. Mit 9 Fotografien und 8 Tafeln mit Beschreibung (4 der 8 Tafeln bestehen aus Zeichnungen). Zur besseren Lesbarkeit wurde das Original-Layout um 60 % vergrossert."

Automatisieren mit SIMATIC S7-1500

Projektieren, Programmieren und Testen mit STEP 7 Professional
Author: Hans Berger
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3895789399
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 987
View: 6844

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Die speicherprogrammierbare Steuerung (SPS) SIMATIC S7-1500 setzt Maßstäbe in Leistung und Produktivität. Der Controller gewährleistet mit seiner Systemperformance und mit PROFINET als Standard-Interface kurze Systemreaktionszeiten bei hoher Flexibilität für Aufgaben in der gesamten Produktionsautomatisierung und bei Applikationen für mittelgroße bis zu High-End-Maschinen. Die Engineeringsoftware STEP 7 Professional bietet mit TIA Portal eine Benutzeroberfläche, die auf intuitive Bedienung abgestimmt ist. Die Funktionalität umfasst alle Belange der Automatisierung, von der Konfiguration der Controller über die Programmierung in den IEC-Sprachen KOP, FUP, SCL und AWL bis zum Programmtest. Das Buch beschreibt die Hardware-Komponenten des Automatisierungssystems S7-1500, seine Konfiguration und Parametrierung. Eine fundierte Einführung in STEP 7 Professional veranschaulicht die Grundlagen der Programmierung und Störungssuche. Einsteigern vermittelt es die Grundlagen der Automatisierungstechnik mit SIMATIC S7-1500, Umsteiger von anderen SIMATIC-Steuerungen erhalten die dafür erforderlichen Kenntnisse. Inhalt Einführung in STEP 7 Professional V14 und in die Projektbearbeitung von SIMATIC-Projekten. Hardware-Komponenten des Automatisiereungssystems S7-1500. Gerätekonfiguration und Netzprojektierung. Variablen, Addressierung und Datentypen. Betriebszustände und Bearbeitung des Anwenderprogramms. Programmieren in KOP, FUP, SCL und AWL. Ablaufsteuerung S7-GRAPH. Online-Betrieb, Diagnose und Programmtest. Dezentrale Peripherie. Kommunikation über Industrial Ethernet. Anhang: Webserver, Technologieobjekte, Datenprotokollierung, Simulation.

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36 Bausteine für Ihre Effektivität
Author: Marion Lemper-Pychlau
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658057793
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 215
View: 2593

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Erfolg stellt stets das Resultat einer Vielzahl kluger Verhaltensweisen und guter Gewohnheiten dar, auch wenn es manchmal scheint, als würden erfolgreiche Menschen vom Schicksal bevorzugt. Erfolgreiches Vorgehen lässt sich abgucken. Die Autorin hat ein Jahr lang eigene Baustellen beobachtet und dabei 36 nützliche Bausteine ausgewählt. Jeder Baustein stellt eine Grundfertigkeit dar, die Ihnen hilft, die täglichen Herausforderungen erfolgreich zu meistern und schneller und geschickter an Ihr Ziel zu kommen. Das Buch enthält 36 Kapitel, die nicht aufeinander aufbauen. Sie können also sofort herausgreifen, was Sie interessiert. Alle Kapitel sind gleich aufgebaut: Am Anfang steht eine authentische Alltagserfahrung, die mal erfreulich, mal weniger erfreulich ausgeht. Daraus leitet die Autorin die theoretischen Hintergründe ab: Sie gewinnen Einblick in einige nützliche Zusammenhänge und erhalten schließlich noch ein paar wertvolle Tipps für Ihre eigenen Baustellen. Jedes der kurzen, kompakten Kapitel enthält praktische Hinweise und kann unabhängig von den anderen gelesen werden.