Handbook of Nanocellulose and Cellulose Nanocomposites, 2 Volume Set


Author: Hanieh Kargarzadeh,Ishak Ahmad,Sabu Thomas,Alain Dufresne
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527338667
Category: Science
Page: 920
View: 7945

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An up-to-date and comprehensive overview summarizing recent achievements, the state of the art, and trends in research into nanocellulose and cellulose nanocomposites. Following an introduction, this ready references discusses the characterization as well surface modification of cellulose nanocomposites before going into details of the manufacturing and the self-assembly of such compounds. After a description of various alternatives, including thermoplastic, thermosetting, rubber, and fully green cellulose nanocomposites, the book continues with their mechanic and thermal properties, as well as crystallization and rheology behavior. A summary of spectroscopic and water sorption properties precedes a look at environmental health and safety of these nanocomposites. With its coverage of a wide variety of materials, important characterization tools and resulting applications, this is an essential reference for beginners as well as experienced researchers.

Composites Materials for Food Packaging


Author: Giuseppe Cirillo,Marek A. Kozlowski,Umile Gianfranco Spizzirri
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119160219
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 462
View: 2684

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The book is intended as an overview on the recent and more relevant developments in the application of composite materials for food packaging applications, emphasizing the scientific outcome arising from the physico-chemical properties of such engineered materials with the needs of food quality and safety. Consumers are increasingly conscious of the strong relationship between food quality and health, and thus the request of packaging materials allowing the quality and safety of foods to be highly preserved. As a result, scientists from both academia and industry work to increase the quality of the food storage, with this book meant as a link between scientific and industrial research, showing how the development in composite materials can impact the field. In the book, the inorganic materials employed for the preparation of composite material is extensively analyzed in terms of physico-chemical properties, environmental and reusability concerns, as well as food interaction features, highlighting the importance and the potential limitations of each approach.

Handbook of Polymer Nanocomposites. Processing, Performance and Application

Volume C: Polymer Nanocomposites of Cellulose Nanoparticles
Author: Jitendra K. Pandey,Hitoshi Takagi,Antonio Norio Nakagaito,Hyun-Joong Kim
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642452329
Category: Science
Page: 511
View: 7845

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Volume C forms one volume of a Handbook about Polymer Nanocomposites. Volume C deals with Polymer nano-composites of cellulose nano-particles. The preparation, architecture, characterisation, properties and application of polymer nanocomposites are discussed within some 27 chapters. Each chapter has been authored by experts in the respective field.

Nanocellulose

From Nature to High Performance Tailored Materials
Author: Alain Dufresne
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110480417
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 650
View: 1877

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This specialist monograph provides an overview of the recent research on the fundamental and applied properties of nanoparticles extracted from cellulose, the most abundant polymer on the planet and an ubiquitous essential renewable resource. Given the rapid advances in the field and the high level of interest within the scientific and industrial communities, this revised and updated second edition expands the broad overview of recent research and will be required reading for all those working with nanocellulose in the life sciences and bio-based applications, biological, chemical and agricultural engineering, organic chemistry and materials science. It combines a general introduction to cellulose and basic techniques with more advanced chapters on specific properties, applications and current scientific developments of nanocellulose. The book profits from the author’s extensive knowledge of cellulose nanocomposite materials.

Handbook Of Green Materials: Processing Technologies, Properties And Applications (In 4 Volumes)


Author: Oksman Kristiina,Mathew Aji P,Bismarck Alexander
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814566470
Category: Science
Page: 1124
View: 3517

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Green materials and green nanotechnology have gained widespread interest over the last 15 years; first in academia, then in related industries in the last few years.The Handbook of Green Materials serves as reference literature for undergraduates and graduates studying materials science and engineering, composite materials, chemical engineering, bioengineering and materials physics; and for researchers, professional engineers and consultants from polymer or forest industries who encounter biobased nanomaterials, bionanocomposites, self- and direct-assembled nanostructures and green composite materials in their lines of work.This four-volume set contains material ranging from basic, background information on the fields discussed, to reports on the latest research and industrial activities, and finally the works by contributing authors who are prominent experts of the subjects they address in this set.The four volumes comprise of:The first volume explains the structure of cellulose; different sources of raw material; the isolation/separation processes of nanomaterials from different material sources; and properties and characteristics of cellulose nanofibers and nanocrystals (starch nanomaterials). Information on the different characterization methods and the most important properties of biobased nanomaterials are also covered. The industrial point of view regarding both the processability and access of these nanomaterials, as well as large scale manufacturing and their industrial application is discussed — particularly in relation to the case of the paper industry.The second volume expounds on different bionanocomposites based on cellulose nanofibers or nanocrystals and their preparation/manufacturing processes. It also provides information on different characterization methods and the most important properties of bionanocomposites, as well as techniques of modeling the mechanical properties of nanocomposites. This volume presents the industrial point of view regarding large scale manufacturing and their applications from the perspective of their medical uses in printed electronics and in adhesives.The third volume deals with the ability of bionanomaterials to self-assemble in either liquids or forming organized solid materials. The chemistry of cellulose nanomaterials and chemical modifications as well as different assembling techniques and used characterization methods, and the most important properties which can be achieved by self-assembly, are described. The chapters, for example, discuss subjects such as ultra-light biobased aerogels based on cellulose and chitin, thin films suitable as barrier layers, self-sensing nanomaterials, and membranes for water purification.The fourth volume reviews green composite materials — including green raw materials — such as biobased carbon fibers, regenerated cellulose fibers and thermoplastic and thermoset polymers (e.g. PLA, bio-based polyolefines, polysaccharide polymers, natural rubber, bio-based polyurethane, lignin polymer, and furfurylalchohol). The most important composite processing technologies are described, including: prepregs of green composites, compounding, liquid composite molding, foaming, and compression molding. Industrial applications, especially for green transportation and the electronics industry, are also described.This four-volume set is a must-have for anyone keen to acquire knowledge on novel bionanomaterials — including structure-property correlations, isolation and purification processes of nanofibers and nanocrystals, their important characteristics, processing technologies, industrial up-scaling and suitable industry applications. The handbook is a useful reference not only for teaching activities but also for researchers who are working in this field.

Nanocellulose Polymer Nanocomposites

Fundamentals and Applications
Author: Vijay Kumar Thakur
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118872347
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 536
View: 3394

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Biorenewable polymers based nanomaterials are rapidly emerging as one of the most fascinating materials for multifunctional applications. Among biorenewable polymers, cellulose based nanomaterials are of great importance due to their inherent advantages such as environmental friendliness, biodegradability, biocompatibility, easy processing and cost effectiveness, to name a few. They may be produced from biological systems such as plants or be chemically synthesised from biological materials. This book summarizes the recent remarkable achievements witnessed in green technology of cellulose based nanomaterials in different fields ranging from biomedical to automotive. This book also discusses the extensive research developments for next generation nanocellulose-based polymer nanocomposites. The book contains seventeen chapters and each chapter addresses some specific issues related to nanocellulose and also demonstrates the real potentialities of these nanomaterials in different domains. The key features of the book are: Synthesis and chemistry of nanocellulose from different biorenewable resources Different characterization of nanocellulosic materials and their respective polymer nanocomposites Physico-chemical, thermal and mechanical investigation of nanocellulose based polymer nanocomposites Provides elementary information and rich understanding of the present state-of- art of nanocellulose-based materials Explores the full range of applications of different nanocellulose-based materials.

Rubber Nanocomposites

Preparation, Properties, and Applications
Author: Sabu Thomas,Ranimol Stephen
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470823460
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 896
View: 2085

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Rubber Nanocomposites: Preparation, Properties and Applications focuses on the preparation, characterization and properties of natural and synthetic rubber nanocomposites. The book carefully debates the preparation of unmodified and modified nanofillers, various manufacturing techniques of rubber nanocomposites, structure, morphology and properties of nanocomposites. The text reviews the processing; characterization and properties of 0-, 1D and 2D nanofiller reinforced rubber nanocomposites. It examines the polymer/filler interaction, i.e., the compatibility between matrix and filler using unmodified and modified nanofillers. The book also examines the applications of rubber nanocomposites in various engineering fields, which include tyre engineering. The book also examines the current state of the art, challenges and applications in the field of rubber nanocomposites. The handpicked selection of topics and expert contributions make this survey of rubber nanocomposites an outstanding resource for anyone involved in the field of polymer materials design. A handy "one stop" reference resource for important research accomplishments in the area of rubber nanocomposites. Covers the various aspects of preparation, characterization, morphology, properties and applications of rubber nanocomposites. Summarizes many of the recent technical research accomplishments in the area of nanocomposites, in a comprehensive manner It covers an up to date record on the major findings and observations in the field

Sustainable Polymer Composites and Nanocomposites


Author: Inamuddin,Sabu Thomas,Raghvendra Kumar Mishra,Abdullah M. Asiri
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3030053997
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 1440
View: 2978

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This book presents emerging economical and environmentally friendly polymer composites that are free of the side effects observed in traditional composites. It focuses on eco-friendly composite materials using granulated cork, a by-product of the cork industry; cellulose pulp from the recycling of paper residues; hemp fibers; and a range of other environmentally friendly materials procured from various sources. The book presents the manufacturing methods, properties and characterization techniques of these eco-friendly composites. The respective chapters address classical and recent aspects of eco-friendly polymer composites and their chemistry, along with practical applications in the biomedical, pharmaceutical, automotive and other sectors. Topics addressed include the fundamentals, processing, properties, practicality, drawbacks and advantages of eco-friendly polymer composites. Featuring contributions by experts in the field with a variety of backgrounds and specialties, the book will appeal to researchers and students in the fields of materials science and environmental science. Moreover, it fills the gap between research work in the laboratory and practical applications in related industries.

Eco-friendly Polymer Nanocomposites

Chemistry and Applications
Author: Vijay Kumar Thakur,Manju Kumari Thakur
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 8132224736
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 576
View: 932

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This book contains precisely referenced chapters, emphasizing environment-friendly polymer nanocomposites with basic fundamentals, practicality and alternatives to traditional nanocomposites through detailed reviews of different environmental friendly materials procured from different resources, their synthesis and applications using alternative green approaches. The book aims at explaining basics of eco-friendly polymer nanocomposites from different natural resources and their chemistry along with practical applications which present a future direction in the biomedical, pharmaceutical and automotive industry. The book attempts to present emerging economic and environmentally friendly polymer nanocomposites that are free from side effects studied in the traditional nanocomposites. This book is the outcome of contributions by many experts in the field from different disciplines, with various backgrounds and expertises. This book will appeal to researchers as well as students from different disciplines. The content includes industrial applications and will fill the gap between the research works in laboratory to practical applications in related industries.

Natural Polymers


Author: Maya J. John,Sabu Thomas
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 1849734038
Category: SCIENCE
Page: 332
View: 7228

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This two volume set provides a valuable reference on natural polymer composites, including both natural and protein fibres, and natural polymer nanocomposites.

Biopolymer Nanocomposites

Processing, Properties, and Applications
Author: Alain Dufresne,Sabu Thomas,Laly A. Pothan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118609905
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 696
View: 2485

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Sets forth the techniques needed to create a vast array ofuseful biopolymer nanocomposites Interest in biopolymer nanocomposites is soaring. Not only arethey green and sustainable materials, they can also be used todevelop a broad range of useful products with special properties,from therapeutics to coatings to packaging materials. Withcontributions from an international team of leading nanoscientistsand materials researchers, this book draws together and reviews themost recent developments and techniques in biopolymernano-composites. It describes the preparation, processing,properties, and applications of bio- polymer nanocompositesdeveloped from chitin, starch, and cellulose, three renewableresources. Biopolymer Nanocomposites features a logical organizationand approach that make it easy for readers to take full advantageof the latest science and technology in designing these materialsand developing new products and applications. It begins with achapter reviewing our current understanding of bionanocomposites.Next, the book covers such topics as: Morphological and thermal investigations of chitin-basednanocomposites Applications of starch nanoparticle and starch-basedbionanocomposites Spectroscopic characterization of renewable nanoparticles andtheir composites Nanocellulosic products and their applications Protein-based nanocomposites for food packaging Throughout the book, detailed case studies of industrialapplications underscore the unique challenges and opportunities indeveloping and working with biopolymer nanocomposites. There arealso plenty of figures to help readers fully grasp key concepts andtechniques. Exploring the full range of applications, BiopolymerNanocomposites is recommended for researchers in a broad rangeof industries and disciplines, including biomedical engineering,materials science, physical chemistry, chemical engineering, andpolymer science. All readers will learn how to create green,sustainable products and applications using these tremendouslyversatile materials.

Bionanocomposites for Packaging Applications


Author: Mohammad Jawaid,Sarat Kumar Swain
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331967319X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 290
View: 7029

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This book presents a unified overview of eco-friendly bionanocomposites on the basis of characterization, design, manufacture, and application. It also explores replacing conventional materials with bionanocomposites with a focus on their use in packaging applications. In addition, the book broadens readers’ insights by providing illustrations and tables summarizing the latest research on the packaging applications of different bionanocomposites. By offering a detailed account of this field of research and describing real-world applications, it enables researchers, scientists, and professionals in industry to develop a more informed understanding of the need for bionanocomposites in the development of green, biodegradable, and sustainable packaging applications.

Advances in Natural Polymers

Composites and Nanocomposites
Author: Sabu Thomas,P. M. Visakh,Aji. P Mathew
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642209408
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 426
View: 9098

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The book summarizes in a comprehensive manner many of the recent technical research accomplishments in the area of natural polymers. It discusses the various attempts reporting on solving this problem from the point of view of the chemistry and the structure of natural polymers, highlighting the drawbacks and advantages of each method and proposal. Based on considerations of structure - property relations, it is possible to obtain fibers with improved strength by making use of their nanostructures and/or mesophase properties of natural polymers. The book is a unique book with contributions from the experts of the biomaterial area research. it covers all topics related to natural biomaterials such as natural rubber, cellulose, chitin, starch, hemicellulose, lignin, alginates, soy protein, casein and their bionanocomposites and applications. This book is a useful reference for scientists, academicians, research scholars and biotechnologists.

Nanotechnology in Environmental Science, 2 Volumes


Author: Prof. Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Ajay Kumar Mishra
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 352734294X
Category: Science
Page: 920
View: 3865

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An overview of the current state of nanotechnology-based devices with applications in environmental science, focusing on nanomaterials and polymer nanocomposites. The handbook pays special attention to those nanotechnology-based approaches that promise easier, faster and cheaper processes in environmental monitoring and remediation. Furthermore, it presents up-to-date information on the economics, toxicity and regulations related to nanotechnology in detail. The book closes with a look at the role of nanotechnology for a green and sustainable future. With its coverage of existing and soon-to-be-realized devices this is an indispensable reference for both academic and corporate R&D.

Wood Polymer Nanocomposites

Chemical Modifications, Properties and Sustainable Applications
Author: Md Rezaur Rahman
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319657356
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 314
View: 6362

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This book shows how chemical modifications influence some properties of wood nanocomposites. It describes suitable and effective chemical modifications that strengthen the physico-mechanical, thermal and morphological properties of wood. The authors provide intuitive explanation of the various types of chemical modifications applied to polymer cell walls in wood. They emphasize the reaction changes in wood cell walls due to the chemical modifications. Increased mechanical strength, improved thermal stability as well as the efficient retardancy against fungi attack are described. This book concludes summarizing the potential applications of wood-based nanocomposites taking into account sustainability and economic aspects.

Cellulose Fibers: Bio- and Nano-Polymer Composites

Green Chemistry and Technology
Author: Susheel Kalia,B. S. Kaith,Inderjeet Kaur
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642173707
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 737
View: 1959

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Because we are living in an era of Green Science and Technology, developments in the field of bio- and nano- polymer composite materials for advanced structural and medical applications is a rapidly emerging area and the subject of scientific attention. In light of the continuously deteriorating environmental conditions, researchers all over the world have focused an enormous amount of scientific research towards bio-based materials because of their cost effectiveness, eco-friendliness and renewability. This handbook deals with cellulose fibers and nano-fibers and covers the latest advances in bio- and nano- polymer composite materials. This rapidly expanding field is generating many exciting new materials with novel properties and promises to yield advanced applications in diverse fields. This book reviews vital issues and topics and will be of interest to academicians, research scholars, polymer engineers and researchers in industries working in the subject area. It will also be a valuable resource for undergraduate and postgraduate students at institutes of plastic engineering and other technical institutes.

Biodegradable Green Composites


Author: Susheel Kalia
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118911091
Category: Science
Page: 368
View: 4841

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This book comprehensively addresses surface modification of natural fibers to make them more effective, cost-efficient, and environmentally friendly. Topics include the elucidation of important aspects surrounding chemical and green approaches for the surface modification of natural fibers, the use of recycled waste, properties of biodegradable polyesters, methods such as electrospinning, and applications of hybrid composite materials.

Interface / Interphase in Polymer Nanocomposites


Author: Anil N. Netravali,K. L. Mittal
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119185181
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 448
View: 7778

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Significant research has been done in polymeric nanocomposites and progress has been made in understanding nanofiller-polymer interface and interphase and their relation to nanocomposite properties. However, the information is scattered in many different publication media. This is the first book that consolidates the current knowledge on understanding, characterization and tailoring interfacial interactions between nanofillers and polymers by bringing together leading researchers and experts in this field to present their cutting edge research. Eleven chapters authored by senior subject specialists cover topics including: Thermodynamic mechanisms governing nanofiller dispersion, engineering of interphase with nanofillers Role of interphase in governing the mechanical, electrical, thermal and other functional properties of nanocomposites, characterization and modelling of the interphase Effects of crystallization on the interface, chemical and physical techniques for surface modification of nanocellulose reinforcements Electro-micromechanical and nanoindentation techniques for interface evaluation, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to quantify filler-matrix adhesion and nanocomposite mechanical properties.

Polysaccharide-Based Nanocrystals

Chemistry and Applications
Author: Jin Huang,Peter R. Chang,Ning Lin,Alain Dufresne
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527336192
Category: Science
Page: 328
View: 435

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Polysaccharide nanocrystals can be derived from the renewable resources cellulose, chitin or starch, which makes them ideal candidates for "Green Materials Science". This versatile material class can be used in nanocomposites such as rubber or polyester, and in functional materials such as drug carriers, bio-inspired mechanically adaptive materials or membranes. Moreover, polysaccharide-based nanomaterials are environmentally friendly due to their intrinsic biodegradability. With its interdisciplinary approach the book gives a thorough introduction to extraction, structure, properties, surface modification, theory, and mechanisms of material formation of polysaccharide nanocrystals from renewable resources. In addition, it provides an in-depth description of plastics, composites, and nanomaterials from cellulose nanocrystals, chitin nanowhiskers and starch nanocrystals. The first focused, concise and coherent treatment of nanomaterials made from renewable resources such as cellulose, chitin, and starch - for scientists, engineers, graduate students and industrial researchers in the field of polymeric materials.

Electrically Conductive Polymers and Polymer Composites

From Synthesis to Biomedical Applications
Author: Anish Khan,Mohammad Jawaid,Aftab Aslam Parwaz Khan,Abdullah M. Asiri
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527342893
Category: Science
Page: 264
View: 9174

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A comprehensive and up-to-date overview of the latest research trends in conductive polymers and polymer hybrids, summarizing recent achievements. The book begins by introducing conductive polymer materials and their classification, while subsequent chapters discuss the various syntheses, resulting properties and up-scaling as well as the important applications in biomedical and biotechnological fields, including biosensors and biodevices. The whole is rounded off by a look at future technological advances. The result is a well-structured, essential reference for beginners as well as experienced researchers.