Guns, Germs And Steel


Author: Jared Diamond
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 1448180201
Category: History
Page: 496
View: 4870

Continue Reading →

'A book of big questions, and big answers' Yuval Noah Harari, bestselling author of Sapiens WITH A NEW AFTERWORD FROM THE AUTHOR Why has human history unfolded so differently across the globe? In his Pulitzer Prize-winning book, Jared Diamond puts the case that geography and biogeography, not race, moulded the contrasting fates of Europeans, Asians, Native Americans, sub-Saharan Africans, and aboriginal Australians. An ambitious synthesis of history, biology, ecology and linguistics, Guns, Germs and Steel remains a ground-breaking and humane work of popular science.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit


Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 364110498X
Category: History
Page: 528
View: 9360

Continue Reading →

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Oswald Spenglers Kulturmorphologie

Eine multiperspektivische Annäherung
Author: Sebastian Fink,Robert Rollinger
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658140410
Category: History
Page: 790
View: 3742

Continue Reading →

Oswald Spenglers Kulturmorphologie diente als Ausgangspunkt einer internationalen und interdisziplinär angelegten Tagung, deren Beiträge in diesem Band vorliegen. Sie behandeln eine Vielfalt an Themen, die von der Menschwerdung, über die Kulturen des Altertums bis hin zu aktuellen politischen und sozialen Fragestellungen reichen. Schließlich sind auch Studien zur Spenglerforschung im engeren Sinne vertreten.

Why Is Sex Fun?

The Evolution of Human Sexuality
Author: Jared Diamond
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 1780227655
Category: Science
Page: 272
View: 2675

Continue Reading →

A fascinating insight into how human sexuality came to be the way it is now - Jared Diamond explains why we are different from the animal kingdom. Why are humans one of the few species to have sex in private? Why do humans have sex any day of the month or year, including when the female is pregnant, beyond her reproductive years, or between her fertile cycles? Why are human females one of the few mammals to go through menopause? Human sexuality seems normal to us but it is bizarre by the standards of other animals. Jared Diamond argues that our strange sex lives were as crucial to our rise to human status as were our large brains. He also describes the battle of the sexes in the human and animal world over parental care, and why sex differences in the genetic value of parental care provide a biological basis for the all-too-familiar different attitudes of men and women towards extramarital sex.

Civilization

The West and the Rest
Author: Niall Ferguson
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 1101548029
Category: History
Page: 432
View: 982

Continue Reading →

From the bestselling author of The Ascent of Money and The Square and the Tower Western civilization’s rise to global dominance is the single most important historical phenomenon of the past five centuries. How did the West overtake its Eastern rivals? And has the zenith of Western power now passed? Acclaimed historian Niall Ferguson argues that beginning in the fifteenth century, the West developed six powerful new concepts, or “killer applications”—competition, science, the rule of law, modern medicine, consumerism, and the work ethic—that the Rest lacked, allowing it to surge past all other competitors. Yet now, Ferguson shows how the Rest have downloaded the killer apps the West once monopolized, while the West has literally lost faith in itself. Chronicling the rise and fall of empires alongside clashes (and fusions) of civilizations, Civilization: The West and the Rest recasts world history with force and wit. Boldly argued and teeming with memorable characters, this is Ferguson at his very best.

The Rough Guide to the Energy Crisis


Author: Rough Guides
Publisher: Rough Guides UK
ISBN: 184836329X
Category: Science
Page: 304
View: 405

Continue Reading →

From the opening and closing of oceans over millions of years to the overnight reshaping of landscapes by volcanoes, the Earth beneath our feet is constantly changing. The Rough Guide to the Earth explores all aspects of our dynamic planet, from the planet’s origins and evolution and the seasons and tides to melting ice caps, glaciers and climate change. Featuring many spectacular images and helpful diagrams, this Rough Guide provides a fascinating and accessible introduction to Earth science.

Natural Gain in the Grazing Lands of Southern Australia


Author: David Smith
Publisher: UNSW Press
ISBN: 9780868405636
Category: Science
Page: 225
View: 660

Continue Reading →

The central theme of this text is that the introduction of agricultural and pastoral systems in Australia's temperate grazing lands has often created dynamic and sustaining ecosystems. The author argues that while these ecosystems are not native, and while they are not problem-free, they have made an immense contribution to the building of the country - largely in terms of increased soil fertility. This has been done by adding trace elements, superphosphate and legumes, thereby developing a new ecosystem, probably just as self-sustaining as the one it replaced.

Mensch und Zeit


Author: Gerald Hartung
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658053801
Category: Philosophy
Page: 292
View: 5642

Continue Reading →

Die verschiedenen Theorien der Zeit für die Ebenen des physikalischen, biologischen und kulturellen Seins und die Frage nach der Möglichkeit einer Lebensform, die Zeit hat und deren Bewusstsein eine Struktur der Zeitlichkeit aufweist, stehen in einer eigentümlichen Beziehung, die ein weites Forschungsfeld zwischen den Wissensdisziplinen eröffnet. Die Frage, welche Bedeutung Zeit im Prozess der Evolution hat, ob einerseits der Prozess der Entwicklung und Organisation des Lebens bestimmten Zyklen, Rhythmen und Intervallen der Zeit folgt und ob andererseits das Zeitbewusstsein einen qualitativ differenten, evolutiven Schritt markiert, ist weit von einer Beantwortung entfernt. Die vorliegende Sammlung von Studien zielt darauf ab, die Konzepte von natürlicher Zeit und Kulturzeit in den verschiedenen Wissensdisziplinen zu untersuchen und miteinander ins Gespräch zu bringen. Die leitenden Fragestellungen sind: Gibt es eine Korrelation zwischen den verschiedenen Dimensionen einer physikalischen, biologischen und kulturellen Zeit? Können wir von einer allgemein-anthropologischen Konstante der Erfahrung, des Erlebens und des Bewusstwerdens von Zeit sprechen?

Why War

Capitalism and the Nation-State
Author: Simon Stander
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 144114322X
Category: Political Science
Page: 304
View: 1913

Continue Reading →

This groundbreaking survey explains why war remains predominant in today's world by showing how the spread of nationalism and capitalism has brought about modern warfare. It argues that the key explanation for modern conflict, which is characterized by violent conflicts between nation-states, civil war, and wars over resources, rests in the dialectical relationship between nation-states and capitalist modes of production, where nations have finite boundaries that capitalism seek to transcend in search of increased profits. Discussing issues such as globalization, global capitalism, North and Latin American continental policies, the nature of democracy, decolonization, and technology and military industrial complexes, this unique work challenges common approaches to international relations and peace studies. This innovative, accessible work provides new insights into the causes and nature of modern war that will appeal to any student concerned with peace and violent conflict within the various fields of international relations, political economy, peace studies, and more.

Engines of the Imagination

Renaissance Culture and the Rise of the Machine
Author: Jonathan Sawday
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134267924
Category: History
Page: 424
View: 1321

Continue Reading →

At what point did machines and technology begin to have an impact on the cultural consciousness and imagination of Europe? How was this reflected through the art and literature of the time? Was technology a sign of the fall of humanity from its original state of innocence or a sign of human progress and mastery over the natural world? In his characteristically lucid and captivating style, Jonathan Sawday investigates these questions and more by engaging with the poetry, philosophy, art, and engineering of the period to find the lost world of the machine in the pre-industrial culture of the European Renaissance. The aesthetic and intellectual dimension of these machines appealed to familiar figures such as Shakespeare, Francis Bacon, Montaigne, and Leonardo da Vinci as well as to a host of lesser known writers and artists in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. This intellectual engagement with machines in the European Renaissance gave rise to new attitudes towards gender, work and labour, and even fostered the new sciences of artificial life and reason which would be pursued by figures such as Descartes, Hobbes, and Leibniz in the seventeenth century. Writers, philosophers and artists had mixed and often conflicting reactions to technology, reflecting a paradoxical attitude between modern progress and traditional values. Underpinning the enthusiastic creation of a machine-driven world, then, were stories of loss and catastrophe. These contradictory attitudes are part of the legacy of the European Renaissance, just as much as the plays of Shakespeare or the poetry of John Milton. And this historical legacy helps to explain many of our own attitudes towards the technology that surrounds us, sustains us, and sometimes perplexes us in the modern world.

When China Rules the World

The End of the Western World and the Birth of a New Global Order: Second Edition
Author: Martin Jacques
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 9781101151457
Category: History
Page: 848
View: 3778

Continue Reading →

How China's ascendance as an economic superpower will alter the cultural, political, social, and ethnic balance of global power in the twenty-first century, unseating the West and in the process creating a whole new world According to even the most conservative estimates, China will overtake the United States as the world's largest economy by 2027 and will ascend to the position of world economic leader by 2050. But the full repercussions of China's ascendancy-for itself and the rest of the globe-have been surprisingly little explained or understood. In this far-reaching and original investigation, Martin Jacques offers provocative answers to some of the most pressing questions about China's growing place on the world stage. Martin Jacques reveals, by elaborating on three historical truths, how China will seek to shape the world in its own image. The Chinese have a rich and long history as a civilization-state. Under the tributary system, outlying states paid tribute to the Middle Kingdom. Ninety-four percent of the population still believes they are one race-"Han Chinese." The strong sense of superiority rooted in China's history promises to resurface in twenty-first century China and in the process strengthen and further unify the country. A culturally self-confident Asian giant with a billion-plus population, China will likely resist globalization as we know it. This exceptionalism will have powerful ramifications for the rest of the world and the United States in particular. As China is already emerging as the new center of the East Asian economy, the mantle of economic and, therefore, cultural relevance will in our lifetimes begin to pass from Manhattan and Paris to cities like Beijing and Shanghai. It is the American relationship with and attitude toward China, Jacques argues, that will determine whether the twenty-first century will be relatively peaceful or fraught with tension, instability, and danger. When China Rules the World is the first book to fully conceive of and explain the upheaval that China's ascendance will cause and the realigned global power structure it will create.

Angst

Origins of Anxiety and Depression
Author: Jeffrey P. Kahn
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199796440
Category: Medical
Page: 294
View: 7160

Continue Reading →

Why do so many people suffer the slings and arrows of outrageous angst? Some twenty percent of us are afflicted with common Anxiety and Depressive disorders. That's not just nervous or scared or sad - that is painful dysfunction without obvious benefit. A new theoretical synthesis suggests that while animals share a set of evolved social instincts, we humans experience commonplace Anxiety and Depressive disorders when we use our reason to defy that biology.

Globalization

The Key Concepts
Author: Thomas Hylland Eriksen
Publisher: Berg
ISBN: 1847886108
Category: Political Science
Page: 192
View: 3216

Continue Reading →

Globalization is the buzzword of the 21st century. If we live in a globalized world, what does this mean for our economies, our cultures, our work and leisure, even our sense of ourselves? Globalization: The Key Concepts presents an accessible and provocative guide to the way we live now. The causes and the effects of globalization are hotly disputed and the book aims to present the range of arguments in a clear and balanced way. However, arguing that variation is as characteristic of globalization as standardization, the book stresses the necessity for a bottom-up, comparative analysis. Distinguishing between the cultural, political, economic and ecological aspects of globalization, the book highlights the implications of globalization for people's everyday lives. Throughout, the discussion is illustrated with wide-ranging case material. Chapter summaries and a guide to further reading underline the book's concern to clarify this most complex and influential of ideas.

Vermächtnis

Was wir von traditionellen Gesellschaften lernen können
Author: Jared Diamond
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104020140
Category: History
Page: 592
View: 8122

Continue Reading →

Noch heute leben zahlreiche Stämme als Jäger und Sammler in unzugänglichen Teilen der Welt. Jared Diamond, Professor für Geographie und international erfolgreicher Bestsellerautor, kennt sie aus vielen Expeditionen, die er in den letzten Jahrzehnten geleitet hat. In seinem neuen Buch entfaltet er den ganzen Reichtum ihrer verblüffend anderen Lebensweise und zeigt anschaulich, was wir heute von ihnen lernen können. Eine überraschende und unterhaltsame Lektion über die Vielfalt der Kulturen – und eine Kritik unseres modernen Selbstverständnisses. »Jared Diamond schreibt mit Witz, Esprit und großem Sachverstand.« Die Welt »Die Zivilisation hat uns reich, satt und bequem gemacht, aber nicht rundum zufrieden. Jared Diamond hilft uns zu erkennen, woran das liegt. Und nicht nur das: Er sagt uns auch, was wir besser machen können. Vorbilder gibt es genug, von Afrika bis Neuguinea.« Stern »Eine Fundgrube und ein Gedankenanreger ohnegleichen.« Financial Times Deutschland »Auf Diamond passt das überstrapazierte Wort vom Universalgelehrten genau, dazu gehört auch, dass er Autodidakt geblieben ist, um Wissenslücken bald zu schließen, wenn die sich neu öffneten. Er ist die Lernfähigkeit selbst.« Die Zeit »Wichtige Einsichten in unser traditionelles wie modernes Menschsein.« Der Tagesspiegel

Viruses: A Very Short Introduction


Author: Dorothy H. Crawford
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191620432
Category: Medical
Page: 176
View: 3619

Continue Reading →

Viruses are big news. From pandemics such as HIV, swine flu, and SARS, we are constantly being bombarded with information about new lethal infections. In this Very Short Introduction Dorothy Crawford demonstrates how clever these entities really are. From their discovery and the unravelling of their intricate structures, Crawford demonstrates how these tiny parasites are by far the most abundant life forms on the planet. With up to two billion of them in each litre of sea water, viruses play a vital role in controlling the marine environment and are essential to the ocean's delicate ecosystem. Analyzing the threat of emerging virus infections, Crawford recounts stories of renowned killer viruses such as Ebola and rabies as well as the less known bat-borne Nipah and Hendra viruses. Pinpointing wild animals as the source of the most recent pandemics, she discusses the reasons behind the present increase in potentially fatal infections, as well as evidence suggesting that long term viruses can eventually lead to cancer. By examining our lifestyle in the 21st century, Crawford looks to the future to ask whether we can ever live in harmony with viruses, and considers the ways in which we may need to adapt to prevent emerging viruses with devastating consequences. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.