Guidelines for Combustible Dust Hazard Analysis

Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119010160
Category: Science
Page: 256
View: 552

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8.2.3 Risk-based DHA - Example 1 -- 8.2.4 Comparison of Traditional vs. Risk-based Approach - Example 1 -- 8.3 Example 2 -- 8.3.1 Process Description 2 -- 8.3.2 Traditional DHA -- 8.3.3 Risk-based DHA -- 8.3.4 Comparison of Traditional vs. Risk-based Approach - Example 2 -- 8.4 Example 3 -- 8.4.1 Process Description - Example 3 -- 8.4.2 Traditional DHA - Example 3 -- 8.4.3 Risk-based DHA - Example 3 -- 8.5 Summary -- 8.6 References -- Appendix A Regulations and Codes -- A.1 Regulations -- A.1.1 U.S. -- A.1.2 International -- A.2 Codes -- References -- Appendix B Additional Resources -- B.1 Books -- B.2 U.S. Chemical Safety Board Reports -- B.3 Journal Articles -- B.4 Other -- Appendix C Data for Risk-based DHA -- C.1 Probability Assessment of Process Unit Fire or Dust Explosion -- C.1.1 Initiating Event Frequencies -- C.1.2 Ignition Probabilities -- C.1.3 Protection Layer PFDs -- C.2 References -- Appendix D Good Practices -- D.1 Self Assessment -- D.2 Housekeeping -- D.2.1 Combustible Dust Housekeeping Inspection Checklist -- D.3 Explosion Protection Methods -- Appendix E DHA Roadmap -- Notes for Figure E.1 -- INDEX -- EULA

Rules of Thumb for Chemical Engineers

Author: Stephen Hall
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 0128110384
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 516
View: 3708

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Rules of Thumb for Chemical Engineers, Sixth Edition, is the most complete guide for chemical and process engineers who need reliable and authoritative solutions to on-the-job problems. The text is comprehensively revised and updated with new data and formulas. The book helps solve process design problems quickly, accurately and safely, with hundreds of common sense techniques, shortcuts and calculations. Its concise sections detail the steps needed to answer critical design questions and challenges. The book discusses physical properties for proprietary materials, pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical sector heuristics, process design, closed-loop heat transfer systems, heat exchangers, packed columns and structured packings. This book will help you: save time you no longer have to spend on theory or derivations; improve accuracy by exploiting well tested and accepted methods culled from industry experts; and save money by reducing reliance on consultants. The book brings together solutions, information and work-arounds from engineers in the process industry. Includes new chapters on biotechnology and filtration Incorporates additional tables with typical values and new calculations Features supporting data for selecting and specifying heat transfer equipment

Guidelines for Consequence Analysis of Chemical Releases

Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470938102
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 346
View: 8155

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This Guidelines book provides technical information on how to conduct a consequence analysis to satisfy your company's needs and the EPA rules. It covers quantifying the size of a release, dispersion of vapor clouds to an endpoint concentration, outcomes for various types of explosions and fires, and the effect of the release on people and structures. Special Details: Includes CD-ROM with example problems worked using Excel and Quattro Pro. For use with Windows 95, 98, and NT.

Guidelines for Engineering Design for Process Safety

Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118265467
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 440
View: 7726

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This updated version of one of the most popular and widely usedCCPS books provides plant design engineers, facility operators, andsafety professionals with key information on selected topics ofinterest. The book focuses on process safety issues in the designof chemical, petrochemical, and hydrocarbon processing facilities.It discusses how to select designs that can prevent or mitigate therelease of flammable or toxic materials, which could lead to afire, explosion, or environmental damage. Key areas to be enhanced in the new edition include inherentlysafer design, specifically concepts for design of inherently saferunit operations and Safety Instrumented Systems and Layer ofProtection Analysis. This book also provides an extensivebibliography to related publications and topic-specificinformation, as well as key information on failure modes andpotential design solutions.

Process Safety

Key Concepts and Practical Approaches
Author: James A. Klein,Bruce K. Vaughen
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351645471
Category: Science
Page: 389
View: 499

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Effective process safety programs consist of three interrelated foundations—safety culture and leadership, process safety systems, and operational discipline—designed to prevent serious injuries and incidents resulting from toxic releases, fires, explosions, and uncontrolled reactions. Each of these foundations is important and one missing element can cause poor process safety performance. Process Safety: Key Concepts and Practical Approaches takes a systemic approach to the traditional process safety elements that have been identified for effective process safety programs. More effective process safety risk reduction efforts are achieved when these process safety systems, based on desired activities and results rather than by specific elements, are integrated and organized in a systems framework. This book provides key concepts, practical approaches, and tools for establishing and maintaining effective process safety programs to successfully identify, evaluate, and manage process hazards. It introduces process safety systems in a way that helps readers understand the purpose, design, and everyday use of overall process safety system requirements. Understanding what the systems are intended to achieve, understanding why they have been designed and implemented in a specific way, and understanding how they should function day-to-day is essential to ensure continued safe and reliable operations.

Guidelines for chemical process quantitative risk analysis

Author: American Institute of Chemical Engineers. Center for Chemical Process Safety
Publisher: Wiley-AIChE
ISBN: 9780816907205
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 754
View: 989

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Chemical process quantitative risk analysis (CPQRA) as applied to the CPI was first fully described in the first edition of this CCPS Guidelines book. This second edition is packed with information reflecting advances in this evolving methodology, and includes worked examples on a CD-ROM. CPQRA is used to identify incident scenarios and evaluate their risk by defining the probability of failure, the various consequences and the potential impact of those consequences. It is an invaluable methodology to evaluate these when qualitative analysis cannot provide adequate understanding and when more information is needed for risk management. This technique provides a means to evaluate acute hazards and alternative risk reduction strategies, and identify areas for cost-effective risk reduction. There are no simple answers when complex issues are concerned, but CPQRA2 offers a cogent, well-illustrated guide to applying these risk-analysis techniques, particularly to risk control studies. Special Details: Includes CD-ROM with example problems worked using Excel and Quattro Pro. For use with Windows 95, 98, and NT.


Grundlagen und Anwendung
Author: Wolfgang Bartknecht
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783642775161
Category: Science
Page: 891
View: 7855

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Keinem Ingenieur sollte ein Betrieb anvertraut werden, der nicht mit den reak tionstechnischen Voraussetzungen zur Entstehung und mit den verheerenden Auswirkungen entstandener Explosionen auf Menschen und Sachgüter und in der Umwelt vertraut ist. Gas- und Staub explosionen treten immer unerwartet auf. Die Anforderungen an das Verantwortungsbewußtsein aller im Betrieb tä tigen Menschen können wegen der vielfach tragischen Folgen von Explosionen nicht hoch genug gestellt werden. Es sind nicht nur technische, sondern, in starkem Maße, auch psychologische Probleme, die gelöst werden müssen, wenn den Explosionen und allen damit verbundenen Gefahren wirkungsvoll begeg net werden soll. Der Autor dieses Buches hat sein technisch-wissenschaftliches Wirken dem Explosionsschutz gewidmet. Dieses Buch, dem bereits zwei Bücher zum glei chen Thema vorausgingen, ist das des hervorragenden und engagierten Inge nieurs und Wissenschaftlers. Seine Arbeiten gereichen dem "Verein Deutscher Ingenieure", insbesondere der ,,YDI-Kommission Reinhaltung der Luft" zur Ehre. Denn der Autor hat nicht nur die technisch-wissenschaftlichen Erkennt nisse zusammen mit ebenso engagierten Kollegen erarbeitet und gesammelt, er hat sie auch im Rahmen von öffentlichen Veranstaltungen des VDI den Fach kollegen in Industrie und Wissenschaft vermittelt. Seine Arbeit galt und gilt dem Schutz des Menschen, den technischen Anlagen und der Umwelt. Gestützt auf die zum Thil mit großem Aufwand erarbeiteten technisch-wis senschaftlichen Grundlagen werden der vorbeugende und der konstruktive Schutz vor Explosionen brennbarer Gase und Dämpfe, brennbarer Stäube so wie hybrider Gemische aus diesen Stoffgruppen behandelt. Darüber hinaus werden Schutzmaßnahmen für besondere Apparate und Anlagenteile ausführ lich behandelt.

Hot Zone

Ebola, das tödliche Virus
Author: Richard Preston
Publisher: Knaur eBook
ISBN: 3426434571
Category: Health & Fitness
Page: 368
View: 4679

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Richard Prestons populärwissenschaftlicher Tatsachen-Thriller liest sich spannender als jeder Horror-Roman. Preston berichtet darin über die ersten Infektionen mit dem Ebola-Virus vor über vierzig Jahren. Sein Tatsachenthriller von 1998 ist immer noch hochaktuell, wie die schreckliche Ebola-Epidemie in Zentralafrika gerade zeigt. Ebola gehört zu den gefährlichsten Killerviren. Diese aus dem Afrikanischen Regenwald stammenden sogenannten „Filoviren“, können einen Menschen auf grausamste Art und Weise töten. Das Virus löst innerhalb weniger Tage die inneren Organe auf, und der Erkrankte verblutet von innen. Das Virus ist zudem extrem ansteckend, und weltweit gibt es immer noch kein wirksames Heilmittel dagegen. Deshalb ist es nicht auszuschließen, dass die Menschheit eines Tages einer Seuche wie Ebola erliegen könnte. Preston schildert, wie der Ebola-Erreger über Affen, die für medizinische Versuche importiert wurden, schließlich nach Amerika kommt. In einem kleinen Labor in Reston, USA, verbreitet er Angst und Schrecken. Als sich die Seuche unter den im Quarantänelager zusammengepferchten Affen ausbreitet, rufen die Betreiber der Anlage die Gesundheitsbehörden zu Hilfe. Bald müssen die Wissenschaftler feststellen, dass sich das Virus inzwischen nicht nur durch Kontakt, sondern auch durch die Luft verbreiten kann.

Handbuch des Explosionsschutzes

Author: Henrikus Steen
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527660860
Category: Science
Page: 783
View: 2975

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Der Schutz gegen Explosionen von brennbaren Gasen, Dämpfen, Stäuben und Nebeln in Gegenwart von Luft oder anderen oxidierenden Gasen ist ein wichtiger Bestandteil von industriellen Prozessen und wird durch detaillierte Vorschriften, Normen und Regeln vorgegeben. Zum Thema dieses Buches gehören die Maßnahmen, die insbesondere die Auslösung und die entsprechenden Schäden solcher Explosionen verhindern oder einschränken. Herausgeber und Autoren dieses Buches verfügen über langjährige Berufserfahrung und beschreiben die Schutzverfahren und den einschlägigen Stand der Technik, verbunden mit experimentell gesicherten Daten. Betriebs-, Planungs-, Konstruktions- und Sicherheitsingenieure aus Industrie, Genehmigungsbehörden und Berufsgenossenschaften lernen in diesem Handbuch durch ein tiefergehendes Verständnis der naturwissenschaftlichen und technischen Grundlagen, einen den jeweiligen Verhältnissen angepassten Explosionsschutz anzuwenden.

Guidelines for safe handling of powders and bulk solids

Author: Stanley S. Grossel,Robert G. Zalosh,American Institute of Chemical Engineers. Center for Chemical Process Safety
Publisher: Wiley-AIChE
ISBN: 9780816909513
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 796
View: 7676

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Powders and bulk solids, handled widely in the chemical, pharmaceutical, agriculture, smelting, and other industries present unique fire, explosion, and toxicity hazards. Indeed, substances which are practically inert in consolidated form may become quite hazardous when converted to powders and granules. The U.S. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board is currently investigating dust explosions that occured in 2003 at WestPharma, CTA Acoustics, and Hayes-Lemmerz, and is likely to recommend that companies that handle powders or whose operations produce dust pay more attention to understanding the hazards that may exist at their facility. This new CCPS guidelines book will discuss the types of hazards that can occur in a wide range of process equipment and with a wide range of substances, and will present measures to address these hazards.

Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook, 9th Edition

Author: Don W. Green,Marylee Z. Southard
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 0071834095
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 2352
View: 2244

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Up-to-Date Coverage of All Chemical Engineering Topics―from the Fundamentals to the State of the Art Now in its 85th Anniversary Edition, this industry-standard resource has equipped generations of engineers and chemists with vital information, data, and insights. Thoroughly revised to reflect the latest technological advances and processes, Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook, Ninth Edition, provides unsurpassed coverage of every aspect of chemical engineering. You will get comprehensive details on chemical processes, reactor modeling, biological processes, biochemical and membrane separation, process and chemical plant safety, and much more. This fully updated edition covers: Unit Conversion Factors and Symbols • Physical and Chemical Data including Prediction and Correlation of Physical Properties • Mathematics including Differential and Integral Calculus, Statistics , Optimization • Thermodynamics • Heat and Mass Transfer • Fluid and Particle Dynamics *Reaction Kinetics • Process Control and Instrumentation• Process Economics • Transport and Storage of Fluids • Heat Transfer Operations and Equipment • Psychrometry, Evaporative Cooling, and Solids Drying • Distillation • Gas Absorption and Gas-Liquid System Design • Liquid-Liquid Extraction Operations and Equipment • Adsorption and Ion Exchange • Gas-Solid Operations and Equipment • Liquid-Solid Operations and Equipment • Solid-Solid Operations and Equipment •Chemical Reactors • Bio-based Reactions and Processing • Waste Management including Air ,Wastewater and Solid Waste Management* Process Safety including Inherently Safer Design • Energy Resources, Conversion and Utilization* Materials of Construction

H.R. 5522

The Combustible Dust Explosion and Fire Prevention Act of 2008 : Hearing Before the Committee on Education and Labor, U.S. House of Representatives, One Hundred Tenth Congress, Second Session, Hearing Held in Washington, DC, March 12, 2008
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Education and Labor (2007)
Publisher: N.A
Category: Dust explosions
Page: 65
View: 3145

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