Grounded Theory in Applied Linguistics Research

A practical guide
Author: Gregory Hadley
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317636872
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 184
View: 5808

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This volume demystifies the procedures and practical uses of Grounded Theory, a well-established research methodology used around the world today by social scientists, teachers, and qualitative researchers. Intended for graduate students, supervisors, and researchers, it provides readers with the tools for understanding, justifying, and disseminating new theoretical insights for the Applied Linguistics community and beyond.

Cantonese as a Second Language

Issues, Experiences and Suggestions for Teaching and Learning
Author: John C. Wakefield
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351184237
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 286
View: 4733

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Cantonese is a language from southern China that is spoken by roughly 70 million people worldwide. It is the language of Hong Kong cinema and has traditionally been the most prominent language spoken in Chinatowns around the world. People choose to learn Cantonese for a variety of social and economic reasons: because it is a heritage language that one’s relatives speak; because it is the language of one’s partner and monolingual in-laws; because it is necessary for living and working in Hong Kong, Macau, Guangzhou, or other Cantonese-speaking communities; because it is the bridge to fully appreciating and understanding Cantonese culture; or simply because it is an irresistible challenge. Whatever the motivation, more and more people are choosing to learn Cantonese as an additional language. This book discusses many issues related to both acquiring and teaching Cantonese. If you are a learner of Cantonese, this long overdue volume is essential to understanding both the grammatical and the social issues involved with learning this notoriously difficult language. If you are a teacher, this book will be invaluable to gaining insight into your students’ motivations and needs. And finally, if you are an applied linguist, the unique aspects related to the acquisition of Cantonese offer a fascinating contribution to the literature.

Language Management and Its Impact

The Policies and Practices of Confucius Institutes
Author: Linda Mingfang Li
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351064045
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 194
View: 2598

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This book provides a comprehensive account of language management and planning at Confucius Institutes in the UK, implementing an ethnographic approach grounded in language management theory. As a global language promotion organization, Confucius Institutes have previously been discussed in the literature with respect to socio-political issues, but this volume will shed particular light on their role in shaping and informing Chinese language policy, at both the institutional and individual classroom level. The book focuses specifically on Confucius Institutes in the UK, demonstrating how language teaching practice in these organizations is informed and shaped not only by organizational paradigms but local language needs and institutional attitudes of host institutions. In turn, Li highlights these organizations’ unique position in a multilingual region such as the UK can offer new insights into language management by illustrating their roles as platforms for both individuals and institutions to become involved in the making and implementation of language policy. This volume will be of particular interest to students and researchers in language policy and planning, language education, applied linguistics, and Chinese linguistics.

Multiliteracies, Emerging Media, and College Writing Instruction


Author: Santosh Khadka
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429536437
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 174
View: 1901

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This book proposes a broad-based multiliteracies theory and praxis for college writing curriculum. Khadka expands on the work of the New London Group’s theory of multiliteracies by integrating work from related disciplinary fields such as media studies, intercultural communication, World Englishes, writing studies, and literacy studies to show how they might be brought together to aid in designing curriculum for teaching multiple literacies, including visual, digital, intercultural, and multimodal, in writing and literacy classes. Building on insights developed from qualitative analysis of data from the author’s own course, the book examines the ways in which diverse groups of students draw on existing literacy practices while also learning to cultivate the multiple literacies, including academic, rhetorical, visual, intercultural, and multimodal, needed in mediating the communication challenges of a globalized world. This approach allows for both an exploration of students’ negotiation of their cultural, linguistic, and modal differences and an examination of teaching practices in these classrooms, collectively demonstrating the challenges and opportunities afforded by a broad-based multiliteracies theory and praxis. This book will be of particular interest to scholars and researchers in writing studies, rhetoric and communication studies, multimodality, media studies, literacy studies, and language education.

Future Directions in Applied Linguistics

Local and Global Perspectives
Author: Christina Gitsaki
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443836044
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 540
View: 1920

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The field of applied linguistics covers a diverse range of research and practice, and has developed somewhat differently in various parts of the world due to variations in local socio-cultural conditions, needs and issues. However, this local diversity does not reflect a field that is incoherent, but rather one which has a broad, shared international agenda which is invigorated by the diversity brought to the field by local perspectives. The papers in this volume represent some of the major global directions that research in applied linguistics is taking and shed light on how language is used to affect practice. The aim of this volume is to explore some of the key methods and issues which are guiding applied linguistics into the future through an examination of these issues in local contexts, thereby providing a basis for understanding the global directions the field is taking. These directions follow two historically defined paths: those related to educational studies and language teaching, and those related to social issues involving language. In the volume, half the papers focus on the former, examining issues of language teaching, language teacher education and second language acquisition, while the other half examine social issues related to language use, bilingualism and multilingualism, and language policy and planning. The collection of papers presented in this book illustrates how these traditional themes are influenced by the rising forces of globalisation and the use of technology, thus exemplifying both the new and old ways in which the study of language is realised.

The Routledge Handbook of Educational Linguistics


Author: Martha Bigelow,Johanna Ennser-Kananen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317754468
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 484
View: 8044

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The Routledge Handbook of Educational Linguistics provides a comprehensive survey of the core and current language-related issues in educational contexts. Bringing together the expertise and voices of well-established as well as emerging scholars from around the world, the handbook offers over thirty authoritative and critical explorations of methodologies and contexts of educational linguistics, issues of instruction and assessment, and teacher education, as well as coverage of key topics such as advocacy, critical pedagogy, and ethics and politics of research in educational linguistics. Each chapter relates to key issues raised in the respective topic, providing additional historical background, critical discussion, reviews of pertinent research methods, and an assessment of what the future might hold. This volume embraces multiple, dynamic perspectives and a range of voices in order to move forward in new and productive directions, making The Routledge Handbook of Educational Linguistics an essential volume for any student and researcher interested in the issues surrounding language and education, particularly in multilingual and multicultural settings.

Landscapes of Specific Literacies in Contemporary Society

Exploring a social model of literacy
Author: Vicky Duckworth,Gordon Ade-Ojo
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317807413
Category: Education
Page: 126
View: 2467

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This volume makes a timely contribution to our understanding of literacy as a multi-faceted, complexly situated activity. Each chapter provides the reader with a fresh perspective into a different site for literate behaviour, approaches, design and relationships, and offers an exploration into the use of literacy theories to inform policy and practice, particularly in regard to curriculum. Bringing together international experts in the field, the contributing authors represent a wide variety of theoretical and research perspectives which cover literacy in various forms, including: • transformative literacy • survey literacy • academic literacies • information literacy in the workplace • digital literacy. Landscapes of Specific Literacies in Contemporary Society suggests that literacy curriculum needs to evolve from its current perspective if it is to cater for the demands of the 21st century contemporary globalised society. The book will be of key interest to researchers and academics in the fields of education, curriculum studies and the sociology of education, as well as to policy makers and literacy specialists.

Sociocultural Theory and the Pedagogical Imperative in L2 Education

Vygotskian Praxis and the Research/Practice Divide
Author: James P. Lantolf,Matthew E. Poehner
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136703020
Category: Foreign Language Study
Page: 268
View: 7562

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Explicating clearly and concisely the full implication of a praxis-oriented language pedagogy, this book argues for an approach to language teaching grounded in a significant scientific theory of human learning—a stance that rejects the consumer approach to theory and the dichotomy between theory and practice that dominates SLA and language teaching. This approach is based on Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory, according to which the two activities are inherently connected so that each is necessarily rooted in the other; practice is the research laboratory where the theory is tested. From the perspective of language education, this is what is meant by the ‘pedagogical imperative.’ Sociocultural Theory and the Pedagogical Imperative in L2 Education • Elaborates a new approach to dealing with the relationship between theory and practice—an approach grounded in praxis—the dialectical unity of theory and practice • Presents an analysis of empirical research illustrating praxis-based principles in real language classrooms • Brings together cognitive linguistics and sociocultural theory ─ the former provides the theoretical knowledge of language required of praxis and the latter furnishes the theoretical principles of learning and development also called for in a praxis approach • Offers recommendations for redesigning teacher education programs Its timely focus on the theory-practice gap in language education and its original approach to bridging it put this book at the cutting edge of thinking about Vygotskian sociocultural theory in applied linguistics and SLA.

The Multilingual Turn in Languages Education

Opportunities and Challenges
Author: Dr. Jean Conteh,Gabriela Meier
Publisher: Multilingual Matters
ISBN: 1783092254
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 320
View: 2146

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Starting from the key idea that learners and teachers bring diverse linguistic knowledge and resources to education, this book establishes and explores the concept of the ‘multilingual turn’ in languages education and the potential benefits for individuals and societies. It takes account of recent research, policy and practice in the fields of bilingual and multilingual education as well as foreign and second language education. The chapters integrate theory and practice, bringing together researchers and practitioners from five continents to illustrate the effects of the multilingual turn in society and evaluate the opportunities and challenges of implementing multilingual curricula and activities in a variety of classrooms. Based on the examples featured, the editors invite students, teachers, teacher educators and researchers to reflect on their own work and to evaluate the relevance and applicability of the multilingual turn in their own contexts.

Innovation and change in English language education


Author: Ken Hyland,Lillian L C Wong
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135051895
Category: Education
Page: 304
View: 5988

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Questions about what to teach and how best to teach it are what drive professional practice in the English language classroom. Innovation and change in English language education addresses these key questions so that teachers are able to understand and manage change to organise teaching and learning more effectively. The book provides an accessible introduction to current theory and research in innovation and change in ELT and shows how these understandings have been applied to the practical concerns of the curriculum and the classroom. In specially commissioned chapters written by experts in the field, the volume sets out the key issues in innovation and change and shows how these relate to actual practice offers a guide to innovation and change in key areas grounded in research relates theory to practice through the use of illustrative case studies and examples brings together the very best scholarship in TESOL and language education from around the world This book will be of interest to upper undergraduate and graduate students in applied linguistics, language education and TESOL as well as pre-service and in-service teachers, teacher educators, researchers and administrators keen to create and manage teaching and learning more effectively.

Understanding Social Research

Perspectives on Methodology and Practice
Author: George McKenzie,Jane Powell,Robin Usher
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135712263
Category: Education
Page: 245
View: 5575

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In 1991 the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) published "Postgraduate Taining Guidelines". Throughout the document emphasis is placed on the need for universities to make postgraduate research students aware of the methodological issues that affect their work.; This text explores the relationship between knowledge, methodology and research practice across the broad spectrum of the social sciences in langage that is accessible to researchers at all levels of their research careers. It follows the themes that there is no single practice or correct methodology, and that the diversity and variety in terms of methodology and disciplinary focus are a sign of the sophistication and complexity of the proceses of social research. The text examines socio-cultural contexts of social research and relates them to contemporary shifts in focus such as feminism, critical theory and postmodernism. The importance of selecting the research methodology most appropriate to the subject discipline concerned is emphasized.

Grounded theory

Strategien qualitativer Forschung
Author: Barney G. Glaser,Anselm L. Strauss,Axel T. Paul
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783456849065
Category:
Page: 278
View: 4003

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Der Klassiker über den qualitativen Forschungsansatz der "Grounded Theory", geschrieben von den Entwicklern dieser Methode "Obwohl unser Buch sich in erster Linie an Soziologen richtet, glauben wir, dass es jedem nutzen kann, der daran interessiert ist, soziale Phänomene zu untersuchen politischer, pädagogischer, wirtschaftlicher, industrieller oder welcher Art auch immer." In der Tat ist "Grounded Theory" quer durch die wissenschaftlichen Disziplinen zum Standardbegriff der qualitativen Sozialforschung ge - worden. Die inzwischen zum Klassiker avancierte Arbeit von Glaser und Strauss eröffnet eine lehrbare und auch lernbare Forschungsstrategie. Das Konzept bietet eine Antwort auf das Problem, die oft schmerzlich empfundene Lücke zwischen empirischer Forschung und Theorie zu schliessen.

Using Judgments in Second Language Acquisition Research


Author: Patti Spinner,Susan M. Gass
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315463350
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 166
View: 3356

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Synthesizing the theory behind and methodology for conducting judgment tests, Using Judgments in Second Language Acquisition Research aims to clarify the issues surrounding this method and to provide best practices in its use. The text is grounded on a balanced and comprehensive background of the usage of judgment data in the past up through its present-day applications. SLA researchers and graduate students will find useful a chapter serving as a "how-to" guide for a variety of situations to conduct research using judgments, including ways to optimize task design and examples from successful studies. Lucid and practical, Using Judgments in Second Language Acquisition Research offers guidance on a method widely used by SLA researchers, both old and new to the field.

Qualitative Research for Education

An Introduction to Theories and Methods
Author: Robert Bogdan,Sari Knopp Biklen
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: N.A
Category: Education
Page: 304
View: 7024

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This concise, applied, and very clearly written introduction to qualitative research methods can be used effectively in a semester, or year-long course. This introductory-level text provides the reader with a background for understanding the uses of qualitative research in education (and other professions) examining its theoretical and historical underpinnings, and providing the "how-to's" of doing qualitative research. This new edition places qualitative research within current debates about research methods and alternative ways of knowing. While the authors approach the subject from a sociological perspective, they also take care to reflect the many changes in conceptualization of qualitative research brought by post-structural and feminist thought. New to This Edition: - Rewritten Chapter 5, "Data Analysis," places more emphasis on the interpretive aspect of research and research writing. - Expanded coverage of action or practitioner research (Chapter 7) highlights a topic that is of immediate use. - Added emphasis on technology and qualitative analysis software in qualitative research helps students to use and incorporate technology efficiently. Links to useful research websites have also been integrated throughout. - Expanded coverage of such topics as formal research designs, work with different cultures, critical race theory, and the debate over quantitative vs. qualitative research. - New end-of-chapter summaries, questions, and field assignments have been added to make this text easy to use with students.

Qualitative Interviews


Author: Sabina Misoch
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110354616
Category: Social Science
Page: 301
View: 4622

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Dieser Band bietet eine Einführung in die Theorie und forschungspraktische Durchführung qualitativer Interviews. Hierfür werden Ziele, zentrale Prinzipien und die wichtigsten Methoden zur Erhebung verbaler Daten dargestellt. Des Weiteren werden die Gütekriterien qualitativer Forschung beleuchtet, Samplingstrategien erörtert, die in der Praxis auftretenden Probleme diskutiert und die besondere Rolle des Interviewenden bei qualitativen Interviews aufgezeigt. Kernstück des Bandes ist die umfassende Darstellung von insgesamt 16 verschiedenen Methoden zur Durchführung qualitativer Interviews, wobei sowohl narrative, semi-strukturierte Leitfadeninterviews als auch gruppenorientierte Verfahren zur Erhebung qualitativer verbaler Daten berücksichtigt werden. Diese Verfahren werden jeweils übersichtlich und nachvollziehbar erörtert und anhand von Schaubildern visualisiert. Abschließend wird jede Methode und deren forschungspraktische Umsetzung kritisch gewürdigt. In einem Resümee werden die jeweiligen Vor- und Nachteile aller 16 dargestellten Verfahrensweisen verdeutlicht. Das Buch versteht sich als Leitfaden zur forschungspraktischen Umsetzung der dargestellten Methoden, aber auch als Beitrag zu den theoretischen Grundlagen qualitativer Interviews.