Die Globalisierung der Ungleichheit


Author: Francois Bourguignon
Publisher: Hamburger Edition HIS
ISBN: 3868546030
Category: Social Science
Page: 128
View: 2935

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Segen oder Teufelswerk? Ist die Globalisierung für den beispiellosen Anstieg von Ungleichheit in der Welt verantwortlich? Verweist sie alle Hoffnungen auf soziale Gerechtigkeit ins Reich der Utopie? Kaum eine Debatte wird so erhitzt geführt wie jene um die Globalisierung. Das Verhältnis von Ungleichheit und Globalisierung muss in der doppelten Perspektive - national und international - betrachtet werden, um in seiner Komplexität begreifbar zu werden. So steht dem Anstieg nationaler Ungleichheit paradoxerweise eine Abnahme globaler Ungleichheit gegenüber. Bourguignon, ehemaliger Chefökonom der Weltbank, analysiert diese antagonistischen Effekte der Globalisierung. Mit Blick auf die Schwellenländer ist die Ungleichheit im Weltvergleich geringer geworden: Der Lebensstandard in Brasilien, China oder Indien nähert sich langsam demjenigen der Nordamerikaner und Europäer an. Binnenstaatlich betrachtet sind die Ungleichheiten jedoch in einer nicht geringen Anzahl der Länder eklatant geworden, was zu sozialen Spannungen führen musste. Ohne neue Marktregularien, einer steuerlich indizierten Umverteilung und Gehaltsobergrenzen wird die zunehmende Ungleichheit nicht einzudämmen sein. Bourguignon beschreibt das Instrumentarium, das den nationalen wie internationalen Entscheidungsträgern zur Verfügung steht, um eine an Gerechtigkeitsmaßstäben ausgerichtete Verteilungspolitik zu verwirklichen. Wer heute zunehmende Globalisierung der Ungleichheit verhindern will, muss für eine Globalisierung der Umverteilung eintreten.

Globalization and Inequalities

Complexity and Contested Modernities
Author: Sylvia Walby
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 0803985177
Category: Political Science
Page: 508
View: 6182

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How has globalization changed social inequality? In this groundbreaking book, Globalization and Inequalities, Sylvia Walby examines the many changing forms of social inequality and their intersectionalities at both country and global levels. She shows how the contest between different modernities and conceptions of progress shape the present and future. Globalization and Inequalities is essential reading for undergraduate and postgraduate students and academics of sociology, social theory, gender studies and politics and international relations, geography, economics and law.

Globalization and Inequalities

Complexity and Contested Modernities
Author: Sylvia Walby
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 0803985177
Category: Political Science
Page: 508
View: 1109

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How has globalization changed social inequality? In this groundbreaking book, Globalization and Inequalities, Sylvia Walby examines the many changing forms of social inequality and their intersectionalities at both country and global levels. She shows how the contest between different modernities and conceptions of progress shape the present and future. Globalization and Inequalities is essential reading for undergraduate and postgraduate students and academics of sociology, social theory, gender studies and politics and international relations, geography, economics and law.

Regional Development in China

States, Globalization and Inequality
Author: Yehua Dennis Wei
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113459125X
Category: Science
Page: 256
View: 599

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This study systematically examines uneven regional development in China, focusing on three central agents: the foreign investor, the state and the region. Wei's findings have important implications for theories of, and policy towards, Chinese regional development. This book is a vital resource for those with an interest in transition economies.

Inequality, Globalization, and World Politics


Author: Andrew Hurrell,Ngaire Woods
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780198295662
Category: Political Science
Page: 353
View: 9121

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This text suggests that globalization is creating urgent problems for states and international institutions to deal with, and that these organisations are increasingly unsuitable for handling such problems.

Globalization and America

Race, Human Rights, and Inequality
Author: Angela J. Hattery, Professor, George Mason University; author, Intimate Partner Violence,David G. Embrick,Earl Smith
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
ISBN: 1461665361
Category: Social Science
Page: 304
View: 826

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Hattery, Embrick, and Smith present a collection of essays that explore the ways in which issues of human rights and social inequality are shared globally. The editors focus on the United States' role in contributing to human rights violations both inside and outside its borders. Essays on contemporary issues such as immigration, colonialism, and reparations are used to illustrate how the U.S. and the rest of the world are inextricably linked in their relationships to human rights violations and social inequality.

Globalization and Inequality in Emerging Societies


Author: B. Rehbein
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 023035453X
Category: Political Science
Page: 283
View: 2949

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This volume studies the relation between globalization and inequalities in emerging societies by linking Area and Global Studies, aiming at a new theory of inequality beyond the nation state and beyond Eurocentrism.

Neoliberalism, Globalization, and Inequalities

Consequences for Health and Quality of Life
Author: Vicente Navarro
Publisher: Baywood Publishing Company
ISBN: N.A
Category: Medical
Page: 506
View: 5926

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Since U.S. President Reagan and U.K. Prime Minister Thatcher, a major ideology (under the name of economic science) has been expanded worldwide that claims that the best policies to stimulate human development are those that reduce the role of the state in economic and social lives: privatizing public services and public enterprises, deregulating the mobility of capital and labor, eliminating protectionism, and reducing public social protection. This ideology, called "neoliberalism," has guided the globalization of economic activity and become the conventional wisdom in international agencies and institutions (such as the IMF, World Bank, World Trade Organization, and the technical agencies of the United Nations, including the WHO). Reproduced in the "Washington consensus" in the United States and the "Brussels consensus" in the European Union, this ideology has guided policies widely accepted as the only ones possible and advisable.This book assembles a series of articles that challenge that ideology. Written by well-known scholars, these articles question each of the tenets of neoliberal doctrine, showing how the policies guided by this ideology have adversely affected human development in the countries where they have been implemented.

Flat World, Big Gaps

Economic Liberalization, Globalization and Inequality
Author: Jomo K.S.,Jacques Baudot
Publisher: Zed Books
ISBN: 9781842778340
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 416
View: 9857

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This publication sets out an empirical analysis of the impact of economic liberalisation and globalisation on inequality, poverty and development, including recent trends in economic growth, income distribution and global inequalities, and the comparative experiences of countries that have pursued different economic policies.

Handbook on Globalization and Higher Education


Author: Roger King,Simon Marginson,Rajani Naidoo
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 0857936239
Category: Education
Page: 560
View: 3555

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Ô. . . the Handbook constitutes an essential reference source for everyone interested in studying the current meaning, scope and implications of globalization. Strongly recommended.Õ Ð Higher Education Review Higher education has entered centre-stage in the context of the knowledge economy and has been deployed in the search for economic competitiveness and social development. Against this backdrop, this highly illuminating Handbook explores worldwide convergences and divergences in national higher education systems resulting from increased global co-operation and competition. The expert contributors reveal the strategies, practices and governance mechanisms developed by international and regional organizations, national governments and by higher education institutions themselves. They analyse local responses to dominant global templates of higher education and the consequences for knowledge generation, social equity, economic development and the public good. This comprehensive and accessible Handbook will prove an invaluable reference tool for researchers, academics and students with an interest in higher education from economics, international studies and public policy perspectives, as well as for higher education policymakers, and funding and governance bodies.

Globalization and Transformations of Social Inequality


Author: Ulrike Schuerkens
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136954066
Category: Political Science
Page: 308
View: 8641

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Social inequality is a worldwide phenomenon. Globalization has exacerbated and alleviated inequality over the past twenty-five years. This volume offers analytical and comparative insights from current case studies of social inequality in more than ten countries within all the major regions of the world. Contributors provide an assessment of the overall social globalization phenomenon in the global world as well as an outlook of transformations of global social inequality in the future. This book will be a timely addition for students and scholars of globalization studies, social inequality, sociology, and cultural and social anthropology.

Globalization and Social Exclusion

A Transformationalist Perspective
Author: Ronaldo Munck
Publisher: Kumarian Press
ISBN: 1565491920
Category: Political Science
Page: 190
View: 8128

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Annotation We inhabit a world of consequences and butterfly effects. When global economies integrate, what disintegrates as a result? The answer, Ronaldo Munck contends, is social equality. This is the first book to view globalization through the lens of social exclusion-defined as all the ways in which people are prevented from obtaining the necessities of life.

Globalization and Social Inequality

An Empirical Study of Nigerian Society
Author: John Chidubem Nwaogaidu
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: 3643903235
Category: Social Science
Page: 369
View: 7230

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Globalization tends to promote global homogenization of cultures, but its integration processes and interaction systems are hampered by unequal participation, governed by the ethos of capitalism. This ethos promotes instead individual interests against societal interests. As the danger of individualism increasingly constitutes a fundamental community burden, it significantly compromises the nation-state, threatening the social formation and relational outcomes. Therefore, socially integrated societies with collective initiatives, managed by interventionist public institutions with regulative mechanisms and good governance, have more potential for equitable development and economic growth. This book examines the impact of globalization and social inequality through an analysis of the impact on society in Nigeria. (Series: Sociology / Soziologie - Vol. 80)

Globalization, Poverty and Inequality

Between a Rock and a Hard Place
Author: Raphael Kaplinsky
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0745635849
Category: Political Science
Page: 304
View: 1924

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Globalization is characterised by persistent poverty and growing inequality. Conventional wisdom has it that this global poverty is residual – as globalization deepens, the poor will be lifted out of destitution. The policies of the World Bank, the IMF and the WTO echo this belief and push developing countries ever deeper into the global economy. Globalization, Poverty and Inequality provides an alternative viewpoint. It argues that for many – particularly for those living in Latin America, Asia and Central Europe – poverty and globalization are relational. It is the very workings of the global system which condemn many to poverty. In particular the mobility of investment, and the large pool of increasingly skilled workers in China and other parts of Asia, are driving down global wages. This poses challenges for policy makers in firms and countries throughout the world. It also challenges the very sustainability of globalisation itself. Are we about to witness the implosion of globalisation, as occurred between 1913 and 1950? Using a variety of theoretical frameworks and drawing on a vast amount of original research, this book will be an invaluable resource for all students of globalization and its effects.

Globalization and Society

Processes of Differentiation Examined
Author: Raymond Breton,Jeffrey G. Reitz
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780275979638
Category: Political Science
Page: 323
View: 311

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Articles that examine globalization as a dual process involving both convergence and differentiation.

Paradoxes of Culture and Globalization


Author: Martin J. Gannon
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1452278814
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 288
View: 4936

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"A truly extraordinary book! The range of knowledge revealed by the author is quite astonishing and the material presented is done so in a clear and unambiguous writing style."The book includes astonishingly varied perspectives on issues that will impact the hoped-for positive consequences of globalization. I felt I was being informed by an expert who grasps the complexity of the issues involved in ways that make them clear and useful. If I was teaching a course that had anything to do with globalization and/or culture, I would assign this book—and if I knew of someone who was being assigned to another country, I would require him or her to read this book." —Benjamin Schneider, Valtera Corporation and Professor Emeritus, University of Maryland What is a paradox? Why are cross-cultural paradoxes essential for understanding the changes that are occurring because of globalization? Encompassing a wide variety of areas including leadership, cross-cultural negotiations, immigration, religion, economic development, and business strategy, Paradoxes of Culture and Globalization develops cross-cultural paradoxes essential for understanding globalization. Key Features Highlights over 90 paradoxes structured in a question/discussion format to actively engage readers and provide an integrative overview of the book Presents key issues at a higher and integrative level of analysis to avoid stereotyping particular cultures Facilitates class discussions and the active involvement of class members in the learning process of culture and globalization. Enlarges individuals' conceptual understanding of cross-cultural issues Focuses on both traditional and controversial topics including motivation and leadership across cultures, communicating and negotiating across cultures, immigration, religion, geography, economic development, business strategy, and international human resource management Intended Audience This is an excellent text for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses in International Management, International Business, Comparative Management, World Business Environment, Cross-Cultural Management, Cross-Cultural Communications, and Cultural Anthropology in the departments of business and management, communication, and anthropology. Meet author Martin J. Gannon! www.csusm.edu/mgannon Martin J. Gannon is also the author of the bestselling text Understanding Global Cultures (SAGE, Third Edition, 2004) and Cultural Metaphors: Readings, Research Translations, and Commentary (SAGE, 2000).

Globalization and Third World Women

Exploitation, Coping and Resistance
Author: Ligaya Lindio-McGovern,Ms Isidor Wallimann
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409494462
Category: Social Science
Page: 228
View: 5937

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Adopting the notion of 'third world' as a political as well as a geographical category, this volume analyzes marginalized women's experiences of globalization. It unravels the intersections of race, culture, ethnicity, nationality and class which have shaped the position of these women in the global political economy, their cultural and their national history. In addition to a thematically structured and highly informative investigation, the authors offer an exploration of the policy implications which are commonly neglected in mainstream literature. The result is a must have volume for sociological academics, social policy experts and professionals working within non-governmental organizations.

Die weltweite Ungleichheit

Der World Inequality Report 2018
Author: Facundo Alvaredo,Lucas Chancel,Thomas Piketty,Emmanuel Saez,Gabriel Zucman
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406723861
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 456
View: 3153

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Mit seinem Weltbestseller «Das Kapital im 21. Jahrhundert» hat Thomas Piketty eine heftige Kontroverse über die wachsende Ungleichheit in den westlichen Gesellschaften und deren Ursachen ausgelöst. Nun folgt der «World Inequality Report» – der gründlichste und aktuellste Bericht zur Lage der weltweiten Ungleichheit. Ein junges Team von Ökonomen, zu dem auch Piketty gehört, legt darin Fakten und Analysen vor, die ganz klar zeigen: Fast überall auf der Welt nimmt die Ungleichheit dramatisch zu. 1980 verdienten in den USA die unteren 50 Prozent der Lohnskala 21 Prozent des gesamten nationalen Einkommens, während das oberste 1 Prozent 11 Prozent des gesamten Einkommens mit nach Hause nahm. Doch dieser gewaltige Spagat hat sich heute sogar noch umgekehrt: Während die untersten 50 Prozent nur noch 13 Prozent des Einkommens nach Hause bringen, sichert sich das oberste 1 Prozent mehr als 20 Prozent des gesamten Einkommens. Diesen Trend zunehmender ökonomischer Ungleichheit gibt es nicht nur in den USA, sondern nahezu überall auf der Welt. Er wirkt wie eine bedrohliche kapitalistische Urgewalt, gegen die sich im Zeitalter von Globalisierung und Beschleunigung nichts ausrichten lässt. Der «World Inequality Report» zeigt, dass dies nicht stimmt. Wir können und müssen etwas gegen diesen Trend unternehmen – und eine starke Demokratie mit klaren Spielregeln für die Marktwirtschaft kann dies bewirken.

Globalization, culture and inequality in Asia


Author: Timothy J. Scrase,Todd Joseph Miles Holden,Scott Baum
Publisher: Trans Pacific Press
ISBN: 9781876843885
Category: Political Science
Page: 370
View: 1409

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Seeks to describe and analyze a number of key aspects of social and cultural change wrought by globalization in the Asian region.