Globalization and Inequalities

Complexity and Contested Modernities
Author: Sylvia Walby
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1473903661
Category: Political Science
Page: 520
View: 3323

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How has globalization changed social inequality? Why do Americans die younger than Europeans, despite larger incomes? Is there an alternative to neoliberalism? Who are the champions of social democracy? Why are some countries more violent than others? In this groundbreaking book, Sylvia Walby examines the many changing forms of social inequality and their intersectionalities at both country and global levels. She shows how the contest between different modernities and conceptions of progress shape the present and future. The book re-thinks the nature of economy, polity, civil society and violence. It places globalization and inequalities at the centre of an innovative new understanding of modernity and progress and demonstrates the power of these theoretical reformulations in practice, drawing on global data and in-depth analysis of the US and EU. Walby analyses the tensions between the different forces that are shaping global futures. She examines the regulation and deregulation of employment and welfare; domestic and public gender regimes; secular and religious polities; path dependent trajectories and global political waves; and global inequalities and human rights.

Globalization and Inequality

Neoliberalism's Downward Spiral
Author: John Rapley
Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers
ISBN: 9781588262202
Category: Political Science
Page: 193
View: 5408

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Rapley argues provocatively that the seeds of political tensions that began in the third world--and are now being manifested around the globe--can be found in neoliberal prescriptions for economic reform.

The Globalization of Inequality

Author: François Bourguignon
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400885558
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 224
View: 8515

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In The Globalization of Inequality, distinguished economist and policymaker François Bourguignon examines the complex and paradoxical links between a vibrant world economy that has raised the living standard of over half a billion people in emerging nations such as China, India, and Brazil, and the exponentially increasing inequality within countries. Exploring globalization's role in the evolution of inequality, Bourguignon takes an original and truly international approach to the decrease in inequality between nations, the increase in inequality within nations, and the policies that might moderate inequality’s negative effects. Demonstrating that in a globalized world it becomes harder to separate out the factors leading to domestic or international inequality, Bourguignon examines each trend through a variety of sources, and looks at how these inequalities sometimes balance each other out or reinforce one another. Factoring in the most recent economic crisis, Bourguignon investigates why inequality in some countries has dropped back to levels that have not existed for several decades, and he asks if these should be considered in the context of globalization or if they are in fact specific to individual nations. Ultimately, Bourguignon argues that it will be up to countries in the developed and developing world to implement better policies, even though globalization limits the scope for some potential redistributive instruments. An informed and original contribution to the current debates about inequality, this book will be essential reading for anyone who is interested in the future of the world economy.

Globalization and Inequality in Emerging Societies

Author: B. Rehbein
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 023035453X
Category: Political Science
Page: 283
View: 1428

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This volume studies the relation between globalization and inequalities in emerging societies by linking Area and Global Studies, aiming at a new theory of inequality beyond the nation state and beyond Eurocentrism.

Globalization and Transformations of Social Inequality

Author: Ulrike Schuerkens
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136954066
Category: Political Science
Page: 308
View: 7866

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Social inequality is a worldwide phenomenon. Globalization has exacerbated and alleviated inequality over the past twenty-five years. This volume offers analytical and comparative insights from current case studies of social inequality in more than ten countries within all the major regions of the world. Contributors provide an assessment of the overall social globalization phenomenon in the global world as well as an outlook of transformations of global social inequality in the future. This book will be a timely addition for students and scholars of globalization studies, social inequality, sociology, and cultural and social anthropology.

Global Inequality

Author: Branko Milanovic
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674969766
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 311
View: 9224

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Branko Milanovic presents a bold account of the dynamics that drive inequality on a global scale. Using vast data sets, he explains the forces that make inequality rise and fall within and among nations over time. He reveals who has been helped by globalization, who has been hurt, andwhat policies might tilt the balance toward economic justice.

Neoliberalism, Globalization, and Inequalities

Consequences for Health and Quality of Life
Author: Vicente Navarro
Publisher: Baywood Publishing Company
Category: Medical
Page: 506
View: 5689

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Since U.S. President Reagan and U.K. Prime Minister Thatcher, a major ideology (under the name of economic science) has been expanded worldwide that claims that the best policies to stimulate human development are those that reduce the role of the state in economic and social lives: privatizing public services and public enterprises, deregulating the mobility of capital and labor, eliminating protectionism, and reducing public social protection. This ideology, called "neoliberalism," has guided the globalization of economic activity and become the conventional wisdom in international agencies and institutions (such as the IMF, World Bank, World Trade Organization, and the technical agencies of the United Nations, including the WHO). Reproduced in the "Washington consensus" in the United States and the "Brussels consensus" in the European Union, this ideology has guided policies widely accepted as the only ones possible and advisable.This book assembles a series of articles that challenge that ideology. Written by well-known scholars, these articles question each of the tenets of neoliberal doctrine, showing how the policies guided by this ideology have adversely affected human development in the countries where they have been implemented.

Flat World, Big Gaps

Economic Liberalization, Globalization and Inequality
Author: Jomo K.S.,Jacques Baudot
Publisher: Zed Books
ISBN: 9781842778340
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 416
View: 2561

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This publication sets out an empirical analysis of the impact of economic liberalisation and globalisation on inequality, poverty and development, including recent trends in economic growth, income distribution and global inequalities, and the comparative experiences of countries that have pursued different economic policies.

Globalization, Poverty and Inequality

Between a Rock and a Hard Place
Author: Raphael Kaplinsky
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0745635849
Category: Political Science
Page: 304
View: 4104

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Globalization is characterised by persistent poverty and growing inequality. Conventional wisdom has it that this global poverty is residual – as globalization deepens, the poor will be lifted out of destitution. The policies of the World Bank, the IMF and the WTO echo this belief and push developing countries ever deeper into the global economy. Globalization, Poverty and Inequality provides an alternative viewpoint. It argues that for many – particularly for those living in Latin America, Asia and Central Europe – poverty and globalization are relational. It is the very workings of the global system which condemn many to poverty. In particular the mobility of investment, and the large pool of increasingly skilled workers in China and other parts of Asia, are driving down global wages. This poses challenges for policy makers in firms and countries throughout the world. It also challenges the very sustainability of globalisation itself. Are we about to witness the implosion of globalisation, as occurred between 1913 and 1950? Using a variety of theoretical frameworks and drawing on a vast amount of original research, this book will be an invaluable resource for all students of globalization and its effects.

Globalization and Emerging Societies

Development and Inequality
Author: Jan Nederveen Pieterse,Boike Rehbein
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 9780230354494
Category: Social Science
Page: 272
View: 9676

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This book, now in paperback, brings a sociological perspective to the study of emerging economies and newly-industrializing countries in emerging societies. Rather than being naively optimistic about the rise of major countries in the South such as China, India and Brazil, the book focuses on development and social inequality in the emerging societies. Each chapter focuses on development and social inequality in emerging societies and, set within the context of 21st century globalization - in marked contrast to 20th century globalization - the book develops this phase of globalization as a theme.

High Stakes Education

Inequality, Globalization, and Urban School Reform
Author: Pauline Lipman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135951535
Category: Education
Page: 240
View: 1531

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Noted scholar Pauline Lipman explores the implications of education accountability reforms, particularly in urban schools, in the current political, economic, and cultural context of intensifying globalization and increasing social inequality and marginalization along lines of race and class.

Globalization, Economic Development and Inequality

An Alternative Perspective
Author: Erik S. Reinert
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 9781845421625
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 339
View: 1136

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"Members of the anti-globalization movement will find the explanations given in this book insightful, as will employees of international organizations due to the important policy messages. The theoretical interest within the book will appeal to development economists and evolutionary economists, and policymakers and politicians will find the explanations of the present failure of many small nations in the periphery invaluable."--BOOK JACKET.

Social Inequalities, Media, and Communication

Theory and Roots
Author: Jan Servaes,Toks Oyedemi
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 1498523447
Category: Social Science
Page: 296
View: 8360

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Social Inequalities, Media, and Communication: Theory and Roots provides a global analysis of the intersection of social inequalities, media, and communication. This book contains chapter contributions written by scholars from around the world who engage in country- and region-specific case studies of social inequalities in media and communication. The volume is a theoretical exploration of the classical, structuralist, culturalist, postmodernist, and postcolonial theoretical approaches to inequality and how these theoretical discourses provide critical understanding of social inequalities in relation to narratives shaped by media and communication experiences. The contributors provide class and gender analyses of media and culture, engage theoretical discourses of inequalities and capitalism in relation to communication technologies, and explore the cyclical relationship of theory and praxis in studying inequalities, media, and communication.

Growing Income Inequalities

Economic Analyses
Author: J. Hellier,N. Chusseau
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137283300
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 325
View: 3457

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This book explores the widening gap between the wage packets of skilled and unskilled workers that has become a pressing issue for all states in the globalized world economy. Comparing the experiences of more and less developed economies, chapters analyse the underlying causes and key social changes that accompany income inequality.

A Study into Financial Globalization, Economic Growth and (In)Equality

Author: Fikret Čaušević
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319514032
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 179
View: 3683

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This book focuses on the impact of financial liberalisation and globalisation on economic growth and inequality worldwide over the past quarter century. It places a particular emphasis on the first fourteen years of this century. It begins by exploring certain assumptions developed as a result of early works in the field, providing a critical review of some of the most important academic works published over the past twenty years. It then goes on to present a comparative measurement of the economic performance of key countries for which data is available in the World Bank database, including G-10 countries, EU countries, and fastest growing countries like China, India, and small-open oil-producing economies.

Globalization and Inequality

Author: Elhanan Helpman
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674988930
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 232
View: 6318

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Globalization is not the primary cause of rising inequality. That is the conclusion of this penetrating study by Elhanan Helpman, a leading expert on international trade. If we wish to curb inequality while protecting what is best about globalization, he shows, we must start with a clear view of how globalization does, and does not, shape our world.

Understanding the Changing Planet:

Strategic Directions for the Geographical Sciences
Author: Committee on Strategic Directions for the Geographical Sciences in the Next Decade,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309150752
Category: Science
Page: 172
View: 9540

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From the oceans to continental heartlands, human activities have altered the physical characteristics of Earth's surface. With Earth's population projected to peak at 8 to 12 billion people by 2050 and the additional stress of climate change, it is more important than ever to understand how and where these changes are happening. Innovation in the geographical sciences has the potential to advance knowledge of place-based environmental change, sustainability, and the impacts of a rapidly changing economy and society. Understanding the Changing Planet outlines eleven strategic directions to focus research and leverage new technologies to harness the potential that the geographical sciences offer.

The Power of the Machine

Global Inequalities of Economy, Technology, and Environment
Author: Alf Hornborg
Publisher: Rowman Altamira
ISBN: 0759116911
Category: Social Science
Page: 288
View: 1965

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Hornborg argues that we are caught in a collective illusion about the nature of modern technology that prevents us from imagining solutions to our economic and environmental crises other than technocratic fixes. He demonstrates how the power of the machine generates increasingly asymmetrical exchanges and distribution of resources and risks between distant populations and ecosystems, and thus an increasingly polarized world order. The author challenges us to reconceptualize the machine-'industrial technomass'—as a species of power and a problem of culture. He shows how economic anthropology has the tools to deconstruct the concepts of production, money capital, and market exchange, and to analyze capital accumulation as a problem at the very interface of the natural and social sciences. Hornborg's work is essential for researchers in anthropology, human ecology, economics, political economy, world-systems theory, environmental justice, and science and technology studies.

Making Globalization Work

Author: Joseph E. Stiglitz
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 9780393066203
Category: Political Science
Page: 400
View: 8302

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"A damning denunciation of things as they are, and a platform for how we can do better."—Andrew Leonard, Salon Building on the international bestseller Globalization and Its Discontents, Joseph E. Stiglitz offers here an agenda of inventive solutions to our most pressing economic, social, and environmental challenges, with each proposal guided by the fundamental insight that economic globalization continues to outpace both the political structures and the moral sensitivity required to ensure a just and sustainable world. As economic interdependence continues to gather the peoples of the world into a single community, it brings with it the need to think and act globally. This trenchant, intellectually powerful, and inspiring book is an invaluable step in that process.

Migration and Inequality

Author: Tanja Bastia
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135081077
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 214
View: 1598

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The ‘migration-development’ nexus has emerged as an important area of both research and policy over the last ten years. However, most of the interest has focused on the potential that migration holds for poverty alleviation. Relatively little attention has been paid to the relationship between migration and inequality, particularly on inequality as a consequence of migration. This is unfortunate, given that inequality is emerging as an important area of inquiry within development studies. This edited collection explores the relationship between migration and inequality in Africa, Asia and Latin America by taking into account economic and social inequalities. While the focus on inequality as opposed to poverty is in itself original, the book offers additional points of interest. First, it combines chapters on internal and international migration, thereby challenging the current focus in the migration literature that focuses almost exclusively on cross-border migration. Internal migration greatly outnumbers cross-border moves. Yet policy-makers as well as most studies focus on cross-border international migration. We are only just beginning to unravel the relationship between internal and cross-border migration. Second, the theme of inequality complements the existing focus in the migration-development nexus on issues of poverty. Third, the chapters focus on both economic and social inequalities, often combining an analysis of different types of inequalities. The book also covers governance and migrants’ rights; gender and intersectionality; and health. The chapters in this edited volume make an original contribution to debates on the migration-development nexus as well as the literature on inequality, which often tends to focus on economic measurements of inequality at the expense of including a thorough analysis of social inequality.