Global Inequalities at Work

Work's Impact on the Health of Individuals, Families, and Societies
Author: Jody Heymann
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199747993
Category: Medical
Page: 368
View: 6826

Continue Reading →

A map of the relationship between work and health that is truly global--both geographically and in its coverage of the impact of work on the health of individuals, families, and societies, has not previously been drawn. Global Inequalities at Work is the first book to fill in the map. Drawing from studies done around the world, it critically examines the many ways in which work is affecting health around the world. The first section covers the wide range of risks--physical, chemical, and social--tot he health of employees in agricultural, industrial, and post-industrial workplaces. Part II provides a detailed analysis of how working conditions can dramatically influence the health and welfare of family members--including children, elderly parents, and the disabled--in both the developing and industrial world. Part III examines the relationships between work and health at the societal level by focusing on two examples: the ways in which working conditions affect income inequalities and health, and the ways in which working conditions influence gender inequalities and health. Part IV investigates the new challenges to and opportunities for improving the relationship between work and health that are presented by a rapidly globalizing economy. Global Inequalities at Work addresses these issues at a time when globalization is both markedly changing the impact of work on the health of individuals, families, and societies, and radically revising what can be done about it. Leaders from universities, international organizations, and nongovernmental organizations bring to this edited volume expertise from six continents.

Disability and Equity at Work


Author: Jody Heymann,Michael Ashley Stein,Gonzalo Moreno
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199981213
Category: Law
Page: 444
View: 2860

Continue Reading →

Hundreds of millions of people with disabilities around the world are out of work or underemployed. Disability and Equity at Work is the first book to document what can be done to improve the employment situation of people with disabilities globally.

Work, Family, Health, and Well-Being


Author: Suzanne M. Bianchi,Lynne M. Casper,Rosalind Berkow King
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135605866
Category: Psychology
Page: 600
View: 5018

Continue Reading →

Work, Family, Health, and Well-Being grew out of a conference held in Washington, D.C. in June 2003 on "Workforce/Workplace Mismatch: Work, Family, Health, and Well-Being" sponsored by the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The text considers multiple dimensions of health and well-being for workers and their families, children, and communities. Investigations into the socioeconomic gradient in health within broad occupational categories have raised important questions about the role of specific working conditions versus the role of conditions of employment such as wages and level of job security afforded a worker and his/her family in affecting health outcomes. Organized into seven parts, this text: *provides an overview of changes in work and family time and time use; *dedicates a section focusing specifically on employers and workplaces; *explores disciplinary perspectives on work, family, health, and well-being; *focuses on the most studied work and family nexus, the interrelationship between parental employment, especially maternal employment and the child's well-being; *examines gender differences in the division of labor, the effect of marriage on health, the shifting nature of care-giving throughout life, and the role of work on various health and well-being outcomes; *explores occupational health literature; and *focuses on the unique work-family issues faced by low-income families and workers in low-wage jobs. This book appeals to anyone in the fields of psychology, sociology, family studies, demographics, economics, anthropology, and social work.

Profit at the Bottom of the Ladder

Creating Value by Investing in Your Workforce
Author: Jody Heymann,Magda Barrera
Publisher: Harvard Business Press
ISBN: 1422123111
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 268
View: 753

Continue Reading →

Profit At The Bottom Of The Ladder: Creating Value By Investing In Your Workforce

Die weltweite Ungleichheit

Der World Inequality Report 2018
Author: Facundo Alvaredo,Lucas Chancel,Thomas Piketty,Emmanuel Saez,Gabriel Zucman
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406723861
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 456
View: 7064

Continue Reading →

Mit seinem Weltbestseller «Das Kapital im 21. Jahrhundert» hat Thomas Piketty eine heftige Kontroverse über die wachsende Ungleichheit in den westlichen Gesellschaften und deren Ursachen ausgelöst. Nun folgt der «World Inequality Report» – der gründlichste und aktuellste Bericht zur Lage der weltweiten Ungleichheit. Ein junges Team von Ökonomen, zu dem auch Piketty gehört, legt darin Fakten und Analysen vor, die ganz klar zeigen: Fast überall auf der Welt nimmt die Ungleichheit dramatisch zu. 1980 verdienten in den USA die unteren 50 Prozent der Lohnskala 21 Prozent des gesamten nationalen Einkommens, während das oberste 1 Prozent 11 Prozent des gesamten Einkommens mit nach Hause nahm. Doch dieser gewaltige Spagat hat sich heute sogar noch umgekehrt: Während die untersten 50 Prozent nur noch 13 Prozent des Einkommens nach Hause bringen, sichert sich das oberste 1 Prozent mehr als 20 Prozent des gesamten Einkommens. Diesen Trend zunehmender ökonomischer Ungleichheit gibt es nicht nur in den USA, sondern nahezu überall auf der Welt. Er wirkt wie eine bedrohliche kapitalistische Urgewalt, gegen die sich im Zeitalter von Globalisierung und Beschleunigung nichts ausrichten lässt. Der «World Inequality Report» zeigt, dass dies nicht stimmt. Wir können und müssen etwas gegen diesen Trend unternehmen – und eine starke Demokratie mit klaren Spielregeln für die Marktwirtschaft kann dies bewirken.

The Oxford Handbook of Employment Relations


Author: Adrian Wilkinson,Geoffrey Wood,Richard Deeg
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191651494
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 760
View: 2340

Continue Reading →

There have been numerous accounts exploring the relationship between institutions and firm practices. However, much of this literature tends to be located into distinct theoretical-traditional 'silos', such as national business systems, social systems of production, regulation theory, or varieties of capitalism, with limited dialogue between different approaches to enhance understanding of institutional effects. Again, evaluations of the relationship between institutions and employment relations have tended to be of the broad-brushstroke nature, often founded on macro-data, and with only limited attention being accorded to internal diversity and details of actual practice. The Handbook aims to fill this gap by bringing together an assembly of comprehensive and high quality chapters to enable understanding of changes in employment relations since the early 1970s. Theoretically-based chapters attempt to link varieties of capitalism, business systems, and different modes of regulation to the specific practice of employment relations, and offer a truly comparative treatment of the subject, providing frameworks and empirical evidence for understanding trends in employment relations in different parts of the world. Most notably, the Handbook seeks to incorporate at a theoretical level regulationist accounts and recent work that link bounded internal systemic diversity with change, and, at an applied level, a greater emphasis on recent applied evidence, specifically dealing with the employment contract, its implementation, and related questions of work organization. It will be useful to academics and students of industrial relations, political economy, and management.

Healthier Societies

From Analysis to Action
Author: Jody Heymann,Clyde Hertzman,Morris L. Barer,Robert G. Evans
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199748198
Category: Medical
Page: 448
View: 3165

Continue Reading →

Extensive research has shown that social factors are as important as biological ones in determining health, and their impact is enormous in both adults and children. The challenge of changing public policies and programs remains. Healthier Societies: From Analysis to Action addresses the fundamental questions which will lead the way toward countries investing seriously in improving social conditions, as a way of improving population health. The book is divided into three parts. Section one addresses to what extent health is determined by biological factors, by social factors, and more fundamentally, by the interaction between the two. Section two examines four case studies that demonstrate the ways in which social change can dramatically affect adults' health, as well as launch children's lives onto healthy trajectories. This section analyzes the cases of nutrition, working conditions, social inequalities, and geographic disparities. The third section of the book takes a serious look at what would be involved in translating the research findings described throughout the book into action.

Sociology in Our Times: The Essentials


Author: Diana Kendall
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 0495598623
Category: Science
Page: 624
View: 1949

Continue Reading →

Accessible and up-to-date, the Seventh Edition of SOCIOLOGY IN OUR TIMES: THE ESSENTIALS, Seventh Edition, builds on the best of previous editions while offering new insights, learning tools, and opportunities to apply the content of each chapter to relevant sociological issues of the twenty-first century. Acclaimed in the field for being first to integrate race, class, and gender issues, Kendall continues her focus on diversity and inequality, emphasizing social consciousness and active participation in bettering the world around us. Compelling examples, a vivid writing style, and chapter themes grounded in timely social issues already familiar to students get students involved in sociology by showing them how they can make a difference in their own communities. Among its other changes, the Seventh Edition includes a new Sociology Works! feature; new assignable Reflect & Analyze questions that conclude selected features; two new photo essays, each with new assignable video activities; a vibrant new interior design; improved concept review tables; and more photos and illustrations, making this text the most up-to-date, applications-oriented introduction to sociology available. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Global Families


Author: Meg Wilkes Karraker
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412998638
Category: Political Science
Page: 271
View: 542

Continue Reading →

In Global Families, author Meg Karraker provides family scholars with a methodical introduction to the interdisciplinary field of globalization. Global Families then examines the ways in which globalization impinges on families throughout the world in four major areas: demographic transitions, world-wide culture, international violence, and transnational employment. The book concludes with a discussion of supra-national policies and other efforts to position families in this global landscape.

Cleaning Up

How Hospital Outsourcing Is Hurting Workers and Endangering Patients
Author: Dan Zuberi
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801469813
Category: Medical
Page: 184
View: 509

Continue Reading →

To cut costs and maximize profits, hospitals in the United States and many other countries are outsourcing such tasks as cleaning and food preparation to private contractors. In Cleaning Up, the first book to examine this transformation in the healthcare industry, Dan Zuberi looks at the consequences of outsourcing from two perspectives: its impact on patient safety and its role in increasing socioeconomic inequality. Drawing on years of field research in Vancouver, Canada as well as data from hospitals in the U.S. and Europe, he argues that outsourcing has been disastrous for the cleanliness of hospitals—leading to an increased risk of hospital-acquired infections, a leading cause of severe illness and death—as well as for the effective delivery of other hospital services and the workers themselves. Zuberi’s interviews with the low-wage workers who keep hospitals running uncover claims of exposure to near-constant risk of injury and illness. Many report serious concerns about the quality of the work due to understaffing, high turnover, poor training and experience, inadequate cleaning supplies, and on-the-job injuries. Zuberi also presents policy recommendations for improving patient safety by reducing the risk of hospital-acquired infection and ameliorating the work conditions and quality of life of hospital support workers. He makes the case that hospital outsourcing exemplifies the trend towards “low-road” service-sector jobs that threatens to undermine society’s social health, as well as the physical health and well-being of patients in health care settings globally.

Die Globalisierung der Ungleichheit


Author: Francois Bourguignon
Publisher: Hamburger Edition HIS
ISBN: 3868546030
Category: Social Science
Page: 128
View: 413

Continue Reading →

Segen oder Teufelswerk? Ist die Globalisierung für den beispiellosen Anstieg von Ungleichheit in der Welt verantwortlich? Verweist sie alle Hoffnungen auf soziale Gerechtigkeit ins Reich der Utopie? Kaum eine Debatte wird so erhitzt geführt wie jene um die Globalisierung. Das Verhältnis von Ungleichheit und Globalisierung muss in der doppelten Perspektive - national und international - betrachtet werden, um in seiner Komplexität begreifbar zu werden. So steht dem Anstieg nationaler Ungleichheit paradoxerweise eine Abnahme globaler Ungleichheit gegenüber. Bourguignon, ehemaliger Chefökonom der Weltbank, analysiert diese antagonistischen Effekte der Globalisierung. Mit Blick auf die Schwellenländer ist die Ungleichheit im Weltvergleich geringer geworden: Der Lebensstandard in Brasilien, China oder Indien nähert sich langsam demjenigen der Nordamerikaner und Europäer an. Binnenstaatlich betrachtet sind die Ungleichheiten jedoch in einer nicht geringen Anzahl der Länder eklatant geworden, was zu sozialen Spannungen führen musste. Ohne neue Marktregularien, einer steuerlich indizierten Umverteilung und Gehaltsobergrenzen wird die zunehmende Ungleichheit nicht einzudämmen sein. Bourguignon beschreibt das Instrumentarium, das den nationalen wie internationalen Entscheidungsträgern zur Verfügung steht, um eine an Gerechtigkeitsmaßstäben ausgerichtete Verteilungspolitik zu verwirklichen. Wer heute zunehmende Globalisierung der Ungleichheit verhindern will, muss für eine Globalisierung der Umverteilung eintreten.

Global Inequalities Beyond Occidentalism


Author: Manuela Boatcă
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317127757
Category: Political Science
Page: 288
View: 848

Continue Reading →

Based on theoretical developments in research on world-systems analysis, transnational migration, postcolonial and decolonial perspectives, whilst considering continuities of inequality patterns in the context of colonial and postcolonial realities, Global Inequalities Beyond Occidentalism proposes an original framework for the study of the long-term reproduction of inequalities under global capitalism. With attention to the critical assessment of both Marxist and Weberian perspectives, this book examines the wider implications of transferring classical approaches to inequality to a twenty-first-century context, calling for a reconceptualisation of inequality that is both theoretically informed and methodologically consistent, and able to cater for the implications of shifts from national and Western structures to global structures. Engaging with approaches to the study of class, gender, racial and ethnic inequalities at the global level, this innovative work adopts a relational perspective in the study of social inequalities that is able to reveal how historical interdependencies between world regions have translated as processes of inequality production and reproduction. As such, it will be of interest to scholars of sociology, political and social theory and anthropology concerned with questions of globalisation and inequality.

Equality at Work

Tackling the Challenges : Global Report Under the Follow-up to the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work
Author: International Labour Office
Publisher: International Labour Organization
ISBN: 9789221181309
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 127
View: 3304

Continue Reading →

This volume examines established and emerging trends in workplace discrimination and provides a global picture of the struggle to overcome the problem. The report addresses established discrimination issues and the persistence of economic, social, and moral implications caused by chronic racial, ethnic, and sex discrimination in employment. It also investigates recently recognized forms of discrimination, including those based on age and sexual orientation, and emerging forms such as genetic and lifestyle discrimination. Various institutional and policy responses to combat all kinds of discrimination in the workplace are highlighted. The book examines the effectiveness and accessibility of strategies such as affirmative action, procurement policy, and active labor market policies. It presents an action plan for eliminating discrimination and promoting equality as part of the decent work agenda at national and global levels.

Social Work and Global Health Inequalities

Practice and Policy Developments
Author: Bywaters, Paul,McLeod, Eileen,Lindsey Napier
Publisher: Policy Press
ISBN: 9781847421951
Category: Political Science
Page: 303
View: 8217

Continue Reading →

Based on the practice expertise and research of social workers from developing and developed countries worldwide, this book examines the relationship between social work and health inequalities in the context of globalisation.

Rethinking Social Work in a Global World


Author: Gai Harrison,Rose Melville
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1137070773
Category: Political Science
Page: 216
View: 5744

Continue Reading →

If we are to fully understand the impact of local concerns on social work, we have to consider these in a global context. Rethinking Social Work in a Global World provides the key to better understanding. It critically examines the relationship between the global and the local in light of a range of social issues and shows how such analysis can assist in improving social work practice. Incorporating the views of practitioners and analysing students perceptions of global issues, the authors: ■ draw on a range of theoretical disciplines and traditions, including postcolonialism, sociology, cultural studies and political science; ■ explore contemporary global issues such as the environment, new information and communications technology and the global mental health movement; ■ examine the implications of adopting global notions of citizenship for social work, in a postcolonial era; and ■ provide discussion points to ground the above ideas in a local context, to better inform everyday practice. This timely text is essential reading for practitioners, students and academics across a range of disciplines that incorporate global concerns, including social work, social policy, social welfare and community care.

Die Vierte Industrielle Revolution


Author: Klaus Schwab
Publisher: Pantheon Verlag
ISBN: 3641203171
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 240
View: 9997

Continue Reading →

Die größte Herausforderung unserer Zeit Ob selbstfahrende Autos, 3-D-Drucker oder Künstliche Intelligenz: Aktuelle technische Entwicklungen werden unsere Art zu leben und zu arbeiten grundlegend verändern. Die Vierte Industrielle Revolution hat bereits begonnen. Ihr Merkmal ist die ungeheuer schnelle und systematische Verschmelzung von Technologien, die die Grenzen zwischen der physischen, der digitalen und der biologischen Welt immer stärker durchbrechen. Wie kein anderer ist Klaus Schwab, der Vorsitzende des Weltwirtschaftsforums, in der Lage aufzuzeigen, welche politischen, wirtschaftlichen, sozialen und kulturellen Herausforderungen diese Revolution für uns alle mit sich bringt.

Global Inequalities


Author: York William Bradshaw,Michael Wallace
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1452221081
Category: Social Science
Page: 240
View: 8436

Continue Reading →

This readable, sociologically interpretive book focuses through the lens of stratification and inequality, the authors examine a wide variety of topics - from global economic trends to ethnic conflicts - in four regions: Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas. They use academic models and theories to help make sense of current events and help place them in an appropriate context; these are enhanced by the use of lively stories and examples from the press.

Global Inequalities and Higher Education

Whose Interests are You Serving?
Author: Elaine Unterhalter
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 0230365078
Category: Education
Page: 344
View: 8513

Continue Reading →

Examines how higher education has contributed to widening inequalities and might contribute to change. By exploring questions of access, finance and pedagogy, it considers global higher education as a space for understanding the promises and pressures associated with competing demands for economic growth, equity, sustainability and democracy.

Migrants at Work

Immigration and Vulnerability in Labour Law
Author: Cathryn Costello,Mark Freedland
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191023523
Category: Law
Page: 414
View: 8898

Continue Reading →

There is a highly significant and under-considered intersection and interaction between migration law and labour law. Labour lawyers have tended to regard migration law as generally speaking outside their purview, and migration lawyers have somewhat similarly tended to neglect labour law. The culmination of a collaborative project on 'Migrants at Work' funded by the John Fell Fund, the Society of Legal Scholars, and the Research Centre at St John's College, Oxford, this volume brings together distinguished legal and migration scholars to examine the impact of migration law on labour rights and how the regulation of migration increasingly impacts upon employment and labour relations. Examining and clarifying the interactions between migration, migration law, and labour law, contributors to the volume identify the many ways that migration law, as currently designed, divides the objectives of labour law, privileging concerns about the labour supply and demand over worker-protective concerns. In addition, migration law creates particular forms of status, which affect employment relations, thereby dividing the subjects of labour law. Chapters cover the labour laws of the UK, Australia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Germany, Sweden, and the US. References are also made to discrete practices in Brazil, France, Greece, New Zealand, Mexico, Poland, and South Africa. These countries all host migrants and have developed systems of migration law reflecting very different trajectories. Some are traditional countries of immigration and settlement migration, while others have traditionally been countries of emigration but now import many workers. There are, nonetheless, common features in their immigration law which have a profound impact on labour law, for instance in their shared contemporary shift to using temporary labour migration programmes. Further chapters examine EU and international law on migration, labour rights, human rights, and human trafficking and smuggling, developing cross-jurisdictional and multi-level perspectives. Written by leading scholars of labour law, migration law, and migration studies, this book provides a diverse and multidisciplinary approach to this field of legal interaction, of interest to academics, policymakers, legal practitioners, trade unions, and migrants' groups alike.