Global Changes in Asylum Regimes

Author: D. Joly
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1403914141
Category: Political Science
Page: 224
View: 1812

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This book examines convergent trends in asylum regimes around the world. It covers the main regions of the world where asylum is a critical problem: Europe, Africa and Central America. It also looks at the major issues: human rights; non-governmental organisation involvement; gender; return; comprehensive policy; European Union harmonisation; international intervention and temporary protection.

Grenzkontrollen jenseits nationaler Territorien

Die Steuerung globaler Mobilität durch liberale Staaten
Author: Lena Laube
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593399830
Category: Political Science
Page: 343
View: 1332

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Die Globalisierung fordert liberale Staaten heraus, ihre Grenzen auf gestiegene Mobilität einzurichten. International vergleichend untersucht Lena Laube, wo heute Grenzkontrollen in einer entgrenzten Welt zu finden sind. Ihre Studie beleuchtet damit einen wichtigen Aspekt globalisierter Politik: die Exterritorialisierung von Grenzen. Begründungen staatlicher Akteure für diesen Wandel geben Einblick in die staatliche Strategie, die Mobilität von Personen jenseits der eigenen Territorien zu steuern. Dabei zielt die Verlagerung der Kontrollorte nicht nur auf Abschottung, sondern auch - gerade in Europa - auf Freizügigkeit gegenüber willkommenen Personen.

Asylum, Work, and Precarity

Bordering the Asia-Pacific
Author: Nicholas Henry
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319605674
Category: Political Science
Page: 227
View: 3821

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This book explores the regional coordination and impact of state responses to irregular migration in Southeast Asia and the Pacific. The main argument is that regional and international trends of securitisation and criminalisation of irregular migration, often associated with framing the issue in terms of migrant smuggling and human trafficking, have intensified carceral border regimes and produced greater precarity for migrants. Bilateral and multilateral processes of regional coordination at multiple levels of government are analysed with a focus on the impact on asylum seekers and migrant workers in major destination and transit countries including Malaysia, Thailand, Singapore, Indonesia, and Australia. The book will be of interest to a wide academic audience interested in the interdisciplinary field of Border Studies, as well as general readers concerned with the treatment of refugees and migrant workers who cross borders in search of safety, security, and a better life.

Gendering the International Asylum and Refugee Debate

Second Edition
Author: J. Freedman
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 113745623X
Category: Social Science
Page: 246
View: 9402

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This revised and updated 2nd edition of Freedman's hard-hitting study aims to remedy the current lack of gender-specific analyses of asylum and refugee issues. It provides a comprehensive account of the situation of women in global forced migration, and explains the ways in which women's experiences are shaped by gendered relations and structures.

International Migration

Prospects and Policies in a Global Market
Author: Douglas S. Massey,J. Edward Taylor
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780191533396
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 408
View: 9074

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International Migration: Prospects and Policies offers a comprehensive, up-to-date survey of global patterns of international migration and the policies employed to manage the flows. It shows that international migration is not rooted in poverty or rapid population growth, but in the expansion and consolidation of global markets. As nations are structurally transformed by their incorporation into global markets, people are displaced from traditional livelihoods and become international migrants. In seeking to work abroad, they do not necessarily move to the closest or richest destination, but to places already connected to their countries of origin socially, economically, and politically. When they move, migrants rely heavily on social networks created by earlier waves of immigrants, and, in recent years, professional migration brokers have become increasingly common. Developing countries generally benefit from international migration because migrant savings and remittances provide foreign earnings to finance balance of payments deficits and make productive investments. Some developing nations have gone so far as to establish programs or ministries dedicated to the export of workers. Developed nations, in contrast, focus more on the social and economic costs of immigrants and seek to reduce their numbers, regulate their characteristics, and limit their access to social services. Over time, receiving nations have gravitated toward a similar set of restrictive policies, yielding undocumented migration as a worldwide phenomenon. Globalization also creates infrastructures of transportation, communication, and social networks to put developed societies within reach. In the latter, ageing populations and segmenting markets create a persistent demand for immigrant workers. All these trends are likely to intensify in the coming years to make immigration policy a key political issue in the twenty-first century.

The exclusionary politics of asylum

Author: Vicki Squire
Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan
ISBN: 9780230216594
Category: Law
Page: 221
View: 4370

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"The issue of asylum has become the focus of intense debate over recent years, much of which is organized around questions regarding how far and in what ways increasing numbers of asylum seekers pose a 'problem' or a 'threat' to 'host' states. This book steps back from this debate in order to consider how, why and with what effects such questions have come to take such a hold in UK and EU contexts. Critiquing the securitisation and criminalisation of asylum seeking, it analyses recent policy developmentsin relation to their wider historical, political and European contexts, and argues that the UK response effectively produces asylum seekers as scapegoats for dislocations that are caused by the shifting boundaries of the nation state. Any move beyond such an exclusionary politics, it claims, requires a distinctly political re-thinking of asylum, as well as of citizenship more widely." -- Book cover.

UK Asylum Law and Policy

Historical and Contemporary Perspectives
Author: Dallal Stevens
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780421763500
Category: Asylum, Right of
Page: 466
View: 7772

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The past decade has witnessed unprecedented activity in the field of UK asylum law, with four major Acts passed in nine years. Yet asylum seekers and refugees are not a new phenomenon in the UK, nor is the perception of them as a problem. "UK Asylum Law and Policy" provides a critical analysis of the development of legislation in this area, charting the definition and ongoing redefinition of the asylum seeker in the eyes of the law. It examines the concept of asylum, how it has evolved, and the law and practice to which it has given rise. By combining historical and contemporary perspectives, and taking account of national, European and international determinants, the book provides a wide-ranging and up-to-date conspectus of major developments and issues in UK asylum law and policy.

The Human Rights of Non-citizens

Author: David S. Weissbrodt
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Category: Law
Page: 257
View: 5513

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Non-citizens include asylum seekers, rejected asylum seekers, immigrants, non-immigrants, migrant workers, refugees, stateless persons, and trafficked persons. This book argues that regardless of their citizenship status, non-citizens should, by virtue of their essential humanity, enjoy all human rights unless exceptional distinctions serve a legitimate State objective and are proportional to the achievement of that objective. Non-citizens should have freedom from arbitrary arrest, arbitrary killing, child labor, forced labor, inhuman treatment, invasions of privacy, refoulement, slavery, unfair trial, and violations of humanitarian law. Additionally, non-citizens should have the right to consular protection; equality; freedom of religion and belief; labor rights (for example, as to collective bargaining, workers' compensation, healthy and safe working conditions, etc.); the right to marry; peaceful association and assembly; protection as minors; social, cultural, and economic rights. There is a large gap, however, between the rights that international human rights law guarantee to non-citizens and the realities they face. In many countries, non-citizens are confronted with institutional and endemic discrimination and suffering. The situation has worsened since September 11, 2001, as several governments have detained or otherwise violated the rights of non-citizens in response to fears of terrorism. This book attempts to understand and respond to the challenges of international human rights law guarantees for non-citizens human rights.

Of states, rights, and social closure

governing migration and citizenship
Author: Oliver Schmidtke,Saime Ozcurumez
Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan
Category: Political Science
Page: 307
View: 7889

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Increased levels of immigration sparked scholary and public debate about its consequences for immigrants, liberal democracies, sovereignty and rights in both Europe and North America. This book addresses questions such as: Do nation-states act to facilitate or limit immigration and integration, how and why? How do nation-states themselves transform in understanding and interpreting rights respond to immigration? Does the European Union make a difference in terms of how immigrants are perceived or how they act as stakeholders in liberal democracies?& Through a collection of rich theoretical and empirical contributions diverse and intriguing responses are provided with case studies from Europe and North America.

International Migration Review

Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
Category: Emigration and immigration
Page: N.A
View: 7497

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Quarterly journal on sociodemographic, economic, historical, political and legislative aspects of human migration and refugee movements. Each issue of IMR presents original articles, research and documentation notes, reports on key legislative developments - both national and international, an extensive bibliography and abstracting service, the International Sociological Association's International Newsletter on Migration, plus a scholarly review of new books in the field. IMR also offers annual special issues. Planned by the Editorial Board in conjunction with guest editors, each of these issues provides an extensive and comprehensive analysis of a single topic of emerging relevance in migration studies.

Transit Migration

The Missing Link Between Emigration and Settlement
Author: Aspasia Papadopoulou-Kourkoula
Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan
ISBN: 9780230555334
Category: Social Science
Page: 177
View: 6779

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Challenging traditional approaches to migration, which puts migrants in narrow categories (legal and illegal, newcomer and settler), Transit Migration shows that migrants and refugees live in transit for years, a stage in the migration course profoundly affecting destination countries and the migrants themselves.

Beyond Charity: International Cooperation and the Global Refugee Crisis

A Twentieth Century Fund Book
Author: Gil Loescher
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195356076
Category: Political Science
Page: 273
View: 6997

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With more than 18 million refugees worldwide, the refugee problem has fostered an intense debate regarding what political changes are necessary in the international system to provide effective solutions in the 1990s and beyond. In the past, refugees have been perceived largely as a problem of international charity, but as the end of the Cold War triggers new refugee movements across the globe, governments are being forced to develop a more systematic approach to the refugee problem. Beyond Charity provides the first extensive overview of the world refugee crisis today, asserting that refugees raise not only humanitarian concerns but also issues of international peace and security. Gil Loescher argues persuasively that a central challenge in the post Cold-War era is to develop a comprehensive refugee policy that preserves the right of asylum while promoting greater political and diplomatic efforts to address the causes of flight. He presents the contemporary crisis in a historical framework and explores the changing role of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. Loescher suggests short-term and long-term reforms that address both the current refugee crisis and its underlying causes. The book also details the ways governmental structures and international organizations could be strengthened to assume more effective assistance, protection, and political mediation functions. Beyond Charity helps frame the debate on the global refugee crisis and offers directions for more effective approaches to refugee problems at present and in the future.

A Right to Flee

Refugees, States, and the Construction of International Cooperation
Author: Phil Orchard
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316062139
Category: Political Science
Page: N.A
View: 3817

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Why do states protect refugees? In the past twenty years, states have sought to limit access to asylum by increasing their border controls and introducing extraterritorial controls. Yet no state has sought to exit the 1951 Refugee Convention or the broader international refugee regime. This book argues that such international policy shifts represent an ongoing process whereby refugee protection is shaped and redefined by states and other actors. Since the seventeenth century, a mix of collective interests and basic normative understandings held by states created a space for refugees to be separate from other migrants. However, ongoing crisis events undermine these understandings and provide opportunities to reshape how refugees are understood, how they should be protected, and whether protection is a state or multilateral responsibility. Drawing on extensive archival and secondary materials, Phil Orchard examines the interplay among governments, individuals, and international organizations that has shaped how refugees are understood today.

The Global Reach of European Refugee Law

Author: Hélène Lambert
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107041759
Category: Law
Page: 340
View: 9901

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Examination of the worldwide emulation of key norms of European refugee protection through transnational processes and actors.

Whatever Happened to Asylum in Britain?

A Tale of Two Walls
Author: Louise Pirouet
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 9781571814685
Category: History
Page: 212
View: 7439

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Refugees and asylum-seekers are high up on many people's political agenda, and there is much misinformation about them. Who are these asylum-seekers? Aren't they almost all 'bogus'? How does the Home Office decide whether or not they are genuine? Isn't the UN convention on Refugees out of date and in need of renegotiating? This book is based on visits to places where asylum seekers are detained, on working with lawyers representing asylum-seekers and on a close knowledge of many of the refugee organisations. It argues passionately that Britain should not throw away, through ignorance and misunderstanding, a reputation for providing a place of safety for the persecuted who have much to contribute to national life