Global Analysis

Differential Forms in Analysis, Geometry, and Physics
Author: Ilka Agricola,Thomas Friedrich
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821829513
Category: Mathematics
Page: 343
View: 863

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This book introduces the reader to the world of differential forms and their uses in geometry, analysis, and mathematical physics. It begins with a few basic topics, partly as review, then moves on to vector analysis on manifolds and the study of curves and surfaces in $3$-space. Lie groups and homogeneous spaces are discussed, providing the appropriate framework for introducing symmetry in both mathematical and physical contexts. The final third of the book applies the mathematical ideas to important areas of physics: Hamiltonian mechanics, statistical mechanics, and electrodynamics. There are many classroom-tested exercises and examples with excellent figures throughout. The book is ideal as a text for a first course in differential geometry, suitable for advanced undergraduates or graduate students in mathematics or physics.

Introduction to Geometry and Topology


Author: Werner Ballmann
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 3034809832
Category: Mathematics
Page: 169
View: 454

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This book provides an introduction to topology, differential topology, and differential geometry. It is based on manuscripts refined through use in a variety of lecture courses. The first chapter covers elementary results and concepts from point-set topology. An exception is the Jordan Curve Theorem, which is proved for polygonal paths and is intended to give students a first glimpse into the nature of deeper topological problems. The second chapter of the book introduces manifolds and Lie groups, and examines a wide assortment of examples. Further discussion explores tangent bundles, vector bundles, differentials, vector fields, and Lie brackets of vector fields. This discussion is deepened and expanded in the third chapter, which introduces the de Rham cohomology and the oriented integral and gives proofs of the Brouwer Fixed-Point Theorem, the Jordan-Brouwer Separation Theorem, and Stokes's integral formula. The fourth and final chapter is devoted to the fundamentals of differential geometry and traces the development of ideas from curves to submanifolds of Euclidean spaces. Along the way, the book discusses connections and curvature--the central concepts of differential geometry. The discussion culminates with the Gauß equations and the version of Gauß's theorema egregium for submanifolds of arbitrary dimension and codimension. This book is primarily aimed at advanced undergraduates in mathematics and physics and is intended as the template for a one- or two-semester bachelor's course.

Mathematical Physics: Classical Mechanics


Author: Andreas Knauf
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3662557746
Category: Science
Page: 683
View: 6890

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As a limit theory of quantum mechanics, classical dynamics comprises a large variety of phenomena, from computable (integrable) to chaotic (mixing) behavior. This book presents the KAM (Kolmogorov-Arnold-Moser) theory and asymptotic completeness in classical scattering. Including a wealth of fascinating examples in physics, it offers not only an excellent selection of basic topics, but also an introduction to a number of current areas of research in the field of classical mechanics. Thanks to the didactic structure and concise appendices, the presentation is self-contained and requires only knowledge of the basic courses in mathematics. The book addresses the needs of graduate and senior undergraduate students in mathematics and physics, and of researchers interested in approaching classical mechanics from a modern point of view.

Contemporary Computational Mathematics - A Celebration of the 80th Birthday of Ian Sloan


Author: Josef Dick,Frances Y. Kuo,Henryk Woźniakowski
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319724568
Category: Mathematics
Page: 1309
View: 6902

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This book is a tribute to Professor Ian Hugh Sloan on the occasion of his 80th birthday. It consists of nearly 60 articles written by international leaders in a diverse range of areas in contemporary computational mathematics. These papers highlight the impact and many achievements of Professor Sloan in his distinguished academic career. The book also presents state of the art knowledge in many computational fields such as quasi-Monte Carlo and Monte Carlo methods for multivariate integration, multi-level methods, finite element methods, uncertainty quantification, spherical designs and integration on the sphere, approximation and interpolation of multivariate functions, oscillatory integrals, and in general in information-based complexity and tractability, as well as in a range of other topics. The book also tells the life story of the renowned mathematician, family man, colleague and friend, who has been an inspiration to many of us. The reader may especially enjoy the story from the perspective of his family, his wife, his daughter and son, as well as grandchildren, who share their views of Ian. The clear message of the book is that Ian H. Sloan has been a role model in science and life.

Manifolds and Differential Geometry


Author: Jeffrey Marc Lee
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821848151
Category: Mathematics
Page: 671
View: 2930

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Differential geometry began as the study of curves and surfaces using the methods of calculus. In time, the notions of curve and surface were generalized along with associated notions such as length, volume, and curvature. At the same time the topic has become closely allied with developments in topology. The basic object is a smooth manifold, to which some extra structure has been attached, such as a Riemannian metric, a symplectic form, a distinguished group of symmetries, or a connection on the tangent bundle. This book is a graduate-level introduction to the tools and structures of modern differential geometry. Included are the topics usually found in a course on differentiable manifolds, such as vector bundles, tensors, differential forms, de Rham cohomology, the Frobenius theorem and basic Lie group theory. The book also contains material on the general theory of connections on vector bundles and an in-depth chapter on semi-Riemannian geometry that covers basic material about Riemannian manifolds and Lorentz manifolds. An unusual feature of the book is the inclusion of an early chapter on the differential geometry of hyper-surfaces in Euclidean space. There is also a section that derives the exterior calculus version of Maxwell's equations. The first chapters of the book are suitable for a one-semester course on manifolds. There is more than enough material for a year-long course on manifolds and geometry.

Differential Geometry and Mathematical Physics

Part II. Fibre Bundles, Topology and Gauge Fields
Author: Gerd Rudolph,Matthias Schmidt
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9402409599
Category: Science
Page: 830
View: 1709

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The book is devoted to the study of the geometrical and topological structure of gauge theories. It consists of the following three building blocks:- Geometry and topology of fibre bundles,- Clifford algebras, spin structures and Dirac operators,- Gauge theory.Written in the style of a mathematical textbook, it combines a comprehensive presentation of the mathematical foundations with a discussion of a variety of advanced topics in gauge theory.The first building block includes a number of specific topics, like invariant connections, universal connections, H-structures and the Postnikov approximation of classifying spaces.Given the great importance of Dirac operators in gauge theory, a complete proof of the Atiyah-Singer Index Theorem is presented. The gauge theory part contains the study of Yang-Mills equations (including the theory of instantons and the classical stability analysis), the discussion of various models with matter fields (including magnetic monopoles, the Seiberg-Witten model and dimensional reduction) and the investigation of the structure of the gauge orbit space. The final chapter is devoted to elements of quantum gauge theory including the discussion of the Gribov problem, anomalies and the implementation of the non-generic gauge orbit strata in the framework of Hamiltonian lattice gauge theory.The book is addressed both to physicists and mathematicians. It is intended to be accessible to students starting from a graduate level.

Differential Geometry, Lie Groups, and Symmetric Spaces


Author: Sigurdur Helgason
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080873961
Category: Mathematics
Page: 628
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The present book is intended as a textbook and reference work on three topics in the title. Together with a volume in progress on "Groups and Geometric Analysis" it supersedes my "Differential Geometry and Symmetric Spaces," published in 1962. Since that time several branches of the subject, particularly the function theory on symmetric spaces, have developed substantially. I felt that an expanded treatment might now be useful.

Geometrical Methods of Mathematical Physics


Author: Bernard F. Schutz
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107268141
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 4937

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In recent years the methods of modern differential geometry have become of considerable importance in theoretical physics and have found application in relativity and cosmology, high-energy physics and field theory, thermodynamics, fluid dynamics and mechanics. This textbook provides an introduction to these methods - in particular Lie derivatives, Lie groups and differential forms - and covers their extensive applications to theoretical physics. The reader is assumed to have some familiarity with advanced calculus, linear algebra and a little elementary operator theory. The advanced physics undergraduate should therefore find the presentation quite accessible. This account will prove valuable for those with backgrounds in physics and applied mathematics who desire an introduction to the subject. Having studied the book, the reader will be able to comprehend research papers that use this mathematics and follow more advanced pure-mathematical expositions.

Modern Geometric Structures and Fields


Author: Сергей Петрович Новиков,Искандер Асанович Тайманов
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821839292
Category: Mathematics
Page: 633
View: 1795

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The book presents the basics of Riemannian geometry in its modern form as geometry of differentiable manifolds and the most important structures on them. The authors' approach is that the source of all constructions in Riemannian geometry is a manifold that allows one to compute scalar products of tangent vectors. With this approach, the authors show that Riemannian geometry has a great influence to several fundamental areas of modern mathematics and its applications. In particular, Geometry is a bridge between pure mathematics and natural sciences, first of all physics. Fundamental laws of nature are formulated as relations between geometric fields describing various physical quantities. The study of global properties of geometric objects leads to the far-reaching development of topology, including topology and geometry of fiber bundles. Geometric theory of Hamiltonian systems, which describe many physical phenomena, led to the development of symplectic and Poisson geometry. Field theory and the multidimensional calculus of variations, presented in the book, unify mathematics with theoretical physics. Geometry of complex and algebraic manifolds unifies Riemannian geometry with modern complex analysis, as well as with algebra and number theory. Prerequisites for using the book include several basic undergraduate courses, such as advanced calculus, linear algebra, ordinary differential equations, and elements of topology.

Tensor Analysis and Elementary Differential Geometry for Physicists and Engineers


Author: Hung Nguyen-Schäfer,Jan-Philip Schmidt
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3662484978
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 376
View: 5987

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This book comprehensively presents topics, such as Dirac notation, tensor analysis, elementary differential geometry of moving surfaces, and k-differential forms. Additionally, two new chapters of Cartan differential forms and Dirac and tensor notations in quantum mechanics are added to this second edition. The reader is provided with hands-on calculations and worked-out examples at which he will learn how to handle the bra-ket notation, tensors, differential geometry, and differential forms; and to apply them to the physical and engineering world. Many methods and applications are given in CFD, continuum mechanics, electrodynamics in special relativity, cosmology in the Minkowski four-dimensional spacetime, and relativistic and non-relativistic quantum mechanics. Tensors, differential geometry, differential forms, and Dirac notation are very useful advanced mathematical tools in many fields of modern physics and computational engineering. They are involved in special and general relativity physics, quantum mechanics, cosmology, electrodynamics, computational fluid dynamics (CFD), and continuum mechanics. The target audience of this all-in-one book primarily comprises graduate students in mathematics, physics, engineering, research scientists, and engineers.

A Course in Modern Mathematical Physics

Groups, Hilbert Space and Differential Geometry
Author: Peter Szekeres
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521829601
Category: Mathematics
Page: 600
View: 4529

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This book provides an introduction to the mathematics of modern physics, presenting concepts and techniques in mathematical physics at a level suitable for advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students. It aims to introduce the reader to modern mathematical thinking within a physics setting. Topics covered include tensor algebra, differential geometry, topology, Lie groups and Lie algebras, distribution theory, fundamental analysis and Hilbert spaces. The book includes exercises and worked examples, to test the students' understanding of the various concepts, as well as extending the themes covered in the main text.

Mathematics for Physics

A Guided Tour for Graduate Students
Author: Michael Stone,Paul Goldbart
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521854032
Category: Science
Page: 806
View: 7517

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An engagingly-written account of mathematical tools and ideas, this book provides a graduate-level introduction to the mathematics used in research in physics. The first half of the book focuses on the traditional mathematical methods of physics - differential and integral equations, Fourier series and the calculus of variations. The second half contains an introduction to more advanced subjects, including differential geometry, topology and complex variables. The authors' exposition avoids excess rigor whilst explaining subtle but important points often glossed over in more elementary texts. The topics are illustrated at every stage by carefully chosen examples, exercises and problems drawn from realistic physics settings. These make it useful both as a textbook in advanced courses and for self-study.

The Geometry of Physics

An Introduction
Author: Theodore Frankel
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139505610
Category: Mathematics
Page: N.A
View: 9600

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This book provides a working knowledge of those parts of exterior differential forms, differential geometry, algebraic and differential topology, Lie groups, vector bundles and Chern forms that are essential for a deeper understanding of both classical and modern physics and engineering. Included are discussions of analytical and fluid dynamics, electromagnetism (in flat and curved space), thermodynamics, the Dirac operator and spinors, and gauge fields, including Yang–Mills, the Aharonov–Bohm effect, Berry phase and instanton winding numbers, quarks and quark model for mesons. Before discussing abstract notions of differential geometry, geometric intuition is developed through a rather extensive introduction to the study of surfaces in ordinary space. The book is ideal for graduate and advanced undergraduate students of physics, engineering or mathematics as a course text or for self study. This third edition includes an overview of Cartan's exterior differential forms, which previews many of the geometric concepts developed in the text.

Differential Forms and Connections


Author: R. W. R. Darling
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521468008
Category: Mathematics
Page: 256
View: 5425

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This book introduces the tools of modern differential geometry--exterior calculus, manifolds, vector bundles, connections--and covers both classical surface theory, the modern theory of connections, and curvature. Also included is a chapter on applications to theoretical physics. The author uses the powerful and concise calculus of differential forms throughout. Through the use of numerous concrete examples, the author develops computational skills in the familiar Euclidean context before exposing the reader to the more abstract setting of manifolds. The only prerequisites are multivariate calculus and linear algebra; no knowledge of topology is assumed. Nearly 200 exercises make the book ideal for both classroom use and self-study for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students in mathematics, physics, and engineering.

Handbook of Global Analysis


Author: Demeter Krupka,David Saunders
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080556734
Category: Mathematics
Page: 1244
View: 4945

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This is a comprehensive exposition of topics covered by the American Mathematical Society’s classification “Global Analysis , dealing with modern developments in calculus expressed using abstract terminology. It will be invaluable for graduate students and researchers embarking on advanced studies in mathematics and mathematical physics. This book provides a comprehensive coverage of modern global analysis and geometrical mathematical physics, dealing with topics such as; structures on manifolds, pseudogroups, Lie groupoids, and global Finsler geometry; the topology of manifolds and differentiable mappings; differential equations (including ODEs, differential systems and distributions, and spectral theory); variational theory on manifolds, with applications to physics; function spaces on manifolds; jets, natural bundles and generalizations; and non-commutative geometry. - Comprehensive coverage of modern global analysis and geometrical mathematical physics - Written by world-experts in the field - Up-to-date contents

A Companion to Analysis

A Second First and First Second Course in Analysis
Author: Thomas William Körner
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821834479
Category: Mathematics
Page: 590
View: 7939

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This book not only provides a lot of solid information about real analysis, it also answers those questions which students want to ask but cannot figure how to formulate. To read this book is to spend time with one of the modern masters in the subject. --Steven G. Krantz, Washington University, St. Louis One of the major assets of the book is Korner's very personal writing style. By keeping his own engagement with the material continually in view, he invites the reader to a similarly high level of involvement. And the witty and erudite asides that are sprinkled throughout the book are a real pleasure. --Gerald Folland, University of Washingtion, Seattle Many students acquire knowledge of a large number of theorems and methods of calculus without being able to say how they hang together. This book provides such students with the coherent account that they need. A Companion to Analysis explains the problems which must be resolved in order to obtain a rigorous development of the calculus and shows the student how those problems are dealt with. Starting with the real line, it moves on to finite dimensional spaces and then to metric spaces. Readers who work through this text will be ready for such courses as measure theory, functional analysis, complex analysis and differential geometry. Moreover, they will be well on the road which leads from mathematics student to mathematician. Able and hard working students can use this book for independent study, or it can be used as the basis for an advanced undergraduate or elementary graduate course. An appendix contains a large number of accessible but non-routine problems to improve knowledge and technique.

Exterior Analysis

Using Applications of Differential Forms
Author: Erdogan Suhubi
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0124159281
Category: Mathematics
Page: 779
View: 517

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Exterior analysis uses differential forms (a mathematical technique) to analyze curves, surfaces, and structures. Exterior Analysis is a first-of-its-kind resource that uses applications of differential forms, offering a mathematical approach to solve problems in defining a precise measurement to ensure structural integrity. The book provides methods to study different types of equations and offers detailed explanations of fundamental theories and techniques to obtain concrete solutions to determine symmetry. It is a useful tool for structural, mechanical and electrical engineers, as well as physicists and mathematicians. Provides a thorough explanation of how to apply differential equations to solve real-world engineering problems Helps researchers in mathematics, science, and engineering develop skills needed to implement mathematical techniques in their research Includes physical applications and methods used to solve practical problems to determine symmetry

Curvature in Mathematics and Physics


Author: Shlomo Sternberg
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486292711
Category: Mathematics
Page: 416
View: 8167

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Expert treatment introduces semi-Riemannian geometry and its principal physical application, Einstein's theory of general relativity, using the Cartan exterior calculus as a principal tool. Prerequisites include linear algebra and advanced calculus. 2012 edition.

Global Analysis in Mathematical Physics

Geometric and Stochastic Methods
Author: Yuri Gliklikh
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461218667
Category: Mathematics
Page: 216
View: 2211

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The first edition of this book entitled Analysis on Riemannian Manifolds and Some Problems of Mathematical Physics was published by Voronezh Univer sity Press in 1989. For its English edition, the book has been substantially revised and expanded. In particular, new material has been added to Sections 19 and 20. I am grateful to Viktor L. Ginzburg for his hard work on the transla tion and for writing Appendix F, and to Tomasz Zastawniak for his numerous suggestions. My special thanks go to the referee for his valuable remarks on the theory of stochastic processes. Finally, I would like to acknowledge the support of the AMS fSU Aid Fund and the International Science Foundation (Grant NZBOOO), which made possible my work on some of the new results included in the English edition of the book. Voronezh, Russia Yuri Gliklikh September, 1995 Preface to the Russian Edition The present book is apparently the first in monographic literature in which a common treatment is given to three areas of global analysis previously consid ered quite distant from each other, namely, differential geometry and classical mechanics, stochastic differential geometry and statistical and quantum me chanics, and infinite-dimensional differential geometry of groups of diffeomor phisms and hydrodynamics. The unification of these topics under the cover of one book appears, however, quite natural, since the exposition is based on a geometrically invariant form of the Newton equation and its analogs taken as a fundamental law of motion.